Armed operatives attend the funeral (Safa Twitter account, August 9, 2022).
The funeral held for the three terrorist operatives (QudsN Twitter account, August 9, 2022).
The body of Anas Anshasi wrapped for burial in an ISIS flag (Safa Twitter account, August 12, 2022).
The march in Jenin (PIJ website, August 10, 2022).
Khaled Mashaal interview (al-Jazeera TV website, August 12, 2022).
Muhammad Shtayyeh meets with the president of Azerbaijan (Wafa, August 10, 2022).
Muhammad Shtayyeh meets with the president of Turkey.
- A shooting attack near the Western Wall in Jerusalem left nine people wounded, three of them critically. The shooter, a resident of Jerusalem who had an Israeli ID card, surrendered. In Kafr ‘Aqab, north of Jerusalem, a young Palestinian tried to stab an Israeli security force fighter; he was shot and killed. The Israeli security forces continued their counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. Ibrahim al-Nablusi, who was wanted for carrying out a shooting attack, was killed in Nablus. Three other Palestinians were killed in IDF activities in Nablus and Hebron.
- The Gaza Strip was relatively quiet. In recent weeks IDF forces exposed a Hamas terrorist tunnel which led from Gaza City into Israeli territory. The tunnel was neutralized.
- Sources in the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) and Hamas summed up Operation Breaking Dawn as a success. Since the operation they have been evaluating damages and planning activities to rebuild the Gaza Strip. The PIJ has threated that if its two detainees are not released, which they claim was a condition for the ceasefire, the organization will lead another confrontation against Israel.
- Khaled Mashaal gave an interview elaborating Hamas’ relations with other countries, primarily Syria and Iran.
- Mahmoud Abbas held a joint press conference with the Chancellor of Germany, refusing to condemn the Palestinian terrorist attack carried out in Munich in 1972. He claimed Israel had carried out “50 Palestinian holocausts.” During a visit to Turkey PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh met with the presidents of Turkey, Algeria and Azerbaijan. Shtayyeh asked them to promote the status of the Palestinian Authority (PA) in the UN General Assembly to that of full member state.
Shooting attack in east Jerusalem
- At around 01:30 on August 14, 2022, a Palestinian armed with a handgun shot at a bus and other vehicles near the Migdal David parking lot in east Jerusalem, not far from the Western Wall. Nine people were injured, three of them critically (Israel Police Force spokesman’s unit, August 14, 2022).
Right: The scene of the attack. Left: A shattered bus window
(Israel Police Force spokesman’s unit, August 14, 2022).
- The shooter escaped on foot towards the neighborhood of Silwan. After the Israeli security forces chased him for six hours he surrendered and gave up his gun. He was Amir al-Sidawi, 26, from east Jerusalem, who had an Israeli ID card (Israeli media and Palestine Online, August 14, 2022).
Amir al-Sidawi (Palestine Online, August 14, 2022).
- Hamas and the PIJ praised the attack, and in the Qalqilya and Shuafat refugee camps Palestinians shot off fireworks to express their joy:
- Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoum called the attack “an act of bravery” and the “natural result” of Israel’s “daily crimes.” He said it had been carried out well and proved that the “resistance” [anti-Israeli terrorism] in Jerusalem continued, and that Israel’s “oppressive measures” against the Palestinians had not broken their will, but were rather a significance factor in developing the “means of resistance” [terrorist attacks] (Dunia al-Watan, August 14, 2022).
- Muhammad Hamada, Hamas spokesman for Jerusalem affairs, said the attack was an response to Israel’s “crimes” in the Gaza Strip and Nablus. He claimed the attack had destroyed Israel’s hope that the detentions carried out during Operation Wave Breaker would prevent attacks (Hamas website, August 14, 2022).
