Hamas

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 29 – August 4, 2020)

This past week a rocket was fired from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory. It targeted the southern city of Sderot. In Judea and Samaria no significant popular terrorism attacks were carried out, but the daily throwing of stones and Molotov cocktails at Israeli vehicles continued. At the weekly Palestinian government meeting PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh announced that the PA stood by the termination of its relations with Israel and its refusal to accept tax revenues. In Judea and Samaria the number of active COVID-19 cases stands at 5,993 (as of August 3, 2020), most of them in the Hebron district.
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The Spread of COVID-19 in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip (Updated to August 3, 2020)

The rate of COVID-19 infection in the Palestinian Authority (PA) territories continues to stabilize, although it is too early to say the surge of the second wave has ended. This past week 1,824 new cases were detected, thus, according to the PA ministry of health, the total number of active cases stands at 6,812 (as of August 2, 2020). Of them 4,221 (62% of the total number) are in the Hebron district. Seven patients are in ICUs, two of them on ventilators. As of August 3, 2020, 87 Palestinians have died, up from 79 a week ago. The total number of cases of COVID-19 is now 12,210 (up from 10,386 a week ago).
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Isma’il Haniyeh, head of Hamas’ political bureau, reiterated Hamas’ position that military buildup and the campaign against Israel are its top priorities, even at the expense of the economic development and welfare of the local population

On July 27, 2020, Isma'il Haniyeh, head of Hamas' political bureau, was interviewed by the Qatari daily newspaper Lusail. He claimed that as part of the "deal of the century" Hamas had been offered $15 billion to construct a sea port and an airport, and for other economic projects. He added that the objective was to turn the Gaza Strip into a separate, thriving territory (a kind of Middle Eastern Singapore). However, he said, Hamas had rejected the offer.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 22 – 28, 2020)

This past week the Gaza Strip remained relatively quiet. In Judea and Samaria a mosque was set on fire and Hebrew graffiti were written on the walls. Isma'il Haniyeh, head of Hamas' political bureau, said that as part of the "deal of the century" Hamas had been offered $15 billion for the construction of a sea port, and airport and other economic projects.
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The Spread of COVID-19 in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip (Updated to July 27, 2020)

According to a report from the Palestinian Authority (PA) ministry of health in Ramallah, the number of active COVID-19 cases in Judea and Samaria surged to 7,372 (as of July 22, 2020), when it began to level off (although it is too early to say the surge of the second wave has ended). Of the active cases, 4,074 are in the Hebron district, and account for 61% of the total number. So far there have been 79 deaths, most of them in the Hebron district (as of July 22, 2020).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 15 – 21, 2020)

This past week the Gaza Strip was quiet. At the political level intensive Palestinian Authority (PA) diplomatic activity continued in the international and Arab arenas, even though Israel has not carried out its intention to annex territories in Judea and Samaria and the PA is mostly involved in fighting the coronavirus. This past week the number of COVID-19 cases in the PA territories surged. According to reports, Hamas prevents Gazans from watching the al-Arabiya and al-Hadath TV channels, both of which are supported by Saudi Arabia, and their offices in the Gaza Strip were closed.
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Hamas

Hamas is a fundamentalist Sunni Muslim organization founded in the Gaza Strip in 1987 by members of the Muslim Brotherhood. It seeks to establish an Islamic state on the entire territory of the State of Israel and does not recognize Israel’s right to exist.


The Hamas leadership has two branches: the internal leadership, which includes the military wing and the de-facto Hamas administration in the Gaza Strip, responsible for the day-to-day activities of governing the Gaza Strip population, in addition to social, educational activity vis-à-vis the population of the Gaza Strip; and the external leadership, Hamas’s political bureau, located beyond the borders of the Gaza Strip and Judea and Samaria. The external leadership maintains relations with various countries and bodies, and deals mainly with raising money and finding other resources for Hamas in the Gaza Strip.


Hamas’s ideology seeks to establish an Islamic Palestinian state on the entire territory of Israel. The preferred way to achieve this goal is through armed struggle. Hamas has a military wing, the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, which carries out terrorist attacks against Israel, including rocket fire from the Gaza Strip and various kinds of other attacks (such as shooting, suicide bombings, abductions etc.) in the territories of Judea, Samaria and Israel.


Over the years, Hamas has challenged the PLO and the Palestinian Authority, causing conflicts between the sides, culminating in June 2007 with Hamas’s violent takeover of the Gaza Strip and the suppression of Fatah and the Palestinian Authority members. Ever since, the rift between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority has grown.

Hamas has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including Israel, the United States, and the European Union.