Hamas

Palestinian Terrorism, 2019: Overview and Trends

Two main trends in attacks characterized Palestinian organized and popular terrorism in 2019: in Judea and Samaria, the annual decline in the scope of popular terrorism and its lethality continued; in the Gaza Strip there was a significant rise in the scope and intensity of terrorism and violence, especially rocket fire. In 2019 1,403 rockets and mortar shells were fired at Israel, an almost unprecedented number (with the exception of Operation Protective Edge, 2014).
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Initial Palestinian reactions to the killing of Qassem Soleimani, commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps’ Qods Force

Contrary to the reactions of senior Iranian officials and Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah, who did not relate to Israeli as being involved in the attack, senior Hamas and PIJ figures accused Israel of collaborating with the United States in the killing. Some even accused Israel of direct responsibility for Soleimani's death. However, Hamas and PIJ spokesmen were careful not to overtly threaten Israel. The London-based newspaper al-Sharq al-Awsat reported that senior Hamas figures had made it clear to Egypt that they had not interest in an escalation in the Gaza Strip in the wake of the killing of Soleimani (al-Sharq al-Awsat, January 5, 2020).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 25 – 31, 2019)

On December 27, 2019, the return march was held in the Gaza Strip in a limited format, mainly because of the rainy weather. The Supreme National Authority of the Great Return March issued its program for the return marches of 2020. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) held a meeting of its political bureau, after which it announced it would continue its policy of exerting pressure on Israel to force it to lift the "siege" of the Gaza Strip. Israeli Defense Minister Naftali Bennet instructed that the lands of the Israeli settlers in the West Bank not be registered with the Israeli Civil Administration in the territories but rather with the land registry of the Israeli Ministry of Justice.
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Turkey as a Terrorism-Sponsoring State: Turkey allows Hamas to conduct terrorist activities from its territory, including the handling of terrorist squads in Judea and Samaria and the transfer of funds to Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip to finance terrorism.

A Hamas delegation headed by Isma'il Haniyeh, head of Hamas' political bureau, recently paid a visit to Turkey. The delegation was accompanied by Jihad Yaghmour, who for the first was officially mentioned as Hamas' representative in Turkey. Yaghmour is a Hamas terrorist operative from Beit Hanina in east Jerusalem who was involved in the abduction of IDF soldier Nahshon Waxman 1994.
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Sporadic rocket fire from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory continues

On the evening of December 25, 2019, a rocket was launched at Ashkelon during an election rally of Prime Minister Netanyahu. So far, a total of 10 rockets were launched into Israeli territory in seven firing incidents since the ceasefire achieved at the end of the latest round of escalation (Operation Black Belt).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 18 – 24, 2019)

On December 20, 2019, the 85th return march was held in the Gaza Strip, with a level of violence similar to that of past weeks. Sporadic rocket fire from the Gaza Strip has continued since the most recent round of escalation. Hamas and other organizations participating in the return marches have recently deliberated the continuation of the marches. In Judea and Samaria a broad terrorist network of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) was exposed.
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