Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 12-20, 2024)

S-5 air-to-ground rockets mounted on a UAV.

S-5 air-to-ground rockets mounted on a UAV.

An S-5 air-to-surface rocket (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 16, 2024)

An S-5 air-to-surface rocket (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 16, 2024)

One of the UAVs which attacked the Sky Dew blimp (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 16, 2024).

One of the UAVs which attacked the Sky Dew blimp (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 16, 2024).

After the attack (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 19, 2024)

After the attack (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 19, 2024)

Launching a UAV at the base in Gaaton.

Launching a UAV at the base in Gaaton.

Rockets fired at the base in the Golan Heights (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 17, 2024)

Rockets fired at the base in the Golan Heights (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 17, 2024)

An anti-tank missile flies toward a surveillance balloon launch site in Idmit.

An anti-tank missile flies toward a surveillance balloon launch site in Idmit.

The balloon fell in Rmeish, in south Lebanon (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 14, 2024)

The balloon fell in Rmeish, in south Lebanon (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 14, 2024)

Attack on a rocket launcher in Yaroun (IDF spokesperson, May 17, 2024)

Attack on a rocket launcher in Yaroun (IDF spokesperson, May 17, 2024)

Hassan Nasrallah (al-Manar, May 13, 2024)

Hassan Nasrallah (al-Manar, May 13, 2024)

Nasrallah meets with the Hamas delegation (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 15, 2024)

Nasrallah meets with the Hamas delegation (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 15, 2024)

