The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 30 – November 5, 2019)

This past week events focused on two rocket attacks from the Gaza Strip targeting the southern Israeli town of Sderot and the western Negev According to Israeli security sources quoted by the media, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) was responsible for the rocket attacks. Yahya al-Sinwar, head of the Hamas political bureau in the Gaza Strip, gave a belligerent speech in which he described at length the military capabilities of Hamas and the other terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip.
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The Palestinian Authority employs a policy of rebuilding the houses of terrorists demolished by Israel: the case of Islam Abu Hamid

On the night of October 24, 2019, the Israeli security forces demolished a building under construction in the al-Am'ari refugee camp near Ramallah. The house belonged to the family of Palestinian terrorist Islam Abu Hamid, who killed an IDF soldier in May 2018. Following the destruction Palestinians rioted and clashed with the Israeli security forces.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 24 – 29, 2019)

On October 25, 2019, the return march was held in the Gaza Strip with the participation of about 5,000 Palestinians. The level of violence was similar to that of previous weeks. Palestinians threw IEDs and Molotov cocktails at IDF forces, sabotaged the security fence and tried to break into Israeli territory. In east Jerusalem an attempted stabbing attack targeted Border Police soldiers. The Israeli security forces destroyed a house in the al-Am'ari refugee camp near Ramallah which belonged to the family of Palestinian terrorist Islam Abu Hamid Senior Palestinian Authority figures stated that the PA would rebuild the house.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 25 – October 6, 2019)

The two most recent return marches (September 27 and October 4, 2019) were characterized by a high level of violence. On September 25, 2019, a Palestinian boy stabbed and wounded a young Israeli woman waiting for a bus near Modi'in. On September 26, 2019, a Palestinian boy tried to stab Border Policemen at the Chain Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem. The Israeli security forces apprehended the terrorist squad suspected of carrying out the IED attack at the Danny Spring, northwest of Ramallah, which killed an Israeli girl and wounded her father and brother.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 17-24, 2019)

This week, over 9,000 demonstrators took part in the Friday demonstrations in the Gaza Strip, more than in previous weeks. In Judea and Samaria, a stabbing attack by a Palestinian woman was thwarted in the Kalandia Crossing. The Palestinian prisoners continue their hunger strike in Israeli jails demanding the removal of cellular jamming devices in jails. Throughout Judea and Samaria, there were expressions of sympathy with the striking prisoners. However, this did not gain widespread public support.
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Glorification of a shahid who recently perpetrated a stabbing attack, at an annual ceremony of appreciation for high school and university graduates in the village of Al-Eizariya, east of Jerusalem

On September 7, 2019, the youth club of the village of Al-Eizariya (situated east of Jerusalem) held the annual ceremony of appreciation for high school and university graduates who are residents of the village. The ceremony was held at Al-Eizariya Girls High School. Prominent figures attending the ceremony were the head of the Jerusalem Office in the PLO; chief of the PA General Intelligence in the Jerusalem District; the Fatah secretary in Al-Eizariya and his deputy; the mayor of Al-Eizariya, school principals, the students and their families.
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.