News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 24 – 30, 2021)

Judea and Samaria: This past week Palestinians continued throwing rocks and Molotov cocktails, mainly at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads. Israeli President Isaac Herzog visited the Jewish settlement in Hebron. Gaza Strip: For the first time since Operation Guardian of the Walls in May 2021, an arrangement has been reached and it will now be possible to use the funds donated by Qatar to pay Hamas employees in the Gaza Strip. Hamas' military-terrorist wing outlawed in Britain: The British Parliament designated Hamas' political bureau as a terrorist organization. The Palestinian Authority (PA): Mahmoud Abbas visited several countries where he met with heads of state.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (Novemeber 17-23, 2021)

Terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria: This past week there were three terrorist attacks, two in the Old City of Jerusalem near the Temple Mount and one in Jaffa. Hamas network in Judea and Samaria: The Israeli security forces exposed a large network of Hamas terrorist operatives in Judea and Samaria planning to carry out attacks, including attacks inside Israeli territory. Britain moves to outlaw Hamas: British Home Secretary Priti Patel proposed outlawing Hamas' political bureau, leading to a wave of angry Palestinian reactions, mainly from Hamas, which criticized British foreign policy and said the organization would continue its "resistance" activities [i.e., violence and terrorism], including armed "resistance."

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 10-16, 2021)

Judea and Samaria: This past week Palestinians continued throwing rocks and Molotov cocktails at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads. The Palestinian Authority (PA): In preparation for the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee (AHLC) meeting to be held in Oslo on November 17, 2021, the PA government repeatedly complained about the financial hardships threatening to stop its continued functioning unless it receives international aid. The Gaza Strip: Hamas marked the 9th anniversary of Operation Pillar of Defense, which was initiated by the targeted killing of Ahmed Jaabari, commander of its military-terrorist wing. The coronavirus: The number of active cases continues declining in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip.

Initial Palestinian reactions to the “deal of the century” (Updated to February 2, 2020)

On January 28, 2020, Donald Trump, in the presence of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, revealed his plan to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, called "Peace to Prosperity" (i.e., the "deal of the century"). The plan met with strong opposition and (as expected) led to a wave of Palestinian condemnations. The Palestinian Authority (PA) began making preparations for a diplomatic and media campaign to place obstacles in the path of the plan and to undermine its legitimacy.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 26 – December 3, 2019)

On November 29, 2019, for the third consecutive week, the return march in the Gaza Strip was postponed. The Supreme Authority called on the Palestinians to participate in the return march events this coming Friday (December 6, 2019), whose theme will be "The march continues." Despite the postponement of the march events, several young Palestinian rioters gathered in the southern Gaza Strip and threw Molotov cocktails, IEDs and stones at IDF forces. A field hospital is currently being constructed by an American NGO in the northern Gaza Strip near the Erez Crossing. Its construction has been severely criticized, especially by Fatah.

Hamas encouragement for terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria

On November 21, 2021, Fadi Abu Shekhidam, a lone wolf terrorist known as a Hamas activist, carried out a shooting attack near the Temple Mount, killing one Israeli and wounding four. Hamas rushed to praise him and even claimed he was a high-ranking operative in the organization. Hamas also claimed the 16 year-old Palestinian from Issawiya in east Jerusalem who carried out stabbing attack in Jerusalem was a Hamas operative. However, Hamas did not claim responsibility for either attack.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 3 – 9, 2021)

Judea and Samaria: This past week there were several attempted terrorist attacks. The most serious was a shooting attack targeting an IDF post near Ramallah on November 5, 2021. The shooter escaped. The Gaza Strip: The IDF's aerial defense unit intercepted a UAV launched by Hamas which approached the Gaza maritime zone. The Palestinian Authority (PA): The commander of the IDF Central Command signed an order outlawing five of the six Palestinian NGOs designated by Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz as terrorist organizations. The coronavirus: The number of active coronavirus cases continues to decline in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip.

Mahmoud Abbas’s address to the UN Security Council: Rhetoric versus reality

On February 11, 2020, Palestinian Authority (PA) Chairman Mahmoud Abbas delivered an address before the UN Security Council as part of the PA’s diplomatic campaign against the Trump plan . Mahmoud Abbas’s address was softened and aimed mainly at Western ears: he avoided threatening to harm relations with Israel or dismantle the PA (threats that he and senior officials in the PA have made on several occasions).

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 31 – August 6, 2019)

On Friday, August 2, 2019, the return march in the Gaza Strip was held with about 6,000 participants (the average for the past weeks). Hamas security operatives were photographed removing young Palestinians from the region of the fence. On August 1, 2019, the day before the return march, a Palestinian crossed the security fence east of Khan Yunis. A committee met in the Palestinian Authority (PA) to implement Mahmoud Abbas's decision to stop acting in accordance with agreements signed with Israel.

The Palestinian Authority

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.