The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

A third round of escalation, more severe than the previous rounds, with about 200 rockets and mortar shells fired at Israel. The shelling is a continuation of Hamas’ policy of controlled violence creating escalation.

On July 13 and 14, 2018 there was another round of escalation near the Gaza Strip. It began after the IDF carried out extensive aerial attacks in response to the wounding of an IDF officer by a hand grenade thrown during the "return march" on Friday, July 13, 2018. During the escalation Israeli Air Force aircraft carried out three waves of aerial attacks on Hamas military targets, beginning on the night of July 14, 2018, and continuing the following day.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict ((July 4 – 10, 2018)

The July 6, 2018, Friday "return march" was attended by only a few thousand Gazans. One of them was killed when a hand grenade exploded, In the wake of continuing arson terrorism, Israel decided to close the Kerem Shalom crossing on July 9, 2018. in Judea and Samaria two shooting attacks were carried out this past week.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 20 – 26, 2018)

The march of Friday, June 22, 2018, was attended by several thousand Gazans. Attendance was at its lowest since the "return marches" began. The level of violence and terrorism accompanying the marches continues to escalate. Note: On the night of June 26, 2018, an IDF force, using aircraft and tanks, attacked two Hamas observation posts and a vehicle in the Nuseirat refugee camp (central Gaza Strip).
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Rocket and mortar shell fire attack Israel as part of the new “rules of engagement” Hamas is trying to dictate to protect arson terrorism

Following the worsening of arson terrorism, the IDF stepped up its responses and began attacking Hamas targets, and did not only make do with firing warning shots at Palestinians launching kites and balloons. Hamas, which is behind arson terrorism, is now trying to establish "new rules of engagement" to prevent severe Israeli responses and to protect the Palestinians launching kites and balloons. Hamas calls the "response equation" "an attack in return for an attack, blood in return for blood." That is, an IDF attack on Hamas targets in the Gaza Strip in response to the launching of kites and balloons will be retaliated by rocket and mortar shell fire into Israeli territory. As a result, an explosive situation has been created, with potential for additional escalation in the Gaza Strip. That, in turn, is liable to lead to a broad confrontation even if neither side wants one.
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The “great return march:” Demonstrations and riots, Friday, June 8, 2018

The events of Friday, June 8, 2018, to mark Global Quds Day (initiated every year by Iran) and Naksa Day, continued with violence and riots encouraged by Hamas. The violence included gunfire, throwing IEDs, flying incendiary kites, and flying kites and balloons with IEDs attached to their tails. More than 10,000 Gazans participated in the Friday events, similar to the previous week, but far fewer than Hamas had expected.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 30 – June 5, 2018)

This past week events focused on two rounds of rocket fire attacking Israel, during which more than 150 rockets and mortar shells were fired, a quantity unprecedented since Operation Protective Edge. At the same time, the violent "popular" activities continue, including damage to the security fence, attempts to penetrate Israeli territory and destroy equipment.
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The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second largest and most important terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. It was established in the Gaza Strip in the late 1970s by students studying in Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and headed by Dr. Fathi Shqaqi, a physician from Rafah, and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz Awda, a preacher from the Jebaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a radical fundamentalist Sunni Muslim ideology. It seeks the immediate “liberation” of Palestine through jihad (holy war) and the establishment of a Muslim Palestinian state. Fathi Shqaqi was eliminated in Malta in 1995, and was succeeded by Dr. Ramadan Shalah, who is also one of the organization’s founding members.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad rejects any arrangement or agreement with Israel. According to its ideology, jihad is an obligation that should be implemented immediately rather than be postponed until after the establishment of an Islamic state. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a military arm, Quds Brigades, equipped with various weapons, which fires rockets from the Gaza Strip and instigates carrying out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria. During the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad “specialized” in carrying out suicide bombing attacks in Israeli territory.

Of all Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the closest to Iran and more than any other organization, it receives extensive support from Iran.

Like other terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has been designated as a terrorist organization by Israel and the United States.