Hezbollah

The Birth of Hezbollah

The birth of the Hezbollah movement did not happen following the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in the summer of 1982, as many tend to think. The decision to establish the movement was made in Iran in 1979 by the Revolutionary Leadership Council headed by Imam Khomeini with the aim of exporting the Islamic revolution to the Arab region. The establishment process was led by the Iranian ambassador in Damascus beginning in the summer of 1981 and Israel's invasion of Lebanon was a catalyst for Hezbollah's development. The members of the movement are loyal to Iran and receive military and economic support from Iran through the Quds Force of the Revolutionary Guards.
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Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (November 8-21, 2022)

The political stalemate in Lebanon continues no candidate for the position of president has been agreed on. A meeting was held by a Lebanese army, UNIFIL and IDF representatives. Hezbollah marked Shaheed Day with a memorial for Ahmed Qasir, the Hezbollah terrorist operative who carried out the first suicide bombing. Three attacks in Syrian were attributed to Israel.
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The Pro-Iranian militias in Iraq – the current situation

The US invasion of Iraq in 2003 undermined the internal order in the country and brought about, among other things, the establishment of several pro-Iranian militias affiliated with the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps’ Qods Force. The militias were set up with the purpose of driving the US forces out of Iraq and establishing Iranian involvement in the country. Prominent among the militias are Asa’ib Ahl al-Haqq (“League of the Righteous”), Kata’ib Hezbollah (“Hezbollah Battalions”), Harakat al-Nujaba (“the Movement of the Noble Ones”), and Kata’ib Sayyid al-Shuhada (“The Master of Martyrs Brigade”). The militias indeed operated in Iraq over the years against the US-led Global Coalition forces and contributed to the pullout of the forces from Iraq in late 2011. In 2014, they were integrated into the Popular Mobilization Forces (hereinafter: the PMF), which was intended to fight against ISIS, and since then they have become an integral part of the military establishment in Iraq and also integrated into Iraqi politics. The militias continue working to strengthen the Iranian involvement in Iraq and sever Iraq’s ties with the United States. They are also part of the Axis of Resistance, where they also operate outside Iraq, especially in Syria, including the border area with Israel. Following the assassination of Qassem Soleimani, the commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps’ Qods Force, and Abu Mahdi Al-Muhandis, the deputy chief of the PMF and commander of the pro-Iranian militia Kata’ib Hezbollah (Hezbollah Battalions), on January 3, 2020, in a targeted killing by the US, there have been changes in the activity of the Iraqi pro-Iranian militias. These changes included personal changes in the leadership, the establishment of new militias as façades of the existing ones in order to maintain a low profile while carrying out attacks, and the expansion of the militias’ involvement in internal Iraqi as well as regional and global issues, such as the struggle a
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Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (October 26 – November 7, 2022)

The Israeli Knesset election results caused concern in Lebanon regarding Israel's abiding by the terms of the maritime border agreement, which could lead to a military confrontation. Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah is working to create a large parliamentary bloc to elect a Lebanese president sympathetic to the Shi'ites. With Iranian support, Hezbollah has become a significant Internet and cyber power, part of Iran's battle for hearts and minds.
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Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (September 19 – October 25, 2022)

The agreement delineating the maritime border between Israel and Lebanon is expected to be signed on October 27, 2022. Hezbollah regards itself having been responsible for the signing of the agreement with conditions convenient for Lebanon and without particular benefit for Israel, and it can be expected to praise and publicize the achievement for some time to come. The Lebanese have shown considerable support for the Palestinians during the recent events in Judea and Samaria, and there have been calls to continue and escalate the attacks on Israel.
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Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria(September 5-19 , 2022)

Senior Hezbollah figures continued relating to the dispute between Israel and Lebanon over the delineation of the naval border. Villages in south Lebanon imposed limitations on the movement of as a way to decrease criminal activity and prevent smuggling. The permission given for Israelis to enter the village of Ghajar is liable to be considered a violation of Lebanese sovereigntyIran proposed the construction of two power plants in Lebanon to provide 1,000 megawatts of electricity each.
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Hezbollah

Hezbollah is a Shi’ite Muslim organization with a dual identity, being both a terrorist organization supported by Iran and a Lebanese political party. Hezbollah was founded by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards in 1982 to compete with Amal, an important Shi’ite Muslim militia active during the Lebanese civil war. When the IDF withdrew from Lebanon at the end of the First Lebanon War (1985), Hezbollah became the dominant organization in south Lebanon and later throughout the entire Shi’ite population in Lebanon. In 1992, Hezbollah entered Lebanese politics and its representatives were elected to the parliament.


Hezbollah is a terrorist organization attacking mainly Israel, from over the Lebanese border and abroad. For the most part, Hezbollah attacked northern Israeli cities with rockets. However, with direction and backing from Iranian Revolutionary Guards, Hezbollah also carried out terrorist attacks against Jewish and Israeli targets abroad, the most serious of which were the attack on the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires (March 17, 1992) and the attack on the Jewish Community Center, also in Buenos Aires (July 18, 1994). Hezbollah has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United States and the European Union.

After the IDF withdrew from south Lebanon in May 2000, Hezbollah took control of the entire region. With Iranian support it constructed a vast military infrastructure in Lebanon, including an extensive artillery layout and precision missiles which threaten the Israeli home front. Before the Second Lebanon War (2006), Hezbollah carried out sporadic attacks along the border. Since June 2006 (the Second Lebanon War), it has maintained a relatively low profile.

Hezbollah continues to increase its influence as a political power in Lebanon, and at the same time reinforce its military infrastructure. In recent years, Hezbollah has been involved in the fighting in Syria as part of the Iranian-led camp supporting the Syrian regime.

Ever since its establishment, the State of Israel has been forced to deal with waves of terror of various types and at various levels of intensity directed against it and its citizens. These waves of terror are carried out by various Palestinian organizations that have been conducting the terror campaign against Israel for decades. Over the years, the activity of Palestinian terrorist organizations has caused many losses among Israel’s civilian population. The activity of Palestinian terrorist organizations was not limited to the borders of the State of Israel, but was carried out abroad as well (mainly in 1968-1978, the peak years of global terrorist activity).

There are ideological differences between the Palestinian terrorist organizations. Some of them are Palestinian terrorist organizations with an Islamic ideology and some have a secular ideology. However, the terrorist activity that they carry out appears to share the same goals. The main goals are: to disrupt the lives of the Israeli civilian population and undermine its security, to harm Israel’s economy and image, and to place the Palestinian issue and its ideology on the global agenda.

During the years of the conflict, the Palestinian terrorist organizations have attempted to carry out attacks in almost every possible arena (land, sea, air, in Israel and abroad), refining their methods and modus operandi. The bases of many terrorist organizations are located in the Gaza Strip, but there are also networks operating in Judea and Samaria. Some of the organizations also have a presence in Arab countries, and some receive support from countries or organizations. Over the years of Palestinian terror, the terrorist organization map has changed. Some of the terrorist organizations have disappeared or died down, but new terrorist organizations have emerged in their stead.