The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 24 – 30, 2020)

The situation in the Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria heated up this past week. Two rockets were launched at Israeli territory from the Gaza Strip. In Judea and Samaria the number active COVID-19 cases continues to spike, and reached 1,924 (as of June 30, 2020), most of them in the Hebron district. As July 1 approaches, the date on which Israeli law will be imposed on parts of Judea and Samaria, the volume of threats from Hamas and the other terrorist organizations is increasing. In the Gaza Strip preparations are being made for "popular activities" as part of a "day of rage" on July 1, 2020. The Palestinian Authority (PA) continues its diplomatic activity in the international arena to deter Israel from implementing its annexation intentions.
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The number of new coronavirus cases in Judea and Samaria continues to spike while in the Gaza Strip the numbers are low and the situation is so far under control

The numbers of COVID-19 cases in Judea and Samaria continue to spike in what the Palestinian Authority (PA) considers a second coronavirus wave. Most of the PA's preventive measures are focused in the Hebron district, which is in full lockdown. The spikes in the numbers of active cases in Judea and Samaria are in stark contrast to the positive situation in the Gaza Strip, despite its potential for mass infection. This past week the number of Palestinian workers entering and leaving Israel increased, both legally (through the crossings) and illegally (through holes in the fence).
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The Palestinian Authority takes practical steps to set up a government bank to handle payments to prisoners and families of shaheeds

a government bank which will serve as a channel for transferring funds to prisoners and families of shaheeds. The establishment of the new bank was intended to bypass the order issued by the Commander of the IDF Central Command prohibiting banks from providing banking services to prisoners and families of shaheeds in Judea and Samaria. In the wake of the order, several Palestinian and Arab banks announced a freeze on the bank accounts of prisoners and families of shaheeds. On the other hand, Mahmoud Abbas and PA officials again pledged to transfer the funds to the prisoners and families of shaheeds, calling them a “red line” and “sacred salaries.”
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COVID-19 Infections Continue to Spike in the Palestinian Authority Territories (Updated to June 25, 2020)

The numbers of coronavirus infections in the Palestinian Authority (PA) continue to spike, part of what the Palestinian ministry of health considers a second wave of COVID-19. On the afternoon of June 25, 2020, the number of active cases stood at 889, an increase of 71 cases in 48 hours. During the week beginning June 18, 2020 the number of patients in Judea and Samaria increased by 5.5. According to a report, most patients are in stable condition, with the exception of one man from Hebron in an ICU.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 17 – 23, 2020)

Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip have been relatively quiet (with the exception of the throwing of stones and Molotov cocktails at Israeli vehicles driving on roads in Judea and Samaria). The number of active COVID-19 cases in Judea and Samaria spiked this past week, considered in the PA as a second wave of infection. The widespread outbreak of coronavirus in Judea and Samaria has drawn a considerable amount of attention in the PA towards dealing with the virus and away from the campaign against Israel.
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Spike in the Number of COVID-19 Infections in the Palestinian Authority Territories: Overview and Analysis (Updated to June 22, 2020)

The number of reported active cases of COVID-19 in Judea and Samaria spiked and now stands at 458 (compared with 48 active cases last week). The total overall number of COVID-19 infections since the outbreak of the pandemic in Judea and Samaria stands at 843 (compared with 420 last week). In the wake of the spike in the number of infections over the past few days the PA decided to enforce preventive measures more strictly. The spike in infections is focused in the Hebron district, which has been the epicenter of the spread of the disease for most of the time.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.