Spotlight on Global Jihad (August 20-26, 2020)

ISIS operative makes an IED at the house of the mukhtar.

ISIS operative makes an IED at the house of the mukhtar.

Blowing up the house (Telegram, August 23, 2020)

Blowing up the house (Telegram, August 23, 2020)

Popular Mobilization vehicle set on fire by ISIS during the attack (Telegram, August 22, 2020)

Popular Mobilization vehicle set on fire by ISIS during the attack (Telegram, August 22, 2020)

A large amount of IEDs and explosives located in the Al-Qaim district (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, August 22, 2020)

A large amount of IEDs and explosives located in the Al-Qaim district (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, August 22, 2020)

Three ISIS operatives en route to the area of the incidents with the Egyptian army north of Sheikh Zuweid.

Three ISIS operatives en route to the area of the incidents with the Egyptian army north of Sheikh Zuweid.

Main events of the week
  • In the Idlib region, clashes continued between the Syrian army and the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham mainly in the areas southwest and south of Idlib.
  • ISIS continued its routine activity in the various provinces around the world. Last week, noteworthy activity took place in the following provinces:
    • Iraqi Province: ISIS operatives killed a senior Iraqi officer with the rank of colonel (aqid) during a chase. This is the third time in about a month that ISIS has managed to kill senior Iraqi army officers during operational activity. Their killing is a blow to the Iraqi army’s morale and further evidence of ISIS’s improved military capabilities in the Iraqi arena.
    • Sinai Province: The Sinai Province continues to wage war against the Egyptian army in villages in the Rabi’a region, over a month after the showcase attack against the army camp near Rabi’a. ISIS operatives also continue to carry out guerrilla activity against the Egyptian army in other regions in northern Sinai (exchanges of fire and the activation of an IED in Sheikh Zuweid).
    • Yemen Province: According to several reports (requiring verification), ISIS leader (emir) in Yemen was ambushed and killed by the Houthi rebels this week. Dozens of operatives were also captured, including ISIS’s commander in the Qifah region, the epicenter of ISIS’s activity in Yemen. If these reports are verified, it will be a severe blow to ISIS’s Yemen Province, which has recently stepped up its activity, and an important achievement for the Iran-sponsored Houthi rebels.
    • Afghanistan: This week, ISIS operatives fired about 16 rockets at a compound in the city of Kabul, where the Presidential Palace, government offices and Western embassies are located. The rockets were fired while an official ceremony was being held at the compound to mark the country’s 101st Independence Day. This is a continuation of the intensive activity that ISIS is carrying out in Afghanistan, mainly against Afghan government and US army targets.
ISIS’s activity in the various provinces around the world
Summary of ISIS activity this week
  • On August 20, 2020, ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly published an infographic entitled “The Harvest of the Fighters,” summarizing ISIS’s activity on August 13-19, 2020. According to the infographic, during this period ISIS carried out 62 attacks around the world, compared to 49 in the previous week (i.e., an increase of about 21% in the scope of the attacks). A total of 20 attacks were carried out in Iraq, 10 of them in the Diyala Province. Attacks were also carried out in ISIS’s other provinces in Africa and Asia: Syria (13); Yemen (10); West Africa (8); Khorasan, i.e., Afghanistan (5); the Sinai Peninsula (4); and East Asia (2) (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, August 20, 2020).
  • Over 233 people were killed and wounded in these attacks, compared to over 163 people in the previous week (i.e., an increase of about 30% in the number of casualties). The largest number of casualties (130) was in Yemen. The other casualties were in the following provinces: West Africa (mainly Nigeria) (35); Iraq (28); Syria (21); East Asia (7); the Sinai Peninsula (6); and Khorasan, i.e., Afghanistan (6) (Telegram, August 20, 2020).
The UN: There are at least 10,000 ISIS operatives in Syria and Iraq
  • According to Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Office Vladimir Voronkov, two years after the announcement on the elimination of ISIS, there are at least 10,000 ISIS operatives in Syria and Iraq. According to his report, in the recent year there has been an increase in ISIS’s activity (UN website, August 25, 2020; The Telegraph, August 25, 2020).
The Syrian arena
The Idlib region

In the Idlib region, incidents between the Syrian army and the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham and the other rebel organizations also continued this week. As in previous weeks, most of the incidents took place in Jabal al-Zawiya, south of Idlib, and in other areas south and southwest of Idlib.

