The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

The Islamic University of Gaza, A Hamas Stronghold, Has Been Supported by the EU for Years

The Islamic University of Gaza (IUG) is a radical Islamist academic institution which has been a Hamas stronghold since its founding. Generations of Hamas' military and political leadership grew out of the university, and Hamas holds political, ideological and military activities within its walls. The IUG has enjoyed EU support for many years, manifested by integrating the university into EU-funded projects and the exchanges of students and faculty, even though the EU regards Hamas as a terrorist organization. The EU support for the IUG is part of its support for Palestine, that is, the Palestinian Authority (PA).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 9 – 15, 2020)

In the Gaza Strip Hamas is directing most of its attention and effort towards halting the rapid spread of Covid-19. The PA and Hamas criticized the Arab League for not condemning the UAE's normalization agreement with Israel, which left an opening for Bahrain (and other Arab states) to sign similar agreements. This past week al-Jazeera TV broadcast a program about the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades' [Hamas' military-terrorist wing's] military capabilities, in ITIC assessment at the request of Hamas.
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The Spread of Covid-19 in Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria (Updated to September 14, 2020)

The sharp rise in the extent of Covid-19 infection continues. According to the ministry of health in Gaza, the real number of active cases is far higher because many people have not been tested. The Hamas administration continues the strict enforcement of preventive measures with an emphasis on the ban on gatherings, although with occasional exceptions. This past week 3,597 new Covid-19 cases were detected in Judea and Samaria. The number of active case has risen in all the Palestinian Authority (PA) districts. In east Jerusalem the slight decline in the number of new active cases continues, and the general trend is towards stability. The Palestinian terrorist organizations (especially Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad) expressed concern over the rise in the number of Palestinians in Israeli jails infected with Covid-19, and accused Israel of neglect (Palinfo, al-Mayadeen, September 8, 2020).
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Palestinian Authority reactions to sanctions imposed by US on senior ICC officials

The International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague is conducting an investigation into war crimes allegedly perpetrated by the American forces in Afghanistan. Due to this investigation, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced that ICC General Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda and Phakiso Mochochoko, the head of the ICC’s Jurisdiction, Complementarity and Cooperation Division, would be added to the US Department of the Treasury’s Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List (SDN).
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Al-Aqsa Terrorism: The Role of Religious Motivation in Popular Terrorism

The Al-Aqsa in danger libel is deeply rooted in the days of the Grand Mufti Hajj Amin al-Husseini and dates back to the 1920s and 1930s. This libel has been intensified in recent decades and has been a highly effective religious trigger for motivating Popular Terrorism, and more often than not also for motivating organized terrorist attacks. The libel arouses strong feelings among the Muslim general public, both religious and nationalist, and it also creates a sense of unity among the Arabs of Israel and those of Judea, Samaria and East Jerusalem.
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Palestinian Authority textbooks and teachers’ guides dealing with the Palestinian-Israeli conflict (based on books published in 2019)

The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center (ITIC) published during the years 2017-2019, in cooperation with the Center for Near East Policy Research, several studies dealing with the presentation of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the Palestinian Authority's schoolbooks and teachers' guides. These studies were based on close to 400 schoolbooks and over 100 teachers' guides published by the Palestinian Authority (PA) between the years 2013-2018.
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The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a nationalist conflict between two peoples living in the Land of Israel: the Jewish people and the Palestinian people. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is more than 100 years old and has been given worldwide prominence. The roots of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict go back to the 19th century, when nationalist movements gained momentum around the world, among them the Zionist movement and the call to emigrate to the Land of Israel to build a national home for the Jewish People. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict took a nationalist turn and grew after the First World War. 

The issues at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict include the permanent borders, security arrangements, Israel’s demand for Palestinian recognition of the existence of the Jewish People, the status of the Palestinian refugees, the control of Jerusalem, the Israeli settlements in Judea and Samaria, the distribution of water resources and the distribution of additional resources in Judea and Samaria.

A prominent feature of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the severe manifestations of violence and terrorism in the Gaza Strip and Judea and Samaria that have accompanied it throughout the years of its existence. The fighting is carried out by terror squads and individuals. These manifestations of violence have led to many losses and property damage on both sides.

Over the years, many attempts have been made to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Most of the proposals attempted to promote a permanent solution that would involve the creation of Palestinian autonomy or an independent Palestinian state to be established alongside the State of Israel. This is known as the “two-state solution.” Another proposed solution for resolving the conflict is a “one-state solution” whereby all of the western Land of Israel, including the Gaza Strip and Judea and Samaria, would become a binational state. The attempts were unsuccessful due to disagreements over the nature of the solution and due to a basic lack of trust between the sides.