Iraq

The Movement of the Noble Ones (harakat al-nujaba)

The Movement of the Noble Ones (harakat al-nujaba) [henceforth "the Noble Ones"] is an Iraqi Shi'ite militia established in 2013 by Sheikh Akram al-Kaabi. The sheikh had close relations with Iran during his extensive guerrilla attacks against the American forces when they were in Iraq. Ostensibly the Noble Ones are subordinate to the "popular mobilization,"
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 21-27, 2017)

In Syria, battles continue between the Syrian forces and the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham, as part of the campaign to liberate Idlib. In Afghanistan, the series of attacks in ISIS’s Khorasan Province (Afghanistan/Pakistan) continued. This week, ISIS announced the establishment of its Kashmir Province in India, as part of the ultimate goal of establishing an Islamic Caliphate in the Indian subcontinent.
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Spotlight on Iran (December 10- December 24, 2017)

Against the backdrop of the defeat of the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq. Iranian officials continue to highlight Tehran’s success in utilizing the campaign,Meanwhile, there are increasing calls in Iran to exploit the country’s growing political and military clout to increase its economic influence in the region. In the Iraqi arena, Iran is working to thwart any effort to undermine the standing of the Shi’ite militias supported by it.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 14-20, 2017)

Following President Putin’s announcement about the removal of a “substantial portion” of the Russian forces in Syria, the evacuation process began this week. In the campaign for the takeover of Idlib, battles continued between the Syrian forces and the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham in the area northeast of Hama. Abroad, ISIS’s terrorist campaign continued, with noteworthy attacks in the Khorasan Province (Afghanistan/Pakistan).
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 7-13, 2017)

Russian President Vladimir Putin made a surprise visit to Syria. The Syrians (and the Russians) announced that the mopping up of the Euphrates Valley in the area between Al-Mayadeen and Albukamal had been completed. In the heart of Manhattan, an amateurishly prepared IED exploded on the body of a Bangladeshi immigrant terrorist.
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Spotlight on Iran (November 26 – December 10, 2017)

Iran avoided issuing any official reaction to the strikes on the Iranian base in the area of the village of al-Kiswah. Israeli sources reported that the October 2017 visit of the chief of staff of the Iranian Armed Forces to Syria was unsuccessful. In Iraq too, Iran is acting to cement its influence in the era following the collapse of the Islamic State. Iran cast the blame on Saudi Arabia for the collapse of the alliance between the Houthi rebels in Yemen and former Yemeni President, Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was killed last week by the Houthis. Iran condemned the decision made by the President of the United States, Donald Trump, to declare Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, and called for a resumption of the armed struggle against Israel .
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Iraq

The Republic of Iraq (الجمهورية العراقية – Al-Jumhūrīyya Al-‘Irāqīyya) borders with Turkey in the north, Syria and Jordan in the west, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in the south, and Iran in the east. Iraq has a population of over 31 million, the vast majority of whom are Arabs (97% Muslim, 65% Shiite and 35% Sunni). In northeastern Iraq there is an autonomous Kurdish entity known as Iraqi Kurdistan. There are no relations between the State of Israel and Iraq, and Iraq refuses to recognize Israel.

After the Iraq war, the country was run by a coalition of countries that had invaded Iraq, headed by the United States. In 2005, civilian control was transferred to the interim Iraqi government that was appointed after a general election for a temporary parliament, which was held for the first time in the history of Iraq. In 2006, a permanent Shiite government was formed, and thus a change of government took place in Iraq, which had been in the hands of the Sunnis up to that time. In December 2011, the last American soldiers stationed in Iraq left the country.

After the fall of Saddam Hussein, a branch of Al-Qaeda was established in Iraq, headed by Abu Mus’ab al-Zarqawi. This branch later evolved into ISIS. This branch, which enjoyed widespread support among the Sunni population in Iraq, carried out terrorist attacks directed against Shiite civilians and against the Iraqi regime. In 2014, in the city of Mosul, ISIS declared the establishment of an Islamic Caliphate and took control of vast areas in western and northwestern Iraq, with the intention of taking control of the Iraqi capital Baghdad as well. In the years that followed, through efforts by the Iraqi security forces and local militias supported by the United States, these areas were liberated and ISIS slowly began to lose its power.