News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 30, 2020 –January 5, 2021)

IDF forces in Deir Nizam (IDF Twitter account, January 3, 2021).

IDF forces in Deir Nizam (IDF Twitter account, January 3, 2021).

PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh condemns the IDF fire (Muhammad Shtayyeh's Facebook page, January 4, 2021).

PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh condemns the IDF fire (Muhammad Shtayyeh's Facebook page, January 4, 2021).

Senior Hamas figure Mahmoud al-Zahar (right) and senior PIJ figure Khaled al-Batash (left) give speeches during an event in Gaza Strip to mark the anniversary of the targeted killing of Qassem Soleimani (Paltoday, January 4, 2021).

Senior Hamas figure Mahmoud al-Zahar (right) and senior PIJ figure Khaled al-Batash (left) give speeches during an event in Gaza Strip to mark the anniversary of the targeted killing of Qassem Soleimani (Paltoday, January 4, 2021).

Senior Hamas figure Mahmoud al-Zahar (right) and senior PIJ figure Khaled al-Batash (left) give speeches during an event in Gaza Strip to mark the anniversary of the targeted killing of Qassem Soleimani (Paltoday, January 4, 2021).

Senior Hamas figure Mahmoud al-Zahar (right) and senior PIJ figure Khaled al-Batash (left) give speeches during an event in Gaza Strip to mark the anniversary of the targeted killing of Qassem Soleimani (Paltoday, January 4, 2021).

Ziyad al-Nakhalah gives a speech at the ceremony in Tehran (al-Alam TV website, January 1, 2021).

Ziyad al-Nakhalah gives a speech at the ceremony in Tehran (al-Alam TV website, January 1, 2021).

  • In the Gaza Strip the number of active coronavirus cases stands at 9,308 (up from last week). The rate of positive test results is greater than 20%. In Judea and Samaria the number of active coronavirus cases stands at 7,831 (slightly down from last week). The rate of positive test results is greater than 21%. In all probability, the actual extent of infection is greater than the numbers reported by the ministries of health in Gaza and Ramallah. The Palestinian Authority (PA) is in contact with companies producing the vaccine, but it would seem that so far no agreements have been reached.
  • This past week the Gaza Strip was quiet. In Judea and Samaria an Israeli woman was critically wounded when stones were thrown at her vehicle (near the village of Deir Nizam, northwest of Ramallah). The throwing of stones (and sometimes rocks) and Molotov cocktails at passing Israeli vehicles in Judea and Samaria is a frequent occurrence. Most of the incidents do not cause injuries but in the past there have been serious injuries and deaths.
  • During violent clashes between Palestinians and IDF forces evacuating an illegal building in the village of Yatta, south of Hebron, a Palestinian was shot and fatally wounded. The Israeli media reported that the IDF had opened an investigation into the incident. The Palestinian foreign ministry condemned the incident and called on the International Criminal Court (ICC) to open an investigation.
  • A ceremony was held in the Gaza Strip to mark the anniversary of the death of Qassem Soleimani, commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps’ Qods Force. Spokesmen for the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), which sent a delegation to Tehran, and Hamas praised the military support Soleimani had given the Palestinian organizations. The support included, they said, weapons (among them long-range rockets) smuggled into the Gaza Strip, training, money and knowhow used today for the self-production of weapons in the Gaza Strip.
  • Riyad al-Maliki, Palestinian foreign minister, said the PA had expectations of a change in relations with the United States after the election of Joe Biden. He said indirect contacts were being made with Biden’s staff through the Palestinian and Arab community in the United States, and through Palestinian businessmen. He said he expected the Biden administration to gradually repair Trump’s “mistaken” policies, including the reopening of the American consulate in east Jerusalem.
  • The PA gave the prisoners and the families of shaheeds their payments for December 2020 through February 2021. In the meantime the PA is examining indirect ways to continue the payments. This past week Azzam al-Shawwa, governor of the Palestinian monetary authority, resigned for “personal reasons.” According to reports, he resigned over the PA’s establishment of an independent bank.
The Gaza Strip

On January 5, 2021, 396 new active cases of Covid-19 were reported in the Gaza Strip. During the past 24 hours 1,646 tests were administered. The rate of positive results is 24.06%. The number of active cases currently stands at 9,308. There are 240 patients in ICUs, 139 in serious condition. So far there have been 404 coronavirus-related deaths.

