In-Depth Studies

The Birth of Hezbollah

The birth of the Hezbollah movement did not happen following the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in the summer of 1982, as many tend to think. The decision to establish the movement was made in Iran in 1979 by the Revolutionary Leadership Council headed by Imam Khomeini with the aim of exporting the Islamic revolution to the Arab region. The establishment process was led by the Iranian ambassador in Damascus beginning in the summer of 1981 and Israel's invasion of Lebanon was a catalyst for Hezbollah's development. The members of the movement are loyal to Iran and receive military and economic support from Iran through the Quds Force of the Revolutionary Guards.

Palestinian Terrorism, 2021: Summary, Types and Trends

Despite Operation Guardian of the Walls in May 2021, since 2017 there has been no consistent change in the level of Palestinian popular terrorism in Judea, Samaria and Jerusalem. During 2021 Palestinian terrorists carried out 54 significant terrorist attacks, compared with 40 in 2020, 34 in 2019 and 55 in 2015. Three Israelis (civilians) were killed, similar to 2020, and 34 Israelis were wounded; 46 in 2020. Twenty terrorist attacks were carried out in Greater Jerusalem and one in Jaffa. In 2021 the number of stabbing attacks rose and there were 30 (about 56% of the total), compared with 19 in 2020 (48% of the total). There were 12 shooting attacks (22% of the total), eight vehicular ramming attacks (about 15% of the total), three combined attacks and one incursion into an Israeli community. In addition, there were about 1,700 rock-throwing incidents and 350 involving Molotov cocktails.

Summary of ISIS Activity around the Globe in 2021

The summary of ISIS activity in 2021, based on its claims of responsibility, shows that in 2021 the scope of ISIS terrorist activity around the globe continued in a format similar to that of 2020. The Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center (ITIC) has gathered information about ISIS activity around the globe over the past year, based on its claims of responsibility published in its media, and in Al-Naba’ weekly in particular.

Trends in Anti-Israeli Palestinian Terrorism, 2020

The year 2020 was a challenge for the Palestinians because of political developments and the coronavirus epidemic. During the year the extent of terrorism was relatively moderate and within the confines of popular terrorism. Despite the rise in the number of terrorist attacks, fewer attacks were lethal. In Judea and Samaria 40 terrorist attacks were carried out, up from 34 in 2019. Three Israeli were killed (two civilians and one IDF soldier), down from five in 2019 and 12 in 2018. During 2020, 46 Israelis were wounded (down from 66 in 2019 and 83 in 2018).

Palestinian Terrorism, 2019: Overview and Trends

Two main trends in attacks characterized Palestinian organized and popular terrorism in 2019: in Judea and Samaria, the annual decline in the scope of popular terrorism and its lethality continued; in the Gaza Strip there was a significant rise in the scope and intensity of terrorism and violence, especially rocket fire. In 2019 1,403 rockets and mortar shells were fired at Israel, an almost unprecedented number (with the exception of Operation Protective Edge, 2014).

Palestinian Terrorism: Analysis of 2017 and Forecast for 2018

During 2017 the number of terrorist attacks continued to decline. There were 82 significant terrorist attacks, as compared with 142 in 2016 and 134 during the last three months of 2015. In 2017 there were between 4 and 7 significant terrorist attacks a month, but there were also months when the numbers rose to between 10 and 13. Despite the decline in the number of attacks, there was no decline in the number of deaths they caused.

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