The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 13 – 19, 2019)

This past week the Friday "return march" was again characterized by a high level of violence. The event illustrate Hamas' warning that it would raise the level of violence if its demands were not met. After friction and a series of confrontations with PA officials, Hamas completed its takeover of the Gazan side of the Kerem Shalom Crossing. The Israeli political-security cabinet decided to implement the law allowing Israel to deduct about 502 million shekels (about $139 million), transferred to the Palestinian prisoners and their families from the tax revenues Israel collects for the PA However, the PA does not intend to stop payments to prisoners, their families and the families of shaheeds.
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Palestinian Violence and Terrorism Against Israel, 2018: Data, Nature and Trends

The ITIC's annual study indicates that in 2018 there were two main trends prominent in Palestinian violence and terrorism: in the Gaza Strip there was a sharp increase in the level of violence and terrorism, after about three and a half years of relative quiet after Operation Protective Edge.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 6-12, 2019)

At the "return march" in the Gaza Strip on Friday, February 8, 2019, there was a relatively high level of violence. In ITIC assessment, behind the rise in the level of violence lies the failure of the most recent round of talks in Cairo and the differences of opinion between Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) regarding the desirable dose of violence. In Judea and Samaria terrorist events focused on the stabbing attack that killed a young Israeli woman near the Biblical Zoo in Jerusalem. The Palestinian Authority (PA) media ignored the murder.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 23 – 29, 2019)

This past week there was a relatively high level of controlled violence during the Friday "return march. "Before the violence there were three incidents that increased tension between Hamas and Israel: one was Palestinian Islamic Jihad sniper fire at IDF forces, carried out under the cover of a gathering of Palestinians near the fence. Hamas spokesmen and Hamas-affiliated media continue threatening to raise the level of violence from the Gaza Strip against Israel. On January 29, 2019, Palestinian Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah announced the resignation of his government to Palestinian chairman Mahmoud Abbas.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 16 – 22, 2019)

This past week there was a relatively low level of violence at the "return march" (about 14,000 participants). This past week a stabbing attack was prevented near an IDF check post south of Nablus. On February 3, 2019, an American law will go into effect making any recipient of American aid subject to the jurisdiction of its courts.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 9 – 15, 2019)

This past week there was a high level of violence during the "return march." In response to the violence, Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked a Hamas post On January 10, 2019, an Egyptian delegation visited the Gaza Strip. In the northern arena Israel announced the end of Operation Northern Shield, carried out to locate and neutralize Hezbollah tunnels penetrating into Israeli territory.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.