The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 4-11, 2022)

According to an initial report, on the evening of January 11, 2022, a Palestinian carried out a vehicular ramming attack near the community of Halamish, north of Ramallah. An IDF soldier was. wounded.Shots were fired at Israeli security forces operating in the Balata refugee camp. The agreement which ended terrorist prisoner's Hashem Abu Hawwash hunger strike was perceived by the Palestinians as a "victory" which could potentially be exploited to secure the release of other prisoners. The Palestinian terrorist organizations operating in the Gaza Strip continue their threats of escalating violence if Israel does not meet their demands for rebuilding the Gaza Strip and lifting the so-called "siege." Mahmoud Abbas went to Sharm el-Sheikh at the invitation of the Egyptian president. A Fatah delegation headed by Jibril al-Rajoub is visiting Syria.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 31,2021 – January 4, 2022)

This past week tensions mounted in the Gaza Strip. On January 1, 2022, two rockets were fired at Israel. They landed in the Mediterranean off the Tel Aviv coast. No claim of responsibility was issued. The joint operations room of the terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip reported the rocket fire was caused by the weather. On December 31, 2021, a terrorist attack was prevented at the Gitai Avishar Junction near Ariel, southwest of Nablus. Tensions were significantly increased by the deterioration of the heath and the hospitalization of Hashem Abu Hawwash, a Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) terrorist administrative detainee who has been on a hunger strike for 140 days, demanding to be released.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 22-28, 2021)

Terrorist attacks: This past week a vehicular ramming attack in northern Samaria and two shooting attacks, one near al-Bireh and the other near Nablus, targeted Israeli security forces. No casualties were reported. However, relative calm continues in the Gaza Strip, accompanied by threats from Hamas and the other terrorist organizations to gradually escalate the "struggle" against Israel because of Israel's [alleged] delaying tactics in easing the daily lives of the Gazans and in rebuilding the Gaza Strip. The PA, Hamas and the PIJ strongly condemned the remarks made by Knesset Member Mahmoud Abbas, who stated that Israel was a Jewish state and would remain as one. The coronavirus: There was a slight decrease in the number of active cases in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip. In Judea and Samaria 35 Palestinians were found to have contracted the omicron variant; the first case of the variant was detected in the Gaza Strip.
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Mounting tension between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority because of Hamas’ efforts to strengthen its status among the Palestinians

The growing increase of Hamas' popularity in Palestinian society, at the expense of Fatah, was boosted when Mahmoud Abbas' delayed, and in effect canceled, the Palestinian Authority (PA) parliamentary and presidential elections. It increased further after Operation Guardian of the Walls (May 2021) when Hamas positioned itself as the "defender" of Jerusalem, the Muslim holy sites and the Palestinian residents of the city. Hamas has been fomenting popular unrest to solidify its position as the Palestinians' main influencer, with tactics including demonstrations of strength in Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem to undermine security in the PA territories while maintaining relative calm in the Gaza Strip to advance an arrangement with Israel.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 14-21, 2021)

Terrorist attacks: On December 16, 2021, Palestinians ambushed an Israeli vehicle near Homesh, north of Nablus, and shot at the driver and passengers, killing one and wounding two. The shooters fled the scene. In Judea and Samaria Palestinians continued throwing rocks and Molotov cocktails at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads. Hamas' military-terrorist wing carried out a military exercise in the Gaza Strip. In Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip there was an increase in the number of active cases of Covid-19. The PA reported six cases of the omicron variant and expects rise in infection.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 8-14, 2021)

Two Palestinians were killed in Israeli security force activities in Nablus and the village of Bayta. Mourners at their funerals carried weapons and chanted their support for Muhammad Deif, commander of Hamas' military-terrorist wing. Palestinians continued throwing rocks and Molotov cocktails at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads. On December 7, 2021, the Israeli defense ministry announced the completion of the underground barrier along the Israeli-Gaza Strip border, a project that had taken three and a half years. This past week clashes between Palestinians (for the most part Hamas operatives) and the PA security forces continued.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.