Main incidents
  • On August 20-24, 2020, there were exchanges of artillery fire between the Syrian army and the forces supporting it and the rebel organizations, mainly the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham, in the region south and southwest of Idlib. There were several casualties.
  • On August 22, 2020, operatives of the Obvious Victory operations room controlled by the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham fired an antitank missile at a squad of the forces supporting the Syrian army about 40 km southwest of Idlib. All the squad members were killed or wounded (Ibaa, August 23, 2020; Edlib Media Center – Edlib Media Center – EMC, August 22, 2020).
ISIS activity in the Syria Province[1]
The area of Deir ez-Zor, Al-Mayadeen, and Albukamal
  • On August 23, 2020, a motorcycle bomb was activated by remote control against the car of Subhi Mohammad al-Karhut, head of the Hajin local council (about 25 km north of Albukamal) (Al-Etihad Press[2], August 24, 2020). According to an ISIS report, a parked motorcycle bomb was activated against the head of the local council, who was severely wounded.
  • On August 22, 2020, an SDF fighter was targeted by gunfire about 10 km northeast of Deir ez-Zor. He was killed.
  • On August 22, 2020, an SDF commune head was targeted by machine gun fire about 10 km southeast of Al-Mayadeen. He was killed.
  • On August 20, 2020, two SDF fighters were targeted by machine gun fire about 10 km north of Al-Mayadeen. One fighter was killed and the other wounded.
  • On August 19, 2020, an SDF fighter was targeted by gunfire about 45 km south of Al-Mayadeen. He was killed.
  • On August 19, 2020, an IED was activated against SDF forces about 10 km north of Al-Mayadeen. Several fighters were wounded.
Senior Russian officer killed in attack against a Russian army convoy (update[3])
  • Three days after the activation of the IED (or mine) near Deir ez-Zor, a local media outlet released a video documenting the incident in which a senior Russian officer with the rank of major general was killed (Deir ez-Zor 24 Twitter account, August 21, 2020). A conversation in Russian can be heard in the background. After the explosion, one of the speakers calls out the name of Mohammad Taysir (commander of the Al-Mayadeen sector in the Homeland Defense Forces, who was also killed in that incident).
 Senior Russian officer Vyacheslav Gladkih (apparently in the red circle) near Deir ez-Zor a short while before the explosion of the IED (or mine) (Deir ez-Zor 24 Twitter account, August 21, 2020) Senior Russian officer Vyacheslav Gladkih (apparently in the red circle) near Deir ez-Zor a short while before the explosion of the IED (or mine) (Deir ez-Zor 24 Twitter account, August 21, 2020)
Right: Senior Russian officer Vyacheslav Gladkih (apparently in the red circle) near Deir ez-Zor a short while before the explosion of the IED (or mine)
(Deir ez-Zor 24 Twitter account, August 21, 2020)
Al-Sukhnah-Palmyra region (the Syrian Desert)
  • On August 22, 2020, Syrian soldiers were targeted by machine gun fire northwest of Al-Sukhnah. An officer was killed and several soldiers were wounded (Telegram, August 24, 2020).
  • On August 18, 2020, two tankers carrying oil for the Syrian regime were targeted by machine gun fire and went up in flames northwest of Al-Sukhnah (no specific location was mentioned). The tankers belonged to Al-Qaterji, a Syrian MP and commander in the Homeland Defense Forces.
Al-Raqqah region
  • On August 19, 2020, a tanker carrying oil for the Syrian regime was targeted by machine gun fire and was hit about 10 km northwest of Al-Raqqah. It belonged to Al-Qaterji, a Syrian MP and commander in the Homeland Defense Forces.
  • On August 19, 2020 (or a few days earlier), ISIS operatives killed two men operating alongside the Russian army near the village of Al-Rasafah, about 40 km southwest of Al-Raqqah.
Al-Hasakah region
  • On August 20, 2020, an IED was activated against an SDF vehicle on the Al-Shadadi road (south of Al-Hasakah). One fighter was killed and another was wounded.
Southern Syria
  • On August 18, 2020, Rami Khatib (a media figure from Daraa who operated from southern Syria while it was under rebel control) was targeted by machine gun fire and killed. According to ISIS, he was killed because he desecrated the name of the Prophet Muhammad and his companions.

