The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

Reactions to the targeted killing of Taleb Sami Abdallah, commander of Hezbollah’s al-Nasr unit

On June 12, 2024, Hezbollah announced the death of Sami Taleb Abdallah, aka al-Hajj Abu Taleb, in an Israeli airstrike on a building in the town of Jwayya in south Lebanon. Three other Hezbollah operatives were killed in the attack. The IDF spokesperson confirmed that the Israeli Air Force had attacked Abdallah, who since 2016 had been in command of Hezbollah's al-Nasr unit, which operates in the eastern sector of south Lebanon; The Hezbollah announcement of his death referred to Abdallah as "the shaheed commander", an expression of his senior position. Hezbollah also published photos and videos of Abdallah, showing him with Hezbollah secretary general Hassan Nasrallah and the commanders of the Iranian Qods Force; The Hezbollah-affiliated media called the killing of Abdallah a "brutal and severe blow" to the organization. However, senior Hezbollah figures claimed his death would not change its commitment to "support" the Palestinians in the current conflict, adding that the organization would intensify its fighting against Israel; Hezbollah's response to the killing of Abdallah was a sharp increase in the attacks on Israeli territory, which lasted for several days. According to Hezbollah, part of its response was the most extensive attack it had carried out so far, including the launch of 30 UAVs and 150 rockets at IDF headquarters and bases in the Galilee and the Golan Heights. Two IDF soldiers and two civilians were injured and widespread fires broke out in Israel's northern region.
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Spotlight on the Israel-Palestinian Conflict (June 4-10 , 2024)

This past week, IDF operations focused on the refugee camps in the central Gaza Strip and the Rafah area in the south. A terrorist infiltration near Kerem Shalom was prevented, during which an IDF soldier was killed; The Israeli security forces rescued four Israeli hostages in an operation in the al-Nuseirat refugee camp. A fighter of the counterterrorism unit was killed. The Palestinians claimed that more than 270 civilians were killed during the operation and accused Israel of a "massacre." Despite this, Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) said they were still interested in reaching an agreement that would lead to a permanent ceasefire, the withdrawal of IDF forces from the Gaza Strip and the release of the hostages in exchange for Palestinian prisoners; The delivery of humanitarian aid was renewed through the floating sea pier constructed by the United States military off the coast of Gaza; No terrorist attacks were carried out this past week in Israel, Judea and Samaria. A car bomb exploded about a kilometer from a military checkpoint in the Jordan Valley; there were no casualties; The Israeli security forces continued their counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. The security forces of the Palestinian Authority (PA) detained wanted operatives of the PIJ's Tubas Battalion.
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Anti-Israel Terrorism from the Palestinian Authority, 2023

In 2023 there was a significant increase in the extent of terrorism and violence, with 179 critical terrorist attacks carried out, compared with 86 in 2022; Twenty-seven were carried out on Israeli territory (16 in 2022); 43 people were killed, 37 civilians and six members of the security forces, compared with 30 killed during 2022; Shootings were prominent, with 108 attacks which accounted for about 60% of the total number (46 in 2022); There were also 35 stabbings, about 19% of the total; 20 vehicle ramming attacks, about 11% of the total; 5 IED attacks and 5 combined attacks. There were also several thousand incidents in which rocks were thrown and several hundred in which Molotov cocktails were thrown, but not all were documented. Due to the Gaza Strip War (Operation Iron Swords) which broke out on October 7, 2023, the summary of 2023 was released considerably late and in an abbreviated format, and does not include terrorism from the Gaza Strip.
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Spotlight on Iran (May 29—June 5, 2024)

In view of Israel’s continued operation in Rafah, senior Iranian officials reiterated their support for the Palestinians. The supreme leader of Iran declared that Israel would not be able to recover from the Hamas attack on October 7, 2023, and that Operation al-Aqsa Flood had foiled the plan of the “enemies” to take over the region and the Muslim world; Acting Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Bagheri-Kani held a series of telephone conversations with foreign ministers around the world and made his first visit to Syria and Lebanon; An IRGC officer was killed in an attack attributed to Israel in the Aleppo area of Syria. He is the first Iranian officer killed in Syria since the targeted killing of the IRGC commander in Syria and Lebanon on April 1, 2024, attributed to Israel; The Islamic Resistance in Iraq claimed responsibility for carrying out five drone attacks against Israel, most of them towards Haifa. The IDF reported that a cruise missile had been intercepted in the Golan Heights; The Houthis claimed responsibility for attacks against military and civilian vessels, including two attacks on the US aircraft carrier Eisenhower. The US Central Command denied any damage to its ships. The Houthis also claimed responsibility for launching a ballistic missile at Israel, and the IDF confirmed that an interception had been carried out in the Eilat area.
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Spotlight on the Israel-Palestinian Conflict (May 28 – June 4 , 2024)

IDF forces advanced to the center of Rafah and gained operational control of the Philadelphia Axis along the Gaza Strip-Egypt border, where about 20 tunnels were located, some of which crossed into Egyptian territory. IDF forces also began operating in the al-Sabra and Zeitoun neighborhoods in southern Gaza City and completed their activity in the Jebalya refugee camp. Six IDF soldiers were killed fighting in the southern and northern Gaza Strip; Following President Biden's proposal for a permanent ceasefire in the war in the Gaza Strip and the release of the hostages, Hamas reacted with suspicion and demanded written guarantees; This past week, 1,858 trucks carrying humanitarian aid entered the Gaza Strip through the Erez and Kerem Shalom Crossings. A technical fault shut down the activity of the American naval pier off the Gazan shore; There were four terrorist attacks - two IDF soldiers were killed in a vehicle ramming attack near Nablus. a shooting attack in the Tulkarm area was prevented and a plan by the Hamas headquarters in Turkey to carry out a mass attack on Israeli territory was exposed; The International Court of Justice in The Hague announced that the Palestinian Authority had requested to join South Africa's lawsuit.
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Spotlight on Iran (May 22—29, 2024)

The deaths of the senior Iranian officials, first and foremost President Raisi and Foreign Minister, provided Iran with an opportunity to demonstrate the cohesion of the “resistance front” and to emphasize its continued adherence to the strategy of supporting its proxies in the region. Following the funeral, senior Iranian government officials, headed by the Supreme Leader of Iran, held meetings with senior members of the “resistance front,” in which they stressed their commitment to continued support for Iran’s network of proxies in view of the ongoing campaign in the Gaza Strip and other battlefields. On the sidelines of the funeral, representatives from the “resistance front” and the IRGC met in Tehran to discuss the continuation of the regional campaign. According to a Syrian news channel, the IRGC’s Qods Force commander in charge of the pro-Iranian militias in eastern Syria returned to the Albukamal area. The Islamic Resistance in Iraq claimed responsibility for eight attacks against targets in Israeli territory using UAVs and cruise missiles. The IDF confirmed that six UAVs had been intercepted on three occasions en route to Eilat and northern Israel. The Houthis claimed responsibility for attacks against civilian and military vessels in the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden, and the Indian Ocean, as well as in the Mediterranean. The US Central Command confirmed that a Greek-owned ship had been damaged but continued on its way without casualties. A report in Iran confirmed that Iran had provided the Houthis with Iranian technology that made it possible to develop precision anti-ship missiles.
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