News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 10 – 16 , 2019)

On Friday, July 12, 2019, return march events were held in the Gaza Strip with about 6,500 participants. The level of violence was higher than in previous weeks. In recent weeks there has been a significant decrease in the number of incendiary and IED balloons launched into Israel. on July 11, 2019, the IDF accidentally shot and killed a Hamas military wing operative near the security fence. Hamas announced it would respond. This past week an Egyptian General Intelligence delegation visited the Gaza Strip. This past week registration began for the summer camps organized by Hamas' military wing. The camps provide paramilitary training and ideological indoctrination to prepare the youths for future integration into Hamas' military and political networks in the Gaza Strip.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 3 – 9, 2019)

On Friday, July 5, 2019, the return march was held. About 7,000 Palestinians participated (similar to last week). The level of violence was relatively low. This past week there was a significant reduction in the number of incendiary and IED balloons launched into Israel. While constructing the underground barrier along the Gaza Strip border, a tunnel penetrating into Israeli territory was exposed in the southern Gaza Strip. It was the 18th tunnel exposed by the Israeli security forces. In Judea and Samaria, terrorist attacks focused on a vehicular attack north of Jerusalem targeting IDF soldiers.

Fatah and Palestinian Authority glorify and support terrorists: The case of Omar Abu Layla, who murdered two Israelis near Ariel

Abbas Zaki, a member of Fatah's Central Committee, recently presented an award to the family of Omar Abu Layla, who carried out a shooting attack and a stabbing attack near Ariel (killing two Israelis, a soldier and a civilian). Abbas Zaki also visited the village where the terrorist lived and where a new house is being constructed for his family (after the previous one was demolished by the Israeli security forces).

Identities of the Palestinians killed in the most recent round of escalation (Initial report, updated to May 7, 2019)

Ashraf al-Qidra, spokesman for the ministry of health in the Gaza Strip, reported that during the escalation of May 4-6, 2019, 27 Palestinians were killed. As usual, he did not give details about their identities and the list he issued contains terrorist operatives as well as civilians, with no distinction between them. An initial examination carried out by the ITIC revealed that during the IDF attacks, 23 Palestinians were killed whose names were included in the list issued by the ministry of health. Of the 23 fatalities, at least 17 (about 74%) were terrorist operatives or members of the terrorist organizations.

The 6th Palestinian BDS Campaign Conference, Held in al-Bireh: The decisions and their significance

The Palestinian BDS National Committee (BNC) held its sixth conference in al-Bireh (Ramallah) on March 16, 2019. Present were Palestinian BDS campaign activists; representatives from the PLO, Fatah and the National Initiative Movement (a leftist Palestinian organization headed by Mustafa Barghouti), and other representatives. Workshops were held at the conference dealing with various aspects of the BDS campaign.

Summer Camps in the Gaza Strip: A tool for indoctrinating the younger generation with radical ideologies and training them to become future operatives in the terrorist organizations, especially Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad.

Every summer Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) conduct summer camps in the Gaza Strip for youngsters, mostly for high school students. Thousands of campers enjoy summer activities, which are combined with radical ideologies and paramilitary training. Hamas is the most prominent organization conducting summer camps (as a continuation of the military training in the high schools during the school year).

The Gaza Strip-based Generosity Without Limit Association, affiliated with the Popular Resistance Committees terrorist organization, is supported by charitable organizations abroad. Some of the funds apparently find their way to the Popular Resistance Committees

Since 2007 a charitable organization has been operating in the Gaza Strip called the Generosity Without Limit Association (henceforth "Generosity Association"). It defines itself as a social-cultural association. An examination of the names of its senior activists clearly links it to the Popular Resistance Committees (PRC), a Gaza Strip-based terrorist organization.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 19 – 26, 2017)

This past week there was a shooting attack near Har Adar, an Israeli community west of Jerusalem. The terrorist killed three Israelis and seriously wounded another. Mahmoud Abbas and the Palestinian Authority (PA) have not condemned the attack so far. A delegation of senior Hamas figures headed by Musa Abu Marzouq visited Moscow and met with Russian officials.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 26 – August 1, 2017)

After two weeks, the Temple Mount crisis came to an end. Before the afternoon prayers on July 27, 2017, a large number of flag-waving Palestinians broke into the Temple Mount compound and clashed with Israeli security forces. About 50 Palestinians were injured.

The Palestinian Authority

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.