Media figure Rami Khatib killed by ISIS in Daraa (Baladi, a local news website affiliated with the rebel forces, August 18, 2020)
Media figure Rami Khatib killed by ISIS in Daraa
(Baladi, a local news website affiliated with the rebel forces, August 18, 2020)

  • On August 18, 2020, Hassan Ruwidan, a commander in a force supporting the Syrian army, was targeted by machine gun fire about 30 km northeast of Daraa. He was wounded and one of his escorts was killed.
The Iraqi arena[4]

Map of the provinces in Iraq (Wikipedia)
Map of the provinces in Iraq
(Wikipedia)

ISIS’s attacks
Salah al-Din Province
Iraqi SWAT commander killed
  • On August 21, 2020, during a chase after ISIS operatives in the Makhoul Mountains (about 15 km east of Baiji), ISIS operatives killed Hisham Mohammad, a senior Iraqi officer with the rank of aqid (colonel). He was the commander of a fawj (a military framework consisting of several battalions) in the Iraqi counterterrorism unit of the Salah al-Din Province (Al-Sumaria, August 21, 2020). ISIS claimed responsibility for killing the senior officer. According to ISIS’s report, an IED was activated against forces of the Iraqi counterterrorism unit east of Baiji. As a result, a senior officer, a fawj commander, was killed, as well as some of his escorts. Other soldiers were wounded (Telegram, August 22, 2020).
Another photo of Aqid Hisham Mohammad (YouTube, August 21, 2020)    Aqid (Col.) Hisham Mohammad, commander in the counterterrorism unit, killed by ISIS (@isof_iq official Twitter account of the Special Operations Headquarters in the Golden Division, August 21, 2020).
Right: Aqid (Col.) Hisham Mohammad, commander in the counterterrorism unit, killed by ISIS (@isof_iq official Twitter account of the Special Operations Headquarters in the Golden Division, August 21, 2020). Left: Another photo of Aqid Hisham Mohammad (YouTube, August 21, 2020)

This is the third time in a month that ISIS succeeded in killing senior Iraqi officers. Previously, ISIS managed to kill two Iraqi army brigade commanders (on July 17 and 28, 2020) during operational activity. Their killing is a blow to the Iraqi army morale and yet another indication of ISIS’s improved operational capabilities in the Iraqi arena.

