The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

An examination of the names of the fatalities in Operation Breaking Dawn reveals that about half of them were terrorist operatives

The ITIC examination into the identity of the 49 fatalities distinguished between 38 fatalities resulting from IDF strikes and 11 resulting from rocket misfires. Of the 38 fatalities from IDF strikes, 20 (52%) were identified as terrorist operatives, 12 (31%) were identified as operatives of the PIJ’s military wing, including the two senior operatives who were eliminated in targeted killings, one Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) operative, four Hamas operatives and three Fatah operatives (it is unclear how involved the Hamas and Fatah operatives were involved in the military activity).
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Escalation in the Gaza Strip – Summary of Operation Breaking Dawn (August 5-7, 2022)

After three days of rocket and mortar fire from the Gaza Strip and IDF attacks, the Egyptian negotiator, Israel and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) declared a ceasefire, which went into effect on August 7, 2022, at 23:30. During the three days of the operation 1,100 rockets were launched at Israel. During the operation the IDF carried out 170 attacks on PIJ terrorist targets. Among the targets were senior Jerusalem Brigades commanders.
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Israeli-Palestinian Islamic Jihad escalation in the Gaza Strip: Operation Breaking Dawn

After a number of tense days in the Gaza Strip,. At 16:16 on Friday, August 5, 2022, the IDF killed Tayseer al-Jaabari, commander of the Jerusalem Brigades, the PIJ's military-terrorist wing in the northern Gaza Strip. A few hours after the targeted killing of al-Jaabari, the PIJ launched a massive barrage of rockets and mortar shells at Israel. Most of the attacks were directed at the Israeli cities and smaller communities on August 7, 2022, the morning of Tisha B'Avthe Jerusalem area as well.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 27 – August 2, 2022)

Shots were fired from a passing car at an IDF post at the entrance to Nablus. The soldiers returned fire, wounding him. This past week the Israeli security forces continued their counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. On August 1, 2022, Bassem al-Sa'adi, a senior Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) figure was detained in Jenin. The Gaza Strip remains relatively quiet. However, Hamas sources threaten to "escalate" because of the organization's financial hardships.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 20-26, 2022)

This past week an Israeli civilian was wounded in a stabbing attack on a bus in Jerusalem. An IDF fighter was the target of an attempted stabbing attack at the Tapuah Junction in Samaria. A stabbing attack was prevented in the Old City of Jerusalem. The Gaza Strip remains relatively quiet. The Qatari Committee distributed funds for July 2022 to 100,000 needy Gazan families. Mahmoud Abbas returned from visiting Romania, France. On his way back, he met in Jordan with King Abdallah. There was a sharp rise in the number of active cases in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip; east Jerusalem remained stable.
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Most of the Palestinians killed in Judea and Samaria since January 1, 2022, who died during Israeli security force counterterrorism activities were terrorist operatives

In 2022 the Israeli security forces continued been carrying out intensive counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. According to ITIC records, Israeli counterterrorism activities and clashes with Palestinians, carried out from January 1, 2022, to July 14, 2022, led to the deaths of 49 Palestinians, a relatively high number compared to previous years. Of the 49 Palestinians killed, 33 (67%) belonged to one of the Palestinian terrorist organizations. Sixteen (33%) Palestinians who were killed had no organizational affiliation.
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The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second largest and most important terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. It was established in the Gaza Strip in the late 1970s by students studying in Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and headed by Dr. Fathi Shqaqi, a physician from Rafah, and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz Awda, a preacher from the Jebaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a radical fundamentalist Sunni Muslim ideology. It seeks the immediate “liberation” of Palestine through jihad (holy war) and the establishment of a Muslim Palestinian state. Fathi Shqaqi was eliminated in Malta in 1995, and was succeeded by Dr. Ramadan Shalah, who is also one of the organization’s founding members.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad rejects any arrangement or agreement with Israel. According to its ideology, jihad is an obligation that should be implemented immediately rather than be postponed until after the establishment of an Islamic state. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a military arm, Quds Brigades, equipped with various weapons, which fires rockets from the Gaza Strip and instigates carrying out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria. During the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad “specialized” in carrying out suicide bombing attacks in Israeli territory.

Of all Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the closest to Iran and more than any other organization, it receives extensive support from Iran.

Like other terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has been designated as a terrorist organization by Israel and the United States.