Syria

Spotlight on Iran (September 15, 2022 – September 29, 2022)

Iran International channel, which is aligned with the Iranian opposition, reported that the strike attributed to Israel, carried out near Damascus targeted the Iran's logistics unit of the Lebanon Corps of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC). Iran informed its willingness to provide Lebanon with 600,000 tons of fuel over the span of five months. The Iraqi national security adviser met with the deputy commander of the Intelligence Organization of the IRGC and discussed ways to bolster intelligence cooperation between the two nations.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (September 21-15 , 2022)

This week, there was relatively limited ISIS activity around the globe. In spite of the severe blow sustained by the leadership of ISIS’s Sinai Province, the organization continued its activity . ISIS continued to attack the Kurdish forces in the Deir ez-Zor-Al-Mayadeen region In Nigeria, there were clashes between operatives of ISIS’s West Africa Province and Boko Haram operatives. ISIS claimed responsibility for the organization’s activity in Benin.
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Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria(September 5-19 , 2022)

Senior Hezbollah figures continued relating to the dispute between Israel and Lebanon over the delineation of the naval border. Villages in south Lebanon imposed limitations on the movement of as a way to decrease criminal activity and prevent smuggling. The permission given for Israelis to enter the village of Ghajar is liable to be considered a violation of Lebanese sovereigntyIran proposed the construction of two power plants in Lebanon to provide 1,000 megawatts of electricity each.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (September 8-14, 2022)

This week there was a moderate decrease in ISIS’s activity around the globe. There were successful targeted killings in Turkey and Sinai. Turkey: A senior ISIS leader by the name of Bashar Khattab Ghazal al-Sumaidai was detained. He was initially identified as ISIS’s leader. Under interrogation, he admitted that he had held a senior position in ISIS. Several ISIS commanders who were planning an attack in Turkey were also detained. The Sinai Peninsula: Three senior operatives and a number of other operatives in ISIS’s Sinai Province were killed in a counterterrorism operation by the Egyptian army and the Sinai Tribal Union. Syria: ISIS continues to operate against the Kurdish SDF forces in the Deir ez-Zor-Al-Mayadeen region. There were clashes in the Al-Hawl camp in the Al-Hasakah region. In the desert area, ISIS operatives killed three fighters of the Fatemiyoun Brigade. Iraq: A decrease in the scope of ISIS’s activity during the week.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (September 1-7, 2022)

This week, ISIS carried out two large-scale terrorist attacks in Afghanistan. The first, a suicide bombing attack at the entrance to the Russian Embassy in Kabul. In the Sinai Peninsula, the Egyptian security forces continued their intensive counterterrorism activity. At least 10 ISIS operatives were killed. In Iraq, ISIS carried out several attacks against the Iraqi security forces, mainly IED attacks. In Nigeria, the security forces continued their activity against ISIS and Boko Haram.
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Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (August 21 – September 5 , 2022)

Hezbollah's militant rhetoric has escalated significantly due to concerns that disputes over the Israeli-Lebanese naval border will lead to an outbreak of fighting. On the second anniversary of the explosion in the Beirut harbor there was an increase in public outcry regarding those responsible, presumably Hezbollah. The UN Security Council renewed the UNIFIL forces' mandate in south Lebanon. In the wake of Operation Breaking Dawn in the Gaza Strip, Hezbollah has been collaborating with the PIJ.
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Syria

Syria is a central factor in the Arab-Israeli conflict and has been in conflict with the State of Israel since its establishment. Syria’s basic position rejects the Zionist idea and views the State of Israel as a foreign element that must be uprooted. Since its establishment, Syria has led the political and military struggle against pre-state Israel and the State of Israel. Syria is demanding that Israel give up its control over an area of about 1,200 square kilometers in the Golan Heights, which was occupied by Israel in 1967. In view of its profound hostility to Israel, Syria has supported the Palestinian terrorist organizations and Hezbollah for many years. Syria was designated as a terrorism-supporting state by the US State Department back in 1979.  

Despite repeated attempts since the early 1990s to reach a peace agreement with Syria, an official state of war still exists between it and Israel. These relations have been influenced by the involvement of elements such as the Soviet Union and Iran, Syria’s relations with other Arab countries (Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon) and its relations with the Palestinians. These relations have also been influenced by the fact that Syria perceives Israel’s territory as part of what it calls Greater Syria.

Since early 2011, there has been a civil war in Syria between President Bashar Assad and the forces loyal to him, and rebel organizations with various ideologies and political orientation. The civil war has led to the destruction of the country’s infrastructure, the removal of Syria from the Arab League, and tension in its relations with Sunni countries (Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan and Turkey). Syria’s relations with the United States and Western countries have also deteriorated. On the other hand, the Syrian regime is supported by Russia, Iran and Hezbollah, and by Shiite militias supported by Iran.