News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict ((July 4 – 10, 2018)

The July 6, 2018, Friday "return march" was attended by only a few thousand Gazans. One of them was killed when a hand grenade exploded, In the wake of continuing arson terrorism, Israel decided to close the Kerem Shalom crossing on July 9, 2018. in Judea and Samaria two shooting attacks were carried out this past week.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 13 – 19, 2018)

The "return march" events of Friday, June 15, 2018, which began during Eid al-Fitr, were the quietest since the "marches" began on March 30, 2018. No clashes with the IDF were reported. In view of the situation the IDF intensified its responses. Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked nine Hamas targets, including facilities for the manufacture of weapons in the northern Gaza Strip. At the end of April 2018 the Israeli security forces detained a Hamas network with more than twenty operatives.

Palestinian popular terrorism in Judea and Samaria declined during the first half of 2018, despite both the relocation of the American embassy to Jerusalem and Hamas’ continuous inciting Palestinians to join the violent “return marches”

Why did Hamas not succeed in duplicating the marches, with their attendant violence and terrorism, in Judea and Samaria? Why is the populace in Judea and Samaria apparently relatively apathetic, without masses of Palestinians demonstrating in support of the Gaza Strip, where events led to such a large number of casualties? Why has the relocation of the American embassy not led to mass popular protest in Jerusalem and throughout Judea and Samaria? Why have the events in Judea, Samaria and Jerusalem not motivated young Palestinians to carry out attacks and give new momentum to popular terrorism?

Analysis of the Identities of Gazans Killed During the “Great Return March”

The Hamas-controlled ministry of health in the Gaza Strip reported that 40 Palestinians have been killed during the "great return march" events since March 30, 2018, when the rioting began along the Gaza Strip-Israel border (updated to April 25, 2018). The information provided by the Gaza ministry of health, which is used by the Israeli and international media, does not include a statistical distribution or distinguish between terrorist operatives (and those affiliated with them) and civilians.

Initial Analysis of the Identities of Gazans Killed During the “Great Return March” on March 30 and April 6, 2018

During and after the events of "great return march" that began on March 20, 2018, between 32 and 34 Palestinians were killed (as of April 11, 2018). Most of them have been identified as terrorist operatives affiliated with Hamas and the other terrorist organizations operating in the Gaza Strip.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 27 – July 3, 2018)

The "return march" of June 29, 2018, was attended by a few thousand Palestinians. This past week there were four attempts to penetrate into Israeli territory in the northern and southern Gaza Strip, part of the violence accompanying the "marches." The Israeli Knesset confirmed a proposal for a law that would freeze the funds the Palestinian Authority (PA) pays to terrorists and their families from the tax receipts collected for and transferred to the PA by Israel.

Institutionalizing arson terrorism: what began as a local initiative has been turned by Hamas into the leading modus operandi in its policy of controlled violence against Israel. Kites are launched under the central direction of Hamas’ military wing, and its operatives participate in the launchings

Arson terrorism is a modus operandi that began as a local initiative during the third week of the "return marches." Since then it has become more sophisticated and extensive, and has turned into Hamas' preferred modus operandi in the policy of controlled violence implemented against Israel during the past three months.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 19 – 26, 2017)

This past week there was a shooting attack near Har Adar, an Israeli community west of Jerusalem. The terrorist killed three Israelis and seriously wounded another. Mahmoud Abbas and the Palestinian Authority (PA) have not condemned the attack so far. A delegation of senior Hamas figures headed by Musa Abu Marzouq visited Moscow and met with Russian officials.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 26 – August 1, 2017)

After two weeks, the Temple Mount crisis came to an end. Before the afternoon prayers on July 27, 2017, a large number of flag-waving Palestinians broke into the Temple Mount compound and clashed with Israeli security forces. About 50 Palestinians were injured.

The Palestinian Authority

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.