- Da’ud Shehab, head of the PIJ’s information bureau, said the shooting attack in Jerusalem proved that “resistance” [terrorism and violence} was the Palestinians’ course of action and represented their way of life under the “occupation.” He added that it also proved in both word and deed that “the unity of the arenas” [the name the PIJ gave to Operation Breaking Dawn] was not just a slogan (PIJ website, August 14, 2022).
- Tareq Izz al-Din, PIJ spokesman in the West Bank, said that carrying out the attack in the heart of Jerusalem was extremely significant, that Jerusalem would continue to be Islamic, Arab and Palestinian [sic], and every attempt to “Judaize” it, and the confiscations and crimes against the Palestinians residents would not change the facts (Dunia al-Watan, August 14, 2022).
Attempted stabbing attack in Kafr ‘Aqab
- On the night of August 14, 2022, Israeli security forces operated in Kafr ”Aqab, north of Jerusalem, to locate weapons. The forces searched the house of a Palestinian suspected of holding weapons. Members of his family left the house and confronted the fighters, and one tried to stab a fighter with a knife. The Palestinian was shot and mortally wounded, taken to a hospital and declared dead (Israel Police Force spokesman’s unit, August 15, 2022).
- He was Muhammad Ibrahim Kamal al-Shaham, 21, from the Qalandia refugee camp (Wafa, August 15, 2022). The Fatah movement in the Qalandia refugee camp issued a mourning notice for him (Facebook page of Fatah in the Qalandia refugee camp, August 15, 2022).
Right: The knife used in the attack (Israel Police Force spokesman’s unit, August 14, 2022). Left: Muhammad Ibrahim al-Shaham (Wafa, August 15, 2022).
- At the weekly PA government meeting Muhammad Shtayyeh condemned the killing, claiming Israel had to be punished for the כ”crime” (Wafa, August 15, 2022). Hussein al-Sheikh, general secretary of the PLO’s Executive Committee, said the killing of Muhammad al-Shaham required an immediate international investigation (Wafa, August 15, 2022). The Palestinian foreign ministry condemned the killing, calling it “premeditated murder” and another in the executions and targeted killings carried out by the Israeli on orders from the political leadership (Wafa, August 15, 2022).
- Tor Wennesland, special UN envoy to the Middle East peace process, said Muhammad al-Shaham’s killing, carried out in “controversial circumstances,” worried him, and necessitated an immediate, independent and thorough investigation (Tor Wennesland’s Twitter account, August 15, 2022).
- This past week the Israeli security forces continued counterterrorism activities in a number of locations in Judea and Samaria. They detained several dozen Palestinians suspected of terrorist activities and confiscated weapons. In some instances Palestinians rioted against the forces (IDF spokesman). The Nablus Brigade and the al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades claimed responsibility for the shots fired at the Israeli security forces in Nablus on August 14, 2022 (Nablus Brigade and al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades Telegram channels, August 14, 2022).
Weapons confiscated by the Israeli security forces (Right: Israel Police Force spokesman’s unit, August 11, 2022. Left: IDF spokesman, August 11, 2022.)
Wanted Palestinian killed in Nablus
- On August 9, 2022, Israeli security forces operating in Nablus surrounded the house where Ibrahim al-Nablusi had been hiding. Al-Nablusi was an al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades terrorist operative and wanted for several months for having carried out shooting attacks, including one at the Tomb of Joseph in Nablus. He and another man hid on the fourth floor and refused to surrender. They exchanged fire with the Israeli security forces for about three hours. In the end, the forces launched an RPG at the room they were in, killing them. At the same time, Palestinians rioted against the forces, attacking them with IEDs. Another Palestinian was killed in the confrontation and several dozen were wounded (IDF spokesman’s Twitter account, August 9, 2022).
