Hamas

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 17 – 23, 2021)

In the Gaza Strip the decline in the number of Covid-19 patients continues. In Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem, however, the number rose significantly this past week, which had an effect on the number of seriously ill patients and coronavirus-related deaths. This past week the Gaza Strip was relatively quiet. In Judea and Samaria Palestinians continued throwing rocks and stones at Israeli vehicles driving on the main roads, although there was a significant decrease in the number of events. PA preparations continue for the upcoming elections. Palestinian sources close to Mahmoud Abbas reported he appointed Hussein al-Sheikh, chairman the civilian affairs authority, as PLO negotiator, replacing Saeb Erekat, former PLO negotiator and secretary of the PLO's Executive Committee, who died in November 2020.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 10-16, 2021)

This past week the number of active Covid-19 cases in the Gaza Strip continued to decline. However, in Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem there was a significant increase in the number, including 186 cases of the British variant. In Judea and Samaria there was a significant increase in the number of stones, rocks, Molotov cocktails and bottles of paint thrown at vehicles on the main roads. In Cairo the meeting of the Palestinian organizations ended with an agreement on a framework for holding elections. The Palestinians are pleased with the ruling of the International Criminal Court (ICC) judges regarding the opening of an investigation and are urging the chief prosecutor to begin it immediately.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 3-9, 2021)

This past week the decrease in Covid-19 infection in the Gaza Strip continued, leading to further easing of restrictions. In Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem, on the other hand, the number of verified active cases increased (1,158 additional cases over the past week). Attention is now focused on the arrival of the vaccines and initiating public inoculation. On February 5, 2021, a panel of International Criminal Court (ICC) judges issued a majority ruling that the ICC had the authority to judge cases in the PA territories which were occupied in 1967. Preparations continue for the PA elections.
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Trends in Anti-Israeli Palestinian Terrorism, 2020

The year 2020 was a challenge for the Palestinians because of political developments and the coronavirus epidemic. During the year the extent of terrorism was relatively moderate and within the confines of popular terrorism. Despite the rise in the number of terrorist attacks, fewer attacks were lethal. In Judea and Samaria 40 terrorist attacks were carried out, up from 34 in 2019. Three Israeli were killed (two civilians and one IDF soldier), down from five in 2019 and 12 in 2018. During 2020, 46 Israelis were wounded (down from 66 in 2019 and 83 in 2018).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 27 – February 2, 2021)

In the Gaza Strip this past week the number of active Covid-19 cases continued to decrease; in response Egypt opened the Rafah Crossing. A Palestinian attempted to stab an IDF soldier at the Gush Etzion Junction. Mohammed al-Emadi, chairman of Qatar's National Committee for the Reconstruction of Gaza, arrived in the Gaza Strip bringing Qatar's monthly donation of $3 million. PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh reported that formal contacts had been renewed between the PA and the American administration after the complete break in relations under Trump.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 13 – 19, 2021)

In the Gaza Strip, Judea and Samaria the decrease in coronavirus infection continues, although the number of active cases remains high (6,170 in the Gaza Strip, 4,292 in Judea and Samaria). There were two incidents from the Gaza Strip this past week: Palestinians shot at a bulldozer operating near the border security fence in the southern Gaza Strip. In response the IDF attacked three Hamas posts. Two rockets were fired at Israel from the northern Gaza Strip; both rockets fell into the sea. In Judea and Samaria a Palestinian tried to stab a security guard at the Qalqilya Crossing at the entrance to Jerusalem.
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Hamas

Hamas is a fundamentalist Sunni Muslim organization founded in the Gaza Strip in 1987 by members of the Muslim Brotherhood. It seeks to establish an Islamic state on the entire territory of the State of Israel and does not recognize Israel’s right to exist.


The Hamas leadership has two branches: the internal leadership, which includes the military wing and the de-facto Hamas administration in the Gaza Strip, responsible for the day-to-day activities of governing the Gaza Strip population, in addition to social, educational activity vis-à-vis the population of the Gaza Strip; and the external leadership, Hamas’s political bureau, located beyond the borders of the Gaza Strip and Judea and Samaria. The external leadership maintains relations with various countries and bodies, and deals mainly with raising money and finding other resources for Hamas in the Gaza Strip.


Hamas’s ideology seeks to establish an Islamic Palestinian state on the entire territory of Israel. The preferred way to achieve this goal is through armed struggle. Hamas has a military wing, the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, which carries out terrorist attacks against Israel, including rocket fire from the Gaza Strip and various kinds of other attacks (such as shooting, suicide bombings, abductions etc.) in the territories of Judea, Samaria and Israel.


Over the years, Hamas has challenged the PLO and the Palestinian Authority, causing conflicts between the sides, culminating in June 2007 with Hamas’s violent takeover of the Gaza Strip and the suppression of Fatah and the Palestinian Authority members. Ever since, the rift between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority has grown.

Hamas has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including Israel, the United States, and the European Union.