Operation Iron Swords (Updated to 1 p.m., November 26, 2023)

Red Cross vehicles bring the Israeli abductees to the Rafah Crossing (Rafah Crossing News Facebook page, November 25, 2023)

Red Cross vehicles bring the Israeli abductees to the Rafah Crossing (Rafah Crossing News Facebook page, November 25, 2023)

Ziad al-Nakhla's speech. In the background is part of Qur'an Surah 9, al-Tawbah, verse 52,

Ziad al-Nakhla's speech. In the background is part of Qur'an Surah 9, al-Tawbah, verse 52, "Wait, we are waiting with you" (al-Arabi TV YouTube channel, November 24, 2023)

גד 1The Arabic reads,

גד 1The Arabic reads, "Temporary ceasefire..." (al-Quds al-Arabi, November 24, 2023)

The IDF blows up the tunnels under Shifa Hospital (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)

The IDF blows up the tunnels under Shifa Hospital (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)

Rocket launch positions located (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023)

Rocket launch positions located (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023)

The weapons found under children's beds (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023)

The weapons found under children's beds (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023)

A market in Gaza (QudsN X account, November 25, 2023)

A market in Gaza (QudsN X account, November 25, 2023)

Residents trying to return to their houses (Wafa, November 24, 2023)

Residents trying to return to their houses (Wafa, November 24, 2023)

Residents trying to return to their houses (Wafa, November 24, 2023)

Residents trying to return to their houses (Wafa, November 24, 2023)

Transfer of equipment to Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis (Red Cross in

Transfer of equipment to Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis (Red Cross in "Palestine" Facebook page in Arabic, November 25, 2023)

Haniyeh meets with Abdollahian. Senior Hamas terrorists Khalil al-Haya, Zaher Jabarin Izzat al-Rishq and Bassam Na'im were also present (Roya TV website, November 24, 2023)

Haniyeh meets with Abdollahian. Senior Hamas terrorists Khalil al-Haya, Zaher Jabarin Izzat al-Rishq and Bassam Na'im were also present (Roya TV website, November 24, 2023)

The IDF attacks Hezbollah targets (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)

The IDF attacks Hezbollah targets (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)

A procession in Hebron (QudsN X account, November 24, 2023).

A procession in Hebron (QudsN X account, November 24, 2023).

