The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 27 – March 5, 2019)

This past week the Palestinians continued to demonstrate a high level of violence at the "return march" and the days afterwards. The violence during and between the marches, which has continued for several weeks, is the result of Hamas' strategy of controlled violence to exert pressure on Israel to agree to an arrangement on Hamas' terms. This past week terrorist events in Judea and Samaria focused on the vehicular attack targeting IDF soldiers in Kafr Ni'ma An IDF officer was critically wounded and an Border Policeman was slightly injured.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 20 – 26, 2019)

This past week during the Friday "return march" and the following days there again was a high level of violence. An Iranian Arabic TV channel broadcast a program about the military capabilities of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), Iran's preferred terrorist organization. Palestinians continue to react with anger to the deduction of funds from the tax revenues collected for the Palestinian Authority (PA) by Israel: Mahmoud Abbas said the PA would not agree to receive any funds from Israel
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Terrorism and the Media: Hamas operatives in the Gaza Strip who also worked as media personnel were involved in recruiting a terrorist network exposed in Judea and Samaria.

The Israel Security Agency recently exposed a Hamas network in Judea and Samaria whose operatives were recruited and handled by Hamas operatives in the Gaza Strip. The recruits were given instructions to carry out terrorist attacks in Judea, Samaria and Israel. Interrogation revealed the methods used by the handlers in the Gaza Strip. The recruiters represented themselves as journalists, and covert messages were passed to the recruits though al-Aqsa TV, Hamas' most important media outlet (in order to verify the authenticity of their handlers in the Gaza Strip).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 6-12, 2019)

At the "return march" in the Gaza Strip on Friday, February 8, 2019, there was a relatively high level of violence. In ITIC assessment, behind the rise in the level of violence lies the failure of the most recent round of talks in Cairo and the differences of opinion between Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) regarding the desirable dose of violence. In Judea and Samaria terrorist events focused on the stabbing attack that killed a young Israeli woman near the Biblical Zoo in Jerusalem. The Palestinian Authority (PA) media ignored the murder.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 30 – February 5, 2019)

The "return march" of February 1, 2019, was characterized by a relatively low level of violence. In Judea and Samaria popular terrorism continues. The Israeli ministry of defense announced the beginning of the construction of an upper barrier in the Gaza Strip on top of the underground barrier.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 23 – 29, 2019)

This past week there was a relatively high level of controlled violence during the Friday "return march. "Before the violence there were three incidents that increased tension between Hamas and Israel: one was Palestinian Islamic Jihad sniper fire at IDF forces, carried out under the cover of a gathering of Palestinians near the fence. Hamas spokesmen and Hamas-affiliated media continue threatening to raise the level of violence from the Gaza Strip against Israel. On January 29, 2019, Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah announced the resignation of his government to Palestinian chairman Mahmoud Abbas.
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The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second largest and most important terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. It was established in the Gaza Strip in the late 1970s by students studying in Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and headed by Dr. Fathi Shqaqi, a physician from Rafah, and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz Awda, a preacher from the Jebaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a radical fundamentalist Sunni Muslim ideology. It seeks the immediate “liberation” of Palestine through jihad (holy war) and the establishment of a Muslim Palestinian state. Fathi Shqaqi was eliminated in Malta in 1995, and was succeeded by Dr. Ramadan Shalah, who is also one of the organization’s founding members.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad rejects any arrangement or agreement with Israel. According to its ideology, jihad is an obligation that should be implemented immediately rather than be postponed until after the establishment of an Islamic state. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a military arm, Quds Brigades, equipped with various weapons, which fires rockets from the Gaza Strip and instigates carrying out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria. During the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad “specialized” in carrying out suicide bombing attacks in Israeli territory.

Of all Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the closest to Iran and more than any other organization, it receives extensive support from Iran.

Like other terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has been designated as a terrorist organization by Israel and the United States.