The Northern Arena Updated from October 8, 2023
*Updated from October 8, 2023
Overview[1]
  • This past week Hezbollah continued its escalation and claimed responsibility for 68 attacks on military and civilian targets in northern Israel, including the aerial detection and warning system surveillance blimp. The attacks killed an Israeli civilian and wounded 12 IDF soldiers. Hezbollah fired “Jihad Mughnieh” heavy rockets for the first time and for the first time launched S-5 air-to-surface rockets from a UAV. In response, Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked Hezbollah military facilities in south Lebanon and the Lebanon Valley and carried out targeted attacks on field commanders of Hezbollah and other terrorist organizations.
  • According to reports, Hezbollah changed its methods of operation to reduce the exposure of its operatives to Israeli aircraft by transferring operatives and weapons through a network of tunnels in south Lebanon and the remotely activating rockets using electronic timers.
  • Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah secretary general, said in a speech that as long as the war in the Gaza Strip continued, Hezbollah would continue to fight. He also claimed Israel failed to achieve its objectives in the war.
  • Senior Hezbollah members claimed that Hezbollah and the other “resistance” [terrorist] organizations were fighting a war of attrition against Israel to prevent it from achieving its objectives and to force it to return to the negotiating table.
  • Hassan Nasrallah met with a delegation of senior Hamas members.
  • Najib Mikati, prime minister of the interim government in Lebanon, called on the international community to pressure Israel to stop its “aggression” against south Lebanon and Gaza and to start dealing with the situation in south Lebanon.
  • A UAV attacked the vehicle of a Hezbollah commander and his escort on the Syrian side of Lebanese border. Hezbollah did not announce casualties.
South Lebanon
Hezbollah attacks
  • This past week Hezbollah claimed responsibility for 68 attacks on military and civilian targets in northern Israel, compared with 46 attacks the previous week. Hezbollah used anti-tank missiles, mortar shells, UAVs and various types of rockets, including heavy rockets. The attacks killed an Israeli civilian and wounded 12 IDF soldiers. In the attacks, Hezbollah used two new weapons:
    • So-called “Jihad Mughnieh”[2] unguided heavy rockets, which are manufactured by Hezbollah and have warheads weighing 120 kg (264 lbs) (al-Akhbar, May 13, 2024).
    • UAV-launched S-5 air-to-surface rockets, which are Soviet-era rockets with powerful warheads weighing between 0.8 and 1.1 kg (1.66-2.42 lbs). The rockets are powered by solid fuel and have a range of up to four kilometers (2.5 miles). It is estimated that Hezbollah possesses at least one type of UAV capable of carrying a load weighing up to at least ten kilograms beyond its own weight. Syrian Air Force used S-5 air-to-surface rockets against the rebel organizations during the Syrian Civil War (which began in March 2011), and therefore it is possible the rockets were transferred from the Syrian army to
    • Hezbollah, since there is no information about the Iranian army using that type of rocket.
An S-5 air-to-surface rocket (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 16, 2024)    S-5 air-to-ground rockets mounted on a UAV.
Right: S-5 air-to-ground rockets mounted on a UAV. Left: An S-5 air-to-surface rocket (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 16, 2024)
  • This past week Hezbollah carried out its longest-range attack since the beginning of the hostilities, hitting a Sky Dew warning system detection blimp, which was stationed 32.5 km (20.2 miles) south of the Israel-Lebanon border.[3] Hezbollah used two UAVs in the operation and published a video showing the IDF base and the blimp as it was before and after the attack. A reporter from the Hezbollah-affiliated al-Akhbar daily said that the attack was highly successful because of the importance and sensitivity of the target, its geographical depth and the fact that it was carried out in response to the killing of a senior Hezbollah member. He also noted that the incident would have consequences for Israel’s deterrence against Hezbollah (al-Akhbar, May 17, 2024). The IDF spokesperson confirmed that Hezbollah’s UAV hit the Sky Dew blimp, which was on the ground at the time. There were no IDF casualties and the ability to construct an aerial image of the area was not damaged (IDF spokesperson and Israeli media, May 16, 2024).
After the attack (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 19, 2024)    One of the UAVs which attacked the Sky Dew blimp (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 16, 2024).
Right: One of the UAVs which attacked the Sky Dew blimp (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 16, 2024). Left: After the attack (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 19, 2024)
  • The daily distribution of Hezbollah attacks on Israel (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 12-19, 2024):
