Hamas

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 7 – November 13, 2018)

In the Gaza Strip the events of the Friday, November 9, 2018, "return march" passed without exceptional incident. On November 12, 2018, an unprecedented rocket attack was initiated from the Gaza Strip, targeting the western Negev, after an IDF special force operation failed. In ITIC assessment, the current rocket attack is not an isolated incident but rather part of the new policy carried out by Hamas since March 30, 2018 (the first "return march").
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Escalation in the Gaza Strip (The situation on the ground as of 12:00 noon, November 13)

During an IDF special forces operation in the southern Gaza Strip on November 11, 2018, an exchange of fire developed between the force and Hamas operatives. An IDF lieutenant colonel was killed and another officer was wounded. Seven terrorist operatives were killed, six of them from Hamas' military wing. Hamas' response came in two stages.
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Summary of Events Along the Gaza Strip Border

On Friday, November 9, 2018, another "return march" was held in the Gaza Strip along the border with Israel. About 10,000 Palestinians participated in the Friday march. There has been a decrease in the level of violence, apparently because this week as well Hamas kept demonstrators away from the security fence. Thus in the current situation, Israel enables fuel and money from Qatar to enter the Gaza Strip in return for a decrease in Hamas-sponsored violence, but not a complete cessation of violence. In ITIC assessment, as long as the "return marches" do not stop, there will be a fragile reduction in the violence from the Gaza Strip, occasionally accompanied by outbreaks of more serious violence.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 24 – October 29, 2018)

During the "return march" of November 2, 2018, there was a significant decrease in the level of violence. The weekly mini-flotilla and the riot near the northern Gaza Strip border were also held without exceptional violence. In Judea and Samaria two stabbing attacks were prevented. Nadav Agmon, head of the Israel Security Agency, gave the Israeli Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee a survey of the situation, saying that Hamas continually tries to carry out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria
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Summary of Events Along the Gaza Strip Border

Apparently for the first time since August 2018, significant progress was again made in contacts for an Egyptian-mediated arrangement. It also appears a minimalist arrangement was discussed, which will lead to a lessening of violence on the ground in return for opening the crossings and the entrance of humanitarian aid into the Gaza Strip (based on arrangements reached at the end of Operation Protective Edge).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 24 – October 29, 2018)

The "return march" riots of October 26, 2018, were particularly violent, Seven Palestinians were killed during the events. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), using the excuse of protecting the demonstrators, launched about 40 rockets and mortar shells. On October 28, 2018, the Israeli Air Force (IAF) attacked three Gazans who approached the security fence. A spokesman for the Palestinian ministry of health said they were three adolescents aged 13 and 14
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Hamas

Hamas is a fundamentalist Sunni Muslim organization founded in the Gaza Strip in 1987 by members of the Muslim Brotherhood. It seeks to establish an Islamic state on the entire territory of the State of Israel and does not recognize Israel’s right to exist.


The Hamas leadership has two branches: the internal leadership, which includes the military wing and the de-facto Hamas administration in the Gaza Strip, responsible for the day-to-day activities of governing the Gaza Strip population, in addition to social, educational activity vis-à-vis the population of the Gaza Strip; and the external leadership, Hamas’s political bureau, located beyond the borders of the Gaza Strip and Judea and Samaria. The external leadership maintains relations with various countries and bodies, and deals mainly with raising money and finding other resources for Hamas in the Gaza Strip.


Hamas’s ideology seeks to establish an Islamic Palestinian state on the entire territory of Israel. The preferred way to achieve this goal is through armed struggle. Hamas has a military wing, the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, which carries out terrorist attacks against Israel, including rocket fire from the Gaza Strip and various kinds of other attacks (such as shooting, suicide bombings, abductions etc.) in the territories of Judea, Samaria and Israel.


Over the years, Hamas has challenged the PLO and the Palestinian Authority, causing conflicts between the sides, culminating in June 2007 with Hamas’s violent takeover of the Gaza Strip and the suppression of Fatah and the Palestinian Authority members. Ever since, the rift between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority has grown.

Hamas has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including Israel, the United States, and the European Union.