Syria

Spotlight on Global Jihad (May 12-18, 2022)

The downtrend in ISIS activity around the world continued for the second week in a row, following the end of its campaign of vengeance which began on April 17 and ended on May 2, 2022. The Sinai Peninsula: One noteworthy attack was carried out on May 11, 2022, when ISIS operatives attacked an Egyptian army checkpoint at the entrance to Rafah. Africa: ISIS claimed responsibility for its first attack in central Nigeria. Eight Togolese soldiers were killed and 13 others were wounded in an attack by armed men on the Togo-Burkina Faso border, in what appears to be the country's first terrorist attack by radical Islamists.
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Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 1 – 14, 2022)

Hezbollah's preparations for election day were the following: a particular effort was made to raise voter turnout. The first phase of the campaign concentrated on an appeal to the minds of the Lebanese, stressing Hezbollah's contribution to its supporters and to Lebanese in general in fields such as health, education and the economy. During the last two weeks of the campaign the focus was on the hearts of the Lebanese, creating a sense of impending danger and the need for closing ranks around the organization, encouraging voter turnout for the sake of the shaheeds, the wounded and the families of the shaheeds, and as an expression of personal loyalty to Hezbollah secretary general Hassan Nasrallah.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (May 5-11, 2022)

This week, there was a downtrend in ISIS activity around the globe in light of the end of its campaign of vengeance, which began on April 17, 2022, and ended on May 2, 2022. Syria: ISIS continued its attacks against the SDF (Kurdish) forces and the Syrian army. Iraq: There was a drop in the number of attacks in the wake of the end of the campaign of vengeance. Afghanistan: Operatives of ISIS's Khorasan Province fired rockets at a Tajikistan army headquarters near the Afghanistan-Tajikistan border. Africa: ISIS has announced a new province, the Mozambique Province. Speaking in a video marking the 11th anniversary of Osama bin Laden's death, Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri said that since the events of September 11, 2001, the United States has been in a decline and its weakness has made Ukraine easy prey for Russia. A new Al-Qaeda magazine has been issued in Sudan, encouraging readers to join its ranks.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (April 27 – May 4, 2022)

This week, ISIS continued its intensive activity around the globe as part of its campaign of vengeance that began on April 17, 2022. Syria: ISIS continued its attacks against the Kurdish forces (SDF), the Syrian army, and the forces supporting it. Iraq: There was an increase in the number of attacks, most of which took the form of IED detonation and shooting. The Sinai Peninsula: Clashes continued between ISIS and Egyptian security forces. Israel: An indictment was filed against two brothers from the village of Muawiyah (in Wadi Ara) who pledged allegiance to ISIS and planned to join it. Afghanistan: ISIS claimed responsibility for three attacks.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (April 14-27, 2022)

Over the past two weeks, there has been a significant increase in the scope of ISIS’s activity in its various provinces around the globe. Syria: Despite the announcement of the campaign, activity continued at a relatively low level and was directed mainly against the Syrian army, the forces supporting it, and the Kurdish SDF. Iraq: There was a significant increase in the scope of ISIS's activity in Iraq, although most of the attacks were relatively minor. The Sinai Peninsula: There was an increase in ISIS's activity. At the same time, the Egyptian army and the local militias supporting it continued their counterterrorism activity. Counterterrorism in Israel: A Palestinian resident of Hebron, an ISIS supporter, was detained following the solving of a murder he committed three years ago of a couple in Jerusalem and another murder he committed about a month ago. In addition, the Israeli security forces detained several Arab-Israeli residents who are affiliated with ISIS.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (April 7-13, 2022)

Syria: This past week there was relatively little activity. ISIS operatives focused on the desert region, where they attacked positions of the militias supporting the Syrian regime. Iraq: ISIS operatives abducted a number of civilians and conducted economic terrorist activity. The Sinai Peninsula: Several civilians were abducted, and it can be assumed their abductors were ISIS operatives. Africa: ISIS's West Africa Province continued activities at a relatively high level of intensity. Afghanistan: ISIS operatives continued activities against Taliban forces, but at relatively low intensity.  India: ISIS joined the protest against the government's law banning the hijab in government educational institutions. The battle for hearts and minds: The lead article in al-Nabā’, ISIS's weekly magazine, was devoted to criticism of the Muslim Brotherhood movement's positive position regarding the nascent Israeli-Turkish bilateral relations, and of Israeli President Isaac Herzog's visit to Turkey.
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Syria

Syria is a central factor in the Arab-Israeli conflict and has been in conflict with the State of Israel since its establishment. Syria’s basic position rejects the Zionist idea and views the State of Israel as a foreign element that must be uprooted. Since its establishment, Syria has led the political and military struggle against pre-state Israel and the State of Israel. Syria is demanding that Israel give up its control over an area of about 1,200 square kilometers in the Golan Heights, which was occupied by Israel in 1967. In view of its profound hostility to Israel, Syria has supported the Palestinian terrorist organizations and Hezbollah for many years. Syria was designated as a terrorism-supporting state by the US State Department back in 1979.  

Despite repeated attempts since the early 1990s to reach a peace agreement with Syria, an official state of war still exists between it and Israel. These relations have been influenced by the involvement of elements such as the Soviet Union and Iran, Syria’s relations with other Arab countries (Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon) and its relations with the Palestinians. These relations have also been influenced by the fact that Syria perceives Israel’s territory as part of what it calls Greater Syria.

Since early 2011, there has been a civil war in Syria between President Bashar Assad and the forces loyal to him, and rebel organizations with various ideologies and political orientation. The civil war has led to the destruction of the country’s infrastructure, the removal of Syria from the Arab League, and tension in its relations with Sunni countries (Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan and Turkey). Syria’s relations with the United States and Western countries have also deteriorated. On the other hand, the Syrian regime is supported by Russia, Iran and Hezbollah, and by Shiite militias supported by Iran.