Judea and Samaria

During the past 24 hours 545 new active cases of Covid-19 were reported in Judea and Samaria, and 2,565 tests were administered. The rate of positive results is 21.24%. The number of active cases currently stands at 7,831. There are 113 patients in ICUs, 27 on ventilators. During the past 24 hours nine patients died, bringing the number of coronavirus-related deaths to 1,101 (Facebook page of the ministry of health in Ramallah, January 5, 2021).

Rocket and mortar shell fire into Israel
  • This past week no rocket hits were identified in Israeli territory.
  • On January 2, 2021, Hamas fired nine rockets towards the sea during an exercise of its military capabilities.
Monthly Distribution of Rocket and Mortar Shell Fire

Monthly Distribution of Rocket and Mortar Shell Fire

Annual Distribution of Rocket Hits

Annual Distribution of Rocket Hits

Israeli civilian woman critically injured by thrown rock
  • On January 3, 2021, rock were thrown at a car near the village of Deir Nizam, northwest of Ramallah. One of the rocks hit the front windshield, causing the driver a critical head injury. Two of her children in the car with her were unharmed. IDF forces pursued the Palestinians who threw the stones (IDF spokesman, January 3, 2021). On January 4, 2021 Israeli security forces detained several suspects in Deir Nizam. The IDF activity continues (IDF spokesman, January 4, 2021).
The woman's vehicle (Right: Facebook page of the IDF spokesman in Arabic, Avihai Adrai, January 3, 2021; Left: Benyamin Regional Council spokesman's unit, January 3, 2021).  The woman's vehicle (Right: Facebook page of the IDF spokesman in Arabic, Avihai Adrai, January 3, 2021; Left: Benyamin Regional Council spokesman's unit, January 3, 2021).
The woman’s vehicle (Right: Facebook page of the IDF spokesman in Arabic, Avihai Adrai, January 3, 2021; Left: Benyamin Regional Council spokesman’s unit, January 3, 2021).
IDF forces in Deir Nizam (deernetham Facebook page, January 3, 2021).  IDF forces in Deir Nizam (IDF Twitter account, January 3, 2021).
Right: IDF forces in Deir Nizam (IDF Twitter account, January 3, 2021). Left: IDF forces in Deir Nizam (deernetham Facebook page, January 3, 2021).

Throwing stones, Molotov cocktails and sometimes rocks at Israeli vehicles on the roads in Judea and Samaria, including civilian vehicles, is a common occurrence.[2] Most of the events do not end with casualties, but in the past there have been injuries and sometimes deaths.[3]

Palestinian civilian man mortally wounded during a clash with IDF forces
  • On January 1, 2021, Palestinians clashed with IDF forces who had come to evacuate an illegal building in the village of Yatta, south of Hebron. Riots developed in which about 150 Palestinians threw stones at IDF fighters. At one point an incident occurred in which a Palestinian struggled with IDF forces and was shot in the head and fatally wounded. The IDF began an investigation of the incident (Israeli media, January 1, 2021).
  • A video documenting the shooting was uploaded to the social media networks and received many comments. The PA foreign ministry called on human rights organizations to document the crimes [allegedly] committed by Israel and to send the documentation to the International Criminal Court (ICC), which, the ministry said, should open an investigation (Wafa, January 1, 2021). At the weekly PA government meeting it was reported that a request had been sent to the ICC to investigate the circumstances of the shooting (Muhammad Shtayyeh’s Facebook page, January 4, 2021).
Other events
  • In Judea and Samaria Palestinians continued throwing stones and Molotov cocktails at Israeli vehicles. The more prominent events were the following:[4]
    • January 4, 2021: Stones were thrown at a vehicle south of Jerusalem. No casualties were reported.
    • January 4, 2021: Stones were thrown at a bus west of Nablus. No casualties were reported. The front windshield of the bus was damaged.
    • January 4, 2021: Stones were thrown at a bus northeast of Ramallah. No casualties or damage were reported.
    • January 4, 2021: Stones were thrown at a vehicle south of Jerusalem. No casualties were reported.
    • January 4, 2021: Three Palestinians threw stones at a Border Police force and the community of Giv’on, northwest of Jerusalem. They were caught by Border Police fighters southwest of Jerusalem and taken for interrogation.
    • January 3, 2021: Stones were thrown at a bus south of Nablus. No casualties were reported.
    • January 3, 2021: Stones were thrown at a bus south of Bethlehem. No casualties were reported.
    • January 3, 2021: Stones were thrown at a bus east of Jenin. No casualties were reported.
    • January 2, 2021: A Molotov cocktail was thrown at an IDF guard post on the Gush Etzion-Hebron road near the al-Aroub refugee camp. No casualties were reported.
    • January 1, 2021: Stones were thrown at a bus and another vehicle south of Hebron. No casualties were reported.
    • January 1, 2021: Stones were thrown at a vehicle north of Hebron. No casualties or damage were reported.
    • January 1, 2021: Stones were thrown at a bus on the Hebron road. No casualties or damage were reported.
    • December 31, 2020: Stones were thrown at a vehicle southwest of Hebron. No casualties were reported.
    • December 31, 2020: Stones were thrown at a vehicle west of Ariel. No casualties were reported.
    • December 31, 2020: Stones were thrown at a vehicle southeast of Ramallah. No casualties were reported.
    • December 30, 2020: Two Molotov cocktails were thrown in the al-Fawwar region south of Hebron. No casualties were reported.
Significant terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria since January 2019[5]

