The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 14 –20, 2019)

Events this past week focused on the stabbing attack in the Old City of Jerusalem and the vehicular attack in Gush Etzion. Three people were injured, a policeman (in Jerusalem) and two civilians (in Gush Etzion). In the Gaza Strip terrorist operatives continue their attempts to penetrate into Israeli territory. This past week four rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory in two separate attacks on consecutive days.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 7-13, 2019)

This past week events focused on the fatal stabling attack in Gush Etzion of Dvir Soreq, an IDF soldier and yeshiva student. In the Gaza Strip there were a number of attempts to penetrate into Israeli territory, two of them carried out by armed terrorists. Attempts by Palestinians, some of them armed, to penetrate into Israeli territory have recently become commonplace.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 31 – August 6, 2019)

On Friday, August 2, 2019, the return march in the Gaza Strip was held with about 6,000 participants (the average for the past weeks). Hamas security operatives were photographed removing young Palestinians from the region of the fence. On August 1, 2019, the day before the return march, a Palestinian crossed the security fence east of Khan Yunis. A committee met in the Palestinian Authority (PA) to implement Mahmoud Abbas's decision to stop acting in accordance with agreements signed with Israel.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 24 – 30 , 2019)

On July 26, 2019, the return march was held in the Gaza Strip with about 4,500 participants (fewer than in recent weeks). The Israeli security forces exposed an Iranian network that recruited residents if Israel, Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip to Iranian intelligence. The destruction of houses in Wadi al-Hums, near Sur Baher, southeast Jerusalem, led to Mahmoud Abbas announcing that the Palestinian leadership would stop acting in accordance with cooperation agreements signed with Israel.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 17 – 23 , 2019)

On Friday, July 19, 2019, the return march in the Gaza Strip was held with about 6,500 participants. The scope of incendiary and IED balloons launched into Israeli territory continued to decrease, but the launchings continue. A Hamas delegation headed by Saleh al-'Arouri, deputy head of Hamas' political bureau, visited Tehran. This past week Hamas' summer camps began, supervised by its military wing.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 10 – 16 , 2019)

On Friday, July 12, 2019, return march events were held in the Gaza Strip with about 6,500 participants. The level of violence was higher than in previous weeks. In recent weeks there has been a significant decrease in the number of incendiary and IED balloons launched into Israel. on July 11, 2019, the IDF accidentally shot and killed a Hamas military wing operative near the security fence. Hamas announced it would respond. This past week an Egyptian General Intelligence delegation visited the Gaza Strip. This past week registration began for the summer camps organized by Hamas' military wing. The camps provide paramilitary training and ideological indoctrination to prepare the youths for future integration into Hamas' military and political networks in the Gaza Strip.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.