News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 11-17, 2022)

This past week there was a stabbing attack south of Nablus and a Palestinian threw a concrete block at an Israeli vehicle north of Ramallah. The Israeli security forces continued intensive counterterrorism activities, detaining Palestinians suspected of terrorist activity and seizing weapons. During the activities a Border Police special forces fighter was killed. Two Palestinians were also killed in the riots, Shireen Abu Akleh, an al-Jazeera reporter, and Daoud Zubeidi, the brother of imprisoned Zakaria Zubeidi, was mortally wounded and later died. Their deaths caused Palestinians to riot against Israeli security forces. Palestinians in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip marked Nakba Day.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 4-10, 2022)

Two terrorist attacks were carried out this past week: an attack in Elad where the terrorists used an axe and a knife (three civilians murdered and four wounded) and a stabbing attack at the Damascus Gate in east Jerusalem in which a Border Police fighter was wounded. An attempted terrorist attack in Tekoa was prevented. The Palestinians were enraged when Jews were allowed to enter the Temple Mount compound. A Hamas delegation visited Russia and met with the deputy foreign minister and the Grand Mufti of Russia. After the IDF began a military exercise on May 9, 2022, the terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip and Hezbollah raised their level of alert in preparation for a possible confrontation with Israel.

Terrorist attack in Elad. Three Israeli civilians killed and four wounded. Hamas again praises and encourages

On the evening of May 5, 2022, Israel's Independence Day, two Palestinians from a village near Jenin carried out a terrorist attack in the central Israeli city of Elad, using an axe and a knife. They killed three civilians and wounded four, two of them critically, beginning their killing spree in the late evening. Although the two terrorists apparently were not specifically directed by an established organization, the attack in Elad came during a Ramadan-long Hamas propaganda campaign encouraging terrorist attacks.

Initial Palestinian reactions to the “deal of the century” (Updated to February 2, 2020)

On January 28, 2020, Donald Trump, in the presence of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, revealed his plan to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, called "Peace to Prosperity" (i.e., the "deal of the century"). The plan met with strong opposition and (as expected) led to a wave of Palestinian condemnations. The Palestinian Authority (PA) began making preparations for a diplomatic and media campaign to place obstacles in the path of the plan and to undermine its legitimacy.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 26 – December 3, 2019)

On November 29, 2019, for the third consecutive week, the return march in the Gaza Strip was postponed. The Supreme Authority called on the Palestinians to participate in the return march events this coming Friday (December 6, 2019), whose theme will be "The march continues." Despite the postponement of the march events, several young Palestinian rioters gathered in the southern Gaza Strip and threw Molotov cocktails, IEDs and stones at IDF forces. A field hospital is currently being constructed by an American NGO in the northern Gaza Strip near the Erez Crossing. Its construction has been severely criticized, especially by Fatah.

Iranian-Sponsored World Jerusalem Day A display of anti-Israeli anti-United States propaganda and calls for their destruction

World Jerusalem Day is marked on the last Friday of Ramadan a decision made by the Ayatollah Khomeini, leader of the Iranian Islamic Revolution, in 1979. Its objective is to show the support of Iran and the Muslim world for the Palestinian cause and the "liberation" of Jerusalem. The day is marked in Arab-Muslim countries and in the West as well. The events are platforms to slander Israel, call for its destruction and act defiantly toward the United States. This year Jerusalem Day events were held on April 29 with rallies and demonstrations, after a two-year coronavirus hiatus.

Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad continue to use Facebook and Instagram for the dissemination of incitement messages

The events of the month of Ramadan and the series of terrorist attacks perpetrated in Israel since mid-March 2022 have once again brought to mind the use made by Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) of social media as platforms to convey incitement messages and calls for carrying out terrorist attacks. To deliver their messages of incitement, Hamas and the PIJ make use of platforms such as Twitter, TikTok, WhatsApp, Telegram, and YouTube. These platforms are neither supervised nor subject to a consistent policy of removing content and blocking pages and accounts inciting terrorism and violence. However, alongside these types of social media, Hamas also succeeds in conveying its messages of incitement through Meta’s platforms (Facebook and Instagram)

Mahmoud Abbas’s address to the UN Security Council: Rhetoric versus reality

On February 11, 2020, Palestinian Authority (PA) Chairman Mahmoud Abbas delivered an address before the UN Security Council as part of the PA’s diplomatic campaign against the Trump plan . Mahmoud Abbas’s address was softened and aimed mainly at Western ears: he avoided threatening to harm relations with Israel or dismantle the PA (threats that he and senior officials in the PA have made on several occasions).

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 31 – August 6, 2019)

On Friday, August 2, 2019, the return march in the Gaza Strip was held with about 6,000 participants (the average for the past weeks). Hamas security operatives were photographed removing young Palestinians from the region of the fence. On August 1, 2019, the day before the return march, a Palestinian crossed the security fence east of Khan Yunis. A committee met in the Palestinian Authority (PA) to implement Mahmoud Abbas's decision to stop acting in accordance with agreements signed with Israel.

The Palestinian Authority

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.