Operation Iron Swords (Updated to 1 p.m., January 10, 2024)

IDF forces in the Gaza Strip (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

IDF forces in the Gaza Strip (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Weapons found in the al-Maghazi area (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Weapons found in the al-Maghazi area (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Weapons found in the al-Maghazi area (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Weapons found in the al-Maghazi area (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

IDF attacks in al-Zuweida in the central Gaza Strip (Vafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024)

IDF attacks in al-Zuweida in the central Gaza Strip (Vafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024)

Weapons found by the forces (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Weapons found by the forces (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Destruction of Hamas military targets (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Destruction of Hamas military targets (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Destruction of Hamas military targets (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Destruction of Hamas military targets (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)

Residents of Deir al-Balah sell merchandise (Wafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024)

Residents of Deir al-Balah sell merchandise (Wafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024)

Israeli security forces in Jenin (Wafa, January 10, 2024).

Israeli security forces in Jenin (Wafa, January 10, 2024).

Israeli security forces' activity this morning in Nablus (QudsN X account, January 10, 2024)

Israeli security forces' activity this morning in Nablus (QudsN X account, January 10, 2024)

The meeting between Abbas and Blinken (Wafa, January 10, 2024)

The meeting between Abbas and Blinken (Wafa, January 10, 2024)

Palestinian security services clash with demonstrators (Akhbar al-Aan X account, January 10, 2024)

Palestinian security services clash with demonstrators (Akhbar al-Aan X account, January 10, 2024)

