Reactions to the targeted killing of Taleb Sami Abdallah, commander of Hezbollah’s al-Nasr unit

On June 12, 2024, Hezbollah announced the death of Sami Taleb Abdallah, aka al-Hajj Abu Taleb, in an Israeli airstrike on a building in the town of Jwayya in south Lebanon. Three other Hezbollah operatives were killed in the attack. The IDF spokesperson confirmed that the Israeli Air Force had attacked Abdallah, who since 2016 had been in command of Hezbollah's al-Nasr unit, which operates in the eastern sector of south Lebanon; The Hezbollah announcement of his death referred to Abdallah as "the shaheed commander", an expression of his senior position. Hezbollah also published photos and videos of Abdallah, showing him with Hezbollah secretary general Hassan Nasrallah and the commanders of the Iranian Qods Force; The Hezbollah-affiliated media called the killing of Abdallah a "brutal and severe blow" to the organization. However, senior Hezbollah figures claimed his death would not change its commitment to "support" the Palestinians in the current conflict, adding that the organization would intensify its fighting against Israel; Hezbollah's response to the killing of Abdallah was a sharp increase in the attacks on Israeli territory, which lasted for several days. According to Hezbollah, part of its response was the most extensive attack it had carried out so far, including the launch of 30 UAVs and 150 rockets at IDF headquarters and bases in the Galilee and the Golan Heights. Two IDF soldiers and two civilians were injured and widespread fires broke out in Israel's northern region.

Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (June 3 – 9 , 2024)

This past week Hezbollah claimed responsibility for 52 attacks on military and civilian targets in northern Israel. Falaq-2 rockets were used for the first time. A soldier was killed and 12 others were injured in a UAV attack in Hurfeish, and a UAV fell in the Jezreel Valley, 40 kilometers from the border, the furthest distance since the beginning of the fighting. In addition, anti-aircraft missiles were launched for the first time at Israeli Air Force planes in Lebanese skies; In response, Israeli Air Force fighter jets and UAVs attacked Hezbollah targets and operatives in the south and deep inside Lebanese territory; Hezbollah made a series of statements claiming it did not want a war with Israel, but threatened a powerful response if a war was "forced" on it; The UNIFIL spokesman warned there was a high risk of escalation which would lead an extensive conflict affecting the entire region; Shots were fired at the United States embassy in Lebanon, there were no casualties. A Syrian citizen was detained and claimed he had acted "in support of the Gaza Strip." He was reportedly in contact with ISIS elements in Iraq.

Spotlight on Iran (May 29—June 5, 2024)

In view of Israel’s continued operation in Rafah, senior Iranian officials reiterated their support for the Palestinians. The supreme leader of Iran declared that Israel would not be able to recover from the Hamas attack on October 7, 2023, and that Operation al-Aqsa Flood had foiled the plan of the “enemies” to take over the region and the Muslim world; Acting Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Bagheri-Kani held a series of telephone conversations with foreign ministers around the world and made his first visit to Syria and Lebanon; An IRGC officer was killed in an attack attributed to Israel in the Aleppo area of Syria. He is the first Iranian officer killed in Syria since the targeted killing of the IRGC commander in Syria and Lebanon on April 1, 2024, attributed to Israel; The Islamic Resistance in Iraq claimed responsibility for carrying out five drone attacks against Israel, most of them towards Haifa. The IDF reported that a cruise missile had been intercepted in the Golan Heights; The Houthis claimed responsibility for attacks against military and civilian vessels, including two attacks on the US aircraft carrier Eisenhower. The US Central Command denied any damage to its ships. The Houthis also claimed responsibility for launching a ballistic missile at Israel, and the IDF confirmed that an interception had been carried out in the Eilat area.

Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 27 – june 3, 2024)

Hezbollah claimed responsibility for 56 attacks on military and civilian targets in northern Israel, using increased firepower. An IDF unmanned aircraft was shot down and an IDF post was attacked at close range. There were no casualties but there was significant property damage; In response to Hezbollah's attacks, the Israeli Air Force attacked its military facilities and operatives in south Lebanon and the Beqaa Valley; Hezbollah began a public campaign for money to finance the cost of missiles and UAVs; Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah secretary general, gave two speeches, calling for the continuation of the "resistance" until the destruction of Israel; Nabih Berri, the speaker of the Lebanese Parliament, said a ceasefire in the Gaza Strip would immediately apply in south Lebanon and lead to finalizing an agreement settling the Lebanon-Israel border. In Syria: according to reports, operatives from Hezbollah and the pro-Iranian militias were killed in an Israeli attack on a factory in the Aleppo region.

Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 20-27, 2024)

This past week Hezbollah claimed responsibility for 75 attacks on military and civilian targets in northern Israel; some were barrages of dozens of rockets. There were no casualties, but there was considerable property damage. In response, Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked Hezbollah military facilities in south Lebanon and eliminated senior operatives in targeted attacks. Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah secretary general, delivered a speech in which he noted the so-called "Palestinian achievements" in the war and promised more "surprises" for Israel. According to a UN report, 93,881 south Lebanese have been displaced from their homes since the beginning of the fighting and 355 people have been killed. Senior "resistance axis" figures met on the sidelines of the funeral of Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi with the commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps and the commander of the Qods Force. In Syria, a senior army officer was killed when a car exploded in Damascus and two attacks on Hezbollah targets in the al-Qusayr region were reported.

Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 12-20, 2024)

This past week Hezbollah continued its escalation and claimed responsibility for 68 attacks on military and civilian targets in northern Israel, including the aerial detection and warning system surveillance blimp. The attacks killed an Israeli civilian and wounded 12 IDF soldiers. Hezbollah heavy rockets for the first time and for the first time launched S-5 air-to-surface rockets from a UAV. According to reports, Hezbollah changed its methods of operation to reduce the exposure of its operatives to Israeli aircraft by transferring operatives and weapons through a network of tunnels in south Lebanon and the remotely activating rockets using electronic timers.Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah secretary general, said in a speech that as long as the war in the Gaza Strip continued, Hezbollah would continue to fight. He also claimed Israel failed to achieve its objectives in the war. Hassan Nasrallah met with a delegation of senior Hamas members. Najib Mikati, prime minister of the interim government in Lebanon, called on the international community to pressure Israel to stop its "aggression" against south Lebanon and Gaza and to start dealing with the situation in south Lebanon.A UAV attacked the vehicle of a Hezbollah commander and his escort on the Syrian side of Lebanese border. Hezbollah did not announce casualties.


Hezbollah is a Shi’ite Muslim organization with a dual identity, being both a terrorist organization supported by Iran and a Lebanese political party. Hezbollah was founded by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards in 1982 to compete with Amal, an important Shi’ite Muslim militia active during the Lebanese civil war. When the IDF withdrew from Lebanon at the end of the First Lebanon War (1985), Hezbollah became the dominant organization in south Lebanon and later throughout the entire Shi’ite population in Lebanon. In 1992, Hezbollah entered Lebanese politics and its representatives were elected to the parliament.

Hezbollah is a terrorist organization attacking mainly Israel, from over the Lebanese border and abroad. For the most part, Hezbollah attacked northern Israeli cities with rockets. However, with direction and backing from Iranian Revolutionary Guards, Hezbollah also carried out terrorist attacks against Jewish and Israeli targets abroad, the most serious of which were the attack on the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires (March 17, 1992) and the attack on the Jewish Community Center, also in Buenos Aires (July 18, 1994). Hezbollah has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United States and the European Union.

After the IDF withdrew from south Lebanon in May 2000, Hezbollah took control of the entire region. With Iranian support it constructed a vast military infrastructure in Lebanon, including an extensive artillery layout and precision missiles which threaten the Israeli home front. Before the Second Lebanon War (2006), Hezbollah carried out sporadic attacks along the border. Since June 2006 (the Second Lebanon War), it has maintained a relatively low profile.

Hezbollah continues to increase its influence as a political power in Lebanon, and at the same time reinforce its military infrastructure. In recent years, Hezbollah has been involved in the fighting in Syria as part of the Iranian-led camp supporting the Syrian regime.

Ever since its establishment, the State of Israel has been forced to deal with waves of terror of various types and at various levels of intensity directed against it and its citizens. These waves of terror are carried out by various Palestinian organizations that have been conducting the terror campaign against Israel for decades. Over the years, the activity of Palestinian terrorist organizations has caused many losses among Israel’s civilian population. The activity of Palestinian terrorist organizations was not limited to the borders of the State of Israel, but was carried out abroad as well (mainly in 1968-1978, the peak years of global terrorist activity).

There are ideological differences between the Palestinian terrorist organizations. Some of them are Palestinian terrorist organizations with an Islamic ideology and some have a secular ideology. However, the terrorist activity that they carry out appears to share the same goals. The main goals are: to disrupt the lives of the Israeli civilian population and undermine its security, to harm Israel’s economy and image, and to place the Palestinian issue and its ideology on the global agenda.

During the years of the conflict, the Palestinian terrorist organizations have attempted to carry out attacks in almost every possible arena (land, sea, air, in Israel and abroad), refining their methods and modus operandi. The bases of many terrorist organizations are located in the Gaza Strip, but there are also networks operating in Judea and Samaria. Some of the organizations also have a presence in Arab countries, and some receive support from countries or organizations. Over the years of Palestinian terror, the terrorist organization map has changed. Some of the terrorist organizations have disappeared or died down, but new terrorist organizations have emerged in their stead.