Hamas use of the civilian population as human shields and Gaza’s civilian facilities for terrorism

Shifa Hospital.

Shifa Hospital.

Where Hamas headquarters are located below the hospital (IDF website, October 27, 2023)

Where Hamas headquarters are located below the hospital (IDF website, October 27, 2023)

Some of the weapons and other military-terrorist equipment found in the hospital (IDF spokesman’s website, November 15, 2023)

Some of the weapons and other military-terrorist equipment found in the hospital (IDF spokesman’s website, November 15, 2023)

A shaft of terrorist tunnels and launch pits near the Indonesian Hospital in the northern Gaza Strip (IDF spokesman's website, November 5, 2023)

A shaft of terrorist tunnels and launch pits near the Indonesian Hospital in the northern Gaza Strip (IDF spokesman's website, November 5, 2023)

Yahya al-Sinwar at a Hamas rally in Gaza with two young children (Palestine Online, October 1, 2022; Hamas website, October 1, 2022)

Yahya al-Sinwar at a Hamas rally in Gaza with two young children (Palestine Online, October 1, 2022; Hamas website, October 1, 2022)

Yahya al-Sinwar walking in Gaza City with close security and children everywhere along the way (Maan, May 26, 2021)

Yahya al-Sinwar walking in Gaza City with close security and children everywhere along the way (Maan, May 26, 2021)

Al-Sinwar holds a child at a Hamas rally in Gaza on May 24, 2021 (Twitter account of photographer Ashraf Abu Amra, May 24, 2021)

Al-Sinwar holds a child at a Hamas rally in Gaza on May 24, 2021 (Twitter account of photographer Ashraf Abu Amra, May 24, 2021)

Al-Sinwar with children at the main rally marking the 31st anniversary of the founding of Hamas on December 15, 2018 (Palinfo Twitter account, December 16, 2018)

Al-Sinwar with children at the main rally marking the 31st anniversary of the founding of Hamas on December 15, 2018 (Palinfo Twitter account, December 16, 2018)

Al-Sinwar holds a child at the main rally to mark the 30th anniversary of the founding of Hamas on December 14, 2017 (Twitter account of @3omar__h, December 14, 2017)

Al-Sinwar holds a child at the main rally to mark the 30th anniversary of the founding of Hamas on December 14, 2017 (Twitter account of @3omar__h, December 14, 2017)

