Lebanon

Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (June 30 – July 13, 2023)

The Lebanese government, in coordination with Hezbollah, deliberated Israel's trespass into Lebanese territory in the tiny village of Ghajar instead of directly addressing Israel's demand for the removal of the tents Hezbollah erected on the Israeli side of the border (the Blue Line). In the meantime, Hezbollah continued its provocation along the border, which included firing an anti-tank missile from the Ghajar region, an attempt to vandalize the border fence, in which three civilians were injured, and an arson attempt. Hezbollah secretary general Hassan Nasrallah gave a speech for the 17th anniversary of the Second Lebanon War, relating to the current events along the border. The Lebanese presidential crisis continues with no resolution in the foreseeable future.The Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps' (IRGC) Qods Force and Hezbollah are strengthening their foothold in Syria.Information was revealed about an Iranian company's provision of missiles and UAVs to Hezbollah and Russia
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Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (June 16-29, 2023)

Growing tension on the Israel-Lebanon border Hezbollah refuses to remove the two-tent post it erected on the Israeli side of the Blue Line (the Israel-Lebanon border). Israel warned south Lebanese residents to keep their distance from the border. Hezbollah intercepted an IDF UAV in south Lebanon. According to reports, Hezbollah uses Beirut airport's radar system. Relations between Hezbollah and Hamas in Lebanon's refugee camps are growing stronger.According to a Washington Institute report on Lebanon's financial crisis, Hezbollah profits by exploiting the situation to expand its control over the Lebanese infrastructure, from its banks to its fuel and electricity.
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Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (June 2-15, 2023)

Increasing tension along the Israel-Lebanon border Near Kafr Shuba, in the eastern sector of south Lebanon, civilians have made attempts to disrupt IDF engineering activities and cause provocations. At least some of the activities have been encouraged and directed by Hezbollah. Hezbollah practiced using UAVs as part of its preparations for a possible confrontation with Israel. Hashem Safi al-Din, chairman of Hezbollah's Operational Council, reiterates threats to fire missiles at the center of Israel and send operatives of its elite al-Radwan unit to invade the Galilee. Israel lodged a complaint with the UN against Hezbollah because of Hezbollah's stated intention to abduct Israeli civilians, a scenario of the most recent al-Radwan unit exercise.
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Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 19 – June 1, 2023)

Hezbollah celebrated its annual "Resistance and Liberation Day," held to mark the IDF's living south Lebanon in 2000. Hezbollah secretary general, Hasan Nasrallah, gave a speech boasting of the organization's military capabilities, stressing the concept of the "unity of the arenas" and threatening Israel with a battle on multiple fronts. Hezbollah held two military exercises in south Lebanon to demonstrate its capabilities. In the larger, more widely media-covered exercise, operatives using live ammunition simulated taking control of an IDF post or Israeli community and abducting IDF soldiers, and displayed the organization's weapon Lebanese opposition sources criticized Hezbollah for holding the exercise. American sources reported Hezbollah operatives were undergoing training for an attack on American soldiers in Syria.
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Hezbollah holds a military display in south Lebanon and threatens Israel

On May 21, 2023, Hezbollah held a military exercise in south Lebanon using live fire, which was well-covered by the media. The organization displayed its capabilities, reiterated its intention to obliterate the State of Israel and promoted the "unity of the arenas" narrative. Hezbollah operatives simulated breaking through Israel's border, taking control of an Israeli post or community and abducting soldiers. Weapons such as multiple-barrel rocket launchers mounted on armored vehicles, quadcopters and machine guns were displayed, but no missiles or UAVs. In ITIC assessment, Hezbollah tried to send a message that it would not lay down its arms or abandon its role as "Lebanon's defender," and promote the "unity of the arenas" narrative to the region in general and its "resistance axis" collaborators in particular.
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Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 5-18, 2023)

Hezbollah plans to hold a live-fire military exercise near the Israeli border on May 21, 2023. On May 12, 2023, Hezbollah secretary general Hassan Nasrallah gave a speech in which he represented the most recent round of fighting in the Gaza Strip as an achievement for the resistance axis. He also warned that any targeted killing in the future would not go without a response. The Lebanese minister of energy announced that in September 2023 the TotalEnergies and ENI oil and natural gas-drilling companies would begin drilling in Block 9 off the coast of Lebanon. Reservations are increasing in Lebanon regarding the candidacy of Suleiman Frangieh for president; he is close to Hezbollah and the Syrian regime.
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