Northern Arena, Israeli Casualties, Rocket Fire

Overview[1]
  • The southern arena: The IDF forces continued operating throughout the Gaza Strip, focusing on the al-Maghazi refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip and Khan Yunis in the south, and attacked more than 150 terrorist targets. The Palestinians reported heavy fighting in those and other areas in the Strip. Spokesmen for the Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) military wings claimed they had many “successes” against IDF forces and could continue fighting for a long period of time.
  • According to an unofficial estimate, since October 7, 2023, approximately 1,300 Israeli civilians and security personnel have been killed, 520 of them soldiers and officers; 132 civilian and military hostages are still being held by the terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip; 121 hostages have been returned to Israel.
  • The Gaza Strip: According to reports, Egypt intends to close the Rafah Crossing in the near future and wants all humanitarian aid transferred via the Kerem Shalom and Erez Crossings, to which Israel has expressed opposition. Egypt is apparently concerned that Gazans will migrate into its territory. “Palestinian sources” close to the leadership of Hamas’ military wing revealed new information about the Operation al-Aqsa Flood attack on October 7, 2023.
  • The northern arena: Hezbollah claimed responsibility for four attacks over the past day. Ali Hussein Barji, commander of the south Lebanon region of Hezbollah’s aerial unit, was killed in a targeted attack. Nabe’ Ahmed a-Qadri, an operative in the Lebanese Resistance Companies, a Lebanese militia operating under the auspices of Hezbollah, was killed in an attack on a house in Kafr Shuba. Senior Hezbollah figures continue to threaten Israel, while senior Lebanese government officials working at the diplomatic level reiterate that they are searching for a solution that will bring stability.
  • Judea and Samaria: As part of his tour of the Middle East, Antony Blinken, the United States Secretary of State, arrived in Ramallah where he met with Mahmoud Abbas. He was greeted by a large protest demonstration.
  • The pro-Shi’ite militias: The United States and the UK reported that a large-scale attack carried out by the Houthis had been repelled; the attack targeted international shipping lanes used by dozens of ships.
The Southern Arena
  • IDF forces continued to operate throughout the Gaza Strip, focusing their activity on the al-Maghazi refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip and Khan Yunis in the south; the forces attacked more than 150 terrorist targets in the Gaza Strip (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024). According to the Palestinian media, IDF forces operating in Gaza City along the coastal road fired shells at the Sheikh Ajlin neighborhood (southwest of the city), and Israeli Navy ships shot at the al-Shati refugee camp. In the central Gaza Strip attacks were carried out on the al-Bureij and al-Maghazi refugee camps, as well Navy attacks on the Deir al-Balah refugee camp. In Khan Yunis heavy shelling was carried out at the south and east of the city. In Rafah, the Israeli Air Force attacked a house belonging to the Nofal family in the west of the city. During the past day 58 deaths and dozens of injuries were reported in IDF attacks throughout the Gaza Strip. (Wafa, January 10, 2024).
IDF forces in the Gaza Strip (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)   IDF forces in the Gaza Strip (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
IDF forces in the Gaza Strip (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
  • The central Gaza Strip: The forces operated in the area of the al-Maghazi refugee camp, where they uncovered more than 15 underground tunnel shafts. In a raid on several military buildings in the area, rocket launchers, missiles, UAVs and explosives were found. A rocket-manufacturing lathe located in the area was also destroyed (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024).
Weapons found in the al-Maghazi area (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)     Weapons found in the al-Maghazi area (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
Weapons found in the al-Maghazi area (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
IDF attacks in al-Zuweida in the central Gaza Strip (Vafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024)
IDF attacks in al-Zuweida in the central Gaza Strip (Vafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024)
  • Gaza City: An al-Jazeera TV presenter explained the IDF’s ground maneuver in the Zeitoun neighborhood, one of the largest neighborhoods in the south of Gaza City. He reported the IDF was encircling the neighborhood and carrying out heavy mortar shell fire. He added there were heavy exchanges of fire with the “resistance” [terrorist] operatives (al-Jazeera YouTube  channel, January 10, 2024).
An al-Jazeera TV presenter explains the IDF's ground maneuver in the Zeitoun neighborhood (al-Jazeera YouTube channel, January 10, 2024)    IDF strikes in the Zeitoun neighborhood (Shehab X account, January 9, 2024).
Right: IDF strikes in the Zeitoun neighborhood (Shehab X account, January 9, 2024). Left: An al-Jazeera TV presenter explains the IDF’s ground maneuver in the Zeitoun neighborhood (al-Jazeera YouTube channel, January 10, 2024)
  • The southern Gaza Strip: Heavy fighting continued in the Khan Yunis area as IDF forces operated to dismantle battalions of the Khan Yunis Brigade of Hamas’ military wing. During the operation, IDF fighters killed terrorists in face-to-face combat and with sniper fire, and located weapons, tunnel shafts and an UAV launch site (IDF spokesperson, January 9, 2024). The Israeli Air Force attacked four buildings used for terrorist activity, including Hamas’ operational headquarters and three buildings where terrorists were located (IDF website, January 10 2024).
