Spotlight on Global Jihad (June 17 – 23 2021)

The bulldozer set on fire by ISIS in the Al-Sukhnah Desert (Telegram, June 20, 2021)

The bulldozer set on fire by ISIS in the Al-Sukhnah Desert (Telegram, June 20, 2021)

The Syrian army vehicle hit by ISIS.

The Syrian army vehicle hit by ISIS.

The rocket being launched at the refineries (Telegram, June 22, 2021)

The rocket being launched at the refineries (Telegram, June 22, 2021)

The rocket being launched at the refineries (Telegram, June 22, 2021)

The rocket being launched at the refineries (Telegram, June 22, 2021)

The Nigerian army camp that was attacked.

The Nigerian army camp that was attacked.

The course of the attack (Telegram, June 23, 2021).

The course of the attack (Telegram, June 23, 2021).

ISIS operatives during the attack in Gujba (Amaq News Agency, as posted on Telegram, June 22, 2021)

ISIS operatives during the attack in Gujba (Amaq News Agency, as posted on Telegram, June 22, 2021)

Main events of the past week
  • This week, ISIS’s activity in the various provinces continued at a “routine” level:
    • Syria: Tension returned to the rebel enclave in Idlib after the Syrian army intensified its artillery fire, possibly in preparation for a ground attack. In the Idlib region, the establishment of a new organization subordinate to the HTS was announced. The new organization is called the Al-Qa’qa’ Army (Jaysh al-Qa’qa’). In the desert area (Al-Badia): The Syrian army and the forces supporting it suffered heavy losses while searching for ISIS operatives.
    • Iraq: ISIS has stepped up its activity in what it calls its economic war. As part of this activity, ISIS operatives targeted high-voltage pylons and refineries. ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly published an infographic on the economic war in Iraq, describing the recent destruction of and damage to 16 high-voltage pylons supplying electricity to the various provinces in Iraq.
    • Sinai: In the Sinai Province, ISIS has stepped up its activity against the Egyptian army. An intelligence officer with the rank of major (ra’ed) was killed in an IED explosion in Jabal al-Halal, in central Sinai.
    • Afghanistan: ISIS’s activity in Afghanistan continues. In Afghanistan as well, IEDs were activated against high-voltage pylons this week as part of ISIS’s economic war against the regime.
    • Africa: The downtrend in ISIS’s activity in Africa continues. Nigeria: ISIS operatives attacked a Nigerian police headquarters, a Red Cross post, and a Nigerian army camp. The Democratic Republic of the Congo: ISIS’s Central Africa Province claimed responsibility for the killing of two pro-government militia fighters. Libya: Haftar’s army launched an operation to locate “terrorists” (i.e., ISIS operatives) in the southwestern part of the country. This is in light of the recent attacks carried out by ISIS against Haftar’s army.
  • The battle for hearts and minds: On June 21, 2021, ISIS’s Al-Furqan Media Foundation released an audiotape of the speech by ISIS Spokesman Abu Hamza al-Qurashi. The tape, which is about 38 minutes long, is entitled “You are the Sublime Ones if you believe.” The tape includes words of encouragement to ISIS’s fighters around the world, calling on them to intensify their activity while addressing each and every province. The tape also mentions the campaign in the Gaza Strip and the Palestinians (Telegram, June 22, 2021).
The Syrian arena
Syrian governorates (freeworldmaps.net)
Syrian governorates (freeworldmaps.net)
The Idlib region
  • This week, the Syrian army intensified its artillery fire at the rebel enclave in Idlib. On June 18, 2021, it fired over 100 rockets at the enclave (Syrian Observatory for Human Rights). The rockets may have been fired in preparation for a ground attack.
  • Another organization reportedly joined the ranks of the Al-Qaeda-affiliated HTS in the rebel enclave in Idlib, after its leader had pledged allegiance to it. It is called the Al-Qa’qa’ Army (Jaysh al-Qa’qa’) and is headed by Abu al-Mu’tassem Billah Zabadani. According to the organization, it numbers about 40,000 fighters. Various sources question the accuracy of that figure, claiming that it is exaggerated (SyriaTV, June 17, 2021).
