Syria

Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (June 17 – 24 , 2024)

This past week, Hezbollah claimed responsibility for 38 attacks on military and civilian targets in northern Israel. An IDF soldier was injured by a UAV and two reserve soldiers were injured by an anti-tank missile; Israeli Air Force fighter jets and UAVs attacked Hezbollah targets and operatives in south Lebanon. A senior terrorist operative of al-Jama'a al-Islamiyya was killed in a targeted attack in the Lebanon Valley; Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah secretary general, warned that the organization would act without limitations in the event of an all-out war against Israel, could hit any target in Israeli territory and could invade the Galilee. He warned Cyprus not to participate on Israel's side in the event of a war; According to reports, Hezbollah uses the Beirut International Airport to store Iranian weapons, including missiles and rockets; Hezbollah published a video of a UAV that photographed security and civilian facilities in the Haifa area. Another video threatened to attack strategic sites in Israel; The estimated damage to south Lebanon since the beginning of the fighting is over $1.5 billion and there are more than 90,000 displaced persons; The American envoy Amos Hochstein held talks in Lebanon in an attempt to prevent further escalation in the fighting between Israel and Hezbollah.
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Spotlight on Iran (June 13-19, 2024)

The traditional pilgrimage ceremonies to Saudi Arabia as part of Eid al-Adha were exploited by Iranians to chant slogans against Israel and the United States; Acting Iranian Foreign Minister visited Iraq and met with senior Iraqi government officials and senior officials in the Kurdish region in northern Iraq; Iran’s mission to the UN stressed Iran’s commitment to continued support for the Houthis; The Islamic Resistance in Iraq claimed responsibility for carrying out four attacks against Israel. The IDF Spokesperson reported the interception of a suspicious aerial target approaching from the east; The Houthis continued to report attacks against civilian and military vessels in the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea. Two ships were severely damaged in the strikes - one of them sank and the other is in danger of sinking.
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Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (June 9 – 17 , 2024)

This past week Hezbollah claimed responsibility for 80 attacks on military and civilian targets in northern Israel, compared to 52 attacks the previous week. Attacks escalated in response to the killing of Taleb Sami Abdallah, the commander of the al-Nasr unit and a long-time Hezbollah operative. Two Israeli civilians and two IDF soldiers were injured in the attacks and considerable damage was caused by extensive fires which broke out in northern Israel; Israeli Air Force fighter jets and UAVs attacked Hezbollah targets and operatives in south Lebanon and the Lebanon Valley. A convoy of Hezbollah trucks was hit on the Lebanon-Syria border in an attack attributed to Israel; In the assessment of senior Hezbollah figures, Israel is not prepared to launch an all-out war in Lebanon and Israel finds it difficult to intercept the organization's UAVs. In Lebanon, public displays of opposition to Hezbollah continued: Kamil Chamoun, leader of the Free Nationalist Party, warned that twenty thousand armed Sunnis, Druze and Christians would take to the streets if Hezbollah attacked the Christian areas.
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Spotlight on Iran (June 5-13, 2024)

Ali Bagheri-Kani, acting Iranian foreign minister, participated in a special meeting of the foreign ministers of developing countries in Istanbul and called for measures against Israel against the background of the war in the Gaza Strip. He warned Israel from launching an all-out confrontation against Hezbollah; Iran condemned Israel’s action in the Nuseirat refugee camp in the Gaza Strip, in which four of the hostages were released, and called for united action by Muslim countries to protect the Palestinians; For the first time, the Houthis in Yemen and the Islamic Resistance in Iraq announced joint attacks against Israel. In addition, the Islamic Resistance in Iraq claimed responsibility for carrying out five drone attacks against Israel; The Houthis continued their attacks against military and civilian vessels in the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea. Three vessels were reportedly hit.
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Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (June 3 – 9 , 2024)

This past week Hezbollah claimed responsibility for 52 attacks on military and civilian targets in northern Israel. Falaq-2 rockets were used for the first time. A soldier was killed and 12 others were injured in a UAV attack in Hurfeish, and a UAV fell in the Jezreel Valley, 40 kilometers from the border, the furthest distance since the beginning of the fighting. In addition, anti-aircraft missiles were launched for the first time at Israeli Air Force planes in Lebanese skies; In response, Israeli Air Force fighter jets and UAVs attacked Hezbollah targets and operatives in the south and deep inside Lebanese territory; Hezbollah made a series of statements claiming it did not want a war with Israel, but threatened a powerful response if a war was "forced" on it; The UNIFIL spokesman warned there was a high risk of escalation which would lead an extensive conflict affecting the entire region; Shots were fired at the United States embassy in Lebanon, there were no casualties. A Syrian citizen was detained and claimed he had acted "in support of the Gaza Strip." He was reportedly in contact with ISIS elements in Iraq.
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Spotlight on Iran (May 29—June 5, 2024)

In view of Israel’s continued operation in Rafah, senior Iranian officials reiterated their support for the Palestinians. The supreme leader of Iran declared that Israel would not be able to recover from the Hamas attack on October 7, 2023, and that Operation al-Aqsa Flood had foiled the plan of the “enemies” to take over the region and the Muslim world; Acting Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Bagheri-Kani held a series of telephone conversations with foreign ministers around the world and made his first visit to Syria and Lebanon; An IRGC officer was killed in an attack attributed to Israel in the Aleppo area of Syria. He is the first Iranian officer killed in Syria since the targeted killing of the IRGC commander in Syria and Lebanon on April 1, 2024, attributed to Israel; The Islamic Resistance in Iraq claimed responsibility for carrying out five drone attacks against Israel, most of them towards Haifa. The IDF reported that a cruise missile had been intercepted in the Golan Heights; The Houthis claimed responsibility for attacks against military and civilian vessels, including two attacks on the US aircraft carrier Eisenhower. The US Central Command denied any damage to its ships. The Houthis also claimed responsibility for launching a ballistic missile at Israel, and the IDF confirmed that an interception had been carried out in the Eilat area.
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Syria

Syria is a central factor in the Arab-Israeli conflict and has been in conflict with the State of Israel since its establishment. Syria’s basic position rejects the Zionist idea and views the State of Israel as a foreign element that must be uprooted. Since its establishment, Syria has led the political and military struggle against pre-state Israel and the State of Israel. Syria is demanding that Israel give up its control over an area of about 1,200 square kilometers in the Golan Heights, which was occupied by Israel in 1967. In view of its profound hostility to Israel, Syria has supported the Palestinian terrorist organizations and Hezbollah for many years. Syria was designated as a terrorism-supporting state by the US State Department back in 1979.  

Despite repeated attempts since the early 1990s to reach a peace agreement with Syria, an official state of war still exists between it and Israel. These relations have been influenced by the involvement of elements such as the Soviet Union and Iran, Syria’s relations with other Arab countries (Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon) and its relations with the Palestinians. These relations have also been influenced by the fact that Syria perceives Israel’s territory as part of what it calls Greater Syria.

Since early 2011, there has been a civil war in Syria between President Bashar Assad and the forces loyal to him, and rebel organizations with various ideologies and political orientation. The civil war has led to the destruction of the country’s infrastructure, the removal of Syria from the Arab League, and tension in its relations with Sunni countries (Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan and Turkey). Syria’s relations with the United States and Western countries have also deteriorated. On the other hand, the Syrian regime is supported by Russia, Iran and Hezbollah, and by Shiite militias supported by Iran.