Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria(September 5-19 , 2022)

Senior Hezbollah figures continued relating to the dispute between Israel and Lebanon over the delineation of the naval border. Villages in south Lebanon imposed limitations on the movement of as a way to decrease criminal activity and prevent smuggling. The permission given for Israelis to enter the village of Ghajar is liable to be considered a violation of Lebanese sovereigntyIran proposed the construction of two power plants in Lebanon to provide 1,000 megawatts of electricity each.

Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (August 21 – September 5 , 2022)

Hezbollah's militant rhetoric has escalated significantly due to concerns that disputes over the Israeli-Lebanese naval border will lead to an outbreak of fighting. On the second anniversary of the explosion in the Beirut harbor there was an increase in public outcry regarding those responsible, presumably Hezbollah. The UN Security Council renewed the UNIFIL forces' mandate in south Lebanon. In the wake of Operation Breaking Dawn in the Gaza Strip, Hezbollah has been collaborating with the PIJ.

Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (June 26 – July 9, 2022)

Senior Hezbollah figures and the Hezbollah-affiliated media continued to justify the July 2, 2022, launching of drones to the area of the Karish gas rig. To mark the 40th anniversary of Hezbollah's founding, tourist routes were opened along sites of important events in the organization's history. Hezbollah's civilian activity in south Lebanon continued., A Syrian army commander was killed in an aerial attack in the Golan Heights village.

Reactions to Israel’s interception of Hezbollah espionage drones near the Karish gas field (Updated to July 6, 2022)

On July 2, 2022, an IDF plane and gunboat intercepted three hostile drones launched from Lebanon towards the airspace over Israel's economic waters . Hezbollah claimed responsibility. The Lebanese prime minister and foreign minister called the drone launch unacceptable and said it could endanger Lebanon. Hezbollah's political opponents, especially Samir Geagea's Lebanese Forces Party, distanced themselves from the event.

Spotlight on Terrorism : Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (June 12-25, 2022)

Hezbollah announced events would be held for the 40th anniversary of its founding, ending with a large rally in August 2022. Senior Hezbollah figures claimed exploring for natural gas in the Mediterranean was an opportunity to rescue Lebanon's economy and called for a united position that would not allow Israel to exploit Lebanon's natural resources.

Spotlight on Terrorism: Hezbollah, Lebanon and Syria (May 29 – June 11, 2022)

Members of the Lebanese Parliament elected Nabih Berri, from theontinue as speaker of the Parliament. The Iranian embassy in Lebanon and Hezbollah's civilian institutions marked the anniversary of Khomeini's death. There has been popular unrest targeting UNRWA in some of the refugee camps. Opponents of the Syrian regime issued an increasing number reports about the presence of Iranian militias in Syria near the Jordanian borde.


Hezbollah is a Shi’ite Muslim organization with a dual identity, being both a terrorist organization supported by Iran and a Lebanese political party. Hezbollah was founded by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards in 1982 to compete with Amal, an important Shi’ite Muslim militia active during the Lebanese civil war. When the IDF withdrew from Lebanon at the end of the First Lebanon War (1985), Hezbollah became the dominant organization in south Lebanon and later throughout the entire Shi’ite population in Lebanon. In 1992, Hezbollah entered Lebanese politics and its representatives were elected to the parliament.

Hezbollah is a terrorist organization attacking mainly Israel, from over the Lebanese border and abroad. For the most part, Hezbollah attacked northern Israeli cities with rockets. However, with direction and backing from Iranian Revolutionary Guards, Hezbollah also carried out terrorist attacks against Jewish and Israeli targets abroad, the most serious of which were the attack on the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires (March 17, 1992) and the attack on the Jewish Community Center, also in Buenos Aires (July 18, 1994). Hezbollah has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United States and the European Union.

After the IDF withdrew from south Lebanon in May 2000, Hezbollah took control of the entire region. With Iranian support it constructed a vast military infrastructure in Lebanon, including an extensive artillery layout and precision missiles which threaten the Israeli home front. Before the Second Lebanon War (2006), Hezbollah carried out sporadic attacks along the border. Since June 2006 (the Second Lebanon War), it has maintained a relatively low profile.

Hezbollah continues to increase its influence as a political power in Lebanon, and at the same time reinforce its military infrastructure. In recent years, Hezbollah has been involved in the fighting in Syria as part of the Iranian-led camp supporting the Syrian regime.

Ever since its establishment, the State of Israel has been forced to deal with waves of terror of various types and at various levels of intensity directed against it and its citizens. These waves of terror are carried out by various Palestinian organizations that have been conducting the terror campaign against Israel for decades. Over the years, the activity of Palestinian terrorist organizations has caused many losses among Israel’s civilian population. The activity of Palestinian terrorist organizations was not limited to the borders of the State of Israel, but was carried out abroad as well (mainly in 1968-1978, the peak years of global terrorist activity).

There are ideological differences between the Palestinian terrorist organizations. Some of them are Palestinian terrorist organizations with an Islamic ideology and some have a secular ideology. However, the terrorist activity that they carry out appears to share the same goals. The main goals are: to disrupt the lives of the Israeli civilian population and undermine its security, to harm Israel’s economy and image, and to place the Palestinian issue and its ideology on the global agenda.

During the years of the conflict, the Palestinian terrorist organizations have attempted to carry out attacks in almost every possible arena (land, sea, air, in Israel and abroad), refining their methods and modus operandi. The bases of many terrorist organizations are located in the Gaza Strip, but there are also networks operating in Judea and Samaria. Some of the organizations also have a presence in Arab countries, and some receive support from countries or organizations. Over the years of Palestinian terror, the terrorist organization map has changed. Some of the terrorist organizations have disappeared or died down, but new terrorist organizations have emerged in their stead.