The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 10 – October 16, 2018)

This past week events in Judea and Samaria focused on two stabbing attacks. In the Gaza Strip the level of violence remains high. A group of about 20 Palestinians tried forcibly to penetrate into Israeli territory during the "return march" on Friday, October 12. This past week IDF forces exposed a tunnel in the central Gaza Strip penetrating into Israeli territory. It was to be used for terrorist attacks inside Israel.
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Jews, Israel and Peace In the 2017/18 Palestinian Authority Schoolbooks for Grades 11 and 12: A Complementary Study

This study completes a four-year research activity, in which over 364 schoolbooks for grades 1-12 that were published by the Palestinian Authority (PA) in the years 2013-2018 were examined. The goal of that research project was checking the attitude to the Israeli-Jewish "other" and to the possibility of solving the conflict with that "other" peacefully in the spirit of the peace agreements, that were signed by the two parties in 1993-1995. The present study covers 45 books published in 2017-2018 for grades 11 and 12 in the various streams.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 17 – October 3, 2018)

The trend toward escalation continues in the Gaza Strip, with an increase in the frequency of riots and propaganda events and in the level of their accompanying violence. The humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip continues to deteriorate. In internal Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) elections, Ziyad al-Nakhalah was chosen as the organization's new secretary general. He replaces Ramadan Shalah, who had been in a coma since April and is hospitalized in Lebanon.
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Senior Palestinian figures, including clerics, call for boycotting the municipal elections in Jerusalem

On October 30, 2018, the municipal elections in Jerusalem are to take place. There are about 200,000 residents in the city having the right to vote for the municipality, who since 1967 have boycotted the local elections. Senior Palestinian figures, including clerics, are trying to prevent the residents’ participation in the elections
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 5-16, 2018)

While contacts for arrangement are bogged down, Hamas recently stepped up the level of violence against Israel. At the same time, the Palestinians initiate provocations and display “creative thinking” in developing tactics of disturbing and wearing down the IDF soldiers. The main event in Judea and Samaria was a stabbing attack at the entrance to a mall in the Gush Etzion Junction.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 22 – 28, 2018)

The "return marches" were held at the Israeli-Gaza Strip border this past Friday with a relatively small number of participants. The level and intensity of violence were relatively low. A Fatah delegation arrived in Cairo and held a short round of talks with the Egyptians. The talks again illustrated the negative role played by the Palestinian Authority (PA), which links the arrangement with Israel with the internal Palestinian reconciliation.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.