Iraq

Spotlight on Iran (September 15, 2022 – September 29, 2022)

Iran International channel, which is aligned with the Iranian opposition, reported that the strike attributed to Israel, carried out near Damascus targeted the Iran's logistics unit of the Lebanon Corps of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC). Iran informed its willingness to provide Lebanon with 600,000 tons of fuel over the span of five months. The Iraqi national security adviser met with the deputy commander of the Intelligence Organization of the IRGC and discussed ways to bolster intelligence cooperation between the two nations.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (September 21-15 , 2022)

This week, there was relatively limited ISIS activity around the globe. In spite of the severe blow sustained by the leadership of ISIS’s Sinai Province, the organization continued its activity . ISIS continued to attack the Kurdish forces in the Deir ez-Zor-Al-Mayadeen region In Nigeria, there were clashes between operatives of ISIS’s West Africa Province and Boko Haram operatives. ISIS claimed responsibility for the organization’s activity in Benin.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (September 8-14, 2022)

This week there was a moderate decrease in ISIS’s activity around the globe. There were successful targeted killings in Turkey and Sinai. Turkey: A senior ISIS leader by the name of Bashar Khattab Ghazal al-Sumaidai was detained. He was initially identified as ISIS’s leader. Under interrogation, he admitted that he had held a senior position in ISIS. Several ISIS commanders who were planning an attack in Turkey were also detained. The Sinai Peninsula: Three senior operatives and a number of other operatives in ISIS’s Sinai Province were killed in a counterterrorism operation by the Egyptian army and the Sinai Tribal Union. Syria: ISIS continues to operate against the Kurdish SDF forces in the Deir ez-Zor-Al-Mayadeen region. There were clashes in the Al-Hawl camp in the Al-Hasakah region. In the desert area, ISIS operatives killed three fighters of the Fatemiyoun Brigade. Iraq: A decrease in the scope of ISIS’s activity during the week.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (September 1-7, 2022)

This week, ISIS carried out two large-scale terrorist attacks in Afghanistan. The first, a suicide bombing attack at the entrance to the Russian Embassy in Kabul. In the Sinai Peninsula, the Egyptian security forces continued their intensive counterterrorism activity. At least 10 ISIS operatives were killed. In Iraq, ISIS carried out several attacks against the Iraqi security forces, mainly IED attacks. In Nigeria, the security forces continued their activity against ISIS and Boko Haram.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (August 25-31, 2022)

This week, there was a moderate increase in the scope of ISIS’s activity around the globe. ISIS continued to operate against the Egyptian security forces in the western and central Sinai Peninsula. The intensive counterterrorism activity continued. In Syria The SDF forces arrested about 60 suspected members of ISIS sleeper cells in the Al-Hawl camp in the Al-Hasakah region.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (August 18-25, 2022)

This week, ISIS’s activity around the globe continued on a relatively low scale. The Egyptian army and the Sinai Tribal Union continued to fight against ISIS in the area of the village of Jalbanah. On August 23, 2022, after 13 days of fighting, they regained control of the village. Afghanistan: two attacks in Kandahar, and on a mosque in Kabul, apparently carried out by ISIS. In Somalia, Al-Shabaab operatives carried out an attack on a hotel in Mogadishu.
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Iraq

The Republic of Iraq (الجمهورية العراقية – Al-Jumhūrīyya Al-‘Irāqīyya) borders with Turkey in the north, Syria and Jordan in the west, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in the south, and Iran in the east. Iraq has a population of over 31 million, the vast majority of whom are Arabs (97% Muslim, 65% Shiite and 35% Sunni). In northeastern Iraq there is an autonomous Kurdish entity known as Iraqi Kurdistan. There are no relations between the State of Israel and Iraq, and Iraq refuses to recognize Israel.

After the Iraq war, the country was run by a coalition of countries that had invaded Iraq, headed by the United States. In 2005, civilian control was transferred to the interim Iraqi government that was appointed after a general election for a temporary parliament, which was held for the first time in the history of Iraq. In 2006, a permanent Shiite government was formed, and thus a change of government took place in Iraq, which had been in the hands of the Sunnis up to that time. In December 2011, the last American soldiers stationed in Iraq left the country.

After the fall of Saddam Hussein, a branch of Al-Qaeda was established in Iraq, headed by Abu Mus’ab al-Zarqawi. This branch later evolved into ISIS. This branch, which enjoyed widespread support among the Sunni population in Iraq, carried out terrorist attacks directed against Shiite civilians and against the Iraqi regime. In 2014, in the city of Mosul, ISIS declared the establishment of an Islamic Caliphate and took control of vast areas in western and northwestern Iraq, with the intention of taking control of the Iraqi capital Baghdad as well. In the years that followed, through efforts by the Iraqi security forces and local militias supported by the United States, these areas were liberated and ISIS slowly began to lose its power.