Other ISIS attacks in the Salah al-Din Province
  • On August 20, 2020, ISIS operatives activated an IED at the house of a mukhtar about 20 km southeast of Samarra. The house was destroyed.
  • On August 19, 2020, ISIS operatives fired machine guns at an Iraqi police compound about 50 km north of Baghdad. ISIS operatives ambushed, fired machine guns and activated an IED against a Popular Mobilization force arriving at the scene to provide assistance. A total of 15 fighters were killed and wounded, and two vehicles were destroyed. In addition, weapons and ammunition were seized.
Diyala Province
  • On August 24, 2020, Iraqi soldiers were targeted by sniper fire on the outskirts of Al-Miqdadiya, about 40 km northeast of Baqubah. Two soldiers were killed.
  • On August 24, 2020, Iraqi soldiers were targeted by sniper fire about 60 km north of Baqubah. Two soldiers were killed.
  • On August 21, 2020, an IED was activated against an Iraqi army vehicle about 35 km northeast of Baqubah. One soldier was killed and three others were wounded.
  • On August 18, 2020, Iraqi policemen were targeted by sniper fire about 20 km northeast of Baqubah. Three policemen were wounded.
Nineveh Province
  • On August 20, 2020, an IED was activated against an Iraqi army vehicle about 20 km south of Mosul. Three soldiers were killed and another was wounded.
  • On August 20, 2020, an IED was activated against a vehicle of a mukhtar 35 km south of Mosul. The mukhtar and his escort were wounded.
  • On August 18, 2020, an IED was activated against an Iraqi army vehicle about 90 km southwest of Mosul. The passengers were killed or wounded.
  • On August 17, 2020, an IED was activated against an Iraqi army vehicle about 35 km south of Mosul. The passengers were wounded.
Al-Anbar Province
  • On August 25, 2020, an IED was activated against an Iraqi army vehicle about 120 km west of Ramadi. The passengers were killed or wounded.
  • On August 24, 2020, an IED was activated against an Iraqi army vehicle about 130 km northeast of the border between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The passengers were killed or wounded.
Babel Province
  • On August 25, 2020, a Popular Mobilization fighter was targeted by sniper fire about 40 km southwest of Baghdad. He was killed.
  • On August 23, 2020, Popular Mobilization fighters were targeted by sniper fire about 40 km southwest of Baghdad. One fighter was killed and two others were wounded.
  • On August 19, 2020, an IED was activated against a Popular Mobilization vehicle about 35 km southwest of Baghdad. Four passengers were killed or wounded.
Kirkuk Province
  • On August 24, 2020, ISIS operatives raided two compounds of the Iraqi federal police about 30 km south of Kirkuk. Four soldiers were killed and four others were wounded.
  • On August 23, 2020, an IED was activated against a Shiite procession in the southeastern part of Kirkuk. Seven Shiites were killed or wounded.

Counterterrorist activities by the Iraqi security forces

Al-Anbar Province
  • On August 22, 2020, Iraqi Military Intelligence Directorate teams apprehended several families of ISIS operatives crossing the border from Syria to Iraq in the Al-Qaim area, near the Iraqi-Syrian border (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, August 22, 2020).
  • On August 22, 2020, a force of the Al-Jazeera Operations Headquarters located an ISIS weapons depot in the Al-Qaim district, near the Iraqi-Syrian border. It consisted of IEDs and various explosives (Facebook page of the Iraqi Defense Ministry, August 22, 2020).
Nineveh Province
  • On August 24, 2020, the Iraqi security forces apprehended five wanted ISIS operatives in various areas in the Nineveh Province. Under interrogation, the five men admitted having taken part in attacks against the Iraqi security forces and civilians. Following their interrogation, two ISIS hiding places were found in deserted buildings about 40 km east of the Iraqi-Syrian border (Al-Sumaria, August 24, 2020).
The Sinai Peninsula
Overview

This week as well, ISIS’s Sinai Province continued to hold villages in the Rabi’a region, west of Bir al-Abd in northern Sinai. The Egyptian army has not yet managed to mop up the area, about one month after the showcase attack carried out by ISIS operatives against the army camp near Rabi’a.