The desert region (Al-Badia)
  • During the week, the Syrian army and the forces supporting it worked mainly to locate ISIS operatives who are still present in the region. This activity took place with the support of the Russian Air Force, which carried out dozens of offensive sorties against ISIS targets (Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, June 21, 2021; Zaman Al-Wasl, June 20, 2021).
  • The Syrian army and the forces supporting it sustained casualties in a series of attacks carried out by ISIS against them:
    • Five Syrian soldiers were killed in the explosion of an IED activated against a vehicle in the Al-Sukhnah region, about 100 km southwest of Deir ez-Zor. In addition, ISIS operatives set fire to a Syrian army bulldozer (Telegram, June 20, 2021).
    • A total of 10 Syrian soldiers were killed or wounded in exchanges of fire with ISIS operatives in the Shula region and the Kabajib region, southwest of Deir ez-Zor (Zaman Al-Wasl, June 20, 2021).
    • A total of 12 Syrian soldiers were killed in an attack by ISIS operatives in the rural area of the city of Palmyra. Contact was lost with four other soldiers. They were probably abducted by ISIS (Al-Araby al-Jadeed, June 19, 2021).
  • On June 20, 2021, a local source reported that four ISIS operatives had managed to escape from a prison of one of the IRGC-affiliated militias in the Al-Sukhnah region. Following their escape, a state of alert was declared in the area (Al-Hal, June 20, 2021).
Deir ez-Zor-Al-Mayadeen region[1]
  • On June 19, 2021, an SDF intelligence operative was abducted in the Diban region, about 3 km east of Al-Mayadeen. After being interrogated, he was executed. The ISIS operatives seized his motorcycle and documents.
  • On June 19, 2021, an IED was activated against an SDF vehicle in the Hajin region, about 50 km southeast of Al-Mayadeen. Two SDF fighters who were on board were wounded.
  • On June 16, 2021, IEDs were activated in the house of a man referred to by ISIS as a sorcerer in the Basira region, about 10 km north of Al-Mayadeen. The house was destroyed.
  • On June 16, 2021, an IED was activated against a Syrian army convoy east of Aqirbat, about 40 km east of Salamiyah. Two trucks were destroyed and the passengers on board were killed or wounded.
Al-Raqqah region
  • On June 20, 2021, an IED was activated against an SDF vehicle west of Tabqa. The passengers on board were wounded.
  • On June 20, 2021, local sources reported the death of two fighters of the Al-Quds Brigade (a militia supporting the Syrian regime, consisting of Palestinian fighters). They had been killed in the explosion of an IED which was apparently activated by ISIS against their vehicle in the Mi’dan region, about 50 km southeast of Al-Raqqah (Zaman al-Wasl, June 20, 2021).
The Iraqi arena
Provinces of Iraq (Wikipedia)
Provinces of Iraq (Wikipedia)
  • This week as well, ISIS operated in the various provinces of Iraq, but a significant decrease is evident in the number of attacks. Many attacks targeted high-voltage pylons as part of what ISIS refers to as the economic war. The Iraqi security forces continued their counterterrorism measures against ISIS. Following are details of various attacks mainly based on ISIS’s claims of responsibility[2].
Kirkuk Province
  • On June 18, 2021, ISIS attacked Shiite residents in the Daquq region in south Kirkuk. During the attack, ISIS operatives set fire to two vehicles and transformers, and destroyed a well.
ISIS operatives setting fire to property of Shiite residents (Telegram, June 19, 2021)   ISIS operatives setting fire to property of Shiite residents (Telegram, June 19, 2021)
ISIS operatives setting fire to property of Shiite residents (Telegram, June 19, 2021)
Salah al-Din Province
  • On June 21, 2021, IEDs were activated against a house of a Tribal Mobilization fighter east of Al-Alam, about 10 km north of Tikrit. It was destroyed (Telegram, June 22, 2021).