- The ministry of health in Ramallah reported that Ibrahim al-Nablusi, Islam Sabouh and Hussein Jamal Taha had been killed (ministry of health in Ramallah Facebook page, August 9, 2022). The al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades issued mourning notices for Ibrahim al-Nablusi (Abu Fathi), a prominent al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades commander in Nablus; his comrade Islam Sabouh, 25 years old; and Hussein Jamal Taha, 16 years old. The notice threatened retribution (al-Kawfiya TV website, August 9, 2022). According to the Palestinian media, al-Nablusi was an operative in the Nablus Battalion, recently established in the city as a union of armed Palestinians from the military-terrorist wings of the various organizations, including Hamas and the PIJ (al-Jazeera, August 10, 2022).
Mourning notice from the Fatah branch in the Nablus district, al-Nablusi in the center (Facebook page of Nader Abu Muhammad al-Katnani, August 9, 2022).
- Ibrahim Alaa al-Nablusi (Abu Fathi) was born in Nablus on October 13, 2003. His father, Alaa Izzat al-Nablusi, was a released prisoner who had been sentenced to several years in an Israeli jail. After his release he served as an operative in the Palestinian preventive forces with the rank of colonel. A paternal and maternal uncle were released prisoners. The IDF had wanted al-Nablusi since 2020, when he participated in planting locally-made IEDs. He was also wanted by the Palestinian security forces. He and other terrorist operatives established the Nablus Battalion, in imitation of the Jenin Battalion. The Nablus Battalion was exposed by the IDF in November 2021, when three of its operatives were killed (aljazeera.net, August 9 and 10, 2022). In recent months al-Nablusi had become a symbol for many Palestinians, appearing in videos he uploaded to the Internet showing him shooting at Israeli security forces.
- Thousands of Palestinians attended his funeral, some of them armed. A commercial strike was called in Judea and Samaria as a sign of mourning. Riots were held in several locations, where Palestinians clashed with Israeli security forces and several dozen were wounded (Safa, August 9, 2022).
Right: The funeral held for the three terrorist operatives (QudsN Twitter account, August 9, 2022). Left: Armed operatives attend the funeral (Safa Twitter account, August 9, 2022).
- Nabil Abu Rudeineh, spokesman for Mahmoud Abbas, said Israel (“the occupation”) was approaching a comprehensive confrontation with all the Palestinians because of its “aggression” in Jerusalem, which then spread to Jenin, the Gaza Strip, and recently, Nablus. He warned that if the “aggression” continued it would ignite the Middle East and cause incalculable destruction (Wafa, August 9, 2022). Mahmoud Abbas called his parents and those of the two others who had been killed to offer condolences (Wafa, August 10, 2022). PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh called the killing of al-Nablusi a new IDF “slaughter.” He claimed the Palestinian people were being subjected to institutionalized terrorism, ethnic cleansing, an attempt to Judaize and the desecration of al-Aqsa mosque and the Cave of the Patriarchs, and the consequences would be serious. He called on international institutions to intervene (Wafa, August 9, 2022).
- The PA foreign ministry condemned Israel’s relating to the deaths of the Palestinians as an achievement which gave them a green light to continue the “crimes” committed by the IDF and the settlers. He also condemned the activity in Nablus, claiming it was the direct result of Israeli government policy. The ministry called on the ICC to react to the event (Wafa, August 10, 2022).
- According to Hamas, the events would serve as fuel for the revolution [sic] (al-Risalah, August 10, 2022). Hamas issued a mourning notice stressing the “right” of the Palestinians to react to “the slaughter” and make Israel pay a high price (Hamas website, August 9, 2022). The Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades, Hamas’ military-terrorist wing, issued a recording of al-Nablusi thanking the wing’s leadership for the support it gave him, saying, “We are all the men of Muhammad Deif” [the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades’ commander] (Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades website, August 10, 2022).
- Isma’il Haniyeh, head of Hamas’ political bureau, called al-Nablusi’s parents and offered condolences for the death of their son. He noted the need to follow his “last will and testament,” continue the “struggle” and not lay down their arms (Shehab, August 10, 2022). Husam Badran, a member of Hamas’ political bureau (who was originally from Nablus), said it was the Nablus they were familiar with, the city of the shaheeds (Husam Badran’s Twitter account, August 10, 2022). Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem said they had entered a new phase of the “struggle” against Israel and that Palestinian unity stood behind the “resistance” [terrorist organizations] (Hazem Qassem’s Telegram channel, August 11, 2022).
