The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 1 – 7, 2020)

There was an increase in tension on Israel's southern border this past week when three rockets were launched at Israel from the Gaza Strip. Protests against Israel's intention to annex parts of Judea and Samaria continued, culminating in a "day of rage" in Gaza and demonstrations (not attended as well as expected) in Judea and Samaria. Jibril Rajoub, secretary of Fatah's Executive Committee, and Saleh al-'Arouri, deputy head of Hamas' political bureau, held an exceptional (virtual) joint press conference. In the meantime, most of the PA's attention and efforts are focused on dealing with the spike in the number of COVID-19 cases in Judea and Samaria.
Read more...

The spread of COVID-19 continues to spiral in Judea and Samaria compared to the low number of patients in the Gaza Strip (Updated to July 6, 2020)

The number of active cases in Judea and Samaria continues to spiral in the second wave of the COVID-19 outbreak. The number of active cases throughout the PA is 3,758, compared to 1,620 last week (updated to the evening of July 5, 2020). A total of 3,150 active cases are from the Hebron District (compared to 1,334 cases last week), accounting for about 84% of all active cases in Judea and Samaria.
Read more...

Palestinian Authority and Fatah responses to the ramming attack in Abu Dis show their support for this type of popular terrorism attack

Ramming attacks are a common, deadly modus operandi carried out as part of the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Fatah's strategy of "popular resistance" [i.e., popular terrorism]. The concept of "popular resistance," which replaced the concept of armed struggle, includes the political-popular-economic-propaganda-legal campaign the PA wages against Israel. The "popular resistance" is not the non-violent strategy publicly touted by the PA leadership or the rhetoric the PA uses when dealing with the West.
Read more...

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 24 – 30, 2020)

The situation in the Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria heated up this past week. Two rockets were launched at Israeli territory from the Gaza Strip. In Judea and Samaria the number active COVID-19 cases continues to spike, and reached 1,924 (as of June 30, 2020), most of them in the Hebron district. As July 1 approaches, the date on which Israeli law will be imposed on parts of Judea and Samaria, the volume of threats from Hamas and the other terrorist organizations is increasing. In the Gaza Strip preparations are being made for "popular activities" as part of a "day of rage" on July 1, 2020. The Palestinian Authority (PA) continues its diplomatic activity in the international arena to deter Israel from implementing its annexation intentions.
Read more...

The number of new coronavirus cases in Judea and Samaria continues to spike while in the Gaza Strip the numbers are low and the situation is so far under control

The numbers of COVID-19 cases in Judea and Samaria continue to spike in what the Palestinian Authority (PA) considers a second coronavirus wave. Most of the PA's preventive measures are focused in the Hebron district, which is in full lockdown. The spikes in the numbers of active cases in Judea and Samaria are in stark contrast to the positive situation in the Gaza Strip, despite its potential for mass infection. This past week the number of Palestinian workers entering and leaving Israel increased, both legally (through the crossings) and illegally (through holes in the fence).
Read more...

The Palestinian Authority takes practical steps to set up a government bank to handle payments to prisoners and families of shaheeds

a government bank which will serve as a channel for transferring funds to prisoners and families of shaheeds. The establishment of the new bank was intended to bypass the order issued by the Commander of the IDF Central Command prohibiting banks from providing banking services to prisoners and families of shaheeds in Judea and Samaria. In the wake of the order, several Palestinian and Arab banks announced a freeze on the bank accounts of prisoners and families of shaheeds. On the other hand, Mahmoud Abbas and PA officials again pledged to transfer the funds to the prisoners and families of shaheeds, calling them a “red line” and “sacred salaries.”
Read more...

The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.