Iraq

Spotlight on Global Jihad (January 5-12, 2021)

Syria: There was a significant decrease in ISIS activity, which continued to target the Syrian army in the desert region and the SDF forces in the Al-Raqqa region. Iraq: ISIS continued its attacks against the Iraqi army, the Popular Mobilization and the Kurdish Peshmerga, mainly in the Diyala and Salah al-Din provinces. Africa: In Nigeria, attacks continued against the Nigerian army and militias loyal to it in the northeast of the country. The battle for hearts and minds: The lead article in Al-Naba’ weekly was devoted to ISIS’s struggle against Christianity on the African continent.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 30 – January 5, 2022)

Afghanistan: There was a significant decrease in ISIS’s activity this week. Two attacks were carried out in the capital Kabul, killing six Taliban members. Syria: Artillery exchanges continued between the Syrian army and the forces supporting it, and the rebel forces. Iraq: This week, ISIS concentrated its activity mainly on Iraqi army forces and counterterrorism units operating against ISIS in the Hamrin region in the northern part of the Diyala Province. Sinai: An Egyptian soldier and a fighter from the Sinai Tribal Union were reportedly . Lebanon: Lebanese foreign fighters have reportedly joined the ranks of ISIS in Syria, apparently in light of the dire economic situation in Lebanon.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 23-29, 2021)

Afghanistan: ISIS continued its attacks against the Taliban forces and government institutions. The climax of its activity this week was the detonation. Syria: The downtrend in ISIS’s activity continued. Most of ISIS’s activity this week focused on the Deir ez-Zor-Al-Mayadeen region, targeting the Kurdish SDF forces. Iraq: This week, there was a significant decrease in ISIS’s activity. Africa: Most of ISIS’s activity this week focused on Nigeria, Congo and Mozambique. The battle for hearts and minds: This week’s lead article in ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly was devoted to a review of the legacy of ISIS’s leaders since ISIS’s inception, and their role as leaders of the Islamic nation in implementing Sharia and carrying out jihad against the “infidels.”
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 16-22, 2021)

This week, there was a slight decrease in the scope of ISIS’s activity compared to last week. Most of ISIS’s activity this week focused on Iraq. Afghanistan: ISIS continued its activity, targeting mainly Taliban members and Shiite residents. Syria: This week, there was a decrease in ISIS's activity. Iraq: This week, the epicenter of activity was in the Diyala Province. The Sinai Peninsula: Two ISIS commanders were killed in a joint operation by the Egyptian army and the Sinai Tribal Union in the Al-Ajraa region south of Rafah. The battle for hearts and minds: The editorial in this week's issue of ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly was devoted to the survival of the Islamic State, four years after the member countries of the Global Coalition to defeat ISIS announced that it had been eliminated.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 8-14, 2021)

Afghanistan: ISIS continued its activity in Afghanistan this week. The activity targeted mainly Taliban forces and the Shiite population. Syria: The downtrend in ISIS’s activity continued. Most of the attacks this week targeted the Kurdish SDF forces in the Deir ez-Zor-Al-Mayadeen region. Seven Syrian soldiers and militiamen were killed in an attack against a post in the Al-Masrab Desert, northwest of Deir ez-Zor. Iraq: ISIS concentrated its activity against the Iraqi security forces, mainly in the Kirkuk and Diyala provinces. The battle for hearts and minds: The lead article in this week's issue of Al-Naba’ weekly was devoted to ISIS operatives’ revenge on infidels and those who deviate from the path of Islam. By way of example, the article describes ISIS’s activity against the Yazidis in Syria and the Shiites in Iraq. The author even quotes passages from the Quran which, in his opinion, legitimize this behavior on ISIS’s part.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (December 2-8, 2021)

This week there was an increase in the volume of ISIS’s activity around the world. ISIS carried out noteworthy attacks in Afghanistan, Iraq, the Sinai Peninsula and Nigeria. Afghanistan: ISIS continued its attacks, mainly against the Taliban forces. Syria: ISIS carried out noteworthy attacks in the desert region against militias and forces supporting the Syrian army. Iraq: ISIS concentrated on attacks against the Kurdish Peshmerga forces. The Sinai Peninsula: ISIS operatives carried out a number of attacks against the Egyptian army and the forces supporting it. The battle for hearts and minds: The lead article in Al-Naba’ weekly was devoted to ISIS’s interpretation of the recent events in Sudan.
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Iraq

The Republic of Iraq (الجمهورية العراقية – Al-Jumhūrīyya Al-‘Irāqīyya) borders with Turkey in the north, Syria and Jordan in the west, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in the south, and Iran in the east. Iraq has a population of over 31 million, the vast majority of whom are Arabs (97% Muslim, 65% Shiite and 35% Sunni). In northeastern Iraq there is an autonomous Kurdish entity known as Iraqi Kurdistan. There are no relations between the State of Israel and Iraq, and Iraq refuses to recognize Israel.

After the Iraq war, the country was run by a coalition of countries that had invaded Iraq, headed by the United States. In 2005, civilian control was transferred to the interim Iraqi government that was appointed after a general election for a temporary parliament, which was held for the first time in the history of Iraq. In 2006, a permanent Shiite government was formed, and thus a change of government took place in Iraq, which had been in the hands of the Sunnis up to that time. In December 2011, the last American soldiers stationed in Iraq left the country.

After the fall of Saddam Hussein, a branch of Al-Qaeda was established in Iraq, headed by Abu Mus’ab al-Zarqawi. This branch later evolved into ISIS. This branch, which enjoyed widespread support among the Sunni population in Iraq, carried out terrorist attacks directed against Shiite civilians and against the Iraqi regime. In 2014, in the city of Mosul, ISIS declared the establishment of an Islamic Caliphate and took control of vast areas in western and northwestern Iraq, with the intention of taking control of the Iraqi capital Baghdad as well. In the years that followed, through efforts by the Iraqi security forces and local militias supported by the United States, these areas were liberated and ISIS slowly began to lose its power.