Overview[1]
  • For years, Hamas and the other terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip have been using the local population as human shields and using civilian facilities for their military-terrorist purposes. To that end, they placed headquarters, ammunition depots, rocket launchers, mortar shells and tunnel openings inside civilian facilities such as hospitals, educational institutions (from kindergartens to universities), UNRWA facilities and residential buildings. They often use ambulances for operational purposes and to transport commanders around the Gaza Strip. The network of tunnels dug by Hamas passes under densely populated areas and the tunnel openings are often located within the civilian population.
  • Hamas’ use of civilians and civilian facilities has been more widely exposed and more clearly brought into focus by Operation Iron Swords, which began in Gaza on October 7, 2023, following the barbaric terrorist invasion and massacres carried out by Hamas and other terrorist organizations in the Israeli cities, towns and villages near the border. Every day, the IDF forces operating inside the Gaza Strip expose more instances of the terrorist organizations’ use of the civilian population, especially by Hamas. In addition, a substantial amount information is revealed through questioning of terrorists detained in Israel.
  • The terrorist organizations use not only civilian facilities but the civilian population itself. For example, from the beginning of the war, Hamas has prevented the residents of the northern Gaza Strip from evacuating to the south as urged by the IDF forces to save their lives. Hamas called on the residents to return to their homes and not to obey the IDF, and it used violence against those who tried to leave.
  • The main objective of using civilians and civilian facilities is to protect military-terrorist operatives and keep them safe from IDF counterterrorism activities, knowing that IDF forces avoid harming civilians. This time as well, Hamas is waging the war in Gaza at the expense of local residents and has no concern for their safety. For example, Hamas has opened the hospitals in the Gaza Strip, where its military-terrorist headquarters and bases are located, to residents seeking refuge, making it difficult for the IDF forces to take action against Hamas. Hamas also steals the humanitarian aid and remaining fuel reserves that were designated for hospitals and the civilian population.
  • Senior Hamas terrorists in the Gaza Strip, led by Yahya al-Sinwar, consistently appear at public events with small children, secure in the knowledge that the IDF would not attack them. Al-Sinwar has been photographed accompanied by children several times, not only at public events, but also on his street patrols in Gaza, with children deployed alongside him to prevent him from being targeted.
Further Information
  • For example:
Shifa Hospital in Gaza City
  • Shifa Hospital is the largest hospital in the Gaza Strip, with 1,500 beds and a staff of about 4,000. Hamas uses it as a military-terrorist headquarters. Below the hospital are underground facilities used by senior Hamas terrorists, and a tunnel leads to the hospital which allowed Hamas operatives to enter the headquarters without going through the hospital. Located inside the hospital was a Hamas internal security force control center manned by armed operatives both routinely and in emergencies, as well as a headquarters for directing terrorist activity, such as rocket and anti-tank fire, and the activities of operatives. Weapons were also stored on the hospital grounds. Information gained during the questioning of Hamas terrorists captured by the IDF forces reinforced the assessment of the use of Shifa Hospital by the Hamas leadership. According to reports, Hamas also used the hospital’s fuel reserves and electricity for its own purposes (IDF spokesman, October 27, 2023).
  • To protect the hospital from IDF attacks, Hamas allowed recently displaced north Gazans to stay in the hospital compound. The objective was to prevent a possible IDF attack, which would cause many civilian casualties. Many videos posted on social media showed large numbers of Gazans in the compound and in the hospital corridors. Hamas also placed huge screens in the hospital complex where every evening it projected videos about the latest operations of its military-terrorist wing. Hundreds of residents gathered there and watched the videos, serving as a shield against an attack (al-Jazeera Mubasher, November 5, 2023).
  • Hamas’ exploitation of Shifa Hospital for military purposes is not new. It was used during Operation Protective Edge (2014) and Operation Cast Lead (2008). During Operation Protective Edge, Nick Casey, a reporter for The Wall Street Journal, tweeted that Hamas used the hospital as a safe place to meet with representatives of the media.[2]
 Where Hamas headquarters are located below the hospital (IDF website, October 27, 2023)    Shifa Hospital.
Right: Shifa Hospital. Left: Where Hamas headquarters are located below the hospital (IDF website, October 27, 2023)
Hundreds of Gazans gather near the hospital and watch videos of the operations of the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades, Hamas’ military-terrorist wing (al-Jazeera Mubasher, November 5, 2023)    Hundreds of Gazans gather near the hospital and watch videos of the operations of the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades, Hamas’ military-terrorist wing (al-Jazeera Mubasher, November 5, 2023)