  • On June 21, 2021, a rocket was fired at the Baiji refineries. According to ISIS, a definite hit on the site was observed (Telegram, June 22, 2021). The Iraqi government did not issue any statement.
The rocket being launched at the refineries (Telegram, June 22, 2021)
  • On June 18, 2021, an IED was activated against a Popular Mobilization vehicle in the region of the Hamrin Mountains, about 50 km north of Tikrit. Two fighters were killed.
  • On June 18, 2021, an IED was activated against two high-voltage pylons in the Mashahida region, about 20 km north of Baghdad. The two pylons collapsed.
  • On June 18, 2021, an IED was activated against a Popular Mobilization vehicle east of Tikrit. The passengers on board were killed or wounded.
Al-Anbar Province
  • On June 20, 2021, an Iraqi army camp was targeted by gunfire east of Al-Rutba, in western Iraq, near the border with Syria. Part of the camp went up in flames.
  • On June 18, 2021, an Iraqi army camp east of Al-Rutba was attacked and sustained damage (apparently, no soldiers were there during the time of the attack).
Babel Province
  • On June 21, 2021, Kamal Shafiq al-Jabouri, the commander of the Jabour tribal militia that collaborates with the Iraqi authorities, was targeted by gunfire while riding a car south of Baghdad. He was wounded, and one of his escorts was killed.
Diyala Province
  • On June 21, 2021, ISIS operatives abducted two Tribal Mobilization fighters north of Al-Miqdadiya, about 40 km northeast of Baqubah. They were interrogated and then executed (Telegram, June 22, 2021).
  • On June 20, 2021, a Tribal Mobilization camp was targeted by gunfire in Albu Bakr, about 60 km north of Baqubah. Seven fighters were killed. At the same time, an IED was activated in the area in the house of a Tribal Mobilization commander, killing him (Telegram, June 21, 2021).
  • On June 20, 2021, an IED was activated against a vehicle carrying a “spy” working with the Tribal Mobilization forces. The incident occurred west of Khanaqin. The passenger was wounded.
  • On June 19, 2021, an Iraqi army vehicle was targeted by gunfire in Albu Jumaa, about 60 km north of Baqubah. No casualties were reported. The vehicle was put out of commission.
  • On June 17, an IED was activated against a Popular Mobilization vehicle east of Al-Miqdadiya. Two Popular Mobilization fighters who were on board were wounded.
  • On June 15, 2021, an Iraqi police base was attacked in the Al-Waqf region, northwest of Baqubah. One policeman was killed.
  • On June 15, 2021, an IED was activated against an Iraqi army vehicle in the Khan Bani Saad region, about 20 km south of Baqubah. The passengers were also targeted by gunfire. Three soldiers were killed.
  • On June 15, 2021, IEDs were activated against three high-voltage pylons in the Mirsad line (which leads from Iran to the Diyala Province). Two of the pylons collapsed and the third was damaged.
  • On June 14, 2021, IEDs were activated against two high-voltage pylons on the outskirts of the Al-Azim region, about 60 km north of Baqubah. They were damaged.
ISIS’s “economic war” against Iraq
  • This week, ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly published an infographic on the “economic war” waged by ISIS against the Iraqi government. According to the infographic, ISIS has destroyed and damaged 16 high-voltage pylons supplying electricity to the various provinces of Iraq, as follows: six in the Diyala Province, five in the Dijla (Tigris) Province, three in the Kirkuk Province, and two in the Nineveh Province. According to ISIS, Iraq’s electricity grid sustained substantial damage. Recently, there have been more and more ISIS attacks against civilian and government infrastructure throughout Iraq.
Details on the attacks as part of ISIS’s “economic war” (Al-Naba' weekly, Telegram, June 17, 2021)
Details on the attacks as part of ISIS’s “economic war”
(Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, June 17, 2021)