Northern Arena, Israeli Casualties, Rocket Fire

Overview[1]
  • The deal to release the abductees: On November 24, 2023, at 7 a.m., a four-day hiatus in the fighting began in the Gaza Strip, followed by the first phase of the deal to release the abductees. So far 26 Israeli civilians and 15 foreigners have been released in two groups. Israel released 76 Palestinian prisoners. More abductees are supposed to be released in the coming days. Senior Hamas terrorists and international figures are talking about extending the agreement and releasing more hostages. However, Hamas continues posing difficulties, claiming Israel is violating the terms of the agreement.
  • The southern arena: Before the ceasefire went into effect, the IDF forces carried out a number of missions, including blowing up tunnels under Shifa Hospital in Gaza City and exposing and destroying tunnel shafts in the northern Gaza Strip.
  • According to an unofficial estimate, since October 7 approximately 1,200 Israeli civilians and security personnel have been killed, 392 of them soldiers and officers; 195 civilian and military abductees are being held by the terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip.
  • The Gaza Strip: Trucks bringing humanitarian aid began entering the Gaza Strip. Gazan sources claimed the amount of aid was insufficient and should be increased. Hamas’ military-terrorist wing announced the deaths of four senior commanders; their funeral was held in the northern Gaza Strip. Protests in Gaza continue.
  • The northern arena: Although Hezbollah did not officially announce it would participate in the pause in the fighting, with the exception of isolated incidents, relative quiet has prevailed in the northern arena since the pause began.
  • Judea and Samaria: The IDF security forces continue their counterterrorism activities. A senior operative in the Palestinian Islamic Jihad’s (PIJ) military-terrorist wing was killed. Welcoming ceremonies were held throughout Judea and Samaria for the released prisoners. Senior Palestinian officials raised fears that they would be detained again by Israeli security forces.
  • Iran: Iran supports the temporary hiatus and hopes it will be extended, while stressing that Israel has not achieved anything and Hamas is winning.
  • The pro-Iranian militias: The militias have been asking whether they should stop their activities against United States military bases and Israel following the ceasefire in the Gaza Strip.
The Pause in the Fighting and the Abductee-Release Deal
  • On November 24, 2023, at 7 a.m., the four-day pause in the fighting in the Gaza Strip went into effect in accordance with a deal formulated by the mediators (Qatar, Egypt and the United States) and agreed upon by Israel and Hamas; the IDF forces deployed along the ceasefire lines. The pause is intended for the release of Israeli women and children, to be effected in four groups in exchange for the release of Palestinian prisoners and the introduction of humanitarian aid to the Strip. IDF Chief of Staff Major General Hertzi Halevi made it clear that at the end of the pause the IDF will immediately resume its attacks in order to dismantle Hamas and exert pressure on the Strip to return as many abductees as possible as quickly as possible (IDF spokesperson, November 25, 2023).
  • Since the pause began, Palestinians claimed IDF fire in the northern Gaza Strip injured seven Palestinians, and that IDF forces shot at two Palestinian farmers in the al-Maghazi area (aljazeera.net, November 26, 2023). So far 26 Israelis and 15 foreign citizens have been released in two groups; Israel released 76 Palestinian prisoners.
    • The first group was released on the evening of November 24, 2023. After a delay of few hours, 22 abductees were returned to Israel; 13 Israeli women and children, eight Thais and one Filipino (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023). Hamas’ military-terrorist wing turned them over to the Red Cross, which returned them to Israeli territory.
    • The second group was released late at night on November 25, 2023, during which 13 Israelis and four Thais were released. A number of hours before the abductees were supposed to be released, Hamas said it had decided on a postponement until Israel met the terms of the deal regarding the delivery of humanitarian aid to the northern Gaza Strip, claiming Israel had not fulfilled the agreed-upon criteria for the release of the captives (Telegram channel of the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades, Hamas’ military-terrorist wing, November 25, 2023). Egypt reportedly exerted intensive efforts to finalize the second phase of the deal (al-Qahera, November 25, 20203). Later, Hamas said they had responded to the Egyptian and Qatari efforts to ensure the implementation of the agreement, after having confirmed Israel’s commitment to its terms (Hamas Telegram channel, November 25, 2023); shortly before midnight, the abductees returned to Israel.
Red Cross vehicles bring the Israeli abductees to the Rafah Crossing (Rafah Crossing News Facebook page, November 25, 2023)
Red Cross vehicles bring the Israeli abductees to the Rafah Crossing
(Rafah Crossing News Facebook page, November 25, 2023)
  • Majed al-Ansari, spokesperson for the Qatari foreign ministry, said they were continuing to monitor the situation closely and facilitate the exchange of information between the two sides to ensure that everything would be dealt with immediately. He said Qatar remained in close contact with its regional and international partners to ensure that the ceasefire was fully implemented (Qatari foreign ministry X account, November 24, 2023). Egyptian negotiations were reportedly in progress to extend the pause in the fighting for an additional day or two to release additional hostages and Palestinian prisoners. According to reports the Egypt efforts were met with positive responses (al-Qahera, November 25, 2023).
  • United States President Joe Biden said it was only the beginning and there was a chance of extending the pause in the fighting. He said continuing the path of terrorism, violence, murder and war meant giving Hamas what it wanted. He called on the Israeli government to focus on reducing the number of civilian casualties during the attempt to eliminate Hamas, which he said was a legitimate goal (Agence France-Presse, November 24, 2023). In a conversation with the emir of Qatar, Tamim Ben Hamed, Biden expressed his appreciation to Qatar for the role it played in the “ceasefire negotiations” (Reuters, November 25, 2023).
Responses to the most recent events
Hamas
  • Senior Hamas terrorist Isma’il Haniyeh, head of the organization’s political bureau, claimed they were committed to implementing the agreement and its success as long as Israel adhered to it. He claimed the release of women and children prisoners was a small step which would be followed by “great deeds.” He thanked Egypt and Qatar as well as the “resistance” in Lebanon, Yemen and Iraq[2] and emphasized the need to continue international efforts to allow the Palestinians “to achieve their aspirations.” He also praised the leadership of Hamas in the Gaza Strip and mentioned Khalil Hamad al-Kharaz, a senior operative of Hamas’ military-terrorist who was killed in Lebanon (Hamas Telegram channel, November 24, 2023).
  • Abu Obeida, spokesman for Hamas’ military-terrorist wing, reviewed the wing’s military activities during the last 72 hours, and thanked Yemen, Lebanon and Iraq for attacking Israel. He called for the escalation of clashes with Israel in Judea and Samaria and the other fronts, and for Jordan to escalate the activities of the “popular resistance” [popular terrorism], and for the whole world “to attack and confuse the enemy everywhere” (al-Jazeera, November 23, 2023).
  • Senior Hamas terrorist Osama Hamdan said that the humanitarian pause agreement and the exchange of hostages for prisoners would not have taken place had it not been for “the firm stand of the Palestinians and the heroism of the resistance [Palestinian terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip] that forced Israel to agree to its terms.” He claimed the agreement shattered Israel’s position regarding the release of captives by force, adding it had not succeeded and would not succeed in freeing any of the captives. They would only be released, he claimed, through negotiations and the “payment of prices demanded [by Hamas]. He claimed “forcing Israel to release 150 Palestinian women and children from prisons is the fruit of the heroism of the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades and the resistance [terrorist operatives],” and a step towards fulfilling their promise to empty Israeli prisons of all Palestinian prisoners (al-Jazeera YouTube channel, November 25, 2023 ).
  • Izzat al-Rishq, a member of Hamas’ political bureau, claimed that all the agreements for the prisoner exchange deal had so far been conducted as arranged. He said the mediators were trying to extend the humanitarian ceasefire and they were responding positively. Israel, he claimed, was trying to manipulate the names and the criteria of in the deal (al-Arabi, November 25, 2023).
  • Taher al-Nunu, Isma’il Haniyeh’s media advisor, claimed Israel had violated the terms of the agreement and did not comply with the clauses concerning the entry of the trucks, with the criteria agreed upon for the release of the prisoners, and had opened fire in more than one place in Gaza, which led to the death of two Palestinians. He said Israel’s non-compliance with providing aid to northern Gaza would threaten the entire agreement. Meanwhile, he claimed they were “open and ready for serious discussions” to reach new agreements through the mediators (al-Jazeera, November 25, 2023).
  • Senior Hamas terrorist Osama Hamdan claimed that Israel was violating the agreement by shooting at Palestinians, blocking aid trucks that were supposed to reach the north and by “manipulating” the release of Palestinian prisoners. He claimed that endangered the agreement and they had informed the mediators of the “violations.” He also claimed they were committed to the agreement as long as Israel abided by it (Hamas Telegram channel, November 25, 2023).

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ)