Significant terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria since January 2019

Events marking the anniversary of the targeted killing of Qassem Soleimani
  • On January 4, 2021, a ceremony was held to mark the targeted killing of Qassem Soleimani, attended by senior Hamas and PIJ figures. Spokesmen stressed the contributions made by Iran, and Soleimani in particular, to the Gaza Strip. Mahmoud al-Zahar, a member of Hamas’ political bureau, said Soleimani was the first to support the Hamas government with funds in 2006, which paid salaries and helped needy families and the families of shaheeds. Khaled al-Batash, a member of the PIJ’s political bureau, said Soleimani had always been interested in the smallest details relating to the Palestinian fighter and his training. He said hundreds and even thousands of Palestinians had gone to Iran for training and returned with knowledge and the best fighting skills (Paltoday, January 4, 2021).
Senior Hamas figure Mahmoud al-Zahar (right) and senior PIJ figure Khaled al-Batash (left) give speeches during an event in Gaza Strip to mark the anniversary of the targeted killing of Qassem Soleimani (Paltoday, January 4, 2021).    Senior Hamas figure Mahmoud al-Zahar (right) and senior PIJ figure Khaled al-Batash (left) give speeches during an event in Gaza Strip to mark the anniversary of the targeted killing of Qassem Soleimani (Paltoday, January 4, 2021).
Senior Hamas figure Mahmoud al-Zahar (right) and senior PIJ figure Khaled al-Batash (left) give speeches during an event in Gaza Strip to mark the anniversary of the targeted killing of Qassem Soleimani (Paltoday, January 4, 2021).
  • In preparation for the anniversary signs were hung in the streets with pictures of Soleimani and the inscription, “Shaheed of Jerusalem.” A short time later a video was uploaded to the social media networks of young Palestinians taking the signs down. Majdi al-Mughrabi, a Salafi sheikh from Rafah, who opposes Iranian involvement in the Middle East, especially the Gaza Strip, called for the signs to be torn and defaced, and issued a picture in which he himself takes one down (Facebook page of Sheikh Majdi al-Mughrabi, December 30, 2020).
Sheikh al-Mughrabi takes down a sign (Facebook page of Sheikh Majdi al-Mughrabi, December 30, 2020).     Sign hung in Gaza City in memory of Qassem Soleimani (YouTube, January 1, 2021).
Right: Sign hung in Gaza City in memory of Qassem Soleimani (YouTube, January 1, 2021). Left: Sheikh al-Mughrabi takes down a sign (Facebook page of Sheikh Majdi al-Mughrabi, December 30, 2020).
More signs in Gaza that were torn or disfigured (Right: al-Hurra TV website, December 31, 2020; Left:, Twitter account of Mustafa Kamal, January 3, 2021).  More signs in Gaza that were torn or disfigured (Right: al-Hurra TV website, December 31, 2020; Left:, Twitter account of Mustafa Kamal, January 3, 2021).
More signs in Gaza that were torn or disfigured (Right: al-Hurra TV website, December 31, 2020; Left:, Twitter account of Mustafa Kamal, January 3, 2021).
PIJ leader visits Iran
  • Ziyad al-Nakhalah, PIJ leader, arrived in Tehran heading a delegation of organization members. They participated in the events held for the anniversary of Qassem Soleimani’s death (PIJ website, January 1, 2021). In a speech al-Nakhalah gave at Tehran University he said that “the blood of the shaheeds is the lifeline of the tree of resistance and jihad.” He said Soleimani had been present in all the fighting arenas, especially the Palestinian. He added that Soleimani made sure to supply the Palestinians with the rockets that hit Israel (PIJ website, January 1, 2021; al-Alam TV website, January 1, 2021).
  • While in Iran al-Nakhalah said in an interview that all the engineering and production units of both the PIJ and Hamas had trained in Iran, and that only later had they managed to establish their own training units for engineers and experts who could train others. He said weapons had reached the Gaza Strip thanks to Soleimani, who had enlisted all Iran’s capabilities to deliver them to the Gaza Strip. It had also been Soleimani’s idea to train operatives from the Gaza Strip to manufacture long-range rockets. He added that the Gaza Strip currently had thousands of rockets and workshops for their production, which “worked around the clock” (al-Mayadeen, January 1, 2021).
Hamas calls for reinforcement of Arab presence in al-Aqsa mosque
  • Hamas said in an announcement that the number of attacks carried out by settlers against Palestinians had risen because of the normalization agreements between Israel and the Arab states. Hamas called Israeli Arabs to reinforce their presence and activities in al-Aqsa mosque to make Israel’s plans fail. Hamas also appealed to the PA, saying it had to assume responsibility and support the residents of Jerusalem (Dunia al-Watan, December 30, 2020).
Renewal of contacts for the internal Palestinian reconciliation
  • On January 2, 2021, Mahmoud Abbas’ office announced that he had received a letter from Isma’il Haniyeh, head of Hamas’ political bureau, transmitted to him by Jibril Rajoub, the secretary of Fatah’s Central Committee. Haniyeh wrote that Hamas was prepared to hold relative representation elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council, the presidency and the Palestinian National Council, one following the other and not all at the same time, as it had been demanding. According to a report, after Mahmoud Abbas read the letter, he instructed Jibril Rajoub to tell Hamas that he welcomed its contents. Mahmoud Abbas also decided to summon Dr. Hana Nasser, the chairman of the central elections committee, to discuss procedures for the elections. Mahmoud Abbas issued an announcement thanking Egypt, Qatar, Turkey, Russia and Jordan for their contributions to reaching the agreement.