  Weapons found by the forces (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
Weapons found by the forces (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
Destruction of Hamas military targets (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)    Destruction of Hamas military targets (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
Destruction of Hamas military targets (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)     Destruction of Hamas military targets (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
Destruction of Hamas military targets (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
  • The IDF soldiers operated in the Islamic University, which was used by Hamas for terrorist activities. Large quantities of weapons were found in the classrooms, as well as ammunition magazines, ammunition, Hamas flags and safes containing funds for financing terrorist operations. Another search revealed grenades, combat equipment and maps used by Hamas terrorists (IDF spokesperson, January 9, 2024). The Islamic University in Khan Yunis is a branch of the Islamic University in Gaza City, is controlled by Hamas and since its establishment, has been a center of political, social, cultural and military power of the Hamas movement.[2]
Weapons found on the university grounds (IDF spokesperson, January 9, 2024)
Weapons found on the university grounds (IDF spokesperson, January 9, 2024)
  • Ibrahim Qanan, a correspondent for the al-Ghad TV channel in Khan Yunis, reporting from the Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis, described heavy shooting and attacks since the morning, when the sounds of explosions were heard everywhere in the city. He said the IDF’s activity was focused on three areas: the Qizan al-Najjar area (south of Khan Yunis) where Israeli Air Force strikes and tank maneuvers were carried out, the neighborhood of al-Mahta (north of Khan Yunis) where there was heavy fighting, with IDF forces trying to advance into the center of the city, and the Ma’an and Sheikh Nasser neighborhoods (in the east) (al-Ghad TV, January 10, 2024).
 An al-Jazeera presenter explains the IDF's ground maneuver in the areas north and east of Khan Yunis (al-Jazeera YouTube channel, January 10, 2024)   Smoke rising after IDF attacks and the exchange of fire with the "resistance" in Khan Yunis (QudsN X account, January 10, 2024).
Right: Smoke rising after IDF attacks and the exchange of fire with the “resistance” in Khan Yunis (QudsN X account, January 10, 2024). Left: An al-Jazeera presenter explains the IDF’s ground maneuver in the areas north and east of Khan Yunis (al-Jazeera YouTube channel, January 10, 2024)
Palestinian reactions to the fighting
  • Abu Obeida, spokesman for Hamas’ military wing, claimed that during the past week the military wing’s “operatives” had completely or partially destroyed 42 military vehicles, killed 22 soldiers at point blank range, and carried out 52 “military” missions using rockets, anti-fortification and anti-personnel IEDs, machine guns and sniper rifles, [allegedly] leaving “dozens of soldiers dead and wounded.” They also captured a house and blew up four tunnel openings and a minefield to attack IDF soldiers. He also claimed they had launched a missile at an IDF helicopter flying over the Gaza Strip, shot down a Hermes 900 UAV, took control of a Skylark UAV, attacked headquarters, command rooms and concentrations of military forces firing mortars and short-range rockets on all axes of combat in the Gaza Strip, and launched a barrage of rockets at Tel Aviv and its surroundings (Palinfo, January 9, 2024)
  • Abu Hamza, the spokesman for the PIJ’s military wing, said that Israel’s stated goal of eliminating the “resistance” had not been and would not be achieved, even if the war continued indefinitely. He claimed there would be no return or stability for the Israelis in the cities, towns and villages surrounding the Gaza Strip as long as the war in the Gaza Strip continued, and Netanyahu’s promise that they would soon return to their homes was a “mirage and an illusion.” He claimed whether or not they would return would be decided by the “resistance.” Regarding the operations of the military wing, he claimed they had shot down an unmanned aircraft for intelligence purposes in the skies over Khan Yunis and obtained important information, attacked IDF vehicles with missiles and “appropriate” weapons and killed an IDF force barricaded in a building (Paltoday, January 9, 2024).
Israeli casualties
  • According to an unofficial estimate, since October 7 2023, approximately 1,300 Israeli people have been killed. According to the IDF spokesperson, 520 of them are soldiers and officers (185 since the start of the ground maneuver on 27 October, 2023); 132 civilian and military hostages are still being held by the terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip; 121 hostages have been returned.
The issue of the hostages
  • According to the Hezbollah-affiliated Lebanese daily al-Akhbar, Abbas Kamal, head of the Egyptian General Intelligence, spoke with the Hamas and PIJ leaderships regarding the renewal of negotiations for a hostage deal with Israel. According to the report, Kamal asked for Palestinian delegations to be sent urgently to Cairo; there were also communications with Qatar. “Egyptian officials” said that they would work to formulate a new proposal and send it to the Hamas leadership even before it decided on a date for sending the delegation to Cairo (al-Akhbar, January 10, 2024).

