News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (March 13– March 19, 2019)

Events this past week focused on the combined stabbing and shooting attack at two locations near Ariel in Samaria. On March 15, 2019, two Iranian-made Fajr M-75 rockets were launched from the Gaza Strip at the Tel Aviv region in central Israel. During the past few days Hamas raised the level of violence in the Gaza Strip, after more than a week of relative quiet.

Protest Demonstrations against Hamas in the Gaza Strip because of Economic Distress

During the past few days the economic distress in the Gaza Strip has led to protest demonstrations against Hamas. The demonstrators protest the high cost of living, unemployment and the taxes imposed by Hamas, with the slogan is "We want to live." The demonstrations began a few days ago in the southern Gaza Strip but quickly spread throughout the Gaza Strip, including to Gaza City. So far it is unclear if the demonstrations were spontaneous or organized.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (March 6– March 12, 2019)

This past week the Palestinians continued to demonstrate a high level of violence at the "return march" and the days afterwards. In the meantime, Egypt continued its efforts to bring calm and to formulate an arrangement acceptable to Israel and Hamas. Hamas and the other organizations are planning a variety of activities for Saturday, March 30, 2019 (the first anniversary of the "return marches"). Popular terrorism continues in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian media reported that Mahmoud Abbas appointed Dr. Muhammad Ashtiya, a member of Fatah's Central Committee, as the new Palestinian prime minister.

Palestinian Violence and Terrorism Against Israel, 2018: Data, Nature and Trends

The ITIC's annual study indicates that in 2018 there were two main trends prominent in Palestinian violence and terrorism: in the Gaza Strip there was a sharp increase in the level of violence and terrorism, after about three and a half years of relative quiet after Operation Protective Edge.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 16 – 22, 2019)

This past week there was a relatively low level of violence at the "return march" (about 14,000 participants). This past week a stabbing attack was prevented near an IDF check post south of Nablus. On February 3, 2019, an American law will go into effect making any recipient of American aid subject to the jurisdiction of its courts.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 27 – March 5, 2019)

This past week the Palestinians continued to demonstrate a high level of violence at the "return march" and the days afterwards. The violence during and between the marches, which has continued for several weeks, is the result of Hamas' strategy of controlled violence to exert pressure on Israel to agree to an arrangement on Hamas' terms. This past week terrorist events in Judea and Samaria focused on the vehicular attack targeting IDF soldiers in Kafr Ni'ma An IDF officer was critically wounded and an Border Policeman was slightly injured.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 20 – 26, 2019)

This past week during the Friday "return march" and the following days there again was a high level of violence. An Iranian Arabic TV channel broadcast a program about the military capabilities of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), Iran's preferred terrorist organization. Palestinians continue to react with anger to the deduction of funds from the tax revenues collected for the Palestinian Authority (PA) by Israel: Mahmoud Abbas said the PA would not agree to receive any funds from Israel

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 19 – 26, 2017)

This past week there was a shooting attack near Har Adar, an Israeli community west of Jerusalem. The terrorist killed three Israelis and seriously wounded another. Mahmoud Abbas and the Palestinian Authority (PA) have not condemned the attack so far. A delegation of senior Hamas figures headed by Musa Abu Marzouq visited Moscow and met with Russian officials.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 26 – August 1, 2017)

After two weeks, the Temple Mount crisis came to an end. Before the afternoon prayers on July 27, 2017, a large number of flag-waving Palestinians broke into the Temple Mount compound and clashed with Israeli security forces. About 50 Palestinians were injured.

The Palestinian Authority

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.