  • Hamas spokesman Taher al-Nunu said Hamas was genuinely interested in the reconciliation and was extending its hand to the PA for the construction of a “united national front” to ensure the failure of the threats the Palestinian cause. However, he added, the PA’s return to security coordination with Israel was liable to make their efforts fail (alresala.net, December 31, 2020). Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem said Hamas’ initiative had arisen from its understanding of the strategic value of achieving a reconciliation, especially in view of the difficulties the Palestinian cause was struggling with (alresala.net, January 2, 2021). Note: Agreeing to hold elections is in fact a change in Hamas’ position. However, it is possible that the change was the result of tactical considerations whose objective was to represent Hamas as interested in renewing contacts for Palestinian unity.
Marking the anniversary of the founding of Fatah
  • On January 1. 2021, Fatah marked the 56th anniversary of its founding. This year the main event was cancelled because of the coronavirus, and the PA gave instructions not to hold mass events (Dunia al-Watan, December 20, 2020). Instead poorly-attended torch-lighting ceremonies were held in several locations in Judea and Samaria. The traditional ceremony in the Muqata’a in Ramallah to initiate the events was held without Mahmoud Abbas. Mahmoud al-‘Alul, deputy Fatah chairman, lit the traditional torch and gave a speech instead of Mahmoud Abbas (Wafa, December 31, 2020; January 1, 2021).
  • Mahmoud Abbas gave a speech stressing that despite [alleged] “Israeli aggression” they were working to strengthen the internal front, achieve a reconciliation and hold elections. He said they expected to work with the Biden administration to achieve peace based on mutual trust. He added that they sought activity and coordination with the Arab and Muslim states to achieve international support and resolve the Palestinian cause based on two states with the 1967 borders. He also said they would find a just solution for the Palestinian cause in accordance with UN General Assembly Resolution 194[6] (Palestinian TV, December 31, 2020).
  • The al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigades, Fatah’s military wing, issued a statement for the anniversary saying they would continue preparing for a future confrontation with Israel in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and Jerusalem. They added that the armed struggle was the only path to the “liberation of Palestine” (Dunia al-Watan, January 1, 2021).
Lighting the torch in Bethlehem (Wafa, December 31, 2020).  Mahmoud al-'Alul lights the traditional torch in the Muqata'a compound in Ramallah (Wafa, December 31, 2020).
Right: Mahmoud al-‘Alul lights the traditional torch in the Muqata’a compound in Ramallah (Wafa, December 31, 2020). Left: Lighting the torch in Bethlehem (Wafa, December 31, 2020).
  • In the Gaza Strip the day was marked by lighting torches in Yasser Arafat’s house in Gaza City, with a limited number of participants (Wafa, January 1, 2021; Fatah in Gaza website, December 31, 2020).
Ahmed Hilles, a member of Fatah's Central Committee, lights the torch (website of Fatah in the Gaza Strip, December 31, 2020).      Ahmed Hilles, a member of Fatah's Central Committee, lights the torch (website of Fatah in the Gaza Strip, December 31, 2020).
Ahmed Hilles, a member of Fatah’s Central Committee, lights the torch
(website of Fatah in the Gaza Strip, December 31, 2020).
PA-United States relations
  • Riyad al-Maliki, Palestinian foreign minister related in an interview to a change in PA-American relations following the election of Joe Biden as president. He said indirect initial contacts had been held with Biden’s transition team through the Palestinian and Arab community in the United States. He said the matter had been discussed with Antony Blinken, Biden’s future Secretary of State. Palestinian businessmen, he said, have also been in contact with the transition team. He added that he could not say there had been a direct, formal contact but could say indirect, informal contacts had been held.
  • Al-Maliki also said that the Palestinians expected the Biden administration to begin gradually repairing Trump’s “mistaken” policies and to restore relations. He added that the process would be gradual and would include the reopening of the American consulate in east Jerusalem (Palestinian TV, January 2, 2021).
Muhammad Shtayyeh gives speech about the settlements
  • PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh gave a speech in which he said the problem of the settlements was a top priority for the Palestinian people. He added that the PA was working on several levels, among them the national and public levels. He also said that the ICC was monitoring the issue and that the Palestinians systematically updated the Court about developments. He also said the Palestinian leadership planned to use all the means at its disposal to strengthen the firm stance of the residents of Jerusalem, in the Jordan Valley, and in Area C (Sawa, December 31, 2020).