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The Gaza Strip
Palestinian casualties
  • The Hamas-controlled ministry of health in the Gaza Strip reported that as of 1:15 p.m., January 10, 2024, the number of dead since the beginning of the war stood at 23,357 and the number of wounded at 59,410 (ministry of health in Gaza Facebook page, January 10, 2023).
The situation in the Gaza Strip
  • Residents of Deir al-Balah complained about price gouging in the markets, adding that there was no official body in the Gaza Strip that supervised prices. They reported that the aid that entered the Gaza Strip went to UNRWA, but not to them (Wafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024).
Residents of Deir al-Balah sell merchandise (Wafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024)    Residents of Deir al-Balah sell merchandise (Wafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024)
Residents of Deir al-Balah sell merchandise (Wafa YouTube channel, January 9, 2024)
Aid for the Gaza Strip
  • During her visit to Egypt, German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock went to the Rafah Crossing and the airport in El Arish, where she reviewed the arrival of German humanitarian aid. She called for the crossing to be opened 24 hours a day to allow the entry of more humanitarian aid (Reuters, January 9, 2024).
  • The Hezbollah-affiliated Lebanese daily al-Akhbar reported from “sources” that Egypt had told the relevant individuals that in the near future it planned to close the Rafah Crossing to the entrance of residents or humanitarian aid and wanted to transfer all activity to the Kerem Shalom and Erez Crossings, but Israel was opposed. Ibrahim al-Amin, who is affiliated with Hezbollah, pointed out that Egypt had once again refused to implement the plan to displace the residents of the Gaza Strip, and that senior Egyptian officials had told American security and political circles that they completely rejected any attempt to force the displaced people in Rafah to move to the Egyptian side of the border, and that was why Egypt was planning to close the Rafah Crossing in the coming days. It was noted that Israel rejected the issue.
  • The article in al-Akhbar also reported that Israel had informed the Egyptians, directly and through the Americans, that it suspected smuggling operations continued through Egyptian territory into the Gaza Strip, and therefore the IDF was forced to act to ensure there were no tunnels from the Gaza Strip to Egyptian territory. According to the article, Israel was carrying out intensive intelligence activities based on assessments that Hamas might be planning to transfer hostages and the Hamas leadership to Egypt and from there to other Middle Eastern countries, specifically to Iran or Lebanon. Although the Egyptians told Israel and the Americans that it had no indication of a Hamas presence or activity on the Egyptian side of the border, Egyptian intelligence expressed a willingness to cooperate with examining the information (al-Akhbar, Lebanon, January 10, 2024).
  • According to reports, Egyptians arrived at the border fence in the Rafah area with a truck carrying a generator to help displaced persons near the Rafah-Egypt border charge their mobile devices (Shehab X account, January 10, 2024).
Egyptian residents help Palestinian displaced persons charge their mobile devices (Shehab X account, January 10, 2024)
Egyptian residents help Palestinian displaced persons charge their mobile devices
(Shehab X account, January 10, 2024)
Statement from the Hamas leadership
  • During an interview, senior Hamas figure Sami Abu Zuhri related to the visit of American Secretary of State Antony Blinken to Israel. Referring to Blinken’s criticism of South Africa’s appeal to the International Court of Justice in The Hague, claiming that the accusation of [alleged] “genocide” was baseless, Abu Zuhri claimed that Blinken had said nothing new and the United States’ goal was to safeguard Israel’s security. In response to Blinken’s statement that there were civilian deaths in the Gaza Strip because Hamas operated from schools and hospitals and used civilians as human shields, he [falsely] replied they were “baseless claims.” He [falsely] stated that the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades did not fight from civilian locations, and the videos they published showed there were no civilians nearby. He claimed that since the United States was a partner in the “aggression,” it was trying to protect itself and Israel. Regarding the resumption of negotiations, he said that there was nothing new on the issue because it depended on an Israeli decision to stop the “aggression.” He noted that “the ball is in the court of Israel and the United States (al-Jazeera Mubasher YouTube channel, January 9, 2024).
  • “Palestinian sources” close to the leadership of Hamas’ military wing revealed new details about the Operation al-Aqsa Flood attack and massacre on October 7, 2023 (al-Sharq al-Awsat, January 9, 2024):
    • Formulating the plans: The plan to attack the cities, towns and villages surrounding the Gaza Strip was now new and preparations began even before Operation Protective Edge (2014), and when that operation began, the plan was frozen. Efforts were renewed after a year, and after Operation Guardian of the Walls in 2021, they decided to prepare for and implement it when the circumstances allowed.
    • Recruiting the “participants:” The participants were selected from different areas in the Gaza Strip from among the hundreds of nukhba operatives. They were not aware of any clear and immediate plan to carry out an attack and many of the military wing’s commanders were also not aware of the details.
    • Training: The participants underwent intensive training over the years, with special tests in each period to determine their abilities and develop their fighting skills. Shortly after the beginning of the training, whose purpose was unknown to the participants, the nukhba operatives swore an oath not to reveal secrets about their training.
    • The decision to carry out an operation: The decision to carry out the attack and its timing was made by only five Hamas leaders: Yahya al-Sinwar, head of the Hamas political bureau in the Gaza Strip; Muhammed Deif, the commander of Hamas’ military wing; Muhammad al-Sinwar (Yahya’s brother); Rawhi Mushtaha, a senior Hamas figure close to Yahya al-Sinwar; and Ayman Nofal. They later informed the military wing’s divisional commanders about the preparations and the attack plan, but not the timing. The commanders were notified only three days in advance of the final preparations. They met with the commanders of the regional battalions and gave each commander specific tasks without specifying the zero hour. Ayman Siam, the commander of the rocket unit for the entire Gaza Strip, received special instructions to prepare to launch hundreds of rockets at the same time as the attack began.
    • Determining the date of the operation: Following field reports from the surveillance units that confirmed that complete quiet prevailed along the border, on October 6, the five senior figures decided that the most appropriate time was Saturday morning. They waited until midnight and gave the order to prepare; The field commanders and the nukhba operatives started preparing themselves to be ready by early morning and then the attack began. The senior Hamas political figures were aware of the secret plans. Hamas leaders inside and outside the Gaza Strip received a briefing just a few hours before the operation, and they were requested to disappear as part of emergency security measures. The movement leaders, including Isma’il Haniyeh, and his deputy, Saleh al-‘Arouri, reported there was a plan for an unusual attack, but without precise details or a date, and they learned of the date a few hours before the attack.
    • Execution stages of the plan: The attack began with only 70 operatives who launched a surprise attack from several locations along the border of the Gaza Strip. Nukhba forces crossed the barrier in the first moments after detonating explosive devices specially prepared to breach openings after its weak points had been identified. Drones and paragliders were also used.
    • The purpose of the operation and the method of execution: The main purpose was to carry out a “broad, high-quality [sic] attack” and capture a group of Israeli soldiers. However, during the attack, the fighters were surprised by the ease with which the IDF’s defense lines fell, which led to the immediate killing, wounding, and kidnapping of a large number of soldiers. About an hour and a half after the initial attack it was decided to deploy additional nukhba units and they received a notice to assemble at various points and set out as auxiliary forces to support the operatives who were already inside Israeli territory. Later, the coordinator of the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades military units informed the other armed wings of the [Palestinian terrorist] organizations about participating in the attack, and assigned each organization specific tasks. The attack then expanded and hundreds of armed men, civilians and even journalists entered the surrounding settlements. After the kidnapping of dozens [sic] of Israelis and in light of the great chaos, the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades leadership ordered the fighters in the surrounding settlements to engage the Israeli forces as much as possible to be able to focus on collecting the hostages and hiding them.

