Spotlight on Global Jihad (November 5-11, 2020)

HTS rocket fire against Syrian army positions in the rural area south of Idlib (Ibaa photo posted on @twi0034 Twitter account, November 4, 2020)

HTS rocket fire against Syrian army positions in the rural area south of Idlib (Ibaa photo posted on @twi0034 Twitter account, November 4, 2020)

Members of the SDF Counterterrorism Apparatus (Twitter account of the SDF Coordination and Military Ops Center, November 8, 2020)

Members of the SDF Counterterrorism Apparatus (Twitter account of the SDF Coordination and Military Ops Center, November 8, 2020)

ISIS IEDs and tripwires located in the Al-Karma area (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 5, 2020)

ISIS IEDs and tripwires located in the Al-Karma area (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 5, 2020)

ISIS’s IEDs located south of Kirkuk (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 7, 2020)

ISIS’s IEDs located south of Kirkuk (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 7, 2020)

Iraqi army force near the IEDs that were discovered (Facebook page of the Iraqi Ministry of Defense, November 7, 2020)

Iraqi army force near the IEDs that were discovered (Facebook page of the Iraqi Ministry of Defense, November 7, 2020)

Iraqi combat engineering soldier preparing the IEDs for a controlled explosion (Facebook page of the Iraqi Ministry of Defense, November 5, 2020)

Iraqi combat engineering soldier preparing the IEDs for a controlled explosion (Facebook page of the Iraqi Ministry of Defense, November 5, 2020)

Main events of the past week
  • In the Idlib region, exchanges of artillery fire continued between the Syrian army and the rebel organizations, mainly Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS). The airstrikes (mostly Russian) against rebel positions also continued. According to reports from this week, the Turkish army is making preparations to evacuate two control posts south of Idlib, apparently as part of a Russian-Turkish agreement.
  • ISIS continues its routine activity in the various provinces. Noteworthy examples:
    • Syria: attacks and ambushes against the Syrian army and forces supporting it in the desert region west of the Euphrates Valley. Attacks also continue against Turkish-backed rebel organizations, particularly in the region of the city of Al-Bab, northeast of Aleppo.
    • Iraq: the attacks in the various provinces continue, in the form of activating IEDs, sniper fire and small arms fire. Worth noting is a series of attacks against a compound of the Tribal Mobilization (a Sunni militia that supports the Iraqi regime) on the outskirts of Baghdad. ISIS claims that 18 fighters were killed in the attacks.
    • Nigeria: deadly attacks against the Nigerian army continued in the northeast of the country. According to ISIS, dozens of soldiers and members of the forces supporting the Nigerian army were killed.
    • The Sinai Peninsula: ISIS’s intensive activity in northeastern Sinai continues, mainly in the form of detonating IEDs against Egyptian army vehicles.
    • Mozambique: ISIS-affiliated jihadist operatives have been targeting the civilian population in the northeast of the country. They carried out mass executions of villagers, abducted women and set fire to houses.
  • At the propaganda level, ISIS’s campaign for terrorist attacks against the West in general, and France in particular, continues. This included posters on Instagram in Arabic, English and French, showing Europe/the West going up in smoke and the Eiffel Tower in ruins.
ISIS’s attacks around the globe
Summary of ISIS’s activity in the various provinces (October 29 – November 4, 2020)

ISIS released an infographic summarizing its activity on October 29 – November 4, 2020. During this time, ISIS carried out 53 attacks around the world, compared to 83 in the previous week (a decrease of about 36% in the number of attacks following the end of the Raids of Response to the Call campaign). Most of the attacks were carried out in Iraq (21). Attacks were also carried out in ISIS’s other provinces: Syria (9); West Africa (8); Central Africa (6); Sinai Peninsula (5); Khorasan, i.e., Afghanistan (2); Somalia (1); and Austria (shooting attack in Vienna (1) (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, October 29, 2020).

  • According to the infographic, a total of 289 people were killed and wounded in those attacks, compared to 350 in the previous week (i.e., a decrease of about 17% in the number of casualties). The largest number of casualties was in Khorasan, i.e., Afghanistan (86). The other casualties were in West Africa (84); Central Africa (51); Austria (shooting attack in Vienna) (30); Iraq (18); Syria (17); and Somalia (3); (Telegram, November 5, 2020).
The Syrian arena
The Idlib region

This week, incidents continued In the Idlib region, mainly exchanges of artillery fire between the Syrian army and the rebel organizations. Particularly noteworthy was an incident in which the Syrian army fired artillery at neighborhoods in Idlib and Ariha (about 10 km south of Idlib), killing seven civilians and wounding dozens. In response, HTS (and other rebel organizations) fired artillery at Syrian army positions and forces. According to HTS, over 30 fighters were killed and 10 were wounded (Ibaa, November 4, 2020). In addition, airstrikes (mainly Russian) continued against rebel positions.