- Tareq Izz al-Din, PIJ spokesman for the West Bank, said they were facing a new policy and dangerous escalation, and had to take a stand to repel the “aggression” and increase the pace of the “resistance” [terrorist attacks] (PIJ website, August 10, 2022). On a different occasion he said the killing of al-Nablusi and his comrades strengthened the belief that the only way to “resist” [destroy Israel] was with an “armed struggle” (Daffa_media Telegram channel, August 9, 2022).
- The Jerusalem Brigades, the PIJ’s military-terrorist wing, issued a mourning notice in which the wing committed itself to continuing the path [of jihad] and stating that the jihad activity of the “resistance” [terrorist organizations] would not stop but would become stronger in Jenin, Nablus, Tulkarm, Qabatiya, Ramallah, and throughout the West Bank (Jerusalem Brigades spokesman, August 9, 2022).
Palestinian killed in Hebron
- On August 9, 2022, Palestinians rioted against Israeli security forces in Hebron after the death of Ibrahim al-Nablusi. Approximately 20 Palestinians threw rocks at the forces, who responded with riot control measures and live fire (Haaretz, August 9, 2022). The ministry of health in Ramallah announced that Mu’man Yassin Jabber,16 or 17 years old, had died in a hospital after having been fatally wounded during the riot in Hebron (ministry of health in Ramallah Facebook page, August 9, 2022; Wafa, August 9, 2022). His body was wrapped for burial in a Palestinian flag, and his family carried Fatah flags (Facebook page of Abu Ibrahim al-Madhoun Jabber, August 10, 2022).
Mu’man Yassin Jabber (Facebook page of Ibrahim Melhem, spokesman for the PA government, August 9, 2022).
Significant Terrorist Attacks in Judea and Samaria since January 2020
Rocket and mortar shell fire into Israel
- Since the ceasefire went into effect on August 8, 2022, no rocket or mortar shell hits have been identified in Israeli territory.
Monthly Distribution of Rocket and Mortar Shell Fire since January 2020
Annual Distribution of Rocket Hits
Hamas terrorist tunnel exposed
- In recent weeks IDF forces exposed a Hamas terrorist tunnel dug from the northern Gaza Strip into Israeli territory. It had two branches and was dug to a depth of ten meters (almost 11 yards), and led from Gaza City towards one of the Israeli communities near the border. The tunnel was attacked during Operation Guardian of the Walls in May 2021, and attempts to rehabilitate it were recently identified. The tunnel was destroyed over a period of weeks and finally neutralized on August 14, 2022. The route of the tunnel did not cross the security barrier constructed a year ago (IDF spokesman, August 15, 2022). In response to the exposure of the tunnel, Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoum said Israel’s claims were meant to market supposed victories to the Israeli public. He claimed it was the right of the “resistance” [terrorist organizations] to do everything they could to develop their “capabilities” (Hamas website, August 15, 2022).
Operation Breaking Dawn
- When Operation Breaking Dawn ended and routine life returned to the Gaza Strip, Hamas began activities to rebuild. The PIJ continued monitoring the condition of the detainees whose release it demanded in return for the ceasefire. Sources in the Gaza Strip defined the operation as an “achievement.” For example, Isma’il Haniyeh, head of Hamas’ political bureau, and Khaled Mashaal, the PIJ secretary general, spoke on the phone and stressed Israel’s strategic failure and the importance of the unity of the “resistance” [terrorist organizations] (Hamas Telegram channel, August 9, 2022).