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The Northern Arena
Hezbollah attacks
  • Hezbollah continued attacking IDF outposts and concentrations of forces on the northern border, claiming responsibility for four anti-tank missile and rocket attacks (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel January 9, 2024).
  • In response, Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked Hezbollah military facilities in south Lebanon, including in Kafr Kila, Yaroun and Lavona; artillery was also fired at various areas in south Lebanon (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 9, 2024).
An attack on an observation post (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)    An attack on a terrorist facility and a military facility in the Lavona area.
Right: An attack on a terrorist facility and a military facility in the Lavona area. Left: An attack on an observation post (IDF spokesperson, January 10, 2024)
  • Ali Shoeib, a correspondent for the al-Manar network, published a video of the Air Force strikes in the al-Labouneh groves in south Lebanon, about one and a half kilometers north of the Israeli town of Shlomi (Ali Shoeib’s X account, January 10, 2024).
Attacking targets in the al-Labouneh groves (X account of Ali Shoeib, January 10, 2024)
Attacking targets in the al-Labouneh groves (X account of Ali Shoeib, January 10, 2024)
Hezbollah fatalities
  • On the evening of January 9, 2024, Ali Hussein Barji, commander of Hezbollah’s aerial unit in south Lebanon, was killed in a targeted attack. He was responsible for dozens of attacks on Israel using UAVs carrying explosives or designed to gather information. He was also responsible for attacking the headquarters of the IDF Northern Command. Before he was killed, IDF forces killed members of a Hezbollah aerial unit squad that was on its way to launch UAVs at targets in Israel (IDF spokesperson, January 9, 2024).
The missile attack on vehicle (IDF spokesperson, January 9, 2024)      The vehicle Ali Hussein Barji was driving.
Right: The vehicle Ali Hussein Barji was driving. Left: The missile attack on vehicle
(IDF spokesperson, January 9, 2024)
  • Hezbollah denied what it called Israel’s “false claims” that a senior operative of its UAV unit was killed and claimed that the operative in charge of the unit in Hezbollah had not been the object of a targeted attack (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, January 9, 2024).
  • On January 10, 2024, the death of Nabe’ Ahmed al-Qadri was reported in a UAV attack in Kafr Shuba. He reportedly belonged to the Lebanese Resistance, a non-Shi’ite Lebanese militia operating under the auspices of Hezbollah. Ibrahim Qasab was also injured in the attack (Mohamaddsyrien’s X account, January 10, 2024).
Nabe' Ahmed al-Qadri (Mohamaddsyrien's X account, January 10, 2024)
Nabe’ Ahmed al-Qadri (Mohamaddsyrien’s X account, January 10, 2024)
The ruins of the house in Kafr Shuba where al-Qadri was staying (bntjbeil.org's X account, January 10, 2024)      The ruins of the house in Kafr Shuba where al-Qadri was staying (bntjbeil.org's X account, January 10, 2024)
The ruins of the house in Kafr Shuba where al-Qadri was staying
(bntjbeil.org’s X account, January 10, 2024)
  • Hezbollah officially reported the death of five operatives, including Ali Hassan Barji and Nabe’ al-Qadri, a Lebanese Resistance operative (Hezbollah’s combat information Telegram channel, January 9, 2024):
    • Issa Ali Nur al-Din, aka Ali Najma, from Burj Qallawiyah in south Lebanon and a resident of the al-Salam neighborhood of the Dahiyeh in Beirut.
    • Muhammad Sharif al-Sayid Nasser, aka al-Sayid Sharif, from the town of Hai al-Fikani in the Lebanon Valley.
    • Hassan Abd al-Hussein Ismail, aka Adam, from Aita al-Shaab in south Lebanon.
    • Ali Hussein Barji, aka Abu Mahdi, from Markaba in south Lebanon.
    • Nabe’ Ahmed al-Qadri, aka Abu Ali, from Kafr Shuba in south Lebanon.
Hezbollah casualties (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, January 9, 2024)
Hezbollah casualties (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, January 9, 2024)
Hezbollah casualties (Hezbollah combat information Telegram channel, January 9, 2024)    
Statements by senior Hezbollah terrorists
  • At a rally held in Beirut, Na’im Qassem, Hezbollah deputy secretary general, said that the killing of Saleh al-‘Arouri, al-Tawil and others would not deter them but would push the resistance forward. He noted that past events had proven that every time a “resistance” commander was killed, it advanced to a new stage. He said what was happening in “Palestine” was not limited to the territory of “Palestine” but was spread over the entire region. Regarding Security Council Resolution 1701, he claimed Israel had not implemented a single clause of the resolution and no one had demanded that it do so, it continued to attack and commit [alleged] “crimes” and did not adhere to the resolution. Qassem explained that the solution was the “resistance,” which had brought achievements such as the liberation of south Lebanon. He addressed Israel, saying, “Don’t threaten us, because when we hear the threats, we sense your stupidity” (al-Ahed, January 9, 2024).
  • Nabil Qaouq, a member of Hezbollah’s Central Council, said in a speech given at al-Tawil’s funeral that Israel had thought that killing senior figures would undermine the resolve of the “resistance,” but it was mistaken because they only grew stronger, thanks to the martyrs. He stressed that the Gaza Strip would win thanks to the weapons of the resistance, and that the only language between them and Israel was through missiles and drones until Israel experienced nakba, and then they would raise the banner of victory (al-Ahed, January 9, 2024).
The Lebanese government
  • Lebanese Foreign Minister Abdallah Bou Habib said Hezbollah’s presence on the border with Israel depended on the continuation of the “Israeli occupation” of the Lebanese territories. He stressed that any agreement or solution they reached required the presence of the Lebanese president, and therefore they understood that the agreement would not be final unless a Lebanese president was elected and the war in the Gaza Strip ended. He also emphasized that the solution would only be in the implementation of all the provisions of Resolution 1701. Regarding the visit of Amos Hochstein, the American mediator, to Lebanon, he said Hochstein’s goal was only to delineate or clarify what the borders were, and that the problem would not be solved unless the border line was defined and Israel withdrew from the points of contention: the Shebaa Farms, the hills of Kafr Shuba, and point B1. Bou Habib said all those responsible in Lebanon spoke the same language and Hezbollah held the same position (al-Joumhouria, January 10, 2024).
  • Jean-Pierre Lacroix, head of the UN peacekeeping department, paid a visit to Lebanon where he met with senior government officials:
    • In a meeting with Najib Mikati, the interim prime minister, attended by the UN special coordinator in Lebanon, the UNIFIL commander and several advisors, the attendees discussed developments in south Lebanon and efforts to stop the fighting in the Gaza Strip. Mikati said they were looking for stability and a long-term solution, and in return, they received warnings from international messengers about war in Lebanon. He said Lebanon was willing to enter negotiations to achieve long-term stability in south Lebanon. Lacroix called on the parties to calm down, support the Lebanese army’s activity in the south, and continue the cooperation between the army and UNIFIL (Lebanese government X account, January 9, 2024).
    • Before meeting with the Lebanese interim prime minister, Lacroix met with Abdallah Bou Habib, the Lebanese foreign minister. After the meeting, Bou Habib said that the Shebaa Farms were an essential element in the overall solution and in ending the tension in south Lebanon, and could not be ignored. He said the Lebanese army was an essential partner in ensuring security and stability in south Lebanon, adding that it was important for them to have an agreement for the borders that would end the tension in south Lebanon. He also said they had appealed to international bodies with which they were in contact to ask Israel to restrain its statements, which caused tension in Lebanon (Lebanese News Agency, January 9, 2024).
    • Meeting with Nabih Berri, speaker of the parliament, he said the efforts of the UN secretary general, together with the international community, to de-escalate the situation and reach a permanent ceasefire, continued. Berri accused Israel of violating both Resolution 1701 and the rules of confrontation with its attacks (al-Nashra, January 9, 2024).
    • In a meeting with Joseph Aoun, commander of the Lebanese army, which was also attended by UNIFIL Commander Maj. Gen. Aroldo Lázaro, they discussed developments in south Lebanon and the general situation in Lebanon (Lebanese Army X account, January 9, 2024).