ISIS activity in the Rabi’a region

  • On August 21, 2020, an IED was activated against an Egyptian army tank south of the village of Rabi’a, west of Bir al-Abd. The tank was damaged (Telegram, August 21, 2020).
  • On August 18, 2020, ISIS operatives blew up the grave of a local saint considered an infidel (polytheist) by ISIS, in Aqtia, one of the villages in the Rabi’a region taken over by ISIS (Telegram, August 18, 2020).
The grave in the village of Aqtia before being blown up (Telegram, August 18, 2020)  The grave being blown up.
Right: The grave being blown up. Left: The grave in the village of Aqtia before being blown up (Telegram, August 18, 2020)
The killing of a senior ISIS operative in the village of Aqtia
  • On August 23, 2020, Egyptian Special Forces reportedly killed one of ISIS’s leaders in northern Sinai, in the village of Aqtia. Four rifles and a communications device were found in his possession (Watan News, August 23, 2020).
ISIS activity in the Sheikh Zuweid area
  • On August 18, 2020, ISIS operatives exchanged fire with the Egyptian army about 3 km north of Sheikh Zuweid. Several soldiers were killed or wounded. In addition, an IED was activated against an Egyptian army bulldozer in the same area. The passengers of the bulldozer were killed (Telegram, August 18, 2020).
IED being activated against an Egyptian army bulldozer (Telegram, August 24, 2020)     Three ISIS operatives en route to the area of the incidents with the Egyptian army north of Sheikh Zuweid.
Right: Three ISIS operatives en route to the area of the incidents with the Egyptian army north of Sheikh Zuweid. Left: IED being activated against an Egyptian army bulldozer
(Telegram, August 24, 2020)
ISIS’s activity around the globe
Africa
Nigeria[5]
  • On August 21, 2020, ISIS operatives ambushed and fired machine guns at a Nigerian army convoy about 130 km northwest of Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State (in northeastern Nigeria). Several soldiers were killed or wounded. In addition, an armored vehicle, weapons and ammunition were seized.
  • On August 18, 2020, ISIS operatives attacked a Nigerian army compound about 125 km northeast of Maiduguri. Seven soldiers were killed and others were wounded. ISIS operatives set fire to the compound and two armored vehicles. In addition, weapons, ammunition, and five vehicles were seized.
  • On August 18, 2020, ISIS operatives attacked a Nigerian army headquarters about 90 km northeast of Maiduguri. Several soldiers were killed. In addition, weapons and ammunition were seized. ISIS operatives set fire to several government buildings
  • On August 18, 2020, ISIS operatives attacked Nigerian army forces about 40 km northwest of Maiduguri. ISIS operatives also exchanged fire with a force that arrived at the scene to provide assistance. Several soldiers were killed or wounded. In addition, buildings of the Red Cross were set on fire.

Asia

Yemen
Fighting between ISIS and the Houthi rebels
  • On August 17, 2020, ISIS operatives ambushed and fired machine guns at the Houthi rebels in the Qifah region in the northwest of the Al-Bayda Province (about 100 km southeast of Sana’a). According to ISIS, 60 Houthi rebels were killed or wounded.

On August 20, 2020, it was reported that ISIS leader (emir) in Yemen, Radwan Muhammad Hussein Fattan, AKA Abu al-Walid al-Adani, was killed in the Qifah region by the Houthi rebels in an ambush. In addition, ISIS’s commander in the Qifah region, Salem Hassan al-Saimi, and 40 ISIS operatives in Yemen were taken prisoner (Al-Masira TV, August 22, 2020; Yemeni Press Agency, August 20, 2020). If these reports are verified, it is a severe blow to ISIS’s Yemen Province and an important achievement for the Houthi rebels.

