The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 25-31, 2023)

This past week there was a sharp rise in the number of terrorist attacks and casualties, as well as in the number of rocks, Molotov cocktails and bottles of paint thrown at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads in Judea and Samaria. Six terrorist attacks were carried out, killing seven civilians and wounding five. Ten Palestinians were killed in Israeli security force counterterrorism activities in the Jenin refugee camp. Most of them were Palestinian terrorist operatives. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) in the Gaza Strip fired five rockets at Israel to avenge the Israeli activity in Jenin.
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Palestinian Terrorism Against Israel, 2022: Methods, Trends and Description

In 2022 there was a substantial rise in the number of Palestinian terrorist attacks against Israel. Eighty-six significant attackswere carried out, up from 54 in 202116 of the attacks were carried out inside Israeli territory (one in 2021). Thirty Israelis were killed (24 civilians and six members of the security forces). One Border Police fighter was killed in an operational activity in Samaria. In 2021 three civilians were killed. There were 46 shooting attacks 54% of the total number. One round of fighting was conducted in the Gaza Stripin August 2022.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 18-24, 2023)

This past week Palestinians carried out two terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria; no Israeli casualties were reported. One was a stabbing the other was a shooting attack Two attempted stabbing attacks were prevented by Israeli security forces. Two Palestinians were killed in clashes with Israeli security forces in the Jenin refugee camp. The Gaza Strip remained relatively quiet. experimental rockets were fired towards the sea. Members of the Palestinian Authority (PA) leadership continue their diplomatic "struggle" against the new Israeli government.
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The military-terrorist wings of Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad published books by terrorist activists imprisoned in Israel

At the beginning of January 2023 the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades issued a book called The Bus Is Burning, apparently written by Hassan Salamehwho is currently serving 46 consecutive life sentences in Israeli prisons. At the end of December 2022 a book about Bassem al-Sa'adi was published. Al-Sa'adi is a high-ranking Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) operative who was detained in Jenin in August 2022, whose detention led to Operation Breaking Dawn. The books were apparently published as part of inculcating the Palestinian public with the shaheed culture
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 30 – December 6, 2022)

This past week Palestinians carried out two terrorist attacks An Israeli bus was attacked with gunfire and there was a stabbing attack in which two Border Police fighters were wounded. The Israeli security forces continued counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria, detaining dozens of wanted terrorists and confiscating weapons. Five Palestinians were killed in exchanges of fire with Israeli security forces. A rocket was fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip, falling in an open area in the western Negev. No casualties or damage were reported. Senior Palestinian Authority (PA) figures continued their campaign to delegitimize the Israeli government currently being formed. The PA foreign minister, presented a document to the chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court describing "Israel's crimes against Palestinian children
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Palestinian adolescents in the service of the terrorist organizations in Judea and Samaria

On November 22, 2022, Palestinians clashed with the Israeli security forces securing Israeli worshippers entered the Tomb of Joseph in NablusDuring the a 16 years old Palestinian was killed. The Lion's Den issued a mourning notice stating he was a young network operative. It was not the first time, generally speaking and especially during the past year, when Palestinian adolescents were involved in terrorist activity. The deaths of children and adolescents in clashes with the Israeli security forces serve the terrorist organizations as material to use in propaganda and lawfare against Israel. After every death, the senior Palestinian figures, media and social networks rush to represent Israel as deliberate, cold-blooded killers of children and adolescents.
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The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second largest and most important terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. It was established in the Gaza Strip in the late 1970s by students studying in Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and headed by Dr. Fathi Shqaqi, a physician from Rafah, and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz Awda, a preacher from the Jebaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a radical fundamentalist Sunni Muslim ideology. It seeks the immediate “liberation” of Palestine through jihad (holy war) and the establishment of a Muslim Palestinian state. Fathi Shqaqi was eliminated in Malta in 1995, and was succeeded by Dr. Ramadan Shalah, who is also one of the organization’s founding members.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad rejects any arrangement or agreement with Israel. According to its ideology, jihad is an obligation that should be implemented immediately rather than be postponed until after the establishment of an Islamic state. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a military arm, Quds Brigades, equipped with various weapons, which fires rockets from the Gaza Strip and instigates carrying out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria. During the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad “specialized” in carrying out suicide bombing attacks in Israeli territory.

Of all Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the closest to Iran and more than any other organization, it receives extensive support from Iran.

Like other terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has been designated as a terrorist organization by Israel and the United States.