- Senior PIJ figure Khaled al-Batash said in an interview that regarding the difference in the balance of forces between Israel and the PIJ, Israel was clearly stronger, and they were looking forward to the minute the balance changed. He said the confrontation began as a response to the killing of al-Jaabari and not because of the detention of Bassem al-Sa’adi. As for Hamas’ [lack of] involvement, he said the confrontation was between Israel and the entire Palestinian people, and Hamas had supported the PIJ with communications, logistics and securing the home front. Asked about the PIJ’s relations with Iran, he said PIJ leader Ziyad al-Nakhalah had been invited to visit Iran before the “recent developments” and before the operation, and there was no connection between his visit and the events in the Gaza Strip. He said Iran supported them with money, weapons, training and at the political level, but there had been no Iranian or other involvement in the organization’s decisions (aljazeera.net, August 13, 2022).
- Iranian foreign minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, in a phone conversation with Isma’il Haniyeh, said the “resistance” [the terrorist organizations] had achieved great success in the most recent confrontation with Israel, and had again stood firm in the face of Israel’s military strength, forcing Israel to accept the PIJ’s terms for a ceasefire within two days. He praised Haniyeh for his preservation of the organizations’ unity, and for the fact that during the engagement only part of the “resistance” [only one terrorist organization] had been involved, which was by itself a great achievement, showing Israel’s “helplessness and weakness.” Haniyeh said he was grateful for Iran’s support (IRNA in Arabic, August 9, 2022).
- Nasr Abu Sharif, the PIJ representative in Iran, said during the Friday prayer that the PIJ’s victories would not have been possible without Iranian support, which was the only country aiding the organization, and continued to support “the resistance in Palestine and Lebanon” [the Palestinian terrorist organizations and Hezbollah]. He also said that during the most recent confrontation only the PIJ had participated and had managed to frighten Israel and force “half the country” to shut down (Maher, August 12, 2022).
- Senior Egyptian political commentator Ashraf Abu al-Houl wrote in an article that despite the threats issued by PIJ leader Ziyad al-Nakhalah to renew the fighting, the organization had suffered serious losses, including the deaths of some of its senior commanders. In addition, its stores of weapons and rockets had been hit. Another PIJ failure was its inability to convince Hamas to join the fighting, and that was because Hamas was responsible for the Gazan population and had different priorities (al-Ahram, August 8, 2022).
Two additional Operation Breaking Dawn fatalities
- This past week the deaths of two additional fatalities were announced, bringing the death total to 50:
- On August 11, 2022, the death of Lian Muslah Hamdi al-Sha’ar, 10 years old, was reported. She was wounded on August 5, 2022, in an IDF attack on a Jerusalem Brigades post in Rafah. She was evacuated to the Maqassed Hospital in east Jerusalem, where she died (al-Mezan Center for Human Rights, August 11, 2022).
- On August 12, 2022, the death of Anas Khaled Ibrahim Anshasi, 22 years old, was reported. He was wounded on August 7, 2022, in an IDF attack in eastern Khan Yunis (Palinfo, August 12, 2022; Facebook page of his cousin, Abu Khalil Anshasi, August 12, 2022). His cousin called him a “jihad fighter.” His body was wrapped for burial in an ISIS flag (Safa Twitter account, August 12, 2022). That could indicate that operatives from Salafist organizations had helped the PIJ during the operation.
The body of Anas Anshasi wrapped for burial in an ISIS flag
(Safa Twitter account, August 12, 2022).
- On August 9, 2022, PIJ operatives in the Jenin refugee camp held a memorial march for organization casualties of Operation Breaking Dawn and in Nablus. The march was attended by senior organization figures, released prisoners and armed Jenin Battalion operatives (PIJ spokesman, August 10, 2022).
The march in Jenin (PIJ website, August 10, 2022).
Assessing the damages of Operation Breaking Dawn and rebuilding the Gaza Strip
- In the Gaza Strip assessing the damages caused by Operation Breaking Dawn continues. The ministry of public works and housing in Gaza announced that 22 dwelling units were completely destroyed, 77 were partially destroyed and were unfit for human habitation, and 1,908 were partially damaged (Ma’an, August 13, 2022).