ISIS in Yemen: overview
Power centers operating in Yemen

Yemen provinces: Al-Bayda Province, controlled mostly by the Houthi movement; it is also the epicenter of ISIS’s activity in Yemen (5); Sana’a Province, controlled by the Houthi movement (19); Aden Province, controlled by the pro-Saudi forces (1) (Wikipedia)

Yemen provinces: Al-Bayda Province, controlled mostly by the Houthi movement; it is also the epicenter of ISIS’s activity in Yemen (5); Sana’a Province, controlled by the Houthi movement (19); Aden Province, controlled by the pro-Saudi forces (1) (Wikipedia)

  • Elizabeth Kendall, a senior research fellow at Pembroke College, Oxford University in Britain, recently published an article examining ISIS’s activity in light of the complex reality in Yemen. In the article, she writes that Yemen is caught in a regional power game in which ISIS is both a pawn and an independent actor on the ground. She claims that ISIS has gained in strength in Yemen as a result of Al-Qaeda’s growing weakness since the beginning of 2020. The researcher’s conclusion is that in the regional power struggles in Yemen, Iran and its Houthi allies are the ones that are probably benefiting[6].
  • The researcher identifies three main power bases in Yemen: An internationally recognized government based mainly in Riyadh and aided by the Saudi-led Arab coalition; The Iran-backed Houthi movement based in Sana’a; and the separatist Southern Transitional Council based in Aden and supported by the United Arab Emirates. These power bases are taking part in a large-scale regional geopolitical struggle.
ISIS’s relations with Al-Qaeda in Yemen
  • Until recently, ISIS failed to take root in Yemen because of its indiscriminate brutality, overbearing leadership style and weak tribal links. As of 2017, however, ISIS’s Yemeni Province has been based in the Al-Bayda Province, where it has focused on fighting against the Houthis. In 2018, a gradual resurgence of ISIS began, with new leaders and media messages. ISIS has become involved in local rivalries and has targeted the local branch of Al-Qaeda, accusing it of collaborating with the Yemeni army.
  • From July 2018 to early 2020, ISIS and Al-Qaeda in Yemen were engaged in fighting each other. By the end of 2019, Al-Qaeda had gained the upper hand. Al-Qaeda is fighting alongside local tribes, against ISIS and against the Houthi rebels. In November 2019, only 29 new fighters pledged allegiance to the new ISIS caliph appointed after the killing of Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi. However, since early 2020, ISIS has been on the rise in Yemen and the number of its operatives has tripled.
  • ISIS’s strengthening is almost certainly an expression of Al-Qaeda’s weakness, at least in the Al-Bayda region, and of operatives deserting its ranks and joining ISIS. Al-Qaeda stopped attacking ISIS in February 2020, when local Al-Qaeda leader Qasim al-Raymi was killed and replaced by Khalid al-Batarfi. ISIS and the Houthis, on the other hand, resumed fighting each other, after their short-term collaboration against Al-Qaeda.
ISIS is gaining in strength in Yemen due to Al-Qaeda’s weakness
  • Al-Qaeda in Yemen is embroiled in an internal struggle, among both fighters and leadership, resulting in desertion and abandonment within the organization. In addition, at least two groups that split from Al-Qaeda in Al-Bayda and Ma’rib, have switched allegiance to ISIS. In her article, the author notes that these splinter groups were among the five that she identified in early 2019. According to her, it is impossible to know if this U-turn is the result of a genuine change of heart, a payoff, a grudge, or merely the work of agents hired by a regional intelligence service.
  • ISIS blames Al-Qaeda’s woes on its thorough infiltration by spies who encourage it to fight ISIS instead of the United States and its regional allies. However, both organizations have apparently been weakened by drone strikes and are riddled with spies. This has reduced ISIS’s activity, especially when it comes to suicide bombing attacks.
Iran and the Houthis are benefiting from the geopolitical situation in Yemen
  • According to the author, ISIS and Al-Qaeda are not fighting each other as independent enemies, but rather as those who are obliged to serve a geopolitical agenda funded by regional forces. In this format, Al-Qaeda serves as a pawn, collaborating with the Yemeni army, which fights both the Houthi rebels in the north and the UAE-backed separatists in the south. At the same time, due to ISIS’s attacks in Aden, cracks have formed in the ranks of both the UAE-backed separatists and the Saudi-led Arab Coalition members. According to the author, the main beneficiaries of the situation are Iran and its Houthi partners.
Afghanistan
  • On August 24, 2020, ISIS operatives broke into the home of an Afghan intelligence operative in the city of Kabul. He was shot to death (Telegram, August 24, 2020).
Rocket fired at the government compound in Kabul

