The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

Palestinian reactions to the two deadly shooting attacks in Jerusalem

On Friday night, January 27, 2023, a Palestinian terrorist carried out a shooting attack in the Neve Yaakov neighborhood in northern Jerusalem, killing seven civilians and wounding three. On the morning of January 28, 2023, a Palestinian boy carried out a shooting attack in the Silwan neighborhood in east Jerusalem, wounding a father and son. Israeli security sources assume both attack were inspired by recent events in Jenin. So far the PA has not condemned either attack. On January 28, 2023, Mahmoud Abbas called an emergency meeting of the Palestinian leadership, after which an announcement was issued placing responsibility for the attacks on Israel's "escalation.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 25-31, 2023)

This past week there was a sharp rise in the number of terrorist attacks and casualties, as well as in the number of rocks, Molotov cocktails and bottles of paint thrown at Israeli vehicles driving on the roads in Judea and Samaria. Six terrorist attacks were carried out, killing seven civilians and wounding five. Ten Palestinians were killed in Israeli security force counterterrorism activities in the Jenin refugee camp. Most of them were Palestinian terrorist operatives. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) in the Gaza Strip fired five rockets at Israel to avenge the Israeli activity in Jenin.
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Rise in tension and Palestinian reactions to the Israeli security force counterterrorism activities in the Jenin refugee camp

On the morning of January 26, 2023 Israeli security forces entered the Jenin refugee camp to detain wanted PIJ terrorist operatives who had been involved in shooting at Israeli soldiers and who planned to carry out a showcase terrorist attack in the near future. During the activity the forces were attacked by massive gunfire, and returned fire. Nine Palestinians were killed, three of them PIJ terrorist operatives; a fourth died two days later. The events received extensive Palestinian and global media coverage. Most of the coverage referred to the Israeli activity as a "slaughter." On January 27, 2023, the PIJ fired five rockets at Israel from the Gaza Strip. No casualties or damage were reported. The number of Palestinian casualties was unusually high caused by the level of the threat against the forces on the ground and not the result of a change in IDF policy.
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Palestinian Terrorism Against Israel, 2022: Methods, Trends and Description

In 2022 there was a substantial rise in the number of Palestinian terrorist attacks against Israel. Eighty-six significant attackswere carried out, up from 54 in 202116 of the attacks were carried out inside Israeli territory (one in 2021). Thirty Israelis were killed (24 civilians and six members of the security forces). One Border Police fighter was killed in an operational activity in Samaria. In 2021 three civilians were killed. There were 46 shooting attacks 54% of the total number. One round of fighting was conducted in the Gaza Stripin August 2022.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 18-24, 2023)

This past week Palestinians carried out two terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria; no Israeli casualties were reported. One was a stabbing the other was a shooting attack Two attempted stabbing attacks were prevented by Israeli security forces. Two Palestinians were killed in clashes with Israeli security forces in the Jenin refugee camp. The Gaza Strip remained relatively quiet. experimental rockets were fired towards the sea. Members of the Palestinian Authority (PA) leadership continue their diplomatic "struggle" against the new Israeli government.
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The military-terrorist wings of Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad published books by terrorist activists imprisoned in Israel

At the beginning of January 2023 the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades issued a book called The Bus Is Burning, apparently written by Hassan Salamehwho is currently serving 46 consecutive life sentences in Israeli prisons. At the end of December 2022 a book about Bassem al-Sa'adi was published. Al-Sa'adi is a high-ranking Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) operative who was detained in Jenin in August 2022, whose detention led to Operation Breaking Dawn. The books were apparently published as part of inculcating the Palestinian public with the shaheed culture
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The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a nationalist conflict between two peoples living in the Land of Israel: the Jewish people and the Palestinian people. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is more than 100 years old and has been given worldwide prominence. The roots of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict go back to the 19th century, when nationalist movements gained momentum around the world, among them the Zionist movement and the call to emigrate to the Land of Israel to build a national home for the Jewish People. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict took a nationalist turn and grew after the First World War. 

The issues at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict include the permanent borders, security arrangements, Israel’s demand for Palestinian recognition of the existence of the Jewish People, the status of the Palestinian refugees, the control of Jerusalem, the Israeli settlements in Judea and Samaria, the distribution of water resources and the distribution of additional resources in Judea and Samaria.

A prominent feature of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the severe manifestations of violence and terrorism in the Gaza Strip and Judea and Samaria that have accompanied it throughout the years of its existence. The fighting is carried out by terror squads and individuals. These manifestations of violence have led to many losses and property damage on both sides.

Over the years, many attempts have been made to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Most of the proposals attempted to promote a permanent solution that would involve the creation of Palestinian autonomy or an independent Palestinian state to be established alongside the State of Israel. This is known as the “two-state solution.” Another proposed solution for resolving the conflict is a “one-state solution” whereby all of the western Land of Israel, including the Gaza Strip and Judea and Samaria, would become a binational state. The attempts were unsuccessful due to disagreements over the nature of the solution and due to a basic lack of trust between the sides.