The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 2 – 8, 2021)

Flag parade: Israel's intention to hold the flag parade, cancelled because of Hamas rocket fire targeting Jerusalem (the beginning of Operation Guardian of the Walls) enraged the Palestinians, whose responses included threats to renew the rocket fire from the Gaza Strip. Judea and Samaria: A shooting attack was carried out near Elon Moreh (east of Nablus), targeting an Israeli civilian vehicle. No casualties were reported. Rebuilding the Gaza Strip: The Egyptian army sent engineers and heavy equipment to clear the rubble in the Gaza Strip. Egypt: The heads of the Palestinian organizations have been summoned to Cairo for two days of talks to discuss the internal Palestinian reconciliation. The Palestinian Authority (PA): PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh completed a round of visits to the Gulf States, with Qatar as his final stop.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 26 – June 1, 2021)

Operation Guardian of the Walls: Egypt, Israel, the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Hamas are negotiating to stabilize the ceasefire declared on May 22, 2021. Hamas objects to creating a linkage between the rebuilding of the Gaza Strip and the return of Israel's MIAs and prisoners. Despite the loss of life and destruction of the Gazan infrastructure, Hamas continues branding the operation a victory for Hamas, claiming it changed the "equation" with Israel and returned the Palestinian cause to the international agenda.
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An examination of the names of the fatalities in the IDF airstrikes during the first two days of Operation Guardian of the Walls reveals that most of them were terrorist operatives

The following is a preliminary summary of the findings of the examination of the names of the Palestinians who were killed in IDF airstrikes in the Gaza Strip during the first two days (May 10-12, 2021 at 12:00) of Operation Guardian of the Walls. The ITIC examined 74 names of fatalities reported by Palestinian sources. Sixteen of them were killed during an unsuccessful launch of rockets at Israel. It is evident from the examination that of the 58 remaining fatalities, at least 42 (about two-thirds) were terrorist operatives, according to the following distribution: 31 Hamas operatives, 3 PIJ operatives, and 8 Fatah members.
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Escalation in the Gaza Strip – Operation Guardian of the Walls (Updated to 12:00 Noon, May 19, 2021)

Operation Guardian of the Walls entered its tenth day. As of 07:00 in the morning on May 19, 2021, 3,750 rockets had been fired at Israel. About 550 of them fell inside the Gaza Strip and the Iron Dome aerial defense system intercepted about 90% of the launches. During the past two days there been a decline in the amount and range of the rocket fire, although the barrages are still massive. Most of the rockets were fired at targets within 40 kilometers (25 miles) of the Gaza Strip, including the southern coastal Israeli cities of Ashqelon and Ashdod, and the Israeli communities near the Gaza Strip border. Rockets were also fired at Beersheba and at the coast to the north of Ashdod.
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Escalation in the Gaza Strip – Operation Guardian of the Walls (Updated to 12:00 Noon, May 18, 2021)

Operation Guardian of the Walls entered its ninth day. As of May 18, 2021, about 3,350 rockets had been fired, most of them with a range of up to 40 kilometers (25 miles) targeting the southern Israeli coastal cities of Ashqelon and Ashdod, as well as at the Israeli communities near the Gaza Strip border. However, there were several barrages targeting Beersheba, Israel's largest southern city. Since May 15, 2021, no rockets have been fired at the Greater Tel Aviv area. So far 11 people have been killed by rocket fire; and an IDF soldier was killed by an anti-tank missile.
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Escalation in the Gaza Strip – Operation Guardian of the Walls (Updated to Noon, May 13, 2021)

During the 24 hours between May 12 and 13, 2021, the last day of the Muslim religious month of Ramadan, Hamas continued attacking Israel with massive barrages of rocket fire, although fewer that previously. As of 05:00 on the morning of May 13, 2021, 1,100 rockets had been fired, most of them with a range of about 40 kilometers (about 25 miles). Rocket fire gas caused six Israeli deaths, an IDF soldier was killed by an anti-tank missiles, and scores of people have been injured. Ben-Gurion International Airport cancelled landings.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.