Hundreds of Gazans gather near the hospital and watch videos of the operations of the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades, Hamas’ military-terrorist wing (al-Jazeera Mubasher, November 5, 2023)
  • On the night of November 14, 2023, the IDF forces began an operation in a designated compound at the Shifa hospital for which there was intelligence information indicating Hamas terrorist activity. The operation was carried out after the hospital management had been informed of the forces’ entry into the compound and after an effort had been made to evacuate patients and residents, for which the IDF also opened a special transit route. IDF forces also delivered medical equipment, incubators, and baby food to the hospital. Before entering the hospital, the IDF forces had to deal with explosives and terrorist squads. A firefight ensued during which terrorists were killed (IDF spokesman, November 15, 2023).
  • During the activity, the forces located an operational headquarters with a substantial amount of evidence to prove Hamas used the hospital for military-terrorist purposes. IDF forces found weapons, technological equipment and military equipment at the site (IDF spokesman, November 15, 2023).
  • Hamas strenuously denied the IDF spokesman’s report, claiming the report was false and intended to pave the way for an attack on the main hospital building, where there were thousands of wounded, sick and displaced people (Hamas Telegram channel, October 27, 2023). Even after the entry of the forces and the presentation of the evidence, senior Hamas terrorists continued their denials, claiming that after Israel attacked the Shifa Hospital it lied about what it had found there.
Some of the weapons and other military-terrorist equipment found in the hospital (IDF spokesman’s website, November 15, 2023)    Some of the weapons and other military-terrorist equipment found in the hospital (IDF spokesman’s website, November 15, 2023)
Some of the weapons and other military-terrorist equipment found in the hospital (IDF spokesman’s website, November 15, 2023)    Some of the weapons and other military-terrorist equipment found in the hospital (IDF spokesman’s website, November 15, 2023)
Some of the weapons and other military-terrorist equipment found in the hospital (IDF spokesman’s website, November 15, 2023)
The Indonesian Hospital in the northern Gaza Strip
  • Another example of Hamas’ exploitation of a hospital is the Indonesian Hospital in Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip. The 110-bed hospital was built with funding from Indonesia at a cost of $32 million and opened in January 2016. During Operation Iron Swords, the IDF exposed rocket launch pits and a terrorist tunnel shaft near the hospital (IDF spokesman, November 5, 2023).
A shaft of terrorist tunnels and launch pits near the Indonesian Hospital in the northern Gaza Strip (IDF spokesman's website, November 5, 2023)
A shaft of terrorist tunnels and launch pits near the Indonesian Hospital in the northern Gaza Strip (IDF spokesman’s website, November 5, 2023)
Rantisi Children’s Hospital
  • On November 13, 2023, the IDF spokesman revealed evidence that Rantisi Children’s Hospital[3] in the north of Gaza City was used by Hamas for military-terrorist purposes. A Hamas command center operated in the basement of the hospital, where large quantities of weapons, explosive devices and explosive belts, were found. A terrorist tunnel was also located. Evidence was found indicating that some of the abductees had been held in the basement under the hospital, including diapers, a pacifier and a baby bottle, apparently for the abducted babies. A motorcycle used by the abductors on the day of the terrorist attack was also found there (IDF spokesman website, November 13, 2023).
 Weapons found in the hospital basement (IDF spokesman’s website, November 13, 2023)  A photograph showing the Hamas presence in Rantisi Hospital.
Right: A photograph showing the Hamas presence in Rantisi Hospital. Left: Weapons found in the hospital basement (IDF spokesman’s website, November 13, 2023)
 Diapers, a pacifier and a baby bottle that were used by the babies abducted from the kibbutzim near Gaza Strip, and the symbol of the UN World Health Organization (IDF spokesman’s website, November 13, 2023)  Diapers, a pacifier and a baby bottle that were used by the babies abducted from the kibbutzim near Gaza Strip, and the symbol of the UN World Health Organization (IDF spokesman’s website, November 13, 2023)
Diapers, a pacifier and a baby bottle that were used by the babies abducted from the kibbutzim near Gaza Strip, and the symbol of the UN World Health Organization (IDF spokesman’s website, November 13, 2023)
A table that was found in the basement of Rantisi Hospital; its use is unclear. It lists dates starting on October 7, 2023 (the day of the terrorist attack), and it includes the months of October and November 2023. The dates are highlighted until November 3, 2023. At the end of October there are several handwritten signatures (IDF spokesman’s website, November 13, 2023)
A table that was found in the basement of Rantisi Hospital; its use is unclear. It lists dates starting on October 7, 2023 (the day of the terrorist attack), and it includes the months of October and November 2023. The dates are highlighted until November 3, 2023. At the end of October there are several handwritten signatures (IDF spokesman’s website, November 13, 2023)