Airstrikes

UAV attack on HTS positions
  • On November 7, 2020, a UAV attacked HTS positions in Jabal Zawiya, about 20 km southeast of Idlib. Seven Uzbek operatives were reportedly killed in the airstrike (Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, November 7, 2020).[1] So far, HTS has not mentioned the attack.
HTS positions which were attacked (Google Maps)
HTS positions which were attacked
(Google Maps)
Russian airstrikes
  • On November 7, 2020, at least 13 Russian airstrikes were carried out against the rebel organizations south and southeast of Idlib. No fatalities have been reported (Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, November 7, 2020).
Russian airstrike on the outskirts of the village of Sarja, southeast of Idlib (@De1pIPg5cAKcgtb Twitter account, November 7, 2020)     Russian airstrike on the outskirts of the village of Sarja, southeast of Idlib (@De1pIPg5cAKcgtb Twitter account, November 7, 2020)
Russian airstrike on the outskirts of the village of Sarja, southeast of Idlib
(@De1pIPg5cAKcgtb Twitter account, November 7, 2020)
Preparations for the evacuation of Turkish army control posts
  • On November 7, 2020, the Turkish army began preparations for evacuating its control post about 40 km south of Idlib, on the Damascus-Aleppo international highway (M-4, see No. 1 on the map). Afterwards, Turkey will also withdraw from another control post about 50 km southwest of Idlib (see No. 2 on the map). The evacuation of the control posts reportedly takes place as part of a Russian-Turkish agreement in the Idlib region (Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, November 7, 2020).

Control posts due to be evacuated
(Google Maps)
ISIS’s activity in Syria[2]
The region of Deir ez-Zor and Al-Mayadeen
  • On November 8, 2020, the SDF Counterterrorism Apparatus, with International Coalition air support, operated against ISIS near Al-Basira, about 10 km north of Al-Mayadeen. They captured four ISIS squad members who engaged in making IEDs and carrying out targeted killings (Twitter account of the SDF Coordination and Military Ops Center, November 8, 2020).
  • On November 5, 2020, the Abu Fadl al-Abbas Brigade, which is subordinate to the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps[3], lost contact with its force, which numbered two vehicles and 10 fighters, while the force was operating in the desert region of Al-Mayadeen. Two days later, on November 7, 2020, the brigade sent another force to look for the force which disappeared, but with no results. The brigade has reportedly lost dozens of fighters in attacks and ambushes by ISIS operatives deployed in the desert (Ibaa, November 7, 2020).
  • On November 4, 2020, a Syrian army vehicle was targeted by machine gun fire in the desert region west of Al-Mayadeen. The passengers were wounded.
The region near the Syrian-Turkish border

ISIS’s activity has continued against Turkish-backed rebel organizations operating near the Syrian-Turkish border. This week, ISIS’s activity was focused on Al-Bab, northeast of Aleppo, and mainly took the form of detonating IEDs against targets of the Turkish-backed rebel organizations.

  • On November 9, 2020, an IED was activated against a rebel organization vehicle in the Jarabulus area (about 100 km northeast of Aleppo, near the border between Syria and Turkey). The passengers were wounded.
  • On November 7, 2020, an IED was activated against a rebel organization vehicle about 40 km north of Aleppo (about 6 km south of the Syrian-Turkish border). One operative was killed and three were wounded.
  • On November 7, 2020, ISIS operatives tricked sappers of one of the rebel organizations into approaching an IED planted near a hospital in central Al-Bab. After the sappers believed that they had neutralized the IED and took it with them, it was activated against them. Three operatives were killed. The Turkish media reported that three local policemen had been killed (Anatolia, November 7, 2020).
  • On November 4, 2020, an IED was activated against the vehicle of a commander in one of the rebel organizations in Al-Bab. He was killed.
The Iraqi arena
Provinces of Iraq (Wikipedia)
Provinces of Iraq (Wikipedia)