Counterterrorism measures in Iraq

Baghdad Province
  • Iraqi Armed Forces Spokesman Yahya Rasoul announced that the Counterterrorism Unit had detained five terrorist squad operatives (apparently belonging to ISIS). One of the detainees led the unit members to a cache of weapons, equipment, explosive charges and silencers which were intended to be used by the squad operatives to carry out an attack in south Baghdad (Al-Sumaria, June 21, 2021).
Kirkuk Province
  • On June 19, 2021, the Iraqi security forces uncovered an ISIS sleeper cell in the Kirkuk Province, which consisted of 10 operatives. All cell members were detained. Their investigation revealed that some of them were fighters and others had provided logistic support or served as a supporting force in the Kirkuk region (Al-Sumaria, June 19, 2021).
Al-Anbar Province
  • The Iraqi army launched an operation to locate ISIS operatives in the province. As part of the operation, the forces detained five ISIS operatives (Al-Sumaria, June 20, 2021).
The Sinai Peninsula
  • This week’s issue of ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly noted that last week, about 10 Egyptian soldiers had been killed or wounded in various attacks carried out by ISIS’s Sinai Province. As part of the attacks, an Egyptian tank was put out of commission in the Sheikh Zuweid region and a vehicle of a tribal militia supporting the Egyptian army was put out of commission south of Rafah. According to ISIS, the militiamen on board the vehicle were killed (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, June 17, 2021). The attacks were carried out after a period of relative calm in the region.
  • Medical sources in Sinai reported that Major (Ra’ed) Ahmad Sharaf, an Egyptian army intelligence officer, was killed in Jabal al-Halal, in central Sinai, after operatives of ISIS’s Sinai Province activated an IED against his car (Al-Araby al-Jadeed, June 20, 2021).
  • Following are additional attacks carried out by ISIS during the last week, according to ISIS’s claims of responsibility on Telegram:
    • On June 17, 2021, an IED was activated against an Egyptian army convoy near the Hamrawi roadblock in south Sheikh Zuweid. An Egyptian army tank was destroyed and an armored vehicle was put out of commission.
    • On June 15 and 16, 2021, IEDs were activated against two Egyptian army bulldozers near Abu Shanar, west of Rafah.
Summary of ISIS’s activity in the various provinces
  • Data from an infographic published by ISIS, summing up its activities around the world between June 10 and June 16, 2021, shows that during this period, ISIS carried out 60 attacks in the various provinces in Asia and Africa, compared to 69 attacks in the previous week. The largest number of attacks was carried out in Iraq (34). Attacks carried out in ISIS’s other provinces: Khorasan, i.e., Afghanistan (9); Syria (6); West Africa (5); Sinai (4); Libya (1); Somalia (1) (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, June 17, 2021).
  •  According to the infographic, 92 people were killed or wounded in the attacks, compared to 252 in the previous week. The largest number of casualties was in the Khorasan Province, i.e. Afghanistan (32). The other casualties were in the following provinces: Iraq (20); West Africa (19); Syria (10); Sinai (6); Somalia (3); Libya (2) (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, June 17, 2021).
The infographic published by ISIS (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, June 17, 2021)
The infographic published by ISIS (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, June 17, 2021)

Africa

Libya
  • After two weeks in which ISIS operatives attacked General Haftar’s forces in southern Libya, this week, General Haftar’s army launched an operation to locate “terrorists” (ISIS operatives) in the southwest of the country (Al-Arabiya, June 18, 2021). Simultaneously with the operation, the Libyan army closed the border between Libya and Algeria. According to commentators, the closure of the border was intended to prevent the infiltration of terrorist elements from African countries into Libya through Algeria (Al-Ghad Channel, June 20, 2021).