    • May 19, 2024: Nine attacks. Hezbollah claimed responsibility for firing anti-tank missiles at an armored vehicle in an IDF post, at three IDF soldiers in the Metula area and launching a UAV at IDF headquarters in Metula.
    • May 18, 2024: 12 attacks. Hezbollah claimed responsibility for launching UAVs at IDF bases and claimed damage to intelligence facilities. It also fired artillery at the Israeli Navy Base in Rosh Hanikra.
    • May 17, 2024: 13 attacks. Hezbollah claimed responsibility for launching a UAV at the IDF base in Gaaton, and for firing at least 40 rockets at a base in the Golan Heights.
Rockets fired at the base in the Golan Heights (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 17, 2024)    Launching a UAV at the base in Gaaton.
Right: Launching a UAV at the base in Gaaton. Left: Rockets fired at the base in the Golan Heights (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 17, 2024)
    • May 16, 2024: 13 attacks. Hezbollah claimed responsibility for firing more than 60 rockets at three IDF bases in the Golan Heights, and for launching a UAV at defense installations in the southern industrial area of Kiryat Shmona in response to an Israeli attack on industrial facilities in the Lebanon Valley. An S-5 air-to-surface rocket attack was carried out for the first time, launched from a UAV at a vehicle and soldiers at a post near Metula; it exploded before it reached the target. The IDF spokesperson confirmed that a UAV had entered Israel from Lebanon and exploded in the area of Metula, and that three IDF soldiers had been injured (IDF spokesperson, May 16, 2024).
    • May 15, 2024: Six attacks. Hezbollah claimed responsibility for firing heavy Burkan rockets at the headquarters of the 91st Division and for firing dozens of Katyusha rockets, heavy rockets and artillery shells at the aerial control unit at the Miron base. Also, two UAVs were launched that hit the Sky Dew surveillance blimp.
    • May 14, 2024: Five attacks. Hezbollah claimed responsibility for firing anti-tank missiles at three targets in Idmit: a surveillance balloon launch site, the balloon’s control system and its operating team. The IDF confirmed that a surveillance balloon had been hit and fell in Lebanese territory, and that there was no concern of leaked information (IDF spokesperson, May 14, 2024). A civilian was killed and five IDF soldiers  were injured by an anti-tank missile  (Israeli media, May 14, 2024).
The balloon fell in Rmeish, in south Lebanon (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 14, 2024)    An anti-tank missile flies toward a surveillance balloon launch site in Idmit.
Right: An anti-tank missile flies toward a surveillance balloon launch site in Idmit. Left: The balloon fell in Rmeish, in south Lebanon (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 14, 2024)
    • May 13, 2024: Seven attacks. Hezbollah claimed responsibility for launching a number of UAVs at IDF fighters south of Beit Hillel. The IDF spokesperson confirmed that two UAVs which infiltrated from Lebanon had exploded in the Beit Hillel area. There were no casualties and a fire that broke out in the area was quickly extinguished (IDF spokesperson, May 13, 2024). In addition, an anti-tank missile was fired at a Merkava tank in the Yiftah camp, injuring four IDF soldiers (IDF spokesperson, May 13, 2024).
    • May 12, 2024: Three attacks. Hezbollah for the first time claimed responsibility for launching new Jihad Mughnieh heavy rockets at an IDF force in the Mount Dov area.
Failed rocket launches – Hezbollah and other terrorist organizations
  • Lt. Col. Avichay Adraee, the IDF spokesman in Arabic, reported that a rocket launched by a Palestinian terrorist organization in the Tyre region misfired on May 15, 2024 and fell in Sahel al-Mansouri, about nine km (5.6 miles) south of Tyre, killing one civilian and injuring others. He noted that more than 16% of all the rockets launched by Hezbollah and other terrorist organizations since the outbreak of the war had misfired and caused destruction and damage in Lebanon. He said that in the last month alone 75 failed launches of rockets from Lebanon had been recorded (IDF spokesperson in Arabic, May 16, 2024).
Hezbollah adopts new methods of attack
  • “Sources with military connections” reported that Hezbollah was adopting new methods to camouflage and move operatives, ammunition and missiles in south Lebanon without being exposed to Israeli aircraft. The sources said the operations rooms coordinated the supply according to requirements in the field and that Hezbollah’s network of tunnels, some of which connect different areas of operation, was being used (Lebanon 24, May 17, 2024).
  • A “security source” in the conflict areas in south Lebanon said that in recent weeks Hezbollah had begun remotely activating rocket fire with electronic timers connected to the rocket launch systems. That keeps the organization’s operatives from exposure to Israeli airstrikes, and according to reports, since the adoption of the method, the number of terrorist operatives killed while firing rockets as Israel has decreased significantly (Lebanon 24, May 14, 2024).