ISIS’s increased activity in Iraq

Overview
  • Senior Iraqi journalist Sinan Mahmoud recently published an article reviewing ISIS’s activity in Iraq over the past year.[4] The article notes that over the past year, ISIS has made a significant effort to increase its activity in Iraq. Lieutenant General Abdul-Wahab Al Saedi, the Head of the Counter Terrorism Service (CTS), estimates ISIS numbers in Iraq at 2500-3,000 fighters. They have reorganized in rural regions in central and northern Iraq, and carry out hit-and-run attacks.
  • The author notes that the increase in the number of ISIS attacks in the country occurs due to a series of events: political and social turmoil; COVID-19 restrictions; economic crisis; and the planned withdrawal of US troops from Iraq. All of these have caused disruption in Iraqi security forces training programs and reduced the amount of military support provided by US-led Coalition countries. These circumstances, according to the author, have served ISIS in the past year.
ISIS’s methods of operation and financial sources
  • ISIS’s methods of operation in Iraq are diverse: assassinations of civilians, security personnel and government officials; limited-scale attacks against checkpoints; abduction, extortion and burning crops. ISIS operatives carry out quick attacks on selected targets. The most recent of these was the abduction and murder of Sheikh Ali Fdhala Al Kaabi on October 30, 2020. He was a local commander of paramilitary Shiite units (Popular Mobilization) taking part in the fight against ISIS. Hours after the abduction, his son received a phone call from a local ISIS operative telling him to collect the dead man. As the son and his friends approached the body, which was lying on its back with its arms bound, they walked into a booby trap. The explosion killed the son, two grandsons and a nephew.
  • The author notes that although the military operations of the Iraqi security forces continue, the power of ISIS’s terrorists is intensifying again. The Iraqi government has failed to prevent ISIS remnants from moving freely in small groups in remote villages. It also lacks solid intelligence about local operatives, since ISIS operatives are well-trained local operatives. ISIS operatives manage to generate revenue for the organization in Iraq through extortion and donations from supportive communities, as well as funds from supporters abroad.
Summary and conclusions

ISIS is gaining strength in the Iraqi arena even though its capabilities are still limited. Due to the limitations of the fight against it, ISIS manages to carry out successful and even deadly attacks. The current situation in Iraq is not a repeat of the one in 2012-13 that led to the rise of ISIS. However, if ISIS’s activity is left unchecked, it could spiral out of control.

ISIS attacks in the various provinces[5]

Deadly ISIS attack on the western entrance of Baghdad

On the evening of November 8, 2020, ISIS operatives attacked with light arms fire and hand grenades an observation tower of the Iraqi army and the Tribal Mobilization in the Al-Radwaniyah area, about 5 km southwest of Baghdad (near Baghdad’s western entrance). Five fighters and six civilians were killed and eight others were wounded (Al-Sumaria, November 8, 2020).

  • ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack. According to ISIS, its operatives attacked a Tribal Mobilization compound in Al-Radwaniyah by machine gun fire and hand grenades. Four Tribal Mobilization fighters were killed. In addition, several Tribal Mobilization vehicles were attacked in the same area, and 12 fighters who were inside were killed. Apart from that, an IED was activated against a Tribal Mobilization vehicle, killing two fighters and wounding another. In total, according to ISIS, 18 Tribal Mobilization and Popular Mobilization fighters were killed.
Diyala Province
  • On November 8, 2020, an Iraqi commando was targeted by sniper fire west of Khanaqin, about 100 km northeast of Baqubah. He was wounded.
  • On November 7, 2020, a fighter of the Iraqi counterterrorism unit was targeted by sniper fire about 15 km north of Baqubah. He was killed. When a unit force arrived at the scene, it was hit by gunfire. Two fighters were wounded.
  • On November 5, 2020, an IED was activated against Popular Mobilization fighters about 15 km northeast of Baqubah. Two fighters were killed and two others were wounded. When an Iraqi police patrol arrived at the scene, another IED was activated against it. Two policemen were killed and two others were wounded.
Babel Province
  • On November 8, 2020, an IED was activated against a vehicle carrying Hezbollah fighters (apparently, this refers to Hezbollah Battalions, a Shiite militia operating under Iranian sponsorship). The vehicle was put out of commission. A force arriving at the scene to provide assistance was ambushed. Six fighters were killed or wounded. In addition, Iraqi soldiers who were at the scene were targeted by gunfire. About 10 soldiers were killed or wounded. In total, 16 fighters and soldiers were killed or wounded.
Salah al-Din Province
  • On November 10, 2020, an IED was activated against a Popular Mobilization bulldozer about 200 km north of Baghdad. The passengers were killed or wounded.
  • On November 10, 2020, an RPG rocket was fired at an Iraqi army vehicle northwest of Samarra, about 100 km northwest of Baghdad. The passengers were killed or wounded.
  • On November 7, 2020, an Iraqi police compound was targeted by machine gun fire west of Samarra. One policeman was wounded.
  • On November 7, 2020, an IED was activated against a Popular Mobilization bulldozer about 200 km north of Baghdad. The passengers were killed or wounded.
  • On November 7, 2020, a vehicle and a bulldozer of the Iraqi police were targeted by sniper fire northwest of Samarra. Two passengers were wounded.
  • On November 4, 2020, a compound of the Iraqi police and the Popular Mobilization was targeted by machine gun fire about 20 km southeast of Samarra. Two fighters or policemen were killed.
  • On November 3, 2020, an Iraqi police compound was targeted by machine gun fire about 60 km north of Baghdad. When an Iraqi force of the counterterrorism unit arrived at the scene, it was also targeted by machine gun fire. One fighter was killed and another was wounded.
Nineveh Province
  • On November 6, 2020, an IED was activated against a vehicle of the Iraqi National Security Apparatus in the Nineveh plain. Two passengers were wounded.
Kirkuk Province
  • On November 9, 2020, an IED was activated against Popular Mobilization forces 160 km northeast of Baghdad. Two fighters were killed and seven others were wounded.
Equipment and weapons of one of the Popular Mobilization fighters who was hit by the IED (Telegram, November 9, 2020)
Equipment and weapons of one of the Popular Mobilization fighters who was hit by the IED (Telegram, November 9, 2020)
Counterterrorism activities by the Iraqi security forces
Al-Anbar Province
  • On November 5, 2020, an Iraqi army ground force operating in collaboration with Iraqi Military Intelligence located an ISIS hiding place and a weapons depot in the Al-Karma area, about 30 km northwest of Baghdad. The weapons depot contained IEDs and tripwires to activate IEDs (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 5, 2020). Another force which operated in the area located a weapons depot which contained hundreds of IEDs stored in receptacles, dozens of IEDs of various types, and rockets (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 5, 2020).
  • Another force, comprising Iraqi Military Intelligence teams and an Iraqi army ground force, located a weapons depot in the Ramadi area (about 90 km west of Baghdad). The weapons depot contained IEDs, tripwires to activate IEDs, and shells (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 5, 2020).
 ISIS IEDs and tripwires located in the Al-Karma area (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 5, 2020)  ISIS’s IEDs, tripwires and shells located in the Ramadi area.
Right: ISIS’s IEDs, tripwires and shells located in the Ramadi area. Left: ISIS IEDs and tripwires located in the Al-Karma area (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 5, 2020)
  • On November 2, 2020, a force of the counterterrorism unit captured three terrorist operatives (implicitly, ISIS operatives) in the city of Ramadi, about 90 km west of Baghdad. Based on information obtained from one of the operatives, a commander in the organization was captured (Al-Sumaria, November 5, 2020).
Kirkuk Province
  • On November 5, 2020, an Iraqi military force operating in collaboration with the Iraqi Military Intelligence located an ISIS weapons depot about 30 km south of Kirkuk. The weapons depot contained IEDs and explosives (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 5, 2020).
ISIS’s IEDs located south of Kirkuk (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 7, 2020)
ISIS’s IEDs located south of Kirkuk
(Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, November 7, 2020)
Nineveh Province
  • On November 7, 2020, an Iraqi army force located ISIS IEDs in the Tal Afar region, about 60 km west of Mosul. The IEDs were detonated in a controlled manner (Facebook page of the Iraqi Ministry of Defense, November 7, 2020).
  • On November 5, 2020, an Iraqi army force that operated for eight days cleared three ISIS minefields east of Tal Afar (about 60 km west of Mosul). During the operation, hundreds of IEDs weighing 40 kg each were neutralized (Facebook page of the Iraqi Ministry of Defense, November 5, 2020).
Diyala Province
  • On November 5, 2020, Iraqi security forces apprehended six wanted ISIS operatives, former members of an ISIS squad. They were caught about 20 km southwest of Baqubah (Al-Sumaria, November 5, 2020).
The city of Baghdad
  • On November 5, 2020, Iraqi Military Intelligence and ground forces apprehended a “terrorist operative” (implicitly, an ISIS operative) hiding in the Al-Dura area in south Baghdad (Al-Sumaria, November 5, 2020).
The Sinai Peninsula
ISIS’s activity in northern Sinai
  • On November 9, 2020, an IED was activated against an Egyptian army armored vehicle near the village of Aqtia, west of Bir al-Abd. Several soldiers were killed or wounded (Shahed Sinaa – Al-Rasmia Facebook page, November 9, 2020). To date, no organization has claimed responsibility for the attack, but it was apparently carried out by ISIS.
  • On November 8, 2020, three armed men abducted a civilian named Nabil Habsha from Bir al-Abd (Shahed Sinaa – Al-Rasmia Facebook page, November 8, 2020). To date, no organization has claimed responsibility for the attack, but it was apparently carried out by ISIS.
  • On November 7, 2020, an IED was activated against an Egyptian army armored vehicle near the village of Aqtia, west of Bir al-Abd. The passengers were killed (Telegram).
  • On November 3, 2020, an Egyptian army force neutralized an IED during a patrol in Bir al-Abd (Shahed Sinaa Facebook page, November 3, 2020).
  • On November 3, 2020, an Egyptian army vehicle was attacked in the area of Rafah. Two Egyptian soldiers were killed (Al-Araby Al-Jadeed, November 4, 2020).
  • On November 4, 2020, an IED was activated against a minesweeper near a roadblock east of Al-Arish (Shahed Sinaa Facebook page, November 4, 2020).
  • On November 4, 2020, an IED was activated against an Egyptian army bulldozer south of Sheikh Zuweid. The Egyptian army sustained casualties (Shahed Sinaa, November 4, 2020).
ISIS’s activity around the globe[6]