  • The interviews given by senior PIJ terrorists were dominated by the narrative that that Israel was forced to submit to the terms of the “resistance” and agree to a ceasefire and an exchange deal. For example, Ziyad al-Nakhalah, PIJ secretary general, claimed the ceasefire made it clear that Israel had suffered losses and “had to withdraw.” He said the remaining abductees, including the soldiers and officers, would not be released until all the prisoners had been released. He claimed the “firm stance of the ‘resistance’ fighters and their fighting on the ground” would force Israel to make an exchange deal that would include the release of all Palestinian prisoners under the rubric of “all in exchange for all.” He added that Israel would have to agree to the rehabilitation [of the Gaza Strip] and other political conditions that would open up important political horizons for the Palestinians and their freedom. He praised the involvement of the “resistance” in Iraq, Yemen and Syria and specifically mentioned Hezbollah and claimed that they “inflicted a mortal blow” on Israel and caused “settlers” to leave their “settlements” [i.e., the residents of the cities, towns and villages in Israel’s north]. He said the objectives Israel had stated at the beginning of the “aggression” still existed and therefore they had to continue to fight because Israel would not stop its “aggression” after the pause in the fighting and was expected to be cause more bloodshed (Paltoday Telegram channel, November 24, 2023; PIJ media information Telegram channel, November 24, 2023).
Ziad al-Nakhla's speech. In the background is part of Qur'an Surah 9, al-Tawbah, verse 52, "Wait, we are waiting with you" (al-Arabi TV YouTube channel, November 24, 2023)
Ziad al-Nakhla’s speech. In the background is part of Qur’an Surah 9, al-Tawbah, verse 52, “Wait, we are waiting with you” (al-Arabi TV YouTube channel, November 24, 2023)
  • Responses from other PIJ senior terrorist operatives:
    • Abu Hamza, spokesperson for the PIJ’s military-terrorist wing, said they were committed to stopping “military operations” during the humanitarian ceasefire, which would be in effect as long as Israel adhered to it. He warned that “any violation will be met with an appropriate response.” He praised the “Palestinian struggle” and the “resistance” against Israel during the past 48 days, thanked the “resistance forces” in Lebanon, Iraq and Yemen for assisting in the campaign and encouraged them to continue (al-Aqsa, November 24, 2023).
    • Ali Abu Shahin, a member of the PIJ’s political bureau and head of the PIJ’s media information department, said they had no problem in principle regarding talks about additional truces or extending the current one, but they were for the future, although it also depended on “Israel’s behavior.” He said they would see how successful this truce was, and then it would be possible to talk about additional humanitarian truces for completing the exchange of civilian abductees. He added that the captured soldiers were a different matter and that had “a different price” (al-Jazeera Mubasher X account and Telegram channel, November 23, 2023).
    • Ahsan Ataya, a member of the PIJ’s political bureau and the organization’s representative in Lebanon, said there could be Israeli civilian abductees who were still being held by the “resistance” and had not been counted, so it was possible that the ceasefire would be extended, based on further negotiations regarding the exchange of these abductees (al-Jadeed TV X account, November 24, 2023).
    • Ahsan Ataya, in a phone conversation with Muhammad Safa, emphasized in a telephone conversation with Muhammad Safa, the chairman of the al-Khayam Center for the Rehabilitation of Torture Victims, claimed that after the civilian abductee phase had been completed, negotiations would take place fora comprehensive exchange deal, including the bodies of the prisoners and “resistance” fighters (Lebanese news agency al-Wataniya, November 24, 2023).
    • Abu Samer Musa, responsible for the PIJ connections in Lebanon, claimed that this ceasefire could be followed by further ceasefires, as the Palestinian resistance had “strong cards” in terms of the number of Israeli prisoners. He emphasized that no military prisoner would be released except through an exchange deal (al-Alam TV website, November 25, 2023).

גד 1The Arabic reads, "Temporary ceasefire..." (al-Quds al-Arabi, November 24, 2023)
The Arabic reads, “Temporary ceasefire…” (al-Quds al-Arabi, November 24, 2023)

  • The PIJ said in a statement that its leadership was following “Israel’s behavior,” and would not hesitate to take any step to prevent manipulation or evasion of the deal. The announcement claimed the “resistance” was in control and was conducting the campaign in the military or political field with complete confidence and determination (PIJ media information office Telegram channel, November 25, 2023).
  • Regarding the release of the Thais, a “knowledgeable” Egyptian source reported that at the request of the Thai government, Iran had played a partial role in the mediation regarding the prisoners held by Hamas. The source stated that Iran had provided the Thai government with information about the condition of 23 captive Thai citizens, and that Hamas said it would release them unconditionally through Iranian mediation. He also emphasized that Hamas insisted it would not allow the Red Cross to visit captives who would not be released in the current deal (al-Araby al-Jadeed, November 23, 2023). The Iranian embassy in Thailand said that at Thailand’s request, Iran had provided Hamas officials with a list of Thai prisoners and asked for their release, and that ten of them had been released (Iranian embassy in Thailand Telegram channel, November 25, 2023). Hamas announced that the release of the citizens of Thailand had been made possible by the efforts of the president of Turkey (Hamas Telegram channel, November 25, 2023).

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The Combat Arena
  • Before the temporary pause in the fighting went into effect, IDF forces continued destroying terrorist targets on land, in the air and at sea and located and searched suspicious buildings while encountering terrorists. The forces also destroyed a large number of tunnels whose routes was located in recent days (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023).
  • Among the centers of activity:
    • Shifa Hospital: IDF forces destroyed the routes of underground tunnels and a number of tunnel shafts in the hospital area, discovering that Hamas had used many resources, including electricity and fuel, to maintain the tunnel system it constructed under the hospital, and stored large quantities of weapons in and around the complex. IDF forces detained the hospital director when he tried to move to the southern Gaza Strip (IDF spokesperson, November 23 and 24, 2023). Correspondent Mahmoud Abu Salama, reporting from the hospital complex on November 26, 2023, noted that it had been completely abandoned, with neither patients nor displaced Gazans sheltering there (QudsN account X, November 26, 2023).
The IDF blows up the tunnels under Shifa Hospital (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)    The IDF blows up the tunnels under Shifa Hospital (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)
The IDF blows up the tunnels under Shifa Hospital (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)
Reporting from Shifa Hospital (QudsN X account, November 26, 2023)
Reporting from Shifa Hospital (QudsN X account, November 26, 2023)
    • Northern Gaza Strip: On the outskirts of Jabalia, IDF fighters located the shafts of terrorist tunnels, one of which was located inside a mosque. Additional shafts were found connected to the electrical network of the buildings belonging to senior Hamas terrorists. Rocket launchers and weapons were found in an orchard near the mosque. In a building linked to another senior Hamas terrorist, weapons were found in the bedrooms and under the beds of his children. A large quantity of weapons and documents dealing with operational plans were found (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023).
Rocket launch positions located (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023)
Rocket launch positions located (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023)
The weapons found under children's beds (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023)    The weapons found under children's beds (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023)
The weapons found under children’s beds (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023)
Rocket fire
  • Since the announcement of the temporary pause in the fighting, no launches have been detected from the Gaza Strip at Israeli territory, with the exception of a few rockets fired at the area surrounding Gaza near the time the cease-fire took effect.
  • On the evening of November 25, 2023, in the evening hours, an Israeli Air Force fighter jet intercepted an unmanned aircraft in the Red Sea area which was en route to Israeli territory. Earlier, interceptors were launched at two suspicious aerial targets in the area; the incident ended. It might have been a false identification, which is being investigated. No penetrations into Israeli territory were detected (IDF spokesperson, November 25, 2023).
Israeli casualties
  • According to an unofficial estimate, since October 7 approximately 1,200 Israeli civilians and security personnel have been killed, 392 of them soldiers and officers; 195 civilian and military abductees are being held by the terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip.

