The Palestinian Authority (PA)

Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 27 – August 2, 2022)

Shots were fired from a passing car at an IDF post at the entrance to Nablus. The soldiers returned fire, wounding him. This past week the Israeli security forces continued their counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. On August 1, 2022, Bassem al-Sa'adi, a senior Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) figure was detained in Jenin. The Gaza Strip remains relatively quiet. However, Hamas sources threaten to "escalate" because of the organization's financial hardships.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 20-26, 2022)

This past week an Israeli civilian was wounded in a stabbing attack on a bus in Jerusalem. An IDF fighter was the target of an attempted stabbing attack at the Tapuah Junction in Samaria. A stabbing attack was prevented in the Old City of Jerusalem. The Gaza Strip remains relatively quiet. The Qatari Committee distributed funds for July 2022 to 100,000 needy Gazan families. Mahmoud Abbas returned from visiting Romania, France. On his way back, he met in Jordan with King Abdallah. There was a sharp rise in the number of active cases in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip; east Jerusalem remained stable.
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Palestinians disappointed by Biden’s visit the Palestinian Authority

President Joe Biden devoted the third day of his visit to the Middle East to the Palestinian Authority (PA). While the Palestinians did not have high hopes or expect the visit would bring political achievements, senior PA and Fatah figures were disappointed and frustrated by Biden's short visit to and his stated positions
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Most of the Palestinians killed in Judea and Samaria since January 1, 2022, who died during Israeli security force counterterrorism activities were terrorist operatives

In 2022 the Israeli security forces continued been carrying out intensive counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. According to ITIC records, Israeli counterterrorism activities and clashes with Palestinians, carried out from January 1, 2022, to July 14, 2022, led to the deaths of 49 Palestinians, a relatively high number compared to previous years. Of the 49 Palestinians killed, 33 (67%) belonged to one of the Palestinian terrorist organizations. Sixteen (33%) Palestinians who were killed had no organizational affiliation.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 13 – 19, 2022)

On July 15, 2022, shots were fired at an Israeli vehicle which entered Nablus without authorizationThe Israeli security forces continued their activities in Judea and Samaria to detain Palestinians suspected of terrorist activities and to confiscate illegal weapons.On July 16, 2022, four rockets and machine guns were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip. No casualties or damage were reported. In response Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked Hamas terrorist targets. During his visit to the Middle East, President Joe Biden met with Mahmoud Abbas in Bethlehem. According to Palestinian commentators, the visit was a disappointment, because with the exception of the declaration of financial aid, the visit did not touch on political matters.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 6 – 12, 2022)

On July 5, 2022, shots were fired from a passing vehicle at an IDF force manning a roadblock at the entrance to Homesh, northwest of Nablus. The Israeli security forces continued their counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. A Palestinian was killed in an activity near Jenin. The Palestinian Authority (PA) continued making preparations for Joe Biden's visit. Senior PA figures are pessimistic about the possibility of a positive outcome. The Palestinians were disappointed by the results of independent investigation sponsored by the United States into the death of al-Jazeera reporter Shireen Abu Akleh.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.