Iraq

Spotlight on Global Jihad (January 26 – February 1, 2023)

This week, the relatively low level of ISIS activity around the world continued. The Somali government’s activity against the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Shabaab continues to bear fruit. The editorial of ISIS’s Al-Naba weekly emphasizes the commitment of ISIS’s operatives to continue jihad until the conquest of Mecca, Rome and Jerusalem. An infographic published in the weekly makes threats against the Jews and Christians. ISIS calls for attacking Christians following the provocative burning of a Quran by a Danish-Swedish politician.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (January 19-25, 2023)

ISIS’s activity around the world continued to be moderate this week. The main event was in Somalia Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Shabaab attacked a Somali army. According to the Somali government, over 100 Al-Shabaab operatives were killed as well as six Somali soldiers. The Syrian security forces killed a senior ISIS operative and two of his escorts. A joint US army and SDF force captured a senior ISIS official in eastern Syria.In The Democratic Republic of the Congo – ISIS operatives carried out a shooting attack in a pub in the Beni area, about 50 km west of the border with Uganda. A total of 24 people were killed.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (January 12-18, 2023)

ISIS’s activity around the world continued to be moderate this week. At the center of events A suicide bombing attack was carried out by ISIS near the headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Kabul and an IED was set off in a church courtyard in northeastern Congo. The Prime Minister of Egypt and the Chief of Staff made (separate) visits to the Sinai Peninsula. The visits were apparently intended to underscore the Egyptian government’s control over the peninsula after years in which ISIS ruled the region. In Somalia, operatives of Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Shabaab detonated several car bombs against security forces.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (January 5-11, 2023)

This week has witnessed a relatively low level of ISIS activity around the world .At the center of events Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Shabaab set off several car bombs in central Somalia. In Syria ISIS carried out several attacks against the Syrian army and the forces supporting it In Afghanistan: Taliban security forces killed eight ISIS operatives and arrested seven in Kabul.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 29, 2022 – January 4, 2023)

This week, the moderate increase in ISIS activity around the world continued. The centers of activity were Egypt where ISIS operatives fired at an Egyptian police checkpoint in the city of Ismailia and Afghanistan whrer at least 10 people were killed in a suicide attack near the entrance to the military compound at Kabul International Airport.
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Kata’ib Hezbollah: A Dominant Iraqi Pro-Iranian Militia

Kata’ib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Brigades) is one of the most dominant pro-Iranian militias operating in Iraq. The militia was established in March 2003 as a result of a union between several pro-Iranian groups following the US invasion of Iraq. The militia works to promote the regional and international interests of the Iranian regime in Iraq and the region.
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Iraq

The Republic of Iraq (الجمهورية العراقية – Al-Jumhūrīyya Al-‘Irāqīyya) borders with Turkey in the north, Syria and Jordan in the west, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in the south, and Iran in the east. Iraq has a population of over 31 million, the vast majority of whom are Arabs (97% Muslim, 65% Shiite and 35% Sunni). In northeastern Iraq there is an autonomous Kurdish entity known as Iraqi Kurdistan. There are no relations between the State of Israel and Iraq, and Iraq refuses to recognize Israel.

After the Iraq war, the country was run by a coalition of countries that had invaded Iraq, headed by the United States. In 2005, civilian control was transferred to the interim Iraqi government that was appointed after a general election for a temporary parliament, which was held for the first time in the history of Iraq. In 2006, a permanent Shiite government was formed, and thus a change of government took place in Iraq, which had been in the hands of the Sunnis up to that time. In December 2011, the last American soldiers stationed in Iraq left the country.

After the fall of Saddam Hussein, a branch of Al-Qaeda was established in Iraq, headed by Abu Mus’ab al-Zarqawi. This branch later evolved into ISIS. This branch, which enjoyed widespread support among the Sunni population in Iraq, carried out terrorist attacks directed against Shiite civilians and against the Iraqi regime. In 2014, in the city of Mosul, ISIS declared the establishment of an Islamic Caliphate and took control of vast areas in western and northwestern Iraq, with the intention of taking control of the Iraqi capital Baghdad as well. In the years that followed, through efforts by the Iraqi security forces and local militias supported by the United States, these areas were liberated and ISIS slowly began to lose its power.