IDF response
  • In response to Hezbollah attacks, Israeli Air Force fighter jets and UAVs attacked Hezbollah terrorist targets and operatives. Among the targets attacked were facilities, structures used for military-terrorist purposes, including by the Radwan Force, munitions depots, observation posts, launching positions and rocket launchers (IDF spokesperson, May 12-19, 2024). On May 17, 2024, IDF aircraft attacked Hezbollah air defense facilities south of Sidon. A Sayyad-2 anti-aircraft missile was seen among the ruins in a video (GENERAL T’s X account, May 17, 2024). The missile is made in Iran and has a range of at least 75 km (47.6 miles), indicating that Hezbollah has Iranian aerial defense systems that cover tens of miles of Israeli airspace.
The missile found at the scene corresponds to an Iranian Sayyad-2 anti-aircraft missile on top of a designated (GENERAL T's X account, May 17, 2024)    The remains of an Iranian Sayyad-2 anti-aircraft missile.
Right: The remains of an Iranian Sayyad-2 anti-aircraft missile. Left: The missile found at the scene corresponds to an Iranian Sayyad-2 anti-aircraft missile on top of a designated (GENERAL T’s X account, May 17, 2024)
Attack on a rocket launcher in Yaroun (IDF spokesperson, May 17, 2024)    IDF attack in Houla (IDF spokesperson, May 16, 2024).
Right: IDF attack in Houla (IDF spokesperson, May 16, 2024). Left: Attack on a rocket launcher in Yaroun (IDF spokesperson, May 17, 2024)
Targeted attacks
  • The IDF targeted a number of senior operatives from Hezbollah and other terrorist organizations:
    • On May 15, 2024, Hussein Ibrahim Makki, a senior field commander on Hezbollah’s southern front who previously commanded the organization’s coastal sector, was attacked in the Tyre region (IDF spokesperson, April 15, 2024). Hezbollah has confirmed the death al-Sayyid Makki, born in 1969, from Beit Yahoun (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 15, 2024).
Makki with Muhammad Rada Zahedi, commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps Qods Force in Syria and Lebanon, who was killed in an attack attributed to Israel on a building near the Iranian embassy in Syria on April 1, 2024 (@Bemabepeyvandid X account, May 15, 2024)    Hussein Makki (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 15, 2024)
Right: Hussein Makki (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 15, 2024); Left: Makki with Muhammad Rada Zahedi, commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps Qods Force in Syria and Lebanon, who was killed in an attack attributed to Israel on a building near the Iranian embassy in Syria on April 1, 2024 (@Bemabepeyvandid X account, May 15, 2024)
    • On May 16, 2024, an Israeli aircraft attacked a vehicle carrying two Hezbollah operatives, about 9 km (5.6 miles) southeast of Tyre (IDF spokesperson, May 16, 2024); both were killed. Hezbollah reported the death of Muhammad Hassan Ali Fares, aka Abu Ali Shamran, born in 1990 and from al-Dahiyeh al-Janoubiia in the Beirut. Fares had a PhD in machine intelligence and robotics from the University of Tehran (Mohammadhyehya’s X Account, March 16, 2024; Sajid Abbas’ X account, May 17, 2024).
Muhammad Hassan Fares, a Hezbollah operative, with a doctorate in machine intelligence and robotics, who was killed in an Israeli attack (Sajid Abbas' X account, May 17, 2024)
Muhammad Hassan Fares, a Hezbollah operative, with a doctorate in machine intelligence and robotics, who was killed in an Israeli attack (Sajid Abbas’ X account, May 17, 2024)
    • On March 16, 2024, according to reports, a missile launched from a UAV hit a truck in the Sidon area and two people were killed, one of whom was Hussein Khader Mahdi, a Hezbollah commander (Mohammadhyehya’s X account, May 16, 2024; al-Arabiya, May 17, 2024). Hezbollah later reported the death of Mahdi, aka Abu Khader, born in 1962 in al-Najjariyah, about 7 km (4.3 miles) south of Sidon (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 17, 2024).
Hussein Khader Mehdi (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel , May 17, 2024)    The attack on the truck (Chadoua Jbeli's X account, May 17, 2024).
Right: The attack on the truck (Chadoua Jbeli’s X account, May 17, 2024). Left: Hussein Khader Mehdi (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel , May 17, 2024)
    • On May 17, 2024, an Israeli Air Force aircraft in the Majdal ‘Anjar area of the Lebanon Valley attacked Sharhabil Ali al-Sayed, a senior operative of al-Jama’a al-Islamiyya in Lebanon and responsible for terrorist attacks and terrorist activity from Lebanese territory against Israel in cooperation with the Hamas branch in Lebanon (IDF spokesperson, May 17, 2024). The Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades, Hamas’ military-terrorist wing, reported that al-Sayed had been one of its commanders. The al-Jama’a al-Islamiyya in Lebanon website did not report his death (Shehab, May 17 2024). According to reports, in addition to al-Sayed, a Palestinian who was with him was killed and a bystander was injured (batoul jaber’s X account, May 17, 2024). Hamas and the al-Jama’a al-Islamiyya are branches of the Muslim Brotherhood, and therefore can be assumed to have close connections.