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The Gaza Strip
Palestinian casualties
  • The Hamas media information bureau in Gaza reported that as of 8 p.m., November 23, 2023, the number of dead stood at 14,854 and the number of wounded at 36,000 (Facebook page of the Hamas government media information bureau in Gaza, November 23, 2023).
  • A “knowledgeable source” said that Muhammad Ibrahim Hamada, a member of the Hamas media information bureau and spokesperson on the issue of Jerusalem, was killed in Jabaliya in the northern Gaza Strip. According to the source, he was killed several days earlier. Hamada, originally from Sur Bahr in Jerusalem, was released in the Gilad Shalit exchange deal and deported to the Gaza Strip (Shehab Telegram channel, November 25, 2023; Quds Press, November 25, 2023).
Muhammad Hamada (Quds Press , November 25, 2023)
Muhammad Hamada (Quds Press , November 25, 2023)
  • On November 25, 2023, Farsan Mahmoud Khalifa was reported killed in an Israeli attack in the Gaza Strip a few days ago. Khalifa, who was originally from the Shams refugee camp in Tulkarm, was released in the Gilad Shalit exchange deal after serving nine years in prison in Israel; he was deported to the Gaza Strip (Shehab Telegram channel, November 25, 2023; Farsan Khalifa’s X account).
 Khalifa with Saleh al-'Arouri (Farsan Khalifa's X account, August 5, 2018)    Farsan Khalifa (Shehab Telegram channel, November 25, 2023).
Right: Farsan Khalifa (Shehab Telegram channel, November 25, 2023). Left: Khalifa with Saleh al-‘Arouri (Farsan Khalifa’s X account, August 5, 2018)
  • The Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades, Hamas military-terrorist wing, announced the death of four commanders:
    • Ahmed al-Ghandour (Abu Anas), a member of the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades’ “military council” and commander of the Northern Gaza Brigade; Wa’el Rajab; Rafat Salman and Ayman Siam. No information was given about the circumstances of their deaths (Palinfo , November 26, 2023). According to the social media, Wa’el Rajab (Abu Suhib) was the commander of the Beit Lahia Brigades (X account of @rozbah313, November 26, 2023); Ayman Siam (Abu Alaz) was the commander of the artillery and rocket brigade in the Gaza Strip (X account of Bilal Nizar Riyan, November 26, 2023); and Rafat Salman (Abu Abdallah) was the deputy commander of the Northern Gaza Brigade and the commander of the Suhil Ziyada battalion in the east of the Jabaliya refugee camp (Bilal Nizar Riyan’s account X, November 26, 2023).
Al-Ghandour Yahya al-Sinwar (Facebook page of photojournalist Anas al-Sharif, August 15, 2019)    Ahmed al-Ghandour (Bilal Nizar Riyan's account X, November 26, 2023).
Right: Ahmed al-Ghandour (Bilal Nizar Riyan’s account X, November 26, 2023). Left: Al-Ghandour Yahya al-Sinwar (Facebook page of photojournalist Anas al-Sharif, August 15, 2019)
Rafat Salman (Bilal Nizar Riyan's account X, November 26, 2023)      Wa'el Rajab (X account of @rozbah313, November 26, 2023).
Right: Wa’el Rajab (X account of @rozbah313, November 26, 2023). Left: Rafat Salman (Bilal Nizar Riyan’s account X, November 26, 2023)
The four funerals in the northern Gaza Strip (Bilal Nizar Riyan's account X, November 26, 2023)
The four funerals in the northern Gaza Strip (Bilal Nizar Riyan’s account X, November 26, 2023)
    • The IDF reported the killing of Omar Abu Jallah, the commander of the Hamas naval force in Khan Yunis, and another naval force terrorist operative. Abu Jallah was a senior operative in the naval force and involved from the beginning of the fighting in dispatching a number of naval attacks which were prevented (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023).
The situation in the Gaza Strip
  • The announcement of the pause in the fighting led to crowding in the markets, where Gazans went to stock up on equipment and food (QudsN account X, November 25, 2023). There was heavy congestion at gas stations as drivers lined up to fill jerrycans and the gas tanks of their cars (QudsN X account, 26 November 26,2023).
Waiting to buy gas (QUDSN X account, November 26, 2023)     A market in Gaza (QudsN X account, November 25, 2023)
Right: A market in Gaza (QudsN X account, November 25, 2023). Left: Waiting to buy gas
(QUDSN X account, November 26, 2023)
  • Many residents who evacuated to the southern Gaza Strip returned to their homes in Gaza City and the northern Gaza Strip. According to reports IDF forces shot and injured several of them (QudsN account X, November 24, 2023).
Residents trying to return to their houses (Wafa, November 24, 2023)    Residents trying to return to their houses (Wafa, November 24, 2023)
Residents trying to return to their houses (Wafa, November 24, 2023)
  • Lolwah Al-Khater, the Qatari minister for international cooperation, arrived through the Rafah Crossing for an official visit to the Gaza Strip. Her visit was the first visit of an Arab official to Gaza since the beginning of the war. She was accompanied by Wa’el Hardan, deputy chairman of Qatar’s National Committee for the Reconstruction of Gaza (Shehab X account, November 26, 2023).
Lolwah Al-Khater visits Gaza (Shehab X account, November 26, 2023)
Lolwah Al-Khater visits Gaza (Shehab X account, November 26, 2023)
The Rafah Crossing
  • Once the pause in the fighting went into effect, trucks carrying humanitarian aid began entering the Gaza Strip through the Rafah Crossing (al-Qahera TV, November 24, 2023). On November 24, 2023, 200 trucks entered the Strip bringing food, water, medical equipment, etc. (Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories, November 24, 2023). Senior Hamas terrorist Osama Hamdan claimed that on November 24-25, 340 aid trucks entered the Strip, of which 65 went to the northern Gaza Strip, less than half of what was agreed upon (al-Jazeera TV Telegram channel, November 25, 2023).
Trucks carrying enter the Gaza Strip through the Rafah Crossing (Wafa YouTube channel, November 25, 2023)
Trucks carrying enter the Gaza Strip through the Rafah Crossing
(Wafa YouTube channel, November 25, 2023)
  • Yahya al-Sarraj, mayor of Gaza City, claimed that the amount of fuel reaching Gaza was insufficient and called for more fuel to be supplied today. He also claimed that only a small number of trucks had arrived in the northern Gaza Strip, and said he hoped that about 200 trucks would arrive in the northern Gaza Strip (aljazeera.net, November 26, 2023).
  • The Red Cross delivered a truck carrying medical aid to Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis, including medical equipment for emergency treatment of the wounded and equipment for operating rooms (Red Cross in “Palestine” Facebook page in Arabic, November 25, 2023).
Transfer of equipment to Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis (Red Cross in "Palestine" Facebook page in Arabic, November 25, 2023)
Transfer of equipment to Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis (Red Cross in “Palestine” Facebook page in Arabic, November 25, 2023)
Hamas
  • Before the ceasefire went into effect, Ismail Haniyeh, head of the political bureau of Hamas, met in Qatar with Hossein-Amir Abdollahian, Iranian foreign minister. Haniyeh praised the “resistance fronts” that supported them, especially in Lebanon, Yemen and Iraq, and the official and “popular” efforts that strengthened the “firm stance” of the Gaza Strip and the Palestinians. Abdollahian welcomed the temporary ceasefire, and noted Iran’s position of supporting the Palestinian cause. He claimed the United States and Israel had not had any achievement in the military field, and therefore had been forced to conduct indirect negotiations with Hamas for a ceasefire and the release of the prisoners. military (Palinfo, November 24, 2023).
Haniyeh meets with Abdollahian. Senior Hamas terrorists Khalil al-Haya, Zaher Jabarin Izzat al-Rishq and Bassam Na'im were also present (Roya TV website, November 24, 2023)
Haniyeh meets with Abdollahian. Senior Hamas terrorists Khalil al-Haya, Zaher Jabarin Izzat al-Rishq and Bassam Na’im were also present (Roya TV website, November 24, 2023)
The mood of the Gazans
  • On November 23, 2023, before the temporary pause in the fighting went into effect, a TikTok video was published documenting a procession of Gazans waving white flags and chanting, “The people want to overthrow Hamas.” On one of the flags “We want to live” was written, the slogan of the protesters in the past against the Hamas government for the living conditions in the Gaza Strip (X account of @A_Alabduljaleel, November 23, 2023).
Demonstration in the Gaza Strip (X account of @A_Alabduljaleel, November 23, 2023)     Demonstration in the Gaza Strip (X account of @A_Alabduljaleel, November 23, 2023)
Demonstration in the Gaza Strip (X account of @A_Alabduljaleel, November 23, 2023)
  • Ma’man al-Natour, who presents himself as a lawyer and one of the founders of the “We went to live” initiative, (he has 693 followers), wrote that all the slogans of a “firm stand” being spouted by the “leaders” who emigrated from the Gaza Strip were contemptuous of the Gazans’ suffering. He said that if they had told them that the Sinai Peninsula had been opened for the displaced people of the Gaza Strip, they and he would have gone there immediately, and if they had told them that the sea was full of ships to take them to Western countries until the end of the war, they would all have gone and never returned. He said whenever he took a walk, everyone was saying, “If we live until after the war, I’ll emigrate to Europe” ( Ma’man al-Natour’s X account, November 22, 2023).