Monthly payments for Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails
  • Qudri Abu Bakr, chairman of the authority of prisoners and released prisoners’ affairs, said payments had been made to the prisoners for December 2020 and January and February 2021 to give the Palestinian government time to find a suitable way to pay the released prisoners, given the sanctions Israel imposed on the banks (al-Andalou News, December 29, 2020).[7] He made the statement because the order of the commander of the IDF’s Central Command went into effect on January 1, 2021, banning the banks in Judea and Samaria from providing banking services to prisoners, released prisoners and the families of shaheeds receiving payments from the PA.
  • In the meantime the Palestinian monetary authority announced that Azzam al-Shawwa, the governor of the authority, had handed in his resignation to Mahmoud Abbas, citing “personal reasons,” after having held the post for five years; Mahmoud Abbas accepted his resignation (website of the Palestinian monetary authority, January 3, 2021). The Palestinian media reported that Fares Milhem would be appointed to replace him (al-Hayat al-Jadeeda, January 3, 2021). PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh said Fares Milhem had served as a member of the board of directors of the Palestinian monetary authority for more than five years (Wafa, January 4, 2021). He was sworn in along with Muhammad Manasra, who was chosen to serve as deputy governor on December 24, 2020 (website of the Palestinian monetary authority, December 24, 2020). According to various reports, al-Shawwa resigned over his objections to the establishment of an independent Palestinian bank (Amad, January 3, 2021; the Chinese News Agency in English, January 4, 2021).
UNRWA’s financial situation
  • UNRWA spokesman Sami Meshasha said the agency was currently in need of $18 million to pay the salaries of its employees and to cover other needs. He said UNRWA had asked for a budget of $1.2 billion but so far had received only $750 million. He said they were planning to have an international meeting in the middle of 2021 under Swedish and Jordanian aegis to deal with UNRWA’s financial crisis and an attempt to find funding (Sawa, December 20, 2020).
  • UNRWA spokesman Adnan Abu Hasna said the agency had managed to pay 80% of the salaries of its 30,000 employees. He said the main problems were funding its health and educational institutions, and getting help for some of its other programs (alresala.net, December 31, 2020).
Opposition to Israel’s plan to extend light railway
  • The Palestinian foreign ministry called on the international community to exert pressure on Israel to prevent it from carrying out its plan for the light railway in Jerusalem. Israel’s objective, according to the ministry, was to join the settlements around Jerusalem to the city itself. It claimed that would change Jerusalem’s identity and isolate the Palestinian neighborhoods. The ministry added that the plan reflected an Israeli attempt to exploit the last days of Trump’s presidency to carry out as many of its plans as possible to enlarge the “settlement project” (Wafa, December 30, 2021).
Activity of Palestinian security forces in Kafr ‘Aqab
  • The PA’s prosecutor general and the Palestinian police began an investigation into the circumstances surrounding the fatal shooting of three residents of Kafr ‘Aqab. Louay Erzikat, spokesman for the Palestinian police, said a force of police and security personnel had gone to Kafr ‘Aqab (which belongs to the Jerusalem municipality) to preserve security and public order. The police later detained two suspects (website of the PA police, January 2, 2021). According to ‘Adel Awad, Kafr ‘Aqab mayor, the Palestinian security forces entered the neighborhood after coordinating with the IDF. He also said the solution for the anarchy in Kafr ‘Aqab was a permanent presence of the Palestinian security forces (al-Quds al-Arabi, January 3, 2021).
  • In the wake of the incident, the Wafa News Agency published an article referring to Kafr ‘Aqab as an example of the anarchy and lack of security in the Palestinian neighborhoods and villages located in the Jerusalem municipality. According to Samih Abu Rumila, head of the emergency committee of the Kafr ‘Aqab local council, there is a high level of crime in Kafr ‘Aqab because the Israeli authorities do not properly fill their role. He said there was anarchy in Kafr ‘Aqab where 80,000 Jerusalemites lived and paid the price with their blood although they paid taxes to the Jerusalem municipality. Adnan Ghait, governor of the Palestinian Jerusalem district, put the blame on Israel because, he said, it prevented the Palestinian security forces from bringing law and order to the Jerusalem suburbs (Wafa, January 4, 2021).
Palestinian security force presence in Kafr 'Aqab after the shooting (Right: Palestine Online Twitter account, January 2, 2021. Left: YouTube, January 3 2021).   Palestinian security force presence in Kafr 'Aqab after the shooting (Right: Palestine Online Twitter account, January 2, 2021. Left: YouTube, January 3 2021).
Palestinian security force presence in Kafr ‘Aqab after the shooting (Right: Palestine Online Twitter account, January 2, 2021. Left: YouTube, January 3 2021).