Infographic of the damages (Facebook page of the ministry of public works and housing in the Gaza Strip, August 13, 2022).
- Adhem al-Bassouni, spokesman for the ministry of agriculture in the Gaza Strip, said that during the three days of the operation the agricultural sector suffered losses of one million dollars (al-Ra’i News Agency, August 11, 2022). The chairman of the Gazan workers’ union said that losses of income incurred during the six days before and during the operation, when workers were prevented from leaving the Gaza Strip and entering Israel, totaled 18 million shekels (about $5.5 million) (union website, August 14, 2022).
- Muhammad Thabet, in charge of public relations for the Gazan electric company, said that after Israel enabled the delivery of diesel fuel to the Gaza Strip, the supply of electricity returned to what it had been before Operation Breaking Dawn: eight hours of electricity with a two-hour power outage (Ultra Palestine website, August 11, 2022).
- The Hamas administration reported its intention to help repair the damages. On August 12, 2022, Isma’il Haniyeh reported that Mohammed bin Abdulrahman al-Thani, Qatar’s foreign minister, announced Qatar had agreed to send money and finance the rebuilding of houses and structures that had been destroyed (Hamas website, August 12, 2022). The Qatari Red Crescent reported it would provide $1.1 million worth of humanitarian assistance to the Gaza Strip (al-Andalou News, August 9, 2022).
- The PA government ordered the relevant ministries to deal with repairing the damages in the Gaza Strip caused by the operation. They were asked to map the damages, provide supplies, give psychological aid and counseling to children, have the local municipalities’ fund provide aid for repairing building that had been destroyed and ask human rights and humanitarian institutions to intervene with the Israelis to enable the delivery of medical equipment sent by the ministry of health in Ramallah (Wafa, August 8, 2022). Mai al-Kayla, PA minister of health, announced the delivery of drugs and medical equipment worth two million shekels (a little more than $600,000) to the Gaza Strip. She also said the hospitals in the PA were open to receive the wounded from Gaza (Dunia al-Watan, August 13, 2022).
The shipment being transferred to a truck from the ministry of health’s warehouse in Nablus (ministry of health in Ramallah Facebook page, August 11, 2022).
- The Palestinian social networks reported the PIJ had announced it was committed to rebuilding the houses that had been destroyed by the end of the year. The organization would also pay reparations of up to $1,000 to the owners of houses that had been destroyed, $400 would be paid for every Gazan who had been wounded and the families of those who had been killed would receive a monthly salary (Rased al-Mayadeen Telegram channel, August 10, 2022). Khaled al-Batash, a member of the PIJ’s political bureau, said the organization’s security force had given instructions that all the killed and wounded be related to equally, and the families of all be supported (PIJ website, August 15, 2022).
- Wa’el Abu Muhsen, communications coordinator for the department of Hamas institutions in the Gaza Strip, said that during the coming six days they would provide local residents with a variety of support worth more than $820,000 (alresala.net, August 13, 2022).
- As a condition for agreeing to a ceasefire, the PIJ demanded the release of Khalil al-Awawdeh, a PIJ terrorist operative who has been on a long hunger strike; and Bassem al-Sa’adi, the head of the PIJ in Jenin. However, eventually they accepted that Egypt would work for their release (al-Ghad, August 13, 2022). Tor Wennesland, special UN envoy to the Middle East peace process, said the UN had a commitment to preserve calm in the Gaza Strip and that a delegation had visited the jail where Bassem al-Sa’adi was being held (Tor Wennesland’s Twitter account, August 10, 2022).
