Studies

Escalation in the Gaza Strip – Summary of Operation Breaking Dawn (August 5-7, 2022)

After three days of rocket and mortar fire from the Gaza Strip and IDF attacks, the Egyptian negotiator, Israel and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) declared a ceasefire, which went into effect on August 7, 2022, at 23:30. During the three days of the operation 1,100 rockets were launched at Israel. During the operation the IDF carried out 170 attacks on PIJ terrorist targets. Among the targets were senior Jerusalem Brigades commanders.
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Israeli-Palestinian Islamic Jihad escalation in the Gaza Strip: Operation Breaking Dawn

After a number of tense days in the Gaza Strip,. At 16:16 on Friday, August 5, 2022, the IDF killed Tayseer al-Jaabari, commander of the Jerusalem Brigades, the PIJ's military-terrorist wing in the northern Gaza Strip. A few hours after the targeted killing of al-Jaabari, the PIJ launched a massive barrage of rockets and mortar shells at Israel. Most of the attacks were directed at the Israeli cities and smaller communities on August 7, 2022, the morning of Tisha B'Avthe Jerusalem area as well.
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The killing of Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri – reactions and implications

On August 1, 2022, US President Joe Biden announced that the CIA had killed Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri on July 31, 2022, by a UAV airstrike on the balcony of a house where he was staying with his family in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. Zawahiri, aged 71 when he was killed, had been Al-Qaeda leader since June 16, 2011, after succeeding Osama bin Laden . For Al-Qaeda, the killing of its leader mainly dealt a blow to the morale of its rank-and-file since Zawahiri, one of Al-Qaeda’s founders, had been a most outstanding symbol of the organization
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Fatah summer campers in the Nablus district undergo military training

The Nablus branch of Fatah recently held summer camps for children and adolescents in the village of Bayta, south of the city. Videos of camp activities posted to the Palestinian social media showed the youth, some of them armed with rifles, undergoing military training. Apparently, the Fatah camp in Bayta was held because of the increasing participation of Fatah and its military-terrorist wing in the recent violent clashes between the Israeli security forces and Palestinians. Bayta was apparently not randomly chosen as the venue for the summer camps.
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Palestinians disappointed by Biden’s visit the Palestinian Authority

President Joe Biden devoted the third day of his visit to the Middle East to the Palestinian Authority (PA). While the Palestinians did not have high hopes or expect the visit would bring political achievements, senior PA and Fatah figures were disappointed and frustrated by Biden's short visit to and his stated positions
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Most of the Palestinians killed in Judea and Samaria since January 1, 2022, who died during Israeli security force counterterrorism activities were terrorist operatives

In 2022 the Israeli security forces continued been carrying out intensive counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. According to ITIC records, Israeli counterterrorism activities and clashes with Palestinians, carried out from January 1, 2022, to July 14, 2022, led to the deaths of 49 Palestinians, a relatively high number compared to previous years. Of the 49 Palestinians killed, 33 (67%) belonged to one of the Palestinian terrorist organizations. Sixteen (33%) Palestinians who were killed had no organizational affiliation.
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