The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 14 – 20, 2020)

In the Gaza Strip the number of active Covid-19 cases continues rising (1,893 as of October 20, 2020). In Judea and Samaria the curve is flattening, but the number of active cases is still high (4,477). The Hamas administration and the ministry of health in Ramallah are concerned about an outbreak of seasonal flu together with Covid-19 cases. Palestinians in Judea and Samaria continue throwing stones, rocks, Molotov cocktails and bottles of paint at Israeli vehicles.
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The Spread of Covid-19 in Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria (Updated to October 19, 2020)

This past week the number of active Covid-19 cases in the Gaza Strip continued to rise, and as of October 18, 2020, stood at 1,859, with 574 new cases detected.Despite the upward trend in the numbers, the Hamas administration continues easing restrictions, at the same time attempting to ensure that public health guidelines will be followed. Medical spokesmen voiced concern over the public's disregard for health guidelines and preventive measures, and warn that the virus may spread extensively. The public health system in the Gaza Strip has begun making preparations for the annual winter flu season along with Covid-19.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 1 – 13, 2020)

The number of active Covid-19 cases in the Gaza Strip rose again, after it seemed that the spread of the disease had been halted. In Judea and Samaria, on the other hand, the trend towards a decline in the number of active cases continues, and it currently stands at 4,341 (as of October 12, 2020). On October 5, 2020, a rocket was fired from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) has threatened Israel because of Maher al-Akhras, a PIJ terrorist operative who has been on a hunger strike for almost 80 days. Jibril Rajoub, secretary of Fatah's Central Committee, continues promoting a internal Palestinian reconciliation, and to that end he met in Damascus and Beirut with operatives from the PIJ and other terrorist organizations.
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The Palestinian Authority continues preparations for founding a bank which will enable it to transfer funds to terrorist prisoners and the families of shaheeds

On June 1, 2020, the Palestinian Authority (PA) government authorized the founding of a government bank to channel funds to Palestinian terrorist prisoners and the families of shaheeds. That came after the commercial banks in Judea and Samaria froze the accounts of the prisoners and shaheed families and refused to transfer the monthly payment from the PA to their accounts. The future bank will be called the Bank of Independence for Development and Investment.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 23 – 30, 2020)

This past week the number of active Covid-19 cases in the Gaza Strip declined and currently stands at 1,596, down from 1,669 (on September 22, 2020). The number of active cases in Judea and Samaria also declined, and currently stands at 6,519, down from 9,062 (on September 22, 2020). The Gaza Strip was relatively quiet this past week. In Judea and Samaria, however, there were many incidents of stones and Molotov cocktails thrown at civilian Israeli vehicles.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 16 – 22, 2020)

In the Gaza Strip the moderate rise of Covid-19 infections continues. There are currently 1,780 active cases, up from 1,669 a week ago. In Judea and Samaria as well the number of Covid-19 infections continues to rise. The quiet in the Gaza Strip, reached with understandings for a lull, was broken when two rockets were fired at the southern Israeli cities of Ashqelon and Ashdod. This past week the decision to renew the launching of IED and incendiary balloon to attack the Israeli communities near the Gaza Strip was announced on the social networks. Media and diplomatic activity of the Palestinian Authority (PA) and the various organizations increased after the signing of the agreements in Washington.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.