Lebanon

Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 29 – June 11, 2022)

Members of the Lebanese Parliament elected Nabih Berri, from theontinue as speaker of the Parliament. The Iranian embassy in Lebanon and Hezbollah's civilian institutions marked the anniversary of Khomeini's death. There has been popular unrest targeting UNRWA in some of the refugee camps. Opponents of the Syrian regime issued an increasing number reports about the presence of Iranian militias in Syria near the Jordanian borde.
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Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 15 – 28, 2022)

The American Treasury Department imposed sanctions on Lebanese businessmen and their companies for helping to fund Hezbollah. Hezbollah regards the results of the elections in Lebanon as a success Hezbollah’s civilian institutions marked “Resistance” and Liberation with a series of events. Palestinians in Lebanon and Syria marked Nakba Day.
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Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 1 – 14, 2022)

Hezbollah's preparations for election day were the following: a particular effort was made to raise voter turnout. The first phase of the campaign concentrated on an appeal to the minds of the Lebanese, stressing Hezbollah's contribution to its supporters and to Lebanese in general in fields such as health, education and the economy. During the last two weeks of the campaign the focus was on the hearts of the Lebanese, creating a sense of impending danger and the need for closing ranks around the organization, encouraging voter turnout for the sake of the shaheeds, the wounded and the families of the shaheeds, and as an expression of personal loyalty to Hezbollah secretary general Hassan Nasrallah.
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Lebanon

Lebanon is a small country with a population of only about 4.1 million. Situated on the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon borders on Israel in the south and Syria in the east and north. It gained its independence from France on November 22, 1943. Due to Lebanon’s varied ethnic composition, its history is rife with schisms, conflicts and civil wars based on sectarian allegiances. Since its independence, Lebanon has had a unique political system of ethnic distribution with a parliamentary democracy based on ethnic-sectarian-religious representation. The most important offices are divided among the various religious groups, in accordance with the national charter of 1943.


Lebanon’s social complexity, the weakness of its central government, and the social and economic gaps between the various ethnic groups led to the rise of many armed sectarian-political militias, some of which turned to terrorism. The most prominent Shiite terrorist organization in Lebanon is Hezbollah, which was founded in the summer of 1982 during the First Lebanon War. It is not only a terrorist organization which owes its allegiance to the Iranian regime, it has also been incorporated into the Lebanese political system.


Lebanon has traditionally served as an arena for foreign forces, both Middle Eastern and international. In the past, Syria’s intervention in Lebanon was most conspicuous. Today, Iran’s intervention is most conspicuous: it provides Hezbollah in Lebanon with weapons, ammunition, financing and military training. The border between Israel and Lebanon has undergone some tense periods and several confrontations where IDF forces entered the Lebanese territory. Since the Second Lebanon War (2006), the border between Israel and Lebanon has been relatively quiet, a situation exploited by Hezbollah to advance its military buildup and intensely intervene in the civil war in Syria, under Iranian direction.