Lebanon

The Iron Swords – The war in the south of Israel (Updated to 1 p.m., October 10, 2023)

The southern sector: IDF fighters continued battling terrorists in the Israeli villages and IDF posts in the area surrounding the Gaza Strip.. The massive attacks against Gaza from the air, sea and land continued. The terrorist organizations launched rocket barrage after barrage, although fewer than during the first two days. Several people were injured and property damage was reported. Many Gazans sought shelter from the IDF attacks in UNRWA schools.. Hamas also continued to encourage the Palestinians in Judea and Samaria and Israeli Arabs to join the war The northern sector: Tensions rose in the north of Israel after a terrorist squad of Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) operatives infiltrated Israeli territory. Throughout Judea and Samaria there were several attacks and attempts to carry out attacks. Expressions of support and sympathy for Israel continued around the globe, including in several Arab countries. Militias in Iraq and Jihad groups in Syria expressed support for Hamas.
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The Iron Swords – The war in the south of Israel (Updated to 1 p.m., October 9, 2023)

Israeli security forces continued to carry out massive activity in the Gaza Strip on land, in the air and at sea; several hundred targets were attacked from the air. The forces continued searching for and clashing with terrorists who still remained in Israel. In the meantime, Gaza continued firing rockets at Israel's south and center. According to an initial report, in the afternoon several rockets were fired at the north of the country from Lebanese territory. The Israeli ministry of health reported there were 2,586 wounded in hospitals across the country. So far over 800 deaths have been reported. Approximately 150 abducted Israelis are being held captive in the Gaza Strip by Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ). Hamas and the PIJ continue to boast of their "achievements" and try to recruit the Palestinians in Judea and Samaria to join the war. In Judea and Samaria Palestinians attacked and clashed with Israeli security forces several times. Sixteen Palestinians have been killed since the beginning of the war. The Palestinian Authority (PA) is operating in the Arab and international arenas to calm the situation and to help the Gaza Strip.
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Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (September 21-27, 2023)

A Lebanese tractor crossed the border into Israeli territory, in the Har Dov area, and took down a mound erected by the IDF. According to the Lebanese army, the tractor operated in Lebanese territory. At the same time, the Lebanese army was paving a road nearby. IDF forces also continued their work in the area. In an interview to an Iranian news channel, Wafiq Safa, head of Hezbollah’s liaison and coordination unit, said that it was still too early to predict whether the decisive campaign against Israel was imminent In the Ein al-Hilweh refugee camp, a temporary calm is apparent. Najib Mikati, Lebanon’s interim prime minister, said in an interview that a peace agreement with Israel could only be possible through negotiations carried out by the Arab League . A drone targeted, apparently in Syria, two Palestinian Islamic Jihad operatives. The two were killed. In one of the reports, the attack was attributed to Israel. Hezbollah reportedly moved a system of surface-to-air missiles from Lebanon to one of its bases in the Dimas area on the outskirts of Damascus.
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Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (September 15-21, 2023)

This past week no unusual incidents were reported along the Israel-Lebanon border. Hezbollah-affiliated media outlets reported on works carried out by Israel in the Ghajar region. The exposure of Iran and Hezbollah's secret airport in south Lebanon continued to make headlines. Preliminary details have been published about the plan of Amos Hochstein, the American president's coordinator for energy security, to resolve the issue of the land border between Israel and Lebanon. Tensions continue in the Ein al-Hilweh refugee camp. Several meetings were held in an effort to calm the situation. So far, there has been no solution to the presidential crisis in Lebanon nor is one on the horizon. Hezbollah and Amal continue to promote the candidacy of Suleiman Frangieh.
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UNIFIL’s Mandate Renewed The Resolution – Its Implications and Consequences

On August 31, 2023, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 2695 renewing UNIFIL's mandate in south Lebanon for another year. Thirteen countries voted in favor; Russia and China abstained. Since the establishment of UNIFIL, the renewal of the mandate had been a routine procedure taking place every year at the end of August. This year, however, under the pretext of maintaining Lebanon's sovereignty, the Lebanese government and Hezbollah exerted strong pressure to undermine UNIFIL's power and limit its activities to those approved by the Lebanese army. During deliberations, the Security Council condemned the violations of both sides along the border and called on the parties to honor their commitments and help promote a permanent ceasefire. The Security Council also charged the Lebanese government with the responsibility of keeping south Lebanon demilitarized, except for the arms in the hands of the government, and asked UNIFIL to be deployed in south Lebanon in accordance with Security Council Resolution 1701. In ITIC assessment, the resolution as passed will not change the nature of UNIFIL's activities in south Lebanon. Lebanese army cooperation with UNIFIL will be limited as before and Hezbollah will do everything in its power to preserve and expand its freedom of action in south Lebanon, even at the cost of confrontations with UNIFIL.
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Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (September 8 – 14 , 2023)

This past week no unusual incidents were reported along the Israel-Lebanon border. In south Lebanon there were reports of explosions and Israeli planes circling over the area. Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Galant revealed the existence of an Iranian airport in south Lebanon. In Lebanon the reactions to the revelation were mixed. The United States Treasury Department imposed sanctions on Hezbollah operatives and economic institutions in south Lebanon and South America. An arms-smuggling network from Iran to Lebanon for Hamas was exposed, with the involvement of officers of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards (IRGC) Qods Force. Violent clashes were renewed in the Ein al-Hilweh refugee camp near Sidon. The presidential crisis in Lebanon continues despite the efforts of Jean-Yves Le Drian, the French envoy, who visited Lebanon, to help resolve it. In Syria, two attacks attributed to Israel were carried out in the area of Tartus and Hama.
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