  • Senior Hamas terrorists denied the evidence found in Rantisi Hospital and called for an international commission to inspect the hospitals in the Gaza Strip:
    • The Hamas government media information office claimed it was all lies and psychological warfare intended to legitimize attacking hospitals and “harming medical staff.” Furthermore, the office claimed that in the past “it had been proved [sic] that the tunnel openings reported by the IDF were actually water and fuel storage pits.” The office blamed Israel for any “harm to the medical staff and residents sheltered in the hospitals” (Facebook page of the Hamas government media information office in Gaza, November 13, 2023).
    • Khalil al-Haya, a member of Hamas’ political bureau, claimed that Israel presented “unidentified weapons” and it was illogical for their fighters to leave their weapons in the hospital. As for the tunnel, he claimed it had been found outside the hospital and not inside it (al-Jazeera, November 13, 2023).
  • Senior Hamas terrorist Bassem Na’im claimed Hamas was prepared for an international commission to examine the hospitals in Gaza and show no military activity was conducted there (al-Jazeera, November 13, 2023).
Use of ambulances for military-terrorist purposes
  • The ministry of health in Gaza claimed that the IDF had attacked “dozens of ambulances” since the beginning of the war. Israel’s questioning of Hamas terrorists revealed that Hamas used ambulances for its military-terrorist purposes, mainly to transport operatives from place to place and transfer weapons. The activity was not new, and was familiar from Operation Protective Edge and Operation Cast Lead. Using ambulances and vehicles of international organizations to move the terrorist operatives between the various combat arenas and to transfer rockets and other weapons is a Hamas’ combat tactic designed to bypass checks and exploit the freedom of movement the IDF grants to such vehicles.[4]
Preventing the population from moving from the north of the Gaza Strip to the south
  • In the first days of the war, the IDF began urging Gazans in the northern part of the Strip to evacuate to the south. The IDF distributed leaflets with the message clearly explained, cleared major roads and announced times during which the fighting would pause to allow civilians to evacuate. Hamas sought to use the population for its own purposes, preventing and delaying the movement of civilians to the south of the Gaza Strip. Conversations revealed by the IDF spokesman made it clear that Hamas shot at Gazans trying to evacuate the north and took the keys to their vehicles (IDF spokesman, October 15 and 25, 2023). Hamas operatives also shot (including an anti-tank missile) at the IDF forces who were securing the exit of civilians to prevent them from leaving the area and exposing Hamas terrorists to IDF attacks.
  • One of Hamas’ ploys to prevent the movement of the population to the south was a Hamas government media information office statement claiming it had received dozens of reports of the presence of hundreds of bodies in various streets in Gaza City, especially of residents who had tried to go to the humanitarian corridor or defend themselves from the IDF’s night attacks (Hamas government media information office Facebook page, November 6, 2023).
  • In previous IDF operations the Hamas leadership also prevented the civilian population from complying with IDF requests to evacuate. For example, during Operation Pillar of Defense (November 2021), the Hamas-controlled ministry of the interior issued a notice to the Gazans not to respond to IDF calls to evacuate because, it claimed, the Gaza Strip was “very stable” and “victory was clearly on the Palestinian side,” while “all the parameters of the enemy [Israel] had failed.” Therefore, claimed the ministry of the interior, Israel appealed to the public to instill terror and fear among them using psychological warfare waged by means of telephone calls and the distribution of meaningless leaflets. The announcement called on civilians throughout Gaza to behave as usual and on all media outlets and social media activists to “avoid spreading fear and rather to instill confidence and tranquility” (Hamas ministry of the interior website, November 20, 2012).
  • During Operation Cast Lead (December 2008-January 2009), sources in the Gaza Strip reported that Hamas operatives forced residents in the north not to abandon their homes and prevented them from escaping from the fighting centers towards the south. Hamas operatives also tried to collect leaflets dropped by the IDF to prevent the residents from evacuating their homes.
Exploiting civilian facilities for terrorist purposes
  • Launching rockets: The fighting in the Gaza Strip has exposed Hamas’ use of civilian facilities for its military-terrorist activities: IDF forces located rocket launchers placed near a children’s swimming pool, and launch pits and rocket launchers placed in an old playground and near UN facilities (IDF spokesman, November 5, 2023).
 A launch point near the UN building (IDF spokesman, October 22, 2023)    A launch point near a kindergarten.
Launching rockets from within the civilian population. Right: A launch point near a kindergarten. Left: A launch point near the UN building (IDF spokesman, October 22, 2023)
 IDF activity near the park to locate the shaft (IDF website, November 7, 2023)    The tunnel shaft exposed near the amusement park.
Right: The tunnel shaft exposed near the amusement park. Left: IDF activity near the park to locate the shaft (IDF website, November 7, 2023)
