The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 28 May 4, 2021)

Terrorist attacks: This past week three terrorist attacks were attempted or carried out in Judea and Samaria. Palestinian Authority (PA) elections: At a meeting of the Palestinian leadership Mahmoud Abbas announced the postponement of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) elections, which were supposed to be held on May 22, 2021. East Jerusalem: Media coverage continues of east Jerusalem and the "victory" of the Palestinians who struggled to have the barriers removed. The international arena: The EU parliament voted to condemn UNRWA for the incitement to hatred and violence in textbooks used in its schools in the Palestinian territories.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 20-27, 2021)

Coronavirus: The incidence of active coronavirus cases in the Gaza Strip declined this past week although the rate of infection remains high. Medical sources say they can cope with the situation and call on Gazans to be vaccinated. In Judea and Samaria the decline in the number of coronavirus cases continues. Clashes in Jerusalem: This past week tension in east Jerusalem between the Palestinians and Israeli security forces rose, mainly near the Damascus Gate. On April 25, 2021, the Israeli police announced they would remove the barriers; since then relative quiet has prevailed, although the situation is still volatile. Palestinian Authority (PA) elections: After Fatah splintered into three political factions with separate election slates, and the public opinion polls do not predict a landslide victory for any candidate put forward by Mahmoud Abbas, the PA is currently weighing the possibility of cancelling the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) elections.
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Tensions peak during Ramadan, including confrontations in Jerusalem and rocket fire from the Gaza Strip targeting Israel’s south

Since the beginning of the Muslim religious month of Ramadan on April 13, 2021, tensions between Palestinians, the Israeli security forces and right wing Israeli activists have risen in east Jerusalem. In a number of instances young Arabs attacked Jewish passersby. The tension in Jerusalem spread to the Gaza Strip, and 41 rockets were fired at the Israeli communities near the Gaza Strip (36 on April 23, 2021, two on April 24, 2021, and three on April 25, 2021). Ten rockets were intercepted by the Iron Dome aerial defense system and 31 rockets fell in open areas.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 14 – 20, 2021)

Coronavirus: In the Gaza Strip the scope of the infection decreased although the rate of positive tests is high (37%), and the number of Gazans hospitalized, including those in serious or critical condition, is very high. Increasing the strictness of preventive measures is under consideration. In Judea and Samaria there has been a decrease in infection but medical sources note it does not indicate an improvement in the situation. The Gaza Strip: This past week rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip into Israel territory, one on each of two consecutive days. No casualties or damage were reported. Judea and Samaria: There was relatively quiet this past week, with the exception of Palestinians who rioted against police at the Nablus Gate in east Jerusalem.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 7 – 13, 2021)

Coronavirus: The number of active cases in the Gaza Strip continues rising sharply. Senior public health figures are worried by the Gazans' disdain for health guidelines and restrictions and threaten they will impose a general lockdown. In Judea and Samaria the number of active cases continues declining. Terrorist attacks: This past week Palestinians continued throwing rocks and a larger than usual number of Molotov cocktails and IEDs at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads in Judea and Samaria. Palestinian Authority (PA) elections: Preparations continue for holding elections in the PA territories. The Gaza Strip: An Egyptian security delegation paid a visit to the Gaza Strip and met with senior Hamas figures. The Palestinian Authority (PA): The Biden administration announced its intention to renew economic aid to the PA, reversing the last three years of American foreign policy.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (March 23 – April 6, 2021)

Coronavirus: In the Gaza Strip the number of active cases spiked significantly this past week, and a lockdown is being considered. In Judea and Samaria there was a significant decrease in coronavirus infection, although hospital occupancy is still high. Terrorist attacks: On March 23, 2021 (election day in Israel) a medium-range rocket was fired from the Gaza Strip at Beersheba, the largest city in Israel's south. The PA: Election preparations continue. The slates of the contending factions for the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) have been closed. PA budget, 2021: The PA announced it will continue paying prisoners and released prisoners, transferring the funds through post office bank branches in Judea and Samaria and through the department of prisoners and released prisoners' affairs in the Gaza Strip.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.