The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 8 – 14, 2018)

This past week events focused on the fifth round of escalation between Hamas and the IDF, during which Hamas and the other terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip launched approximately 180 rocket and mortar shells. The fifth round of escalation and the "return march," which was held as usual on Friday, clearly illustrated Hamas' determination to continue its policy of controlled violence, implemented since March 30, 2018.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (Aug 1 – 7, 2018)

The Friday, August 3, 2018 "return march" was attended by more than 8,000 Gazan demonstrators and rioters. They clashed with IDF forces and threw an IED and Molotov cocktails. In the meantime, attempts continue to reach an agreement between Israel and Hamas negotiated by Egypt and Nikolay Mladenov, the UN envoy to the Middle East. Another complication making it difficult to reach an agreement is the position taken by Fatah and the Palestinian Authority (PA).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 25-31, 2018)

This past week terrorist events focused on the stabbing attack in the community of Adam (near Ramallah). In the Gaza Strip snipers again shot at an IDF force, wounding an officer. The Friday July 27 "return march" was attended by about 7,000 Gazans. Attempts continued to reach an agreement to stabilize the ceasefire and prevent the situation from deteriorating, with Nikolay Mladenov, the UN envoy to the Middle East, and Egypt both holding rounds of talks with Hamas.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 18 –24, 2018)

Since the ceasefire achieved at the end of the fourth round of escalation the situation on the ground has been relatively calm. One manifestation of the calm has been a significant drop in the scope of arson terrorism, which led to the partial reopening of the Kerem Shalom. However, tension along the border, caused by Hamas' policy
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 11 – 17, 2018)

On July 14, 2018, there was a third round of escalation between the IDF and Hamas along the Gaza Strip border, worse than the previous rounds. In the wake of increasing Hamas violence during the "return marches," Israeli Air Force aircraft carried out three waves of aerial attacks on Hamas military targets. Hamas (and other terrorist organizations) launched about 200 rockets and mortar shells at Israel. In view of the worsening situation, Israel intensified its responses to arson terrorism. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu instructed the IDF to ramp up its response to the squads launching incendiary kites and balloons. At this stage Israel's increased responses have apparently not deterred Hamas.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict ((July 4 – 10, 2018)

The July 6, 2018, Friday "return march" was attended by only a few thousand Gazans. One of them was killed when a hand grenade exploded, In the wake of continuing arson terrorism, Israel decided to close the Kerem Shalom crossing on July 9, 2018. in Judea and Samaria two shooting attacks were carried out this past week.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.