Africa

Nigeria
  • On November 9, 2020, ISIS operatives ambushed and fired machine guns at Nigerian soldiers about 70 km north of Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State. Five soldiers were killed and others were wounded. In addition, weapons and ammunition were seized.
  • On November 8, 2020, four mortar shells were fired at a Nigerian army camp, near the border between Nigeria, Niger and Chad. According to ISIS, accurate hits of the target were observed.
  • On November 7, 2020, ISIS operatives attacked a Nigerian army compound in Yobe State. One soldier was killed and a few others were wounded. In addition, a tank was set on fire and weapons and ammunition were seized.
  • On November 4, 2020, ISIS operatives exchanged fire with a Nigerian army force in the city of Baga, about 20 km southwest of the border between Nigeria and Chad, in northeastern Nigeria. Several soldiers were killed or wounded.
  • On November 4, 2020, ISIS operatives fired machine guns at a Nigerian army patrol near a village located about 90 km northeast of Maiduguri. Three soldiers were killed and others were wounded. In addition, weapons and ammunition were seized.
  • On November 2, 2020, ISIS operatives exchanged fire with a force of the Nigerian army and the forces supporting it on a road north and northeast of Maiduguri. According to ISIS, in the first round of the exchange of fire, 24 fighters of the forces supporting the Nigerian army were killed. In the second round, 10 were killed or wounded. In addition, weapons and ammunition were seized.
  • On November 2, 2020, ISIS operatives ambushed, fired at, and activated an IED against Nigerian police, the forces supporting it, and members of the Red Cross, west of Maiduguri. Several members of the Nigerian force were killed or wounded.
Mozambique
  • On November 7-9 2020, jihadist operatives, apparently affiliated with ISIS, reportedly murdered and beheaded villagers in the Cabo Delgado region in northeastern Mozambique (an ISIS hotspot). They also abducted women and set fire to houses. According to local sources, 50 men and teenage boys were executed in the football field in one of the villages. According to local reports, the jihadists took control of a number of villages in the Muidumbe region on October 31, 2020 and November 1, 2020. Official sources in Mozambique have denied this, claiming that the jihadists do not control these villages (BBC, November 9, 2020; GARDAWORLD, November 9, 2020).
The Muidumbe region in northeastern Mozambique (Google Maps)
The Muidumbe region in northeastern Mozambique
(Google Maps)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • On November 4, 2020, ISIS operatives attacked Congolese forces in the Beni region in northeastern Congo (about 7 km west of the border with Uganda). Three fighters were killed. In addition, weapons and ammunition were seized (Telegram, November 8, 2020).

