The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 29 – September 4, 2018)

The "return march" and Gaza flotillas continued this past Friday. Rioters threw stones, burned tires and broke into Israeli territory in the northern Gaza Strip. Senior Hamas figure Khalil al-Haya said Hamas had accepted the demands of Egypt and the UN to decrease the launching of incendiary balloons. He said Hamas also invested great effort in dealing with those who launch the balloons. The main event in Judea and Samaria was the prevention of a stabbing attack at the entrance to a neighborhood in Kiryat Arba
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 8 – 14, 2018)

This past week events focused on the fifth round of escalation between Hamas and the IDF, during which Hamas and the other terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip launched approximately 180 rocket and mortar shells. The fifth round of escalation and the "return march," which was held as usual on Friday, clearly illustrated Hamas' determination to continue its policy of controlled violence, implemented since March 30, 2018.
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The fifth round of escalation between Israel and Hamas, August 8-9, 2018

On August 8 and 9, 2018, there was a fifth round of escalation between Hamas and the IDF. Hamas and the other terrorist organizations fired about 180 rockets and mortar shells at Israeli territory. The IDF responded with extensive attacks on Hamas' infrastructure and assets. During and between the rounds of escalation (end of May to August 9, 2018), more than 610 rockets and mortar shells were fired from the Gaza Strip at Israeli territory.
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The “Return March,” Aug 3, 2018

The slogan of the Friday, August 3, 2018, "return march" was "loyalty to the shaheeds of Jerusalem – shaheed Muhammed Tareq Yusuf" (the terrorist who carried out the stabbing attack in the community of Adam on July 26, 2018, killing an Israeli civilian). Beginning around noon, more than 8,000 Gazans gathered at the five "traditional" locations along the border fence.
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Iranian support for Palestinian terrorism: Continuation of Iranian fund transfers to shaheeds’ families in the Gaza Strip by PIJ-affiliated Al-Ansar charity association

The Al-Ansar charity association in the Gaza Strip, which is affiliated with the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), announced that it had distributed this year financial support for families of shaheeds killed in the years 2000-2014. A total of $1,870,000 was distributed this year (compared to $2 million in 2017).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 25-31, 2018)

This past week terrorist events focused on the stabbing attack in the community of Adam (near Ramallah). In the Gaza Strip snipers again shot at an IDF force, wounding an officer. The Friday July 27 "return march" was attended by about 7,000 Gazans. Attempts continued to reach an agreement to stabilize the ceasefire and prevent the situation from deteriorating, with Nikolay Mladenov, the UN envoy to the Middle East, and Egypt both holding rounds of talks with Hamas.
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The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second largest and most important terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. It was established in the Gaza Strip in the late 1970s by students studying in Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and headed by Dr. Fathi Shqaqi, a physician from Rafah, and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz Awda, a preacher from the Jebaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a radical fundamentalist Sunni Muslim ideology. It seeks the immediate “liberation” of Palestine through jihad (holy war) and the establishment of a Muslim Palestinian state. Fathi Shqaqi was eliminated in Malta in 1995, and was succeeded by Dr. Ramadan Shalah, who is also one of the organization’s founding members.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad rejects any arrangement or agreement with Israel. According to its ideology, jihad is an obligation that should be implemented immediately rather than be postponed until after the establishment of an Islamic state. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a military arm, Quds Brigades, equipped with various weapons, which fires rockets from the Gaza Strip and instigates carrying out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria. During the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad “specialized” in carrying out suicide bombing attacks in Israeli territory.

Of all Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the closest to Iran and more than any other organization, it receives extensive support from Iran.

Like other terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has been designated as a terrorist organization by Israel and the United States.