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The Northern Arena
Lebanon
  • The announcement of the temporary pause in the fighting apparently led to a significant decrease of Hezbollah attacks along the Lebanese. On November 23, 2023, the day before the pause, Hezbollah claimed responsibility for 22 attacks, including launching guided missiles at a house where soldiers were observed and the launch of a Barkan missile (Hezbollah combat information unit Telegram channel, November 23, 2023).
After the attack (Hezbollah combat information unit Telegram channel, November 24, 2023)    A house in Kibbutz Menara before a guided missile hit.
Right: A house in Kibbutz Menara before a guided missile hit. Left: After the attack (Hezbollah combat information unit Telegram channel, November 24, 2023)
  • In response, IDF fighter aircraft attacked Hezbollah terrorist targets in Lebanese territory, destroying launch positions used to shoot at Israel and military-terrorist sites from which the organization operated (IDF spokesperson, November 23, 2023).
The IDF attacks Hezbollah targets (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)    The IDF attacks Hezbollah targets (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)
The IDF attacks Hezbollah targets (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)
  • On November 25, 2023, IDF forces intercepted a surface-to-air missile launched from Lebanese territory and targeting an IDF remotely piloted aircraft. The aircraft was not damaged and continued its mission. The missile did not cross into Israeli territory. In response, Israeli Air Force fighter jets attacked a Hezbollah terrorist facility (IDF spokesperson, November 25, 2023).
Hezbollah casualties
  • Hezbollah announced the death of Yusuf Karam Jawad, aka Haidar, from the village of Aita al-Sha’ab in south Lebanon.
Hezbollah casualty (Hezbollah combat information unit Telegram channel , November 23, 2023)
Hezbollah casualty (Hezbollah combat information unit Telegram channel , November 23, 2023)
  • Updating the report about five commanders from the Radwan force who were killed in an airstrike on November 22, 2023, it was claimed that leaked intelligence revealed their location, since their movements were kept secret. It was claimed that intelligence infiltration by spies had become more common in south Lebanon, which required strengthening the organization’s internal security (Beirut News, November 24, 2023).
UNIFIL
  • UNIFIL reported that on November 25, 2023, at around 12 noon, a patrol force of the organization was attacked by IDF fire at Aitaroun in south Lebanon. According to the report, the force was not injured but the vehicle was damaged. UNIFIL called the attack “very disturbing” and condemned it, emphasizing the responsibility of the “sides” for the security of the organization’s forces and their commitment to avoid endangering the people working to “restore stability” (UNIFIL Telegram channel, November 25, 2023).
  • Aroldo Lazzaro, UNIFIL commander, said he was concerned about the ongoing escalation in the border area, which had already claimed many lives. He added that as a peacekeeping force, they “implored” the “sides” to stop the cycle of violence. He said they had to renew their commitment to UN Security Council Resolution 1701 and warned that any further escalation could have “devastating consequences| (UNIFIL Telegram channel, November 24, 2023).
Residents of South Lebanon

The UN Organization for Migration published a report on migration from south Lebanon following the escalation on the Israel-Lebanon border. According to the report, so far over 55,000 Lebanese have left their homes (UN Organization for Migration website, November 23, 2023).