Asia

Yemen
  • On November 4, 2020, forces affiliated with the Houthi movement killed a senior ISIS operative named Salah Abd al-Nur Abd al-Aziz Naif al-Rashidi AKA Abu Yusuf al-Taizzi, in the Ibb Province (about 140 km south of Sana’a). Al-Taizzi was killed in an exchange of gunfire after refusing to surrender. Al-Taizzi reportedly promoted the ideology of the Salafist-jihadi organizations (Ansar Allah website, affiliated with the Houthi movement, and Sputnik, November 4, 2020).
Afghanistan
  • ISIS published an infographic summarizing the activity of the Khorasan Province (i.e., Afghanistan) between October 24 and November 5, 2020. According to ISIS, the province’s operatives carried out 12 attacks during this period: four suicide bombing attacks and eight IED attacks. More than 250 people were killed or wounded in the attacks (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, November 5, 2020).
ISIS activity
  • On November 5, 2020, an IED was activated against two members of the Afghan police in the city of Jalalabad. Two policemen were killed.
The Philippines
  • On November 4, 2020, the Philippine police and army carried out a joint operation against ISIS in the city of Esperanza, in the southern Philippines. During the exchange of fire, the forces killed an ISIS sub-leader named Jazzer Nilong AKA Khaled Di Nilong. It was noted that an arrest warrant had previously been issued against him for murder (Manila Bulletin, November 6, 2020).
The city of Esperanza in the southern Philippines (Google Maps)  Mortar shell and other equipment located in the possession of the commander killed by Philippine security forces in the south of the country (Benar News, a news website operating in Southeast Asia, November 5, 2020).
Right: Mortar shell and other equipment located in the possession of the commander killed by Philippine security forces in the south of the country (Benar News, a news website operating in Southeast Asia, November 5, 2020). Left: The city of Esperanza in the southern Philippines (Google Maps)
Counterterrorism and preventive activity
Arrest of four people involved in the Vienna shooting attack
  • On November 6, 2020, German police and the German counterterrorism unit raided the homes and businesses of four people associated with the ISIS supporter who carried out the shooting attack in Vienna (November 2, 2020) in the cities of Kassel and Osnabrück in northwestern Germany and in the Pinneberg District near Hamburg. It is reported that at present they are not suspected of involvement in the attack. Austria has suspended a number of senior officials from their posts due to mistakes that were made before the attack. In addition, the authorities ordered the closure of two mosques in Vienna, where the terrorist who carried out the attack prayed (AP, November 6, 2020).
The battle for hearts and minds
The anti-France campaign by ISIS and its supporters continues
  •   The social media campaign by ISIS and its supporters against the West in general and France in particular continues. The propaganda campaign is carried out in Arabic, English and French and this week it centered on Instagram. Following are a number of examples:
Poster calling for terrorist attacks in France. The ruins of the Eiffel Tower appear in the background (Instagram, November 6, 2020).  Poster showing an ISIS supporter about to throw a Molotov cocktail with Europe/the West on fire in the background (Instagram, November 6, 2020).
Right: Poster showing an ISIS supporter about to throw a Molotov cocktail with Europe/the West on fire in the background (Instagram, November 6, 2020). Left: Poster calling for terrorist attacks in France. The ruins of the Eiffel Tower appear in the background (Instagram, November 6, 2020).
Poster in French calling for revenge for insulting the Prophet Muhammad and Muslims in general. The poster was published by an ISIS-affiliated entity calling itself the Ansar Media Foundation (Instagram, November 6, 2020).
Poster in French calling for revenge for insulting the Prophet Muhammad and Muslims in general. The poster was published by an ISIS-affiliated entity calling itself the Ansar Media Foundation (Instagram, November 6, 2020).

[1] HTS includes groups comprising fighters from the former Soviet republics, including Uzbek fighters.
[2] According to ISIS’s claims of responsibility posted on Telegram

[3] Abu Fadl al-Abbas Brigade is a Shiite Iraqi military framework which was established during the civil war in Syria (late 2012 / early 2013). Since its establishment, it has been active in Syria, subordinate to the Syrian army but handled by Iran. See the ITIC's Information Bulletin from July 11, 2018, “Hezbollah and Iran-handled Shi’ite militias are integrated into the Syrian army in its campaign to take control of south Syria”

[4] Sinan Mahmoud, Booby-trapped bodies and terrified tribal leaders mean ISIS is on the march in Iraq. The National News/world/MENA. 2 November 2020:https://amp.thenationalnews.com/world/mena/booby-trapped-bodies-and-terrified-tribal-leaders-mean-isis-is-on-the-march-in-iraq-1.1104379?__twitter_impression=true

[5] According to ISIS’s claims of responsibility posted on Telegram

[6] According to ISIS’s claims of responsibility posted on Telegram