News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 1 – 12, 2021)

Four of the six terrorist convicts from Samaria who escaped from Israel's Gilboa prison were captured. Many Palestinians expressed sorrow they had been caught but continued to praise them for escaping. Judea and Samaria: On Friday September 10, 2021, there was a stabbing attack at the entrance to al-Aqsa mosque. It was carried out by an alternative medicine Palestinian doctor from Shuafat in east Jerusalem; he was shot and killed. The attack was carried out after Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad declared Friday a "day or rage" in solidarity with the prisoners in Israeli jails.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 18-24, 2021)

The Gaza Strip: After the violence at the Gaza Strip border on August 21, 2021, Hamas and the other terrorist organizations threatened they would continue exerting pressure on Israel to ease the "siege" of the Gaza Strip. Judea and Samaria: A young Palestinian tried to stab a security guard at the Jalameh Crossing in Samaria and was detained. This past week the Israeli security forces prevented terrorist attacks and confiscated weapons. The Palestinian Authority (PA): This past week Mahmoud Abbas and other members of the Palestinian leadership met with Abbas Kamel, head of Egyptian General Intelligence, and with the Japanese foreign minister.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 17-11, 2021)

Judea and Samaria: On the night of August 15, 2021, four Palestinians were killed during an exchange of fire with Israeli security forces in Jenin after a Palestinian wanted for terrorist activities was detained. The Gaza Strip: On August 16, 2021, a rocket was fired from the Gaza Strip at the southern Israeli city of Sderot. The Palestinian Authority (PA): Israel has begun work to improve the accessibility of the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron for the physically challenged by installing an elevator. The coronavirus: There has been an increase in the number of active cases of the coronavirus, especially the delta variant, in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip. So far, no preventive measures have been taken.

Initial Palestinian reactions to the “deal of the century” (Updated to February 2, 2020)

On January 28, 2020, Donald Trump, in the presence of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, revealed his plan to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, called "Peace to Prosperity" (i.e., the "deal of the century"). The plan met with strong opposition and (as expected) led to a wave of Palestinian condemnations. The Palestinian Authority (PA) began making preparations for a diplomatic and media campaign to place obstacles in the path of the plan and to undermine its legitimacy.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 26 – December 3, 2019)

On November 29, 2019, for the third consecutive week, the return march in the Gaza Strip was postponed. The Supreme Authority called on the Palestinians to participate in the return march events this coming Friday (December 6, 2019), whose theme will be "The march continues." Despite the postponement of the march events, several young Palestinian rioters gathered in the southern Gaza Strip and threw Molotov cocktails, IEDs and stones at IDF forces. A field hospital is currently being constructed by an American NGO in the northern Gaza Strip near the Erez Crossing. Its construction has been severely criticized, especially by Fatah.

Palestinian reactions to the escape of six terrorists from Israel’s maximum security Gilboa prison

Before dawn on September 6, 2021, six Palestinian terrorists from Samaria broke out of the Gilboa prison in northern Israel through a tunnel they had been digging for approximately half a year. As soon as news of the jailbreak was received the Palestinian media instructed the public to defend and protect the fugitives, and appealed to the Palestinian security forces not to assist Israel in finding them.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 25-31, 2021)

The Gaza Strip: On August 21, 2021, Hamas renewed its efforts to increase tensions along the Israel-Gaza Strip border with premeditated clashes and riots. Despite the night harassment unit activities, Israel announced the implementation of additional measures to ease conditions in the Gaza Strip, including, for the first time since Operation Guardian of the Walls, the delivery of construction materials. Judea and Samaria: Palestinians continue throwing rocks and Molotov cocktails at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads. The Palestinian Authority (PA): Israeli Defense Minister Benny Gantz met in Ramallah with Mahmoud Abbas to discuss political, security, civilian and economic issues. Coronavirus: Coronavirus cases continue to rise in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip, doubling over the past week.

Mahmoud Abbas’s address to the UN Security Council: Rhetoric versus reality

On February 11, 2020, Palestinian Authority (PA) Chairman Mahmoud Abbas delivered an address before the UN Security Council as part of the PA’s diplomatic campaign against the Trump plan . Mahmoud Abbas’s address was softened and aimed mainly at Western ears: he avoided threatening to harm relations with Israel or dismantle the PA (threats that he and senior officials in the PA have made on several occasions).

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 31 – August 6, 2019)

On Friday, August 2, 2019, the return march in the Gaza Strip was held with about 6,000 participants (the average for the past weeks). Hamas security operatives were photographed removing young Palestinians from the region of the fence. On August 1, 2019, the day before the return march, a Palestinian crossed the security fence east of Khan Yunis. A committee met in the Palestinian Authority (PA) to implement Mahmoud Abbas's decision to stop acting in accordance with agreements signed with Israel.

The Palestinian Authority

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.