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Judea and Samaria
Counterterrorism activities
  • The Israeli security forces continued their counterterrorism activities throughout Judea and Samaria, detaining 14 wanted Palestinians. Since the beginning of the war in the Gaza Strip, more than 2,600 wanted Palestinians have been detained, about 1,300 of them Hamas operatives (IDF spokesperson’s Telegram channel, January 10, 2024).
  • On the night of January 9, 2024, Israeli security forces operated in Jenin and its refugee camp. Heavy engineering vehicles exposed over 80 ready-to-use IEDs planted under the roads (IDF spokesperson’s Telegram channel, January 10, 2024). An al-Jazeera TV correspondent reporting from Jenin described the withdrawal of the Israeli forces from the city and the end of the activity. He noted that heavy damage had been caused to the infrastructure (al-Jazeera YouTube channel, January 10, 2024).
Damage after the forces' activity (al-Jazeera YouTube channel, January 10, 2024)      Israeli security forces in Jenin (Wafa, January 10, 2024).
Right: Israeli security forces in Jenin (Wafa, January 10, 2024). Left: Damage after the forces’ activity (al-Jazeera YouTube channel, January 10, 2024)
  • On the morning of January 10, 2024, the Israeli forces operated in the Old City (Kasbah) of Nablus. They questioned suspects, detained two wanted Palestinians, and found weapons, ammunition and military equipment. The forces located a number of IEDs ready for detonation and destroyed them. One of the sites of the IEDs destroyed was near a café in the Kasbah. Riots developed, including throwing rocks and IEDs, and the forces responded with gunfire (IDF spokesperson’s Telegram channel, January 10, 2024). The Palestinian media reported exchanges of fire between armed Palestinians and the Israeli security forces and that IEDs were detonated during the forces’ activity (QudsN X account, January 10, 2024).
Israeli security forces' activity this morning in Nablus (QudsN X account, January 10, 2024)
Israeli security forces’ activity this morning in Nablus (QudsN X account, January 10, 2024)
  • Operating in Tarqumiyah (west of Hebron), the Israeli security forces detained two wanted Palestinians and destroyed 100 IEDs. In the village of Atarah (northwest of Ramallah), the forces mapped the house of the terrorist who carried out the shooting attack on January 7, 2024, at the British Police Junction, where an Israeli civilian was killed (IDF spokesperson’s Telegram channel, January 10, 2024).
Palestinian Authority (PA)
  • Mahmoud Abbas met in Ramallah with American Secretary of State Antony Blinken. They discussed the latest developments in the situation in the Palestinian territories, efforts to stop Israeli “aggression” against the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, Judea, Samaria and Jerusalem, and the importance of accelerating the entry of humanitarian aid into the Gaza Strip and enabling shelter centers and hospitals to fulfill their role. Mahmoud Abbas warned of the danger of the steps taken by Israel to uproot the Palestinians from the Gaza Strip, Judea, Samaria and Jerusalem, stressing that the Palestinians were completely opposed to it and would not allow it to happen. He stressed that the Gaza Strip was an integral part of the Palestinian state. He also stressed the need to release the tax revenues immediately. He said the Gaza Strip had priority and the Palestinians there, who were under PA responsibility, would not be abandoned (Wafa, January 10, 2024).