Hezbollah
  • After meeting with Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah secretary general, Senior Hamas terrorist Osama Hamdan said he told Nasrallah that Hamas was satisfied with the functioning of its allies and the pressure that Hezbollah exerted in south Lebanon, which has a “great effect” on Israel. He claimed the pressure had brought 100,000 Israeli soldiers to the northern front and the actions of Hezbollah, Yemen and Iraq had sent Israel the message that if it continued it would find itself in a confrontation with the whole world. He said they could expect “an important event in a few weeks” (“two weeks,” according to the channel X account) that would “end the aggression.” Hamdan claimed that the October 7 attack proved that Palestinian rights “still existed” and were “legitimate” [sic], adding that after the war Israel would be able to negotiate only with Hamas (MTV channel website, November 23, 2023; MTV channel X account, November 23, 2023; X account of the program “It’s about time,” November 23, 2023).
  • Hashem Safi al-Din, chairman of Hezbollah’s Executive Council, praised the actions of the “resistance” in south Lebanon and its contribution to Lebanon and the Gaza Strip. He emphasized that the events in the Palestinian territories would make the “resistance” in the entire region intensify to face the enemy (Radio al-Nur, November 26, 2023).
Lebanese government
  • Najib Mikati, Lebanese prime minister, met in Istanbul with Recep Tayyip Erdogan, president of Turkey. Erdogan noted the need to achieve a permanent ceasefire in the Gaza Strip and stop military activity as a prelude to permanent peace. He also said he hoped the “truce” would continue so that peace would prevail in Lebanon. Mikati said that they trusted the efforts of friendly countries to resolve the existing crisis and work for peace and tranquility in south Lebanon (al-Nashra, November 25, 2023).
  • Josep Borrell, the EU’s foreign minister, met in Brussels with Abdallah Bou Habib, the Lebanese foreign minister. Burrell said the EU was committed to supporting Lebanon’s stability and security (Joseph Burrell’s X account, November 24, 2023). Habib announced that he had invited Burrell to visit Lebanon and thanked him for his speech before the European Parliament and his political approach towards the Gaza Strip (Lebanese foreign ministry X account, November 24, 2023).

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Judea and Samaria
Preventive and counterterrorism activities
  • The Israeli security forces continued their counterterrorism activities throughout Judea and Samaria. Since the beginning of the war in the Gaza Strip, about 2,000 wanted Palestinians have been detained, including about 1,100 Hamas operatives (IDF spokesperson’s website, November 26, 2023).
  •  On November 24, 2023, Israeli security forces operated in the village of Rumana (near Jenin) and demolished the home of Kamel Abu Bakr, who carried out the shooting attack in Tel Aviv on August 5, 2023, killing an Israeli.
A lathe found which was used for manufacturing weapons (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)    Demolition of the terrorist's house.
Right: Demolition of the terrorist’s house. Left: A lathe found which was used for manufacturing weapons (IDF spokesperson, November 24, 2023)
  • Israeli security forces operated in the Jenin refugee camp. There were exchanges of fire with armed Palestinians. Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked an armed squad. Five Palestinians were killed and 21 wanted Palestinians were detained, including Hamas operative Osama Issa Muhammad Bani Fadl, a resident of Aqraba (southeast of Nablus), suspected of carrying out the shooting attack in Hawwara on August 19, 2023, killing a father and son. The forces located and destroyed a laboratory for manufacturing IEDs and seized weapons and ammunition (IDF spokesperson’s website, November 26, 2023). The Palestinians reported five dead and 14 wounded. Among those killed was As’ad al-Damaj, 33, a senior commander in the PIJ’s military-terrorist wing (Ma’an, November 26, 2023).
Weapons and a Hamas flag seized in the hiding place of the terrorist who carried out the shooting attack in Hawwara (IDF Spokesperson's X account, November 26, 2023)
Weapons and a Hamas flag seized in the hiding place of the terrorist who carried out the shooting attack in Hawwara (IDF Spokesperson’s X account, November 26, 2023)
  • The PIJ announced the death of As’ad al-Damaj, a senior commander in its military-terrorist wing, stressing that the IDF was escalating its “war of annihilation” against the Palestinians, their land and property, and that events in the West Bank were not far from the aggression in Gaza. The PIJ stressed that it would deal with this war everywhere, and that the Palestinians would not surrender and would fight with all the means at their disposal (PIJ’s Information Bureau Telegram channel, November 26, 2023).
  • The Palestinians reported that in clashes during an Israeli security force activity in Qabatiya, a Palestinian doctor, Shamekh Abu al-Rab, son of Kamal Abu al-Rab, acting governor of the Jenin district, was killed (Shehab, November 25, 2023). A delegation of senior Fatah figures, headed by Mahmoud al-Aloul, deputy Fatah chairman, paid a condolence visit to his family in Qabatiya (Wafa, November 25, 2023).
Solidarity with the Gaza Strip
  • In accordance with Hamas’ calls, on November 24 and 25, 2023, marches were held throughout Judea and Samaria in support of the Gaza Strip, and receptions were held for the released prisoners (Hurriya News, November 24, 2023).
Reception for the first group of released Palestinian prisoners (Palestine Post X account, November 24, 2023)    A procession in Hebron (QudsN X account, November 24, 2023).
Right: A procession in Hebron (QudsN X account, November 24, 2023). Left: Reception for the first group of released Palestinian prisoners (Palestine Post X account, November 24, 2023)
Palestinian Authority
  • Mahmoud Abbas, chairman of the Palestinian Authority, met with British Foreign Secretary David Cameron. Abbas stressed that the aggression in the Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria and the “genocide” had to stop. He reiterated the complete rejection of uprooting Palestinians from their homes, noting that the Gaza Strip was an integral part of the “Palestinian state.” He called on Britain to recognize the “State of Palestine” and to support its efforts to gain full membership in the UN (Wafa, November 24, 2023). PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh also met with British Foreign Secretary David Cameron and stressed the need to move from a temporary ceasefire to a permanent ceasefire in the Gaza Strip (Muhammad Shtayyeh’s Facebook page, November 24, 2023).
  • Previously, Mahmoud Abbas had met with the Spanish and Belgian prime ministers to discuss “the latest developments in the occupied Palestinian land, especially in the Gaza Strip” (Wafa, November 23, 2023).
The issue of re-detaining Palestinian prisoners released in the deal
  • Palestinian Authority officials are concerned that the day after the release of the Palestinian prisoners as part of the abductees’ deal, they will be re-detained by Israeli security forces. Following are a number of statements on the subject (AWP News Agency, November 25, 2023):
    • Zaher Jabarin, in charge of Hamas’ prisoners’ portfolio, said that in addition to the terms of the agreement, according to which the prisoners released would not be detained again on the same charges on the basis of which they had been detained, they had received assurances for that from the Qatari, Egyptian and American mediators. Jabarin noted that the main objective of capturing the soldiers was to bring about the release of the prisoners. According to him, the movement has spoken with mediators and the International Committee of the Red Cross about the need to return the situation in Israeli prisons to the situation before October 7.
    • Hisham Qassem, a senior Hamas terrorist (presented by Hamas as a senior figure in the movement’s leadership “abroad”), said they had no faith in the Israelis regarding compliance with agreements because Israel was working to drown them in red tape, procrastination, delays, and non-implementation of the agreements. According to him, the issue of not re-detaining the prisoners after the end of the war in Gaza was raised with mediators in Egypt, Qatar and the United States, and the clauses of the agreement include what obligates Israel to do so.
    • Qadoura Fares, head of the Palestinian Commission for Detainees and Ex-Prisoners’ Affairs, said that during the negotiations on the Shalit exchange deal, a mistake occurred when the Palestinian negotiator did not pay attention to the importance of issuing an order from the military commander of the area granting amnesty to all released prisoners tried in military courts in Israel, as well as issuing a pardon from the president of the State of Israel to those tried in civilian courts. He added that in this deal, those conducting the negotiations had paid attention to this part so that Israel would not be able to re-detain those it released based on their previous files.
The prisoner exchange deal is a Palestinian achievement vis-à-vis Israel. Arabic: "The prisoners' release deal" (al-Quds al-Arabi, November 25, 2023)
The prisoner exchange deal is a Palestinian achievement vis-à-vis Israel. Arabic: “The prisoners’ release deal” (al-Quds al-Arabi, November 25, 2023)

