The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 11-17, 2022)

This past week there was a stabbing attack south of Nablus and a Palestinian threw a concrete block at an Israeli vehicle north of Ramallah. The Israeli security forces continued intensive counterterrorism activities, detaining Palestinians suspected of terrorist activity and seizing weapons. During the activities a Border Police special forces fighter was killed. Two Palestinians were also killed in the riots, Shireen Abu Akleh, an al-Jazeera reporter, and Daoud Zubeidi, the brother of imprisoned Zakaria Zubeidi, was mortally wounded and later died. Their deaths caused Palestinians to riot against Israeli security forces. Palestinians in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip marked Nakba Day.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (May 4-10, 2022)

Two terrorist attacks were carried out this past week: an attack in Elad where the terrorists used an axe and a knife (three civilians murdered and four wounded) and a stabbing attack at the Damascus Gate in east Jerusalem in which a Border Police fighter was wounded. An attempted terrorist attack in Tekoa was prevented. The Palestinians were enraged when Jews were allowed to enter the Temple Mount compound. A Hamas delegation visited Russia and met with the deputy foreign minister and the Grand Mufti of Russia. After the IDF began a military exercise on May 9, 2022, the terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip and Hezbollah raised their level of alert in preparation for a possible confrontation with Israel.
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Terrorist attack in Elad. Three Israeli civilians killed and four wounded. Hamas again praises and encourages

On the evening of May 5, 2022, Israel's Independence Day, two Palestinians from a village near Jenin carried out a terrorist attack in the central Israeli city of Elad, using an axe and a knife. They killed three civilians and wounded four, two of them critically, beginning their killing spree in the late evening. Although the two terrorists apparently were not specifically directed by an established organization, the attack in Elad came during a Ramadan-long Hamas propaganda campaign encouraging terrorist attacks.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 27 – May 3, 2021)

On April 29, 2022, two Palestinians carried out a shooting attack at the entrance to Ariel, killing the security guard. They came from the nearby village of Salfit and were captured a short time later. Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) praised the attack. The night of the final Friday of Ramadan and the Eid al-Fitr prayer passed relatively quietly on the Temple Mount. Israeli security forces continued carrying out counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. The events of the Iranian-declared World Jerusalem Day, marked on the last Friday of Ramadan, were held with growing tension on the Temple Mount in the background, along with propaganda and incitement to violence fomented by Hamas and the PIJ in Judea and Samaria, which threatened to attack Israel. A delegation of the Hamas leadership led by Khalil al-Haya paid a visit to Tehran, invited by the secretariat of the Iranian international committee for the support of the Palestinian intifada.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 13-26, 2022)

The week during which Israel celebrated Passover, the Muslims Ramadan and the Christians Easter was fraught with tension in east Jerusalem, especially on the Temple Mount after Palestinians tried to prevent Jewish worshippers from conducting prayers at the site. Given the tension in east Jerusalem, Palestinians in the Gaza Strip fired five rockets at Israel, four of them landing inside Israel, one of them damaging a house in the southern Israeli city of Sderot. In addition, a rocket was launched from Lebanon at the western Galilee, apparently by Palestinians in south Lebanon. On April 15, 2022, a young woman carried out a stabbing attack in the northern Israeli city of Haifa, wounding one man. In Judea and Samaria an exceptionally large number of rocks and Molotov cocktails were thrown at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 6-12, 2022)

This past week terrorist attacks continued. The most serious was a shooting attack on Dizengoff Street in Tel Aviv on April 7, 2022, in which three Israelis were killed. The shooter, like the perpetrator of the attack in Bnei Brak, was an operative of the al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, Fatah's military-terrorist wing, from the Jenin area. There were also two stabbing attacks, one at the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron, on April 10, 2022, and the other in the southern coastal city of Ashqelon on April 12, 2022. Both terrorists were shot and killed. Israel carried out counterterrorism activities in a number of locations in Judea and Samaria, seizing weapons. Despite the terrorist attacks, Israel had not cancelled measures put in place for the Palestinians for the Muslim religious month of Ramadan, with the exception of restrictions placed on the residents of the Jenin area.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.