The mourning notice issued by the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades for the death of Sharhabil al-Sayed (Shehab, May 17, 2024)     The car that was attacked in the Majdal 'Anjar region (Sufian Samarrai's X account, May 17, 2024).
Right: The car that was attacked in the Majdal ‘Anjar region (Sufian Samarrai’s X account, May 17, 2024). Left: The mourning notice issued by the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades for the death of Sharhabil al-Sayed (Shehab, May 17, 2024)
Hezbollah casualties
    • Hezbollah reported the death of four other operatives from south Lebanon (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 14, 16 and 19, 2024):
    • Hussein Abbas Issa, aka Gharib, born in 1968 in Meis al-Jabal.
    • Ali Fawzi Ayoub, aka Ayoub, was born in 1999 in Ain Qana.
    • Hassan Yahya Naama, aka Ruh Allah, born in 1990 in Mahrounah.
    • Ali Hadi Salama, aka Sadeq, was born in 2006 in al-Majadel.
Hezbollah casualties (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 14, 16 and 19, 2024)
Hezbollah casualties (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 14, 16 and 19, 2024)
Statements From the Hezbollah Leadership
Nasrallah’s most recent speech
  • On May 13, 2024, Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah secretary general, gave a speech to mark the anniversary of the death of Mustafa Badr al-Din.[4] Nasrallah related to the following (al-Manar, May 13, 2024):
    • Continuation of fighting against Israel: He claimed Hezbollah would continue fighting Israel as long as Israel continued fighting in the Gaza Strip, adding that the organization had no intention of retreating from its current position. He claimed the Lebanese front forced an “equation” on the ground, adding it was and “a historical campaign” with a genuine “historical achievement” [sic].
    • Israel’s difficulties: Israel, he claimed, had not realized its objectives and was being harmed strategically, since it was now clear to everyone that even with the massive American aid it had received, it was not able to bring about victory over “the small Gaza strip with poor means” [sic]. At the same time, he further claimed, Israel found it difficult to deal with the missiles and UAVs which arrived from a distance of hundreds of kilometers. He added that Israel was unable to return its hostages, to return its citizens to the settlements surrounding Gaza and the north, and unable to secure its ships. Israel, he claimed, faced two bad options: leave the Gaza Strip defeated or stay and face the consequences of a war which would exhaust its strength.
    • Revival of the Palestinian issue: The Operation al-Aqsa Flood proved that the Palestinian problem was not marginal and is currently the center of the global discourse.
Hassan Nasrallah (al-Manar, May 13, 2024)
Hassan Nasrallah (al-Manar, May 13, 2024)
Statements from other Hezbollah leaders
Exhausting Israel
  • Hashem Safi al-Din, chairman of Hezbollah’s Executive Council, said that the “resistance” [anti-Israel terrorist organizations] had proved that it was capable of exhausting Israel and threatened that if Israel wanted to continue the campaign, they were prepared to use new weapons (Lebanese News Agency, May 17, 2024).
  • Ebrahim al-Amin, editor of the Hezbollah-affiliated al-Akhbar, stated in an editorial that Hezbollah based its actions on an assessment that the war would be long and that Israel’s decision to continue the war did not deter it. He added that the fighting continued in close coordination between the [terrorist] organizations in the Gaza Strip and the “support fronts”[5] outside of “Palestine” to achieve the “cruel and bloody exhaustion” of Israel and force it to “beg” to return to the negotiating table where it would pay a higher price (al-Akhbar, 18 May 2024).
  • Muhammad Raed, head of the Hezbollah faction in the Lebanese parliament, said that Hezbollah had escalated its actions against Israel in order to preserve the [so-called] “deterrence equation” and so that Israel would not delude itself that it was able and had the capabilities to attack Lebanon. He added that Hezbollah would win when had destroyed Israel’s goals (Sawt Beirut International, May 19, 2024).
Independent manufacture of weapons
  • Hassan Izz al-Din, a member of the Loyalty to the Resistance faction, claimed that Hezbollah had succeeded in exhausting Israel. He noted that Hezbollah used locally produced conventional weapons and claimed that the UAVs were also manufactured in Lebanon (Lebanon 24, May 14, 2024).
Threat against American targets
  • Nawaf Mousawi, responsible for Hezbollah’s resources and borders, threatened that if Israel invaded Lebanon Hezbollah would respond by attacking Americans wherever it found them. He claimed Israel could not invade Lebanon without American equipment and an American decision (al-Manar, May 13, 2024).
Objections to Israel’s position in the negotiations for a lull agreement