[1] For further information, see the January 4, 2021 bulletin "The spread of Covid-19 in Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria Updated to January 4, 2021."
[2] Some of the events are documented in the ITIC's News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.

[3] On September 14, 2015, an Israeli civilian was killed when stones were thrown at his vehicle in the south Jerusalem neighborhood of Arnona. He was Alexander Levlowitz, a resident of Jerusalem, who was on his way home. His vehicle was attacked with stones on a nearby road. Levlowitz apparently had a heart attack and lost control of the vehicle, swerving off the road and hitting a pole. His death was called upon arrival at a hospital. Two women passengers were slightly injured (Ynet, September 14, 2015).

[4] All information and reports are from Rescue Without Borders in Judea and Samaria unless otherwise noted.

[5] A significant attack is defined by the ITIC as involving shooting, a vehicular attack, the use of IEDs, or a combination of the above. Stones and Molotov cocktails thrown by Palestinians are not included.

[6] UN General Assembly Resolution 194 was passed on December 11, 1948 and deals with the attempt to find a way to resolve the Israeli-Arab conflict. It is widely referred to because of Article 11, which deals with the problem of the Palestinian refugees, which turned into the Palestinians main argument for the so-called "right of return."

[7] For further information, see the December 29, 2020 bulletin, "The Palestinian Authority plans to pay prisoners and the families of shaheeds three months in advance to gain time to find ways to circumvent the Israeli ban."