Nigeria
  • During the week, ISIS operatives attacked Nigerian army and police targets. The following is a list of the attacks according to ISIS’s claims of responsibility:
    • On June 21, 2021, an attack was carried out against a Nigerian army camp in Minati, in northeastern Nigeria, about 50 km from the Nigeria-Cameroon border. Several soldiers were killed or wounded in the exchange of fire. ISIS operatives took over the camp and clashed with a force that arrived at the scene to provide assistance. Several members of the force were killed or wounded (Telegram, June 23, 2021).
    • On June 20, 2021, a Nigerian army convoy was ambushed and fired at near Konduga, about 30 km southeast of Maiduguri, in northeastern Nigeria. One soldier was killed and several others were wounded. ISIS operatives seized a motorcycle, weapons and ammunition (Telegram, June 21, 2021).
    • On June 19, 2021, a Nigerian army camp was attacked in Kumshi, about 100 km southwest of Maiduguri. There was an exchange of fire, the soldiers in the camp fled and the ISIS operatives seized temporary control of the camp (Telegram, June 21, 2021).
    • On June 17, 2021, a Nigerian police headquarters and a Red Cross post were attacked in Gujba, in eastern Yobe State, in northeastern Nigeria. Four policemen were killed and several others were wounded in the exchange of fire. ISIS operatives set fire to the headquarters.
    • On June 15, 2021, ISIS operatives attacked a Nigerian army camp in Gombi, about 100 km southwest of Maiduguri, in northeastern Nigeria. An exchange of fire took place at the scene, during which three soldiers were killed and several others were wounded. ISIS operatives set fire to the camp, seizing a vehicle, weapons and ammunition.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • On June 15, 2021, ISIS’s Central Africa Province claimed responsibility for attacking pro-government militiamen in the Beni region, about 50 km west of the Congo-Uganda border. Two fighters were killed in the exchange of fire (one of them was beheaded). ISIS operatives seized the militiamen’s weapons and ammunition.
The militiamen’s weapons and ammunition seized by ISIS operatives (Telegram, June 18, 2021)
The militiamen’s weapons and ammunition seized by ISIS operatives (Telegram, June 18, 2021)
Mali
  • Six French soldiers were wounded in Gossi, in central Mali, when a car bomb driven by a suicide bomber exploded near them. To date, no organization has claimed responsibility for the incident. It is estimated that Al-Qaeda-affiliated operatives are behind the attack, since Al-Qaeda recently called for intensified activity against the French forces in the country. However, there are also ISIS-affiliated operatives in the region. It should be noted that the attack took place several days after French President Emmanuel Macron announced the reduction of French forces operating in the Sahel region (Reuters, June 21, 2021: 1; France 24, June 21, 2021).
  • ISIS’s West Africa Province claimed responsibility (quite some time after the fact) for an attack carried out by its operatives on June 3, 2021, against militia fighters of the Tuareg tribes, who are loyal to the central government. According to the claim of responsibility, ISIS operatives ambushed the militiamen northwest of Ménaka, near the Mali-Niger border. A total of 13 militia fighters were killed in the attack, including the squad commander (Telegram, June 21, 2021).
Niger
  • ISIS claimed responsibility (after a considerable delay) for machine gun fire at the home of the Nigerian parliamentary speaker on June 12, 2021, in Niamey, about 90 km from the Niger-Burkina Faso border. One of his guards was killed and another was wounded (Telegram, June 22, 2021).