  • Before the war in June 2022, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) conducted a military exercise in Gaza, whose main activity was firing rockets towards the sea. The photos documenting the exercise show the activity was carried out from a densely built and populated area. Rockets were fired at Israel from populated areas in the Gaza Strip during in the round of escalation in July 2018 as well.
 Launching rockets from civilian population centers during PIJ exercise (al-Hayat Press, June 20, 2022; Jerusalem Brigades website, June 21, 2022)    Launching rockets from civilian population centers during PIJ exercise (al-Hayat Press, June 20, 2022; Jerusalem Brigades website, June 21, 2022)
Launching rockets from civilian population centers during PIJ exercise (al-Hayat Press, June 20, 2022; Jerusalem Brigades website, June 21, 2022)
Rocket fire from population centers in Gaza in response to IDF attacks (Palinfo Twitter account, July 14, 2018)    Rocket fire from population centers in Gaza in response to IDF attacks (Palinfo Twitter account, July 14, 2018)
Rocket fire from population centers in Gaza in response to IDF attacks (Palinfo Twitter account, July 14, 2018)
  • Locations of tunnels and tunnel shafts: During the operation in the Gaza Strip, IDF forces uncovered a tunnel that had already been exposed during Operation Guardian of the Walls and was part of a branching tunnel network. The tunnel shaft was located near the Islamic University in Gaza, which has a student body of about 20,000, and the tunnel also passes near UNRWA’s main headquarters. Another terrorist tunnel was uncovered in the al-Tufah neighborhood in Gaza City, near the Pepsi factory, whose route passes near an elementary school that serves as an emergency civilian shelter (IDF spokesman, July 27, 2022).
Terrorist tunnels near the Islamic University in Gaza, schools and medical facilities (IDF Twitter account, July 27, 2022)    Terrorist tunnels near the Islamic University in Gaza, schools and medical facilities (IDF Twitter account, July 27, 2022)
Terrorist tunnels near the Islamic University in Gaza, schools and medical facilities (IDF Twitter account, July 27, 2022)
  • On November 29, 2022, UNRWA reported the discovery of a tunnel near one of its schools in Gaza. The agency immediately blocked off the area and took measures to ensure the safety of the school, including permanently sealing off the entrance. The agency strongly protested to the [Hamas] authorities in Gaza. UNRWA argued that the presence of a man-made space under UNRWA school grounds constituted a serious violation of the agency’s neutrality and a violation of international law. Moreover, it exposed the children and agency staff to significant security and safety risks. They were serious violations of the agency’s privileges and immunity, and endangered UNRWA’s ability to provide support and protection to needy Palestinian refugees in Gaza (UNRWA website, November 29, 2022). Even earlier, on August 10, 2017, Major General Eyal Zamir, the commander of the IDF Southern Command, revealed intelligence information showing that about two years previously, two combat tunnel shafts had been dug in the northern Gaza Strip, about a kilometer (about 0.6 mile) from the border with Israel, and both tunnels had been built under residential houses (Ynet, August 10, 2017).
  • Weapons warehouses and sites for the manufacture of weapons: A site for the production and repair of weapons was exposed in a residential building also used for other civilian needs. The building was 45 meters (about 50 yards) from a mosque, 55 meters (about 60 yards) from an UNRWA clinic and 60 meters (about 6 yards) from Shifa Hospital. A weapons warehouse was also discovered inside the al-Shaheed Mosque, where sports, first aid courses, and children’s and youth movement activities were held (IDF spokesman, July 27, 2022). Public facilities were also used, for example, in July 2018, it was revealed that the al-Katiba Building in Gaza, which was attacked by the IDF, was represented by Hamas as a “national library,” when in fact it was used as a training facility; the building is located near the Sheikh Zayed  Mosque (IDF spokesman, July 15, 2018).
The al-Katiba Building near the mosque (IDF spokesman, July 15, 2018)    A Hamas training complex and the Sheikh Zayed Mosque next to it (Twitter account Paltoday, July 14, 2018)
Right: A Hamas training complex and the Sheikh Zayed Mosque next to it (Twitter account Paltoday, July 14, 2018). Left: The al-Katiba Building near the mosque (IDF spokesman, July 15, 2018)
Hamas terrorist operatives conduct combat training in the al-Katiba Building in a built-up area in March 2018 (Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories Facebook page in Arabic, July 15, 2018)    Hamas terrorist operatives conduct combat training in the al-Katiba Building in a built-up area in March 2018 (Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories Facebook page in Arabic, July 15, 2018)
Hamas terrorist operatives conduct combat training in the al-Katiba Building in a built-up area in March 2018 (Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories Facebook page in Arabic, July 15, 2018)
  • Situating of a military headquarters near a church: On October 20, 2023, the media in the Gaza Strip reported an IDF attack on the Greek-Orthodox Church of Saint Porphyrius (one of the oldest buildings in Gaza, built in the 5th century CE). A check of social media revealed the church building had not been attacked, but rather a Hamas military-terrorist wing which had been deliberately constructed near the church.
