Syria

Spotlight on Global Jihad (January 19-25, 2023)

ISIS’s activity around the world continued to be moderate this week. The main event was in Somalia Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Shabaab attacked a Somali army. According to the Somali government, over 100 Al-Shabaab operatives were killed as well as six Somali soldiers. The Syrian security forces killed a senior ISIS operative and two of his escorts. A joint US army and SDF force captured a senior ISIS official in eastern Syria.In The Democratic Republic of the Congo – ISIS operatives carried out a shooting attack in a pub in the Beni area, about 50 km west of the border with Uganda. A total of 24 people were killed.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (January 12-18, 2023)

ISIS’s activity around the world continued to be moderate this week. At the center of events A suicide bombing attack was carried out by ISIS near the headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Kabul and an IED was set off in a church courtyard in northeastern Congo. The Prime Minister of Egypt and the Chief of Staff made (separate) visits to the Sinai Peninsula. The visits were apparently intended to underscore the Egyptian government’s control over the peninsula after years in which ISIS ruled the region. In Somalia, operatives of Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Shabaab detonated several car bombs against security forces.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (January 5-11, 2023)

This week has witnessed a relatively low level of ISIS activity around the world .At the center of events Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Shabaab set off several car bombs in central Somalia. In Syria ISIS carried out several attacks against the Syrian army and the forces supporting it In Afghanistan: Taliban security forces killed eight ISIS operatives and arrested seven in Kabul.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 29, 2022 – January 4, 2023)

This week, the moderate increase in ISIS activity around the world continued. The centers of activity were Egypt where ISIS operatives fired at an Egyptian police checkpoint in the city of Ismailia and Afghanistan whrer at least 10 people were killed in a suicide attack near the entrance to the military compound at Kabul International Airport.
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Kata’ib Hezbollah: A Dominant Iraqi Pro-Iranian Militia

Kata’ib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Brigades) is one of the most dominant pro-Iranian militias operating in Iraq. The militia was established in March 2003 as a result of a union between several pro-Iranian groups following the US invasion of Iraq. The militia works to promote the regional and international interests of the Iranian regime in Iraq and the region.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 22-28, 2022)

The Israeli security forces exposed details on the perpetrator of the double bombing attack which was carried out in Jerusalem. The terrorist was inspired by ISIS’s ideology but acted alone. This week, there was an increase in ISIS activity around the world. The organization’s activity focused on Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Nigeria. In Iraq The Iraqi army sustained fatalities in ISIS attacks in the provinces of Kirkuk and Erbil. In Syria a failed attempt was made by ISIS to break into a prison in Al-Raqqah.
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Syria

Syria is a central factor in the Arab-Israeli conflict and has been in conflict with the State of Israel since its establishment. Syria’s basic position rejects the Zionist idea and views the State of Israel as a foreign element that must be uprooted. Since its establishment, Syria has led the political and military struggle against pre-state Israel and the State of Israel. Syria is demanding that Israel give up its control over an area of about 1,200 square kilometers in the Golan Heights, which was occupied by Israel in 1967. In view of its profound hostility to Israel, Syria has supported the Palestinian terrorist organizations and Hezbollah for many years. Syria was designated as a terrorism-supporting state by the US State Department back in 1979.  

Despite repeated attempts since the early 1990s to reach a peace agreement with Syria, an official state of war still exists between it and Israel. These relations have been influenced by the involvement of elements such as the Soviet Union and Iran, Syria’s relations with other Arab countries (Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon) and its relations with the Palestinians. These relations have also been influenced by the fact that Syria perceives Israel’s territory as part of what it calls Greater Syria.

Since early 2011, there has been a civil war in Syria between President Bashar Assad and the forces loyal to him, and rebel organizations with various ideologies and political orientation. The civil war has led to the destruction of the country’s infrastructure, the removal of Syria from the Arab League, and tension in its relations with Sunni countries (Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan and Turkey). Syria’s relations with the United States and Western countries have also deteriorated. On the other hand, the Syrian regime is supported by Russia, Iran and Hezbollah, and by Shiite militias supported by Iran.