Hamas

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 14-20, 2021)

The Temple Mount, Jerusalem: On July 18, 2021, Tisha B'Av in the Jewish calendar, more than 1,000 Jews entered the Temple Mount, heavily secured by Israeli police. Palestinians clashed with Israeli police forces before the Temple Mount compound was opened for the Jews. Judea and Samaria: The Israeli security forces detained several dozen operatives from a Hamas student cell in Birzeit University who organized a visit to the recently-demolished house of Palestinian terrorist operative Muntaser Shalabi in the village of Turmus Aya. The Gaza Strip: Mohammed al-Emadi, chairman of Qatar's National Committee for the Reconstruction of Gaza, left the Gaza Strip after a visit of several days. He visited both Israel and the Gaza Strip in an effort to find a way to deliver Qatar's money to the Gaza Strip. The Palestinian Authority (PA): Contacts with the United States continue. PA Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh met with Hady Amr, deputy assistant secretary for Israeli and Palestinian affairs in the American State Department's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs.
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The attack on a senior lecturer of the Islamic University of Gaza during Operation Guardian of the Walls emphasized once again the connection between the university, which enjoys EU funding, and Hamas.

On the morning of May 12, 2021, the IDF attacked a location in the western part of Gaza City where senior Hamas figures had gathered, including Bassem Issa, brigade commander in Hamas' military-terrorist wing. Fourteen people were killed, all of them Hamas operatives, some of them holding high-ranking positions. One was Dr. Jamal al-Zebda, who held a PhD in mechanical engineering. He studied in the United States and was a senior lecturer in the IUG's engineering faculty. He also developed weapons for Hamas' military wing and headed the rocket development program under the direct supervision of Muhammad al-Deif, the commander of the military wing. Jamal al-Zebda tutored an entire generation of engineers at the IUG, recruited many of them to the Izz al-Din Qassam Brigades' weapons' development program, especially the aspects dealing with rockets and UAVs (al-Akhbar, May 22, 2021). His son, Usama al-Zebda (who held American citizenship), also an engineer, joined him in serving Hamas. He was killed in the same attack.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 30 – July 6, 2021)

Judea and Samaria: This past week there was a stabbing attack in the Jordan Valley. A Palestinian attacked an Israeli soldier and stole her weapon. He was apprehended a short time later. A Palestinian who threw an IED at the Israeli security forces during a riot near Nablus was shot killed. Demonstrations were held in Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem.The Gaza Strip: This past week incendiary balloons were launched into Israeli territory near the Gaza Strip border, setting several fires. In response the IDF attacked terrorist targets. Rebuilding the Gaza Strip continues with efforts to find a mechanism for delivering money.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 23 – 29, 2021)

Judea and Samaria: This past week two terrorist attacks were prevented, one in the Israeli community of Yitzhar and the other at the Qalandiya Crossing north of Jerusalem. The Gaza Strip: After government deliberations and an assessment of the security situation, Israel extended the fishing zone off the Gaza Strip coast from six nautical miles to nine, and authorized the delivery of raw materials for vital civilian industry through the Kerem Shalom Crossing to the Gaza Strip. Representatives of the Palestinian terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip held a meeting in the office of Yahya al-Sinwar, head of the Hamas political bureau in the Gaza Strip, and agreed they would not link rebuilding the Gaza Strip to a prisoner and MIA exchange deal.
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An analysis of the names of Gazans killed during Operation Guardian of the Walls indicates that about half of them were terrorist operatives

During Operation Guardian of the Walls, May 10-21, 2021, the Palestinian terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip launched 4,360 rockets at Israeli cities and towns in a systematic attempt to harm as many civilians as possible. Twelve Israelis, two of them children, were killed by rocket fire and one IDF soldier was killed by an anti-tank missile. Six hundred and eighty of the rockets fell inside the Gaza Strip, killing at least 21 people, 10 men, two women and nine children: among the ten men, one was Hamas operative, one Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) operative and one Fatah member.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 16 – 22, 2021)

There were two terrorist attacks this past week: A Palestinian woman was killed attempting a combined vehicular-ramming and stabbing attack in Hizma, south of Nablus; a Palestinian woman tried to carry out a stabbing attack in Hebron and was detained. The flag march in the Old City of Jerusalem, June 15, 2021 and reactions: Despite threats from Hamas and the other terrorist organizations, the flag march in Jerusalem ended without significant repercussions. Addenda to Operation Guardian of the Walls: Given what is described by Hamas as lack of progress in contacts for defining the situation in the Gaza Strip, the Hamas leadership is increasing its efforts to ease daily life for the Gazan population by exerting pressure on Israel. The coronavirus vaccine crisis: The delivery of soon-to- expire coronavirus vaccines from Israel to the Palestinian Authority (PA) was severely criticized, and after the first batch was delivered the PA cancelled the deal.
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Hamas

Hamas is a fundamentalist Sunni Muslim organization founded in the Gaza Strip in 1987 by members of the Muslim Brotherhood. It seeks to establish an Islamic state on the entire territory of the State of Israel and does not recognize Israel’s right to exist.


The Hamas leadership has two branches: the internal leadership, which includes the military wing and the de-facto Hamas administration in the Gaza Strip, responsible for the day-to-day activities of governing the Gaza Strip population, in addition to social, educational activity vis-à-vis the population of the Gaza Strip; and the external leadership, Hamas’s political bureau, located beyond the borders of the Gaza Strip and Judea and Samaria. The external leadership maintains relations with various countries and bodies, and deals mainly with raising money and finding other resources for Hamas in the Gaza Strip.


Hamas’s ideology seeks to establish an Islamic Palestinian state on the entire territory of Israel. The preferred way to achieve this goal is through armed struggle. Hamas has a military wing, the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, which carries out terrorist attacks against Israel, including rocket fire from the Gaza Strip and various kinds of other attacks (such as shooting, suicide bombings, abductions etc.) in the territories of Judea, Samaria and Israel.


Over the years, Hamas has challenged the PLO and the Palestinian Authority, causing conflicts between the sides, culminating in June 2007 with Hamas’s violent takeover of the Gaza Strip and the suppression of Fatah and the Palestinian Authority members. Ever since, the rift between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority has grown.

Hamas has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including Israel, the United States, and the European Union.