  • It was not the first time that Hamas exploited the ancient church building in Gaza for military-terrorist purposes, the same way it exploits mosques. During Operation Protective Edge (2014) Archbishop Alexios, the head of the Greek Orthodox Church in Gaza, showed CBN reporter George Thomas how Hamas used the church compound to launch rockets at  Israel (YouTube video, August 6, 2014).
Archbishop Alexios shows George Thomas the church compound used by Hamas to launch rockets at Israel (YouTube video, August 6, 2014)   Archbishop Alexios interviewed by George Thomas (YouTube video, August 6, 2014)
Right: Archbishop Alexios interviewed by George Thomas (YouTube video, August 6, 2014). Left: Archbishop Alexios shows George Thomas the church compound used by Hamas to launch rockets at Israel (YouTube video, August 6, 2014)
Yahya al-Sinwar uses children as human shields
  • When Yahya al-Sinwar, head of the Hamas political bureau in the Gaza Strip, appeared at mass and public events in the Gaza Strip, he was always seen with children nearby. Apparently al-Sinwar, who knew his life was in danger when he appeared in public, also knew that when children were nearby, Israel would not try to kill him because of its ethic not to harm innocent children. For example, on October 1, 2022, Hamas held a mass rally in Gaza City whose theme was “al-Aqsa [Mosque] is in danger.” Al-Sinwar appeared at the rally with two young children at his side (Hamas website, October 1, 2022). On May 26, 2021, a few days after Operation Guardian of the Walls, Yahya al-Sinwar was seen walking the streets of Gaza under tight security. Wherever he was, children were seen close by (Maan, May 26, 2021).
Yahya al-Sinwar at a Hamas rally in Gaza with two young children (Palestine Online, October 1, 2022; Hamas website, October 1, 2022)     Yahya al-Sinwar at a Hamas rally in Gaza with two young children (Palestine Online, October 1, 2022; Hamas website, October 1, 2022)
Yahya al-Sinwar at a Hamas rally in Gaza with two young children (Palestine Online, October 1, 2022; Hamas website, October 1, 2022)
Yahya al-Sinwar walking in Gaza City with close security and children everywhere along the way (Maan, May 26, 2021)      Yahya al-Sinwar walking in Gaza City with close security and children everywhere along the way (Maan, May 26, 2021)
Yahya al-Sinwar walking in Gaza City with close security and children everywhere along the way (Maan, May 26, 2021)
Al-Sinwar holds a child at a Hamas rally in Gaza on May 24, 2021 (Twitter account of photographer Ashraf Abu Amra, May 24, 2021)
Al-Sinwar holds a child at a Hamas rally in Gaza on May 24, 2021 (Twitter account of photographer Ashraf Abu Amra, May 24, 2021)
Al-Sinwar with children at the main rally marking the 31st anniversary of the founding of Hamas on December 15, 2018 (Palinfo Twitter account, December 16, 2018)     Al-Sinwar with children at the main rally marking the 31st anniversary of the founding of Hamas on December 15, 2018 (Palinfo Twitter account, December 16, 2018)
Al-Sinwar with children at the main rally marking the 31st anniversary of the founding of Hamas on December 15, 2018 (Palinfo Twitter account, December 16, 2018)
Al-Sinwar holds a child at the main rally to mark the 30th anniversary of the founding of Hamas on December 14, 2017 (Twitter account of @3omar__h, December 14, 2017)
Al-Sinwar holds a child at the main rally to mark the 30th anniversary of the founding of Hamas on December 14, 2017 (Twitter account of @3omar__h, December 14, 2017)
Confirmation of Hamas’ use of the population as human shields
  • The Gazans do not generally protest the use Hamas and other terrorist organizations make of them as human shields. However, an unusual statement confirming the fact was a post uploaded by a Gazan named Khalil Amar Abu Ibrahim. He criticized the terms of the distribution of financial aid to the families of shaheeds in the Gaza Strip on behalf of the al-Ansar Charitable Association, which excluded children under the age of 15 and residents over the age of 60. He wrote there were dozens of families who lost their children because PIJ terrorist operatives barricaded themselves in their buildings. He personally lost his three children in the same attack, and they had served as human shields to protect where “so-and-so” from the “resistance” was staying (Facebook page of the al-Ansar Charitable Association, June 2, 2023).

[1] Click https://www.terrorism-info.org.il/en to subscribe and receive the ITIC's daily updates as well as its other publications.
[2] For further information, see the July 2104 ITIC report, “Hamas and the Other Terrorist Organizations in the Gaza Strip Use Medical Facilities and Ambulances for Military-Terrorist Purposes.”
[3] A children's hospital in Gaza named after senior Hamas official Dr. Abd al-Aziz Rantisi, a pediatrician who was killed in a targeted attack by the Israeli Air Force in April 2004. Its construction began in 2003 and it opened in 2008. The hospital has 45 beds and can accommodate up to 100. The hospital is located on al-Nasr Street in the northwest of Gaza City. The hospital complex covers an area of 2,500 square meters.
[4] For further information, see the July 2014 ITIC report, “Hamas and the Other Terrorist Organizations in the Gaza Strip Use Medical Facilities and Ambulances for Military-Terrorist Purposes.”