The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

Incitement to Terrorism: Newly-elected PIJ head Ziyad al-Nakhalah gave a speech broadcast at a rally in al-Bireh, calling on the residents of the West Bank to lead the armed resistance against Israel.

On November 10, 2018, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) held a rally to mark the anniversary of the founding of the organization and the death of its founded, Fathi Shqaqi. The rally was held in a large hall in al-Bireh where a recorded speech by Ziyad al-Nakhalah, the newly elected PIJ leader, was played.
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Summary of Events on the Gaza Strip Border

The Friday "return march" of November 16, 2018, was held under the shadow of the ceasefire that ended the most recent round of escalation. The events were attended by senior figures from Hamas, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) and other organizations. Senior Hamas figures and the organizers of the "return marches" said they were committed to obeying the Egyptian demand to distance the marchers from the security fence and stop the incendiary kites and balloons.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 7 – November 13, 2018)

In the Gaza Strip the events of the Friday, November 9, 2018, "return march" passed without exceptional incident. On November 12, 2018, an unprecedented rocket attack was initiated from the Gaza Strip, targeting the western Negev, after an IDF special force operation failed. In ITIC assessment, the current rocket attack is not an isolated incident but rather part of the new policy carried out by Hamas since March 30, 2018 (the first "return march").
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Escalation in the Gaza Strip (The situation on the ground as of 12:00 noon, November 13)

During an IDF special forces operation in the southern Gaza Strip on November 11, 2018, an exchange of fire developed between the force and Hamas operatives. An IDF lieutenant colonel was killed and another officer was wounded. Seven terrorist operatives were killed, six of them from Hamas' military wing. Hamas' response came in two stages.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 24 – October 29, 2018)

During the "return march" of November 2, 2018, there was a significant decrease in the level of violence. The weekly mini-flotilla and the riot near the northern Gaza Strip border were also held without exceptional violence. In Judea and Samaria two stabbing attacks were prevented. Nadav Agmon, head of the Israel Security Agency, gave the Israeli Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee a survey of the situation, saying that Hamas continually tries to carry out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria
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Summary of Events Along the Gaza Strip Border

Apparently for the first time since August 2018, significant progress was again made in contacts for an Egyptian-mediated arrangement. It also appears a minimalist arrangement was discussed, which will lead to a lessening of violence on the ground in return for opening the crossings and the entrance of humanitarian aid into the Gaza Strip (based on arrangements reached at the end of Operation Protective Edge).
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The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second largest and most important terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. It was established in the Gaza Strip in the late 1970s by students studying in Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and headed by Dr. Fathi Shqaqi, a physician from Rafah, and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz Awda, a preacher from the Jebaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a radical fundamentalist Sunni Muslim ideology. It seeks the immediate “liberation” of Palestine through jihad (holy war) and the establishment of a Muslim Palestinian state. Fathi Shqaqi was eliminated in Malta in 1995, and was succeeded by Dr. Ramadan Shalah, who is also one of the organization’s founding members.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad rejects any arrangement or agreement with Israel. According to its ideology, jihad is an obligation that should be implemented immediately rather than be postponed until after the establishment of an Islamic state. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a military arm, Quds Brigades, equipped with various weapons, which fires rockets from the Gaza Strip and instigates carrying out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria. During the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad “specialized” in carrying out suicide bombing attacks in Israeli territory.

Of all Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the closest to Iran and more than any other organization, it receives extensive support from Iran.

Like other terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has been designated as a terrorist organization by Israel and the United States.