  • A reporter for the daily Hezbollah-affiliated al-Akhbar claimed Israel was trying to delay a truce agreement in south Lebanon until after the end of the war in the Gaza Strip by media references to legal difficulties in responding to Hezbollah’s demands. According to the article, the position Israel is formulating on border corrections and postponing the discussion of the exact details will not be viewed favorably by Hezbollah (al-Akhbar, May 16, 2024).
Condolences for the death of the Iranian president
  • Hezbollah expressed it condolences as the death of the Iranian president, the foreign minister and other Iranian officials in a helicopter crash, and praised them for their work over the years (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 20, 2024).
Nasrallah meets with the Hamas delegation (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 15, 2024)
Nasrallah meets with the Hamas delegation (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 15, 2024)
Hezbollah-Hamas Relations
Nasrallah meets with a Hamas delegation
  • On May 15, 2024, Hassan Nasrallah met in Beirut with a delegation of senior Hamas members which including Khalil al-Haya and Muhammad Nasr, members of the Hamas political bureau, and Usama Hamdan, a senior Hamas member in Lebanon (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, May 15,2024). In the assessment of a reporter for Nidaa al-Watan, the meeting proved the relations between the parties were excellent and they coordinated between them the next phase of the fighting if the negotiations for a ceasefire in the Gaza Strip failed (Nidaa al-Watan, May 18, 2024).
The Lebanese Administration
Contacts for an arrangement along the Israel-Lebanon border
  • Najib Mikati, prime minister of the interim government in Lebanon, met in Manama, Bahrain with Antonio Guterres, UN secretary general, on the sidelines of the 33rd Arab League Summit. Mikati called for pressure to be exerted on Israel to stop its “aggression” against south Lebanon and the Gaza Strip, and to start addressing the situation in south Lebanon (Lebanese prime minister’s X account, May 16, 2024).
Reminders of the Israel-Lebanon agreement from May 17, 1983
  • Sources opposed to Hezbollah posted references on social media to the signing of the agreement to end hostilities between Israel and Lebanon during the days of President Amin al-Jamil, on May 17, 1983.[6] The agreement was canceled by the Lebanese government on March 5, 1984. One of the sources noted that Hezbollah and Iran knew how to exploit the Palestinian issue for their own needs and that human lives held no interest for them. The source lamented the situation in Lebanon and the fact that peace with Israel did not last long, since, he said, there is no conflict between the Lebanese people and Israel (Elias Bejjani’s YouTube channel, May 17, 2024).
  • Meanwhile, the social networks uploaded condemnations of the signing of the agreement and the part played by the Christian parties, the Phalanges Party, headed by Amin al-Jamil, and the Lebanese Forces party, led by Samir Geagea in achieving it (Abu Muhammad al-Aqlim’s X account; Um Jawad, May 17, 2024).
A poster condemning Amin al-Jamil     A notice condemning the May 17, 1983 agreement with Israel (Abu Muhammad al-Aqlim's X account, May 17, 2024).
Right: A notice condemning the May 17, 1983 agreement with Israel (Abu Muhammad al-Aqlim’s X account, May 17, 2024). Left: A poster condemning Amin al-Jamil and Samir Geagea (Am Jawad’s X account, May 17, 2024)
Syria
Attack on the Damascus-Beirut highway
  • On May 18, 2024, a UAV attacked a vehicle in which a Hezbollah commander and his escort were traveling in the al-Dimas region on the Damascus-Beirut highway, about four kilometers east of the Syria-Lebanon border. The vehicle was destroyed (Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, 18 May 2024) So far Hezbollah has not reported operatives killed in the attack.
The vehicle after the fire was extinguished (Ahmad Farhat's X account, May 18, 2024)      The burning vehicle.
Right: The burning vehicle. Left: The vehicle after the fire was extinguished (Ahmad Farhat’s X account, May 18, 2024)

[1] Click https://www.terrorism-info.org.il/en to subscribe and receive the ITIC's daily updates as well as its other publications.
[2] Jihad Mughnieh was a senior Hezbollah commander on the Syrian Golan front and was killed in January 2011. He was the son of Imad Mughnieh, who was the head of Hezbollah's military-terrorist wing and was killed in Damascus in February 2008.
[3] The Sky Dew aerial detection and warning system was designed to detect long-range, advanced aerial threats and developed jointly by Israel and the United States.
[4] A senior Hezbollah terrorist operative who died in an explosion near the Damascus International Airport in 2016.
[5] The "resistance axis:" Iran, Syria, Hezbollah, the Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Shi'ite Houthis in Yemen and the pro-Iranian militias in Iraq.
[6] Amin al-Jamil succeeded his brother Bashir al-Jamil who was the president of Lebanon (had contacts with Israel) and was assassinated by Syrian agents on September 14, 1982, close to the end of the First Lebanon War.