Asia

Afghanistan
  • Most of the attacks carried out this week by ISIS operatives took the form of activating IEDs. The targets of the attacks were high-voltage pylons as part of what ISIS calls its economic war, and members of the police force. The following is a list of the attacks according to ISIS’s claims of responsibility:
    • On June 20, 2021, an Afghan Border Police officer was targeted by gunfire in the city of Jalalabad.
    • On June 18, 2021, IEDs were activated against three high-voltage pylons in the Samangan Province, about 200 km northwest of Kabul. The pylons were damaged. An IED was activated against policemen who were on their way to inspect the high-voltage pylons. Several policemen were killed or wounded.
    • On June 18, 2021, an IED was activated against a police commander in the Hasake Manih region of the Nangarhar Province, on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. The police commander and two of his escorts were wounded.
    • On June 17, 2021, an IED was activated against an Afghan police vehicle in the Kunar region, near the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. The passengers on board were killed or wounded.
    • On June 16, 2021, two IEDs were activated against two high-voltage pylons in the Parwan region, north of Kabul. The pylons were damaged.
    • On June 16, 2021, an IED was activated against a real estate agency run by an Afghan government “spy” in Kabul. He was killed.
Turkey
  • On June 18, 2021, Turkish security forces detained 40 people on suspicion of financing ISIS’s activity in 12 different provinces in Turkey, including the capital Ankara (Anatolia News Agency, June 18, 2021).
The battle for hearts and minds
ISIS spokesman releases audiotape
  •  On June 21, 2021, ISIS’s Al-Furqan Media Foundation released an audiotape of ISIS Spokesman Abu Hamza al-Qurashi. The tape, which lasts about 38 minutes, is entitled “You are the Sublime Ones if you believe.” It contains words of encouragement to ISIS’s fighters around the world and calls on them to increase their activity. The tape also mentions each and every province as well as the Palestinians and the campaign in the Gaza Strip (Telegram, June 22, 2021).
ISIS Spokesman Abu Hamza al-Qurashi’s audiotape entitled “You are the Sublime Ones if you Believe” (Telegram, June 22, 2021)
ISIS Spokesman Abu Hamza al-Qurashi’s audiotape entitled “You are the Sublime Ones if you Believe” (Telegram, June 22, 2021)
  • The tape begins with Abu Hamza praising ISIS’s operatives for their determination to adopt the path of jihad, noting that Allah promises them victory. Addressing the West (the “Crusaders”), he says that the Islamic State continues to exist in spite of them. He also calls on ISIS’s operatives, with an emphasis on Iraq and Syria, to work to break down the prison walls and liberate its imprisoned operatives. In addition, he calls on them to target judges and lawyers working against ISIS operatives. Addressing the imprisoned ISIS operatives, he stresses that ISIS is committed to liberate them.
  • He then reviews the activity of the various provinces, with words of encouragement to each of them:
    • The West and Central Africa provinces: Abu Hamza praises their activity and informs them that ISIS’s leader, Abu Ibrahim al-Qurashi, is calling on them to continue on their path. He also calls on Muslims in these provinces to join and support ISIS’s jihad fighters. He praises the defeat of the “extremist group” (implicitly the killing of Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau by ISIS operatives) and the fact that Boko Haram operatives have joined ISIS.
    • Iraq and Syria: He emphasizes ISIS’s activity in Iraq and threatens the Iraqi government, the Popular Mobilization and Tribal Mobilization forces, saying that they will suffer a severe blow at the hands of ISIS. He later praises the ISIS operatives in Syria, calling on them to target the Assad regime, the “infidels,” the Kurds, and its supporters from Iran.
    • Sinai Province: He calls on ISIS operatives in Sinai to expand their activity to the cities, noting that they must display patience since this is an ongoing process. He claims that “the Army of Egypt’s Pharaoh” is no better than the army of the objectors [a derogatory name for the Shiites] in Iraq.”
    • Afghanistan: He calls on ISIS operatives to attack “infidels” and the Taliban, noting that they must choose to act against bigger and more significant targets such as the prime minister and his associates.
    • Libya: He congratulates ISIS’s operatives in Libya on their latest operation (the suicide bombing attack at a roadblock set up by General Haftar’s fighters about two weeks ago), and expresses the hope that this attack will be the “first spark” that will lead to the expansion of ISIS’s activity in Libya.
    • Hamas: The spokesman criticizes Hamas for its ties with Iran and calls them “the brothers of the devil.” He addresses the Palestinians, saying that a Hamas victory should not be expected. He tells them not to be mistaken when it comes to Hamas’s rockets, since they were launched not in response to the suffering of the Palestinians or in order to liberate them from oppression, but rather in response to a call by “their Iranian masters.”
    • The Palestinians: He criticizes the Arab and Islamic leaders who did not help the Palestinians in the latest round of fighting in Gaza and during the clashes in Jerusalem. He calls Egyptian President Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi the Pharaoh of Egypt, and the King of Jordan the Jordanian dictator, claiming that they serve as a line of defense for Israel against the jihad fighters. He also criticizes the Turkish regime’s policy on the Palestinian issue. He adds that the “infidels” (the Arab regimes, led by Egypt, Jordan and Syria) delayed the advance of the caliphate forces in their fight against the Jews, and constituted an obstacle on the way to Palestine. He calls on the residents of Palestine to wake up, noting that the truth is not achieved through peace, but rather through jihad and bloodshed.
    • Iran: The spokesman ends by calling on all Muslims to carry out jihad and fight against Iran’s proxies.
The US withdrawal from Afghanistan
  • This week, the main article in ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly deals with the US withdrawal from Afghanistan and the agreement that it signed with the Taliban. The article criticizes the Taliban (“the deviant movement from Islam” [murtadda]) because it signed an agreement with the United States, which includes a commitment by the Taliban to prevent organizations or individuals from harming its own interests and those of its allies.
  • According to the author, through the agreement with the Taliban, the United States has secured its interests in Afghanistan, primarily the prevention of the establishment of an Islamic government that implements Sharia and promotes jihad. The author further notes that the agreement caused the Taliban to abandon the principles of Islam, including the implementation of jihad and sharia, and therefore the United States is not afraid that it will take over Afghanistan.
  • According to the article, the main reason for the US withdrawal from Afghanistan is the financial losses and cost in human lives over the years, primarily at the hands of ISIS. According to the author, ISIS poses a threat to all elements operating in Afghanistan, led by the United States and the Taliban, and therefore they have joined forces against it. The article emphasizes that ISIS, unlike the Taliban, continues on the path of jihad, and remains loyal to the values of Islam (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, June 17, 2021).

[1] According to ISIS’s claims of responsibility posted on Telegram
[2] According to ISIS’s claims of responsibility posted on Telegram