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Iran
  • Hossein-Amir Abdollahian, Iranian foreign minister, met with his Qatari counterpart, Mohammad bin Abdulrahman al-Thani, to discuss developments in the Palestinian arena and the region (Fars, November 23, 2023). On November 25, he spoke with his Turkish counterpart, Hakan Fidan. He said the “crimes of the occupation” against the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank had to stop and Iran, Turkey and the other Muslim countries had to take more significant steps to defend the Palestinian people (Mehr, November 25, 2023).
  • Hossein Salami, commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), told a conference of members of the IRGC’s Basij wing in the Yazd province that Israel’s defeat in the war in the Gaza Strip proved that Israel was even closer to collapse than could have been imagined. He said the young Palestinians had won and would win in the future as well, and the “Zionist regime” itself was convinced it would not be able to hold out in this country (Mehr, November 23, 2023).
  • Abdolrahim Mousavi, chief of staff of the Iranian army, said at a ceremony in Tehran that Operation al-Aqsa Storm was an unprecedented event in the 75 years of the Palestinians’ struggle, proving that Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei was accurate when he predicted that Israel would cease to exist within 25 years. He noted the Zionists had tried for years to cause the Palestinians to be forgotten, but the war had turned Palestine into the world’s foremost issue. Israel experienced a humiliating defeat, managed to achieve nothing, suffered heavy losses, and did not even succeed in detaining Hamas leaders. He said it had been forced to agree to a ceasefire and the initiative was now in the hands of Hamas (ISNA, November 26, 2023).
  • Nasser Kanani, spokesman for the Iranian foreign ministry, welcomed the temporary ceasefire in the Gaza Strip, saying it was the first step on the way to victory and a complete cessation of Israel’s “war crimes” and the result of more than 45 days of steadfastness of the people fighting in Palestine and the historic struggle of the “resistance” fighters. He said Iran was continuing its efforts and diplomatic consultations to bring about a full ceasefire. He added that the Palestinian people had proven that they would determine their fate both on the battlefield and in the political arena (ISNA, November 23, 2023).
  • Ali Shamkhani, political advisor to the Supreme Leader of Iran and former secretary of the Supreme National Security Council, presented the ceasefire in Gaza as an Israeli failure. He noted that even after 50 days of “racist killings,” Prime Minister Netanyahu had not succeeded in achieving any of his goals and that this was a complete failure for him. He said Hamas had not been destroyed, Hamas’ military infrastructure, especially the tunnels, was still active, and the Israeli prisoners had not been released, but exchanged (Ali Shamkhani’s X account, November 24, 2023). 
Attack on a cargo ship
  • “Exclusive sources” reported that an Israeli cargo ship was attacked in the Arabian Sea on the night of November 23, 2023, a few hours before the pause in the fighting in the Gaza Strip went into effect, and that a fire broke out when the ship was hit (al-Mayadeen, November 25, 2023). According to an American official, on November 24, 2023, the CMA CGM SYMI container ship owned by an Israeli citizen was attacked. According to him, the ship, which bears the flag of Malta, was allegedly attacked by an Iranian Shahed 136 drone in the Indian Ocean. The aircraft exploded, damaging the ship, and the ship’s crew was intact (AP, November 25, 2023).
Activity of pro-Iranian militias
Iraq and Syria
  • The Islamic Resistance in Iraq claimed responsibility for an attack on an American Army base in the Al-Omar and Koniko oil field in Syria, two attacks against the Ayn al-Assad base and two attacks against a base near Erbil Airport (Islamic Resistance Telegram channel, November 23, 2023).
  • Saberin News, a Telegram channel affiliated with the pro-Iranian militias in Iraq, published an infographic with data on the activity of the Islamic Resistance in Iraq against American targets in Syria and Iraq and against targets in Israel between October 18, 2023, and November 23, 2023. According to the infographic, the organization carried out 71 attacks during this period, according to the following division (Islamic Resistance in Iraq Telegram channel, November 23, 2023).
    • In Iraq, 34 attacks were carried out: 17 against the Ayn al-Assad base in western Iraq, including 15 by drones and four rocket launches; 16 attacks against the Al-Harir base in the Erbil region, during which 31 drones were launched; and one IED attack against a convoy in Mosul.
    • In Syria, 34 attacks were carried out: seven against the Al-Tanf base in southern Syria, during which 13 drones were launched; five rocket launches against the Koniko base in the Deir ez-Zor area; eight attacks against the al-Shadadi base in the al-Hasakah area, northeastern Syria, during which seven drones were launched and three rocket launches were carried out; three against the Kharab al-Jir base, during which seven drones were launched and three rocket launches were carried out; 11 against Al-Burkan, Al-Malikiya, Tal al-Bidar, al-Qarya al-Khadra and the Omar oil field, where 17 drones were launched.
    • Against “Occupied Palestine” (Israel): Three attacks, two against Eilat by launching rockets/missiles and one on the shores of the Dead Sea with two drones.
The infographic reviewing Islamic Resistance activity (the Islamic Resistance in Iraq Telegram channel, November 23, 2023)
The infographic reviewing Islamic Resistance activity
(the Islamic Resistance in Iraq Telegram channel, November 23, 2023)
  • Iraqi Interior Minister Abd al-Amir al-Shammari noted that Iraq had thwarted attacks against American bases and that Iraqi forces had seized rocket launchers directed at American bases. He also said Baghdad was committed to defending the diplomatic missions in the country and the Iraqi forces controlled all areas of the country to prevent attacks on neighboring countries (al-Arabiya, November 25, 2023).
  • Qais al-Khazali, secretary general of the Asa’ib Ahl al-Haqq militia, said the truce was a Palestinian victory and proved that Israel could not eliminate Hamas as it claimed. He said the Iraqi resistance supported the Palestinian people and would not remain passive considering the “crimes against it” (Qais al-Khazali’s X account, November 25, 2023).
  • According to reports, there were differences of opinion among the armed militias in Iraq over the question of whether to continue the attacks against American targets during the temporary truce in the Gaza Strip. According to “informed Iraqi sources,” the militia leaders have not yet taken an official position on the issue and are expected to meet to formulate a joint position representing the Iraqi resistance. It was also reported that most of the militia leaders supported stopping the attacks, partly because of concern about the repercussions of the continued attacks during the ceasefire (al-Araby al-Jadeed, November 24, 2023).
  • The day before the ceasefire, Iraqi al-Rabiaa TV announced that the militias had decided to halt their military operations at the same time as the ceasefire in the Gaza Strip (Iraqi al-Rabiaa TV, November 23, 2023). On the other hand, Kazem al-Fartousi, spokesman for the Iraqi Sayyid al-Shuhada militia, said the ceasefire between Israel and Hamas did not include the Iraqi resistance. That is because, according to him, this is a different situation, of violation of Iraqi sovereignty and Popular Mobilization operatives killed, and it is impossible to reach a ceasefire without taking responsibility. He noted that no one had contacted them about any truce and that all reports about a ceasefire between the Iraqi resistance and the American forces were incorrect (Roda, November 24, 2023).
  • Ahmed al-Hamidawi, secretary general of Kata’ib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Brigades), said that if the fighting “in Palestine and Lebanon” stopped completely, they would continue to reduce their activity. However, he stressed that the confrontations with the forces threatening Iraq’s sovereignty would not stop. He thanked other Iraqi militias which, he claimed, took part in the military activity under the banner of the Islamic resistance in Iraq, including Ansar Allah al-Awfiya, the Nujaba movement and the Sayyid al-Shuhada Brigades (Kata’ib Hezbollah Telegram channel, November 25, 2023).
Yemen
  • Jalal al-Rawishan, Houthi deputy prime minister for defense and security affairs, said the truce concerned the Gaza Strip and did not include them, and the decision to close the Red Sea to Israel was still valid (al-Mayadeen, November 25, 2023).
  • A joint delegation of Ansar Allah, headed by senior Ansar Allah movement figure Muhammad al-Bukhaiti, and the al-Islah party[3] visited the Hamas office in Sana’a. During the visit, the delegation congratulated Hamas on the victories of the “resistance fighters” in the Gaza Strip, forcing Israel to surrender to their conditions. Moadh Abu Shamala, Hamas’ representative in Yemen, praised Yemen’s high-quality and heroic operations and its military support for the resistance by hitting deep inside Israel with missiles, drones and other means. He also praised the seizure of the Israeli ship in the Red Sea and stressed its important role in subduing Israel to the conditions of the Palestinian resistance (al-Alam TV website, November 23, 2023).
The meeting in Sana'a (al-Alam TV website, November 23, 2023)
The meeting in Sana’a (al-Alam TV website, November 23, 2023)

