The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 11-17, 2022)

This past week there was a stabbing attack south of Nablus and a Palestinian threw a concrete block at an Israeli vehicle north of Ramallah. The Israeli security forces continued intensive counterterrorism activities, detaining Palestinians suspected of terrorist activity and seizing weapons. During the activities a Border Police special forces fighter was killed. Two Palestinians were also killed in the riots, Shireen Abu Akleh, an al-Jazeera reporter, and Daoud Zubeidi, the brother of imprisoned Zakaria Zubeidi, was mortally wounded and later died. Their deaths caused Palestinians to riot against Israeli security forces. Palestinians in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip marked Nakba Day.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 4-10, 2022)

Two terrorist attacks were carried out this past week: an attack in Elad where the terrorists used an axe and a knife (three civilians murdered and four wounded) and a stabbing attack at the Damascus Gate in east Jerusalem in which a Border Police fighter was wounded. An attempted terrorist attack in Tekoa was prevented. The Palestinians were enraged when Jews were allowed to enter the Temple Mount compound. A Hamas delegation visited Russia and met with the deputy foreign minister and the Grand Mufti of Russia. After the IDF began a military exercise on May 9, 2022, the terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip and Hezbollah raised their level of alert in preparation for a possible confrontation with Israel.
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Terrorist attack in Elad. Three Israeli civilians killed and four wounded. Hamas again praises and encourages

On the evening of May 5, 2022, Israel's Independence Day, two Palestinians from a village near Jenin carried out a terrorist attack in the central Israeli city of Elad, using an axe and a knife. They killed three civilians and wounded four, two of them critically, beginning their killing spree in the late evening. Although the two terrorists apparently were not specifically directed by an established organization, the attack in Elad came during a Ramadan-long Hamas propaganda campaign encouraging terrorist attacks.
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Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad continue to use Facebook and Instagram for the dissemination of incitement messages

The events of the month of Ramadan and the series of terrorist attacks perpetrated in Israel since mid-March 2022 have once again brought to mind the use made by Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) of social media as platforms to convey incitement messages and calls for carrying out terrorist attacks. To deliver their messages of incitement, Hamas and the PIJ make use of platforms such as Twitter, TikTok, WhatsApp, Telegram, and YouTube. These platforms are neither supervised nor subject to a consistent policy of removing content and blocking pages and accounts inciting terrorism and violence. However, alongside these types of social media, Hamas also succeeds in conveying its messages of incitement through Meta’s platforms (Facebook and Instagram)
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 27 – May 3, 2021)

On April 29, 2022, two Palestinians carried out a shooting attack at the entrance to Ariel, killing the security guard. They came from the nearby village of Salfit and were captured a short time later. Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) praised the attack. The night of the final Friday of Ramadan and the Eid al-Fitr prayer passed relatively quietly on the Temple Mount. Israeli security forces continued carrying out counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. The events of the Iranian-declared World Jerusalem Day, marked on the last Friday of Ramadan, were held with growing tension on the Temple Mount in the background, along with propaganda and incitement to violence fomented by Hamas and the PIJ in Judea and Samaria, which threatened to attack Israel. A delegation of the Hamas leadership led by Khalil al-Haya paid a visit to Tehran, invited by the secretariat of the Iranian international committee for the support of the Palestinian intifada.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 13-26, 2022)

The week during which Israel celebrated Passover, the Muslims Ramadan and the Christians Easter was fraught with tension in east Jerusalem, especially on the Temple Mount after Palestinians tried to prevent Jewish worshippers from conducting prayers at the site. Given the tension in east Jerusalem, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired five rockets at Israel, four of them landing inside Israel, one of them damaging a house in the southern Israeli city of Sderot. In addition, a rocket was launched from Lebanon at the western Galilee, apparently by Palestinians in south Lebanon. On April 15, 2022, a young woman carried out a stabbing attack in the northern Israeli city of Haifa, wounding one man. In Judea and Samaria an exceptionally large number of rocks and Molotov cocktails were thrown at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads.
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The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second largest and most important terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. It was established in the Gaza Strip in the late 1970s by students studying in Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and headed by Dr. Fathi Shqaqi, a physician from Rafah, and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz Awda, a preacher from the Jebaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a radical fundamentalist Sunni Muslim ideology. It seeks the immediate “liberation” of Palestine through jihad (holy war) and the establishment of a Muslim Palestinian state. Fathi Shqaqi was eliminated in Malta in 1995, and was succeeded by Dr. Ramadan Shalah, who is also one of the organization’s founding members.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad rejects any arrangement or agreement with Israel. According to its ideology, jihad is an obligation that should be implemented immediately rather than be postponed until after the establishment of an Islamic state. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a military arm, Quds Brigades, equipped with various weapons, which fires rockets from the Gaza Strip and instigates carrying out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria. During the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad “specialized” in carrying out suicide bombing attacks in Israeli territory.

Of all Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the closest to Iran and more than any other organization, it receives extensive support from Iran.

Like other terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has been designated as a terrorist organization by Israel and the United States.