- On August 11, 2022, the Israeli media reported the deterioration of the condition of hunger-striking prisoner Khalil al-Awawdeh, saying he had been transferred to a hospital where he was under guard. His wife Dalal was permitted to visit him and claimed he had suffered irreversible damage. Da’ud Shehab, head of the PIJ’s information office, warned that if he died it would put them on the path to a new confrontation with Israel. He called on Egypt to intensify its pressure on Israel for his release (Sabaq24, August 13, 2022). Senior PIJ figure Ahmed al-Mudallal, said they were in constant contact with the Egyptians to exert pressure on Israel to release him. He said there would be no stability [between Israel and the Gaza Strip] as long as Israel did to meet their demands, and until then the confrontation with Israel was considered as remaining open (al-Ghad, August 16, 2022).
- On August 14, 2022, the [Israeli] military court extended Bassem al-Sa’adi’s detention by six days. In response Yasser Mazaher, the PIJ representative to the prisoners’ committee, said the Egyptians had to take responsibility for the extension by exerting pressure on Israel to release him immediately to ensure calm would continue in the Gaza Strip. He said the extension marked the beginning of a genuine battle between Egypt and Israel to preserve the ceasefire. He said the PIJ and its military wing would not stand idly by in the face of the prisoners’ suffering (Dunia al-Watan, August 11, 2022).
UNRWA’s budget for the Gaza Strip
- Adnan Abu Hasna, UNRWA spokesman in the Gaza Strip, said that UNRWA’s budget had a deficit of $100 million. He claimed it was mainly the result of the “siege” of the Gaza Strip and the ongoing wars, adding that unemployment in the Gaza Strip was currently 50%. He said UNRWA had successfully rebuilt about 7,000 houses that had been superficially or moderately damaged and about 54% of those that had been completely destroyed during Operation Guardian of the Walls. He added that 38% of the agency’s budget went to the Gaza Strip, most of whose inhabitants were refugees [sic] (Sawa, August 14, 2022). A EU delegation visited the Gaza Strip and signed an agreement for €94 million in support of UNRWA’s promoting projects to ensure its continued functioning (Dunia al-Watan, August 16, 2022).
Interview with Khaled Mashaal
- “External” Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal was interviewed and related to a number of issues (al-Jazeera, August 14, 2022):
- Hamas-Syria relations: Hamas’ decision to leave Syria during the Syrian Civil War was made by the organization’s leadership, which he headed at the time. They left because the security situation at the time was uncomfortable, despite the displeasure of the Syrian leadership regarding Hamas’ position.
- Hamas-Iran relations: The decision to leave Syria influenced Hamas’ relations with Iran but relations were not cut off and Hamas still receives support from Iran. However, their connection with Iran does not influence Hamas’ decision-making, which remains independent, and does not come at the expense of the Palestinian national interest.
- Hamas-Saudi Arabia relations: Mashaal denied there was a real reason for the change in the Saudi Arabian position towards Hamas, and said Hamas had not harmed Saudi Arabia in any way and did not intervene in the politics of any other country, and therefore no country had the right to judge the way Hamas conducted the “resistance” [attempts to destroy the State of Israel].
- A visit to the Gaza Strip: Mashaal said that in 2012 he had visited the Gaza Strip after Operation Pillar of Defense and met with Muhammed Deif, the commander of the military wing. He claimed that while in the Gaza Strip he had visited Hamas’ tunnel system and said an entire underground city had been built. There were tactical tunnels, he said, strategic tunnels and tunnels used for operations that were painful [for Israel].
- Response to accusations of terrorism: “Self-defense,” he claimed was a legitimate right in Islam, all religions and international law, and what Hamas was doing was “legitimate resistance.” He said there were countries, including European countries, that met with the [Hamas] movement secretly and in various ways, and “most” of the countries in the world were in indirect contact with them. He said Hamas was not fighting the Jews, only the “Zionist occupation” in “his land and country.”
Khaled Mashaal interview (al-Jazeera TV website, August 12, 2022).
Mahmoud Abbas visits Germany
- Mahmoud Abbas paid an official visit to Germany, where he met with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz (Wafa, August 17, 2022). They held a joint press conference, where Mahmoud Abbas was asked if he planned to apologize for the murder of the 11 Israeli athletes killed in Munich 50 years ago. He said that if they wanted to look to the past, Israel had carried out “50 holocausts” of Palestinians (AP, August 17, 2022).
Muhammad Shtayyeh visits Turkey
- This past week PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh visited Turkey to participate in the opening ceremony of the Islamic Solidarity Games. On its sidelines he met with Turkish president Erdogan and the presidents of Algeria and Azerbaijan. He noted the importance of the support of friendly nations for the Palestinians in their bid for the status of full member state in the UN General Assembly and the need for the Arab summit meeting (which is supposed to be held on November 1 and 2, 2022) to succeed. He also called on Azerbaijan to open a Palestinian embassy.
Right: Muhammad Shtayyeh meets with the president of Turkey. Left: Muhammad Shtayyeh meets with the president of Azerbaijan (Wafa, August 10, 2022).
Rocks, Molotov cocktails and other attacks
- In Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem Palestinians continued throwing rocks and Molotov cocktails at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads. The more prominent events were the following:
- August 14, 2022: Molotov cocktails were thrown at an Israeli vehicle between the al-Khader Junction and Beitar, west of Bethlehem. No casualties or damage were reported.
- August 12, 2022: A Molotov cocktail was thrown at an IDF guard post southwest of Hebron. No casualties or damage were reported.
- August 12, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli bus near al-Funduq, east of Qalqilya. No casualties were reported; the windshield of the vehicle was damaged.
- August 12, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli vehicle near Beit Hagai in Hebron. No casualties were reported; the vehicle was damaged.
- August 12, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli vehicle between Kiryat Arba and Hebron. No casualties were reported; the vehicle was damaged.
- August 11, 2022: Rocks and Molotov cocktails were thrown at an Israeli bus and other vehicles near Givat Asaf, east of Ramallah. No casualties or damage were reported.
- August 10, 2022: Rocks and Molotov cocktails were thrown at an IDF post near Neguhot, east of Hebron. No casualties or damage were reported.
- August 9, 2022: Two IEDs exploded near a guard post near Nabi Salah, northwest of Ramallah. No casualties or damage were reported.
- August 9, 2022: Rocks were thrown at Israeli vehicles near Turmus Aya, northeast of Ramallah. No casualties were reported; the windshield of a bus was damaged.
- August 9, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli vehicle between the Yakir Junction and Revava, southeast of Qalqilya. No casualties were reported; the vehicle was damaged.
The vehicle that was attacked with rocks southeast of Qalqilya.
- August 9, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli vehicle near Sinjil, southeast of Ramallah. No casualties were reported; the vehicle was damaged.
- August 9, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli vehicle near the Ma’aleh Amos Junction, south of Bethlehem. No casualties were reported; the windshield of the bus was damaged.
- August 9, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli vehicle between Yitzhar and Havat Gilad, west of Nablus. One person was injured by flying glass.
- August 9, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli vehicle in Hawwara, south of Nablus. No casualties were reported; the vehicle was damaged.
- August 9, 2022: Rocks and a bottle of paint were thrown at an Israeli vehicle between Ariel and the Tapuah Junction, south of Nablus. One person was injured by flying glass and the windshield of the vehicle was damaged.
- August 9, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli vehicle and ambulance at the Halhul Junction, north of Hebron. One person was wounded by flying glass that the be was damaged.
Damage done to the vehicle.
- August 9, 2022: Rocks were thrown at an Israeli bus between al-Aroub and Bayt Ummar, north of Hebron. An IDF soldier was superficially wounded.
 A significant attack is defined by the ITIC as involving shooting, stabbing, a vehicular attack, the use of IEDs, or a combination of the above. Stones and Molotov cocktails thrown by Palestinians are not included ↑
 Information and pictures from Rescue Without Borders in Judea and Samaria unless otherwise noted. ↑