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The Arab Arena
Egypt
  • Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi spoke at an event entitled “Long Live Egypt – the People’s Response to Solidarity with Palestine” and said that as far as Egypt was concerned, the expulsion of Palestinians was a “red line.” According to him, Egyptian blood has been mixed with Palestinian blood for seven decades, and history and geography have determined that Egypt will remain the basis for supporting the struggle of the Palestinian people. He added he assured them that they were deciding to move forward in dealing with the crisis while insisting on the rights of the Palestinian people (Egyptian president’s website, November 23, 2023). Jordan’s King Abdullah II noted that the position expressed by el-Sisi regarding Egypt’s refusal to expel Palestinians from their land as a red line, illustrated their joint position (King Abdullah II’s X account, November 23, 2023).
  • After the visit of the Spanish and Belgian prime ministers to Ramallah, the two met with the Egyptian president in Cairo. At a joint press conference held by the three, el-Sisi said they had to recognize a Palestinian state and allow it to join the UN and that they were prepared for the Palestinian state to be demilitarized and to have a presence of NATO or UN forces, Arab or American forces (al-Youm al-Sabaa, November 24, 2023).

Q∞atar

  • Majed al-Ansari, spokesman for the Qatari foreign ministry, said they continued to closely monitor the situation and maintain close contact with regional and international partners to ensure that the ceasefire was fully implemented. He expressed his hope for a permanent ceasefire in the Gaza Strip (Qatari foreign ministry X account, November 24, 2023).
Bahrain
  • “Various sources” reported that Bahrain was not expected to sever its ties with Israel due to the fighting in the Gaza Strip. According to the sources, the parliament’s announcement earlier this month about severing economic relations with Israel does not reflect government policy. According to one of the sources, Bahrain is trying to maintain ties with Israel while dealing with public opinion (Reuters, November 24, 2023).
Saudi Arabia
  • Saudi Defense Minister Khaled bin Salman spoke with his British counterpart, Grant Shapps. Bin Salman stressed the importance of a total cessation of military operations, the protection of civilians, and the entry of humanitarian aid. The two also reviewed their strategic defense partnership and ways to strengthen and develop it (Saudi News Agency, November 24, 2023).

[1] Click https://www.terrorism-info.org.il/en to subscribe and receive the ITIC's daily updates as well as its other publications.
[2] Member of the so-called "axis of resistance:" Iran, Syria, Hezbollah, the Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Shi'ite Houthis in Yemen and the pro-Iranian militias in Iraq.
[3] Its full name is Yemeni Bloc for Reform. It is a conservative Sunni Islamic party established in 1990 and affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood.