The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 9 – 15, 2021)

Tension at an all-time high before the flag march: Fatah and the Palestinian Authority (PA) have warned Israel not to "play with fire" while calling for a general mobilization and confrontations near the Damascus Gate. Hamas threatened to renew rocket fire at Israel and called for confrontations in east Jerusalem. In the meantime, Egypt is trying to prevent Hamas from attacking southern Israel.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 2 – 8, 2021)

Flag parade: Israel's intention to hold the flag parade, cancelled because of Hamas rocket fire targeting Jerusalem (the beginning of Operation Guardian of the Walls) enraged the Palestinians, whose responses included threats to renew the rocket fire from the Gaza Strip. Judea and Samaria: A shooting attack was carried out near Elon Moreh (east of Nablus), targeting an Israeli civilian vehicle. No casualties were reported. Rebuilding the Gaza Strip: The Egyptian army sent engineers and heavy equipment to clear the rubble in the Gaza Strip. Egypt: The heads of the Palestinian organizations have been summoned to Cairo for two days of talks to discuss the internal Palestinian reconciliation. The Palestinian Authority (PA): PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh completed a round of visits to the Gulf States, with Qatar as his final stop.
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Another Gazan boy, who according to the New York Times list died in Operation Guardian of the Walls, was found to be an operative in Hamas’ military-terrorist wing. The Times’ list also included the names of eight children who were killed by terrorist organization rocket misfire.

On May 28, 2021, the front page of the New York Times published pictures of children and adolescents killed in the Gaza Strip and Israel during Operation Guardian of the Walls with the headline, "They Were Just Children." The Times listed the names of 67 children under the age of 17 who were killed, two in Israel and 65 in the Gaza Strip.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 26 – June 1, 2021)

Operation Guardian of the Walls: Egypt, Israel, the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Hamas are negotiating to stabilize the ceasefire declared on May 22, 2021. Hamas objects to creating a linkage between the rebuilding of the Gaza Strip and the return of Israel's MIAs and prisoners. Despite the loss of life and destruction of the Gazan infrastructure, Hamas continues branding the operation a victory for Hamas, claiming it changed the "equation" with Israel and returned the Palestinian cause to the international agenda.
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An examination of the names of the fatalities in the IDF airstrikes during the first two days of Operation Guardian of the Walls reveals that most of them were terrorist operatives

The following is a preliminary summary of the findings of the examination of the names of the Palestinians who were killed in IDF airstrikes in the Gaza Strip during the first two days (May 10-12, 2021 at 12:00) of Operation Guardian of the Walls. The ITIC examined 74 names of fatalities reported by Palestinian sources. Sixteen of them were killed during an unsuccessful launch of rockets at Israel. It is evident from the examination that of the 58 remaining fatalities, at least 42 (about two-thirds) were terrorist operatives, according to the following distribution: 31 Hamas operatives, 3 PIJ operatives, and 8 Fatah members.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 19 – 26, 2021)

Operation Guardian of the Walls: Since a ceasefire was declared on May 21, 2021, there has been a tense calm in the Gaza Strip, where so far the Palestinian terrorist organizations have honored it. Judea and Samaria: Despite the ceasefire, the tension in Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem has not eased. The Gaza Strip: After the crossings between Israel and the Gaza Strip were closed during Operation Guardian of the Walls, as of May 25, 2021, Israel allowed the delivery of humanitarian assistance to the Gaza Strip through the Kerem
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The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second largest and most important terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. It was established in the Gaza Strip in the late 1970s by students studying in Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and headed by Dr. Fathi Shqaqi, a physician from Rafah, and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz Awda, a preacher from the Jebaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a radical fundamentalist Sunni Muslim ideology. It seeks the immediate “liberation” of Palestine through jihad (holy war) and the establishment of a Muslim Palestinian state. Fathi Shqaqi was eliminated in Malta in 1995, and was succeeded by Dr. Ramadan Shalah, who is also one of the organization’s founding members.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad rejects any arrangement or agreement with Israel. According to its ideology, jihad is an obligation that should be implemented immediately rather than be postponed until after the establishment of an Islamic state. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a military arm, Quds Brigades, equipped with various weapons, which fires rockets from the Gaza Strip and instigates carrying out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria. During the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad “specialized” in carrying out suicide bombing attacks in Israeli territory.

Of all Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the closest to Iran and more than any other organization, it receives extensive support from Iran.

Like other terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has been designated as a terrorist organization by Israel and the United States.