The New Palestinian Authority Government

On March 31, 2024, the 19th Palestinian government was sworn in at Mahmoud Abbas' office in Ramallah. It is headed by Dr. Muhammad Mustafa. the government ministers do not belong to any political party. Its platform emphasized that the government regards Judea, Samaria, east Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip as one political-geographic unit with the PLO as the source of its authority (Wafa, March 28, 2024). The new government is defined as "a government of technocrats" and has almost no known figures with a political past. It has 23 ministers, compared to 26 in the government headed by Muhammad Shtayyeh, and has representation for the Gaza Strip, Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem. Seven of the government ministers are from the Gaza Strip (currently staying in Ramallah), 14 from Judea and Samaria, and two are residents of east Jerusalem. There are four women in the government. Two ministers are Christians and the rest are Muslims. Most of the ministers are in their sixties. The vast majority have advanced degrees from universities abroad. Two of the members of the government, Prime Minister Muhammad Mustafa and Ziad Hab al-Reeh, have political experience, but while all the other ministers have an impressive record in civilian and academic fields, they lack political experience. The ITIC has no information about their political positions or their positions regarding Israel and the conflict, since so far they have seldom been interviewed or expressed positions on those issues. However, contrary to Mustafa's statements that the new government is manned by independent technocrats, a detailed examination revealed that at least four of the ministers are unequivocally members of Fatah and in the past ran for positions on behalf of the movement, headed by Interior Minister Ziad Hab al-Reeh. At least two of them were previously detained by Israel.


The classic Christian anti-Semitism of the European countries began to take root in the Arab-Muslim World as a widespread phenomenon in the early twentieth century. Anti-Semitism in the Arab-Muslim World is generally directed at Israel as a Jewish-Zionist state and at the Jewish People that supports Israel, so that no clear distinction is made in the Arab-Muslim World between criticism of the State of Israel and incitement against the Jewish People. Anti-Semitism in the Arab-Muslim World is prominent in Iran, but it is also widespread among other Arab and Islamic regimes.

The de-legitimization campaign is a global campaign against Israel and the Jewish People that originated at the Durban conference in South Africa. Its goal is to brand Israel as a leper state and as an apartheid state in order to undermine its legitimacy and bring about its collapse, just as the apartheid regime in South Africa collapsed. Attempts to delegitimize Israel succeed in providing an ideological platform for promoting and leveraging a policy of sanctions, diversion of investments and boycotts in a wide range of areas such as academia, culture and sports, the economy, defense and more.

The de-legitimization campaign is also characterized by organized convoys and flotillas to the Gaza Strip, protest demonstrations, marches, events marking anniversaries, boycotting Israeli goods and more. The organizers of the de-legitimization events try to attract widespread media coverage and challenge Israel to respond to them.

To manage the de-legitimization campaign, organizations affiliated with radical Islam joined forces with extreme leftist organizations, human rights organizations, and NGOs from Western countries. The de-legitimization campaign is now characterized mainly by anti-Israeli activity in the West, together with the campaign to boycott Israel (BDS). In the past, the partners in the de-legitimization campaign carried out activities such as convoys and flotillas to the Gaza Strip.