The meeting between Abbas and Blinken (Wafa, January 10, 2024)
The meeting between Abbas and Blinken (Wafa, January 10, 2024)

  • Before Antony Blinken’s visit, a call was posted on social media for the public to arrive at 11 a.m. at Manara Square in the city to participate in a protest rally against the visit because the United States supported Israel’s actions in the war in the Gaza Strip (QudsN X account, January 9, 2024). Thus, at the same time as the meeting, a demonstration was held near the Muqata’a to protest Blinken’s visit. PA security forces reportedly dispersed the demonstrators (Arabi21 website, January 10, 2024).
Palestinian security services clash with demonstrators (Akhbar al-Aan X account, January 10, 2024)     Poster calling on the public to participate in the protest rally (QudsN X account, January 9, 2024).
Right: Poster calling on the public to participate in the protest rally (QudsN X account, January 9, 2024). Left: Palestinian security services clash with demonstrators (Akhbar al-Aan X account, January 10, 2024)
  • The PA government and the European Union signed an agreement for a joint European support program worth €10 million for the Palestinians in Area C, as part of an agreement worth more than €11.5 million in which the EU, Germany and Denmark are partners (Wafa, January 9, 2024).
  • PA Prime Minister Mohammed Shtayyeh met with the Norwegian envoy to the Middle East peace process, Tor Wennesland, and the Norwegian representative to Palestine, Hilde Haraldstad. They discussed developments in the war in the Gaza Strip, the situation in Judea and Samaria, and the deduction of the tax revenues by Israel. Shtayyeh called on Norway and the international community to exert pressure on Israel to release the funds and stop the deduction. He also called on donor countries to provide them with financial support to deal with their economic crisis. Shtayyeh said their priorities were stopping the war in the Gaza Strip, continuing humanitarian aid, opening all the crossings and restoring electricity and water from Israel (Wafa, January 9, 2024).