On the morning of August 18, 2020, the eve of Afghan Independence Day, at least 14 rockets were fired at several sites in the capital, Kabul. The rockets were fired while an official Afghan government ceremony was being held at the compound to mark the country’s 101st Independence Day. According to the Afghan Interior Ministry, at least three people were killed and 16 wounded. According to AFP, six employees of the Presidential Palace were among the wounded (khaama.com, August 18, 2020). ISIS claimed responsibility for the artillery fire. According to ISIS’s claim of responsibility, 16 rockets were fired at the capital, Kabul, in the area where the Afghan Presidential Palace, Western embassies and Afghan government offices are located. According to ISIS, accurate hits of the target were observed. ISIS also released a photo of the launcher used to fire the rockets (Telegram, August 18, 2020).

The launcher used to fire the rockets at targets in Kabul (Telegram, August 19, 2020)
The launcher used to fire the rockets at targets in Kabul
(Telegram, August 19, 2020)

Counterterrorist activities by the Afghan security forces
  • On August 19, 2020, the Afghan National Directorate of Security (NDS) announced that Abdullah Orakzai, chief sharia judge of ISIS’s Khorasan Province, had been killed in an operation carried out by the NDS. He also served as deputy to Assadullah Orakzai, head of ISIS intelligence (in Afghanistan). Orakzai was reportedly responsible for many complex attacks in the provinces of Achin and Nazian in the Nangarhar Province in eastern Afghanistan. Orakzai was also responsible for the combined attack on the central prison in the city of Jalalabad (Khaama Press, August 19, 2020).
The battle for hearts and minds
ISIS’s attitude towards the normalization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates
  • In an article in the latest issue of the Al-Naba’ weekly, ISIS addressed the normalization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates, calling its rulers “tyrants” and “those who abandoned Islam.” The article sharply attacks the Muslim Brotherhood movement, calling them the “Brothers who Abandoned Islam.” The Muslim Brotherhood, according to the article, opposes the agreement on the one hand, but at the same time it supports the “Turkish tyrant” Erdoğan, who maintains ties with Israel and allows the Israeli Embassy to operate in Turkey. According to the author of the article, members of the Muslim Brotherhood movement make use of Islam solely for political purposes.
  • The author goes on to accuse Saudi Arabia and Qatar of permitting the American (“Crusader”) forces to operate from their territory. The article ends by stating that Turkey and Qatar, which operate alongside members of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, took advantage of the Emirates’ declaration for political purposes, to present themselves as defending Muslims and to gain support from Muslims around the world. However, according to the author, the Muslims understand this very well (ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, August 20, 2020).

The article in the Al-Naba’ weekly: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, alongside former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. The photo is intended to humiliate Erdoğan and depict him as a hypocrite who presents himself as an Islamist but at the same time recognizes and maintains ties with Israel (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, August 20, 2020)
The article in the Al-Naba’ weekly: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, alongside former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. The photo is intended to humiliate Erdoğan and depict him as a hypocrite who presents himself as an Islamist but at the same time recognizes and maintains ties with Israel (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, August 20, 2020)

[1] According to claims of responsibility posted on Telegram.
[2] Al-Etihad Press is a news network operating from Düsseldorf, Germany.

[3] Further to the report in Spotlight on Global Jihad, August 13-19, 2020.

[4] According to claims of responsibility posted on Telegram.

[5] According to claims of responsibility posted on Telegram

[6] Elizabeth Kendall, ISIS in Yemen: Caught in a Regional Power Game. Center for Global Policy, 21 July 2020, pp. 1-14:https://cgpolicy.org/articles/isis-in-yemen-caught-in-a-regional-power-g Same/