Syria

Spotlight on Global Jihad (September 2-13, 2021)

Afghanistan: The US and European countries are dealing with the lessons of the departure from Afghanistan and attempting to anticipate the consequences of future events and terrorist threats, after the takeover of the country by the Taliban. Syria: In Idlib, artillery exchanges continued between the Syrian army and the forces supporting it and the rebel forces. Iraq: There has been an increase in the number of attacks. Most of them were carried out against the Iraqi security forces and the forces supporting them. The Sinai Peninsula: ISIS operatives carried out several attacks against the Egyptian security forces.
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Spotlight on Iran (September 2, 2021 – September 14, 2021)

Iran stressed once again its willingness to expand the assistance to Lebanon due to the severe economic crisis experienced by the country. The Iranian minister of foreign affairs said in a phone call with his Lebanese colleague that Iran is willing to supply fuel to the Lebanese government (and not merely Hezbollah), and the Iranian ambassador to Lebanon declared that his government offered to assist Lebanon in establishing electric power stations. Meanwhile, Hezbollah leader Nasrallah made it clear (September 13, 2021) that, contrary to the original plan, the Iranian tankers would not run out of fuel in Lebanon but in Syria, from where it would be transferred to Lebanon. This is to prevent Lebanon from being exposed to sanctions.
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Spotlight on Iran (August 19, 2021 – September 2, 2021)

Hossein Amir-Abdollahian has assumed his new position as Iran’s minister of foreign affairs. In the first days of his tenure, he paid visits to Syria and Iraq. The Syrian news website, Euphrates Post, reported that in recent days, the IRGC transferred a large number of rockets to pro-Iranian militias operating in Deir Ezzor, eastern Syria. The spokesman of the Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed the claim made by the Secretary General of Hezbollah, Hassan Nasrallah, concerning the transfer of fuel shipments from Iran to Lebanon. Iranian activities in the economic sphere in Syria and Iraq: The chairman of the Joint Iranian-Syrian Chamber of Commerce announced that Iran intends to participate in a trade fair that will be held in the coming months in Damascus, during which Iranian products will be put on display.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (August 26 – September 1, 2021)

Afghanistan: On August 26, 2021, five days before the end of the evacuation of the American and Western forces from Afghanistan, there was an explosion near the eastern wing of the Kabul international airport. In American assessment, ISIS would attempt to attack its forces before they leave the country. Syria: ISIS's activities continue to decline. Iraq: ISIS's attacks continue to decline in Iraq as well. The battle for hearts and minds: The lead article in al-Nabā’, ISIS's weekly magazine, was devoted to the need for Muslim scholars to lead the armies fighting their enemies, and not serve as tools in the hands of various regimes and the West.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (August 19-25, 2021)

Afghanistan: While ISIS displays a criticizing approach towards the events in Afghanistan in an article published in its weekly, the Al-Qaeda-affiliated HTS congratulated the Taliban on the takeover of Afghanistan. Syria: There was a significant decrease in ISIS’s activity. Iraq: There was also a decrease in ISIS’s activity in Iraq. The Sinai Peninsula: Most of the attacks consisted of sniper fire at the Egyptian security forces and were carried out in the New Rafah region. Africa: There was also a significant decrease in the number of attacks in Africa. Asia: There was an increase in the volume of activity of ISIS’s East Asia Province in the Philippines.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (August 12-18, 2021)

Afghanistan: The Taliban forces have taken over the entire country, including the capital Kabul, which fell into their hands without a battle. Syria: The downtrend in ISIS’s activity in the various provinces continued. In a counterterrorism operation by the SDF and Global Coalition forces, ISIS operatives were detained, including a senior operative who was in charge of ISIS’s activity in northern and eastern Syria and on the Syria-Iraq border. According to ISIS, its operatives shot down a Russian UAV in the Homs Desert. Iraq: ISIS activity continues in the various provinces, albeit on a relatively small scale. The epicenter of ISIS’s activity this week was the Salah al-Din Province, where most of its attacks were carried out, with the main target being the security forces and the militias supporting them.
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Syria

Syria is a central factor in the Arab-Israeli conflict and has been in conflict with the State of Israel since its establishment. Syria’s basic position rejects the Zionist idea and views the State of Israel as a foreign element that must be uprooted. Since its establishment, Syria has led the political and military struggle against pre-state Israel and the State of Israel. Syria is demanding that Israel give up its control over an area of about 1,200 square kilometers in the Golan Heights, which was occupied by Israel in 1967. In view of its profound hostility to Israel, Syria has supported the Palestinian terrorist organizations and Hezbollah for many years. Syria was designated as a terrorism-supporting state by the US State Department back in 1979.  

Despite repeated attempts since the early 1990s to reach a peace agreement with Syria, an official state of war still exists between it and Israel. These relations have been influenced by the involvement of elements such as the Soviet Union and Iran, Syria’s relations with other Arab countries (Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon) and its relations with the Palestinians. These relations have also been influenced by the fact that Syria perceives Israel’s territory as part of what it calls Greater Syria.

Since early 2011, there has been a civil war in Syria between President Bashar Assad and the forces loyal to him, and rebel organizations with various ideologies and political orientation. The civil war has led to the destruction of the country’s infrastructure, the removal of Syria from the Arab League, and tension in its relations with Sunni countries (Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan and Turkey). Syria’s relations with the United States and Western countries have also deteriorated. On the other hand, the Syrian regime is supported by Russia, Iran and Hezbollah, and by Shiite militias supported by Iran.