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Iran
  • Hossein Amir Abdollahian, Iranian foreign minister, spoke with his Russian counterpart, Sergei Lavrov, to discuss regional developments, including the situation in the Gaza Strip and the Red Sea. Abdollahian said the developments in the Red Sea were related to the Gaza Strip and “the conduct of the United States and Israel towards Palestine.” The Iranian foreign minister also stressed the need to stop the attacks in the Gaza Strip (Tasnim, January 9, 2024).
Pro-Iranian militias
Iraq
  • “Two Iraqi army sources” reported that on January 8, 2024, the United States had attacked a rocket launcher in Iraq from the air, thwarting an attack against the Ain al-Assad base. It was noted that the launcher was mounted on a small truck and contained at least two rockets ready for launch. It was also noted that the American strike had completely destroyed the launcher (Reuters, January 9, 2024).
  • In an interview given by Ja’far al-Husseini, spokesman for the Iraqi Kataib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Brigades) militia, he noted the achievements of the Islamic Resistance in Iraq, mentioning, inter alia, the destruction of vital targets inside Israel by means of drones, the use of short-range ballistic missiles in attacks against the Ain al-Assad base, and the use of a developed cruise missile against a vital target in Haifa. He threatened that if Israel continued to spill Palestinian blood, they would expand the range of their attacks and the types of targets. He said there was support for Israel’s “aggression” by the Gulf states, especially the UAE, which played a “despicable role.” He noted that if the news coming to them regarding the UAE was true, it would be a special issue and they would have a different dialogue with it. If Israel considered carrying out any “stupid” action against Lebanon, the Iraqis would be present on the ground. In addition, all options would be open against the Americans and their allies if they considered attacking Yemen (al-Mayadeen, January 9, 2024).
Yemen
  • According to the United States Central Command (CENTCOM), on January 9, 2024, at around 9:15 p.m. (Sana’a time), the Houthis carried out a large-scale missile and drone attack targeting international shipping lanes used by dozens of ships. In American and British cooperation, 18 suicide drones, two missiles and an anti-ship ballistic missile were shot down. No casualties or damage were reported (CENTCOM X account, January 10, 2024).
  • Grant Shapps, Britain’s defense secretary, said the Houthi attack on the night of January 9-10, 2024, had been the largest so far. He noted that the destroyer HMS Diamond, in cooperation with American warships, had successfully repelled the attack. He stressed that they would take all necessary actions to protect innocent lives and the global economy (Sky News, January 10, 2024).
The Arab Arena
Egypt
  • As part of a round of visits to the Middle East, Annalena Baerbock, Germany’s foreign minister, visited Egypt and met with Sameh Shoukry, Egyptian foreign minister. At a press conference held after the meeting, she said the international community had to ensure the security of the Gaza Strip after the war. She stressed that a reformed Palestinian Authority had to play a decisive role in the future and that Hamas had to disarm (Reuters, January 9, 2024).
Saudi Arabia
  • Khaled bin Bandar, Saudi ambassador to Britain, said Saudi Arabia wanted to normalize relations with Israel after the war in the Gaza Strip, but that any deal had to lead to the establishment of a Palestinian state. He noted that the signing of the agreement was imminent, but that they had halted the talks, mediated by the United States, after the October 7 attack. He said Saudi Arabia continued to believe in establishing relations with Israel despite the many fatalities in the Gaza Strip, but that it would not happen at the expense of the Palestinian people. Regarding Hamas’ role in a future Palestinian state, he said it required a lot of thought. He also said their problem today with the Israeli government was that it had an extremist view that was not working to reach a compromise (BBC, January 9, 2024).
The International Arena
United States
  • Before American Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s arrival in Israel, “Western diplomatic sources” were quoted as saying that during the visit, Blinken would inform Israel that the Arab countries he visited, first and foremost Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Qatar, were not willing to inject money or political capital into solving the problem or rehabilitating the Gaza Strip until a practical solution for the Palestinian people had been found (I’laf, January 9, 2024).
United Kingdom
  • David Cameron, Britain’s foreign secretary, said he was concerned that Israel might have breached international law in Gaza. He said the advice he had received so far was that Israel was compliant, but there were questions to answer (Reuters, January 9, 2024).

[1] Click https://www.terrorism-info.org.il/en to subscribe and receive the ITIC's daily updates as well as its other publications.
[2] For further information, see the April 2010 ITIC report, "The Islamic University in the Gaza Strip: an academic institution controlled by Hezbollah and supported by external donors, including in Western countries."