Hamas

Escalation in the Gaza Strip – Summary of Operation Breaking Dawn (August 5-7, 2022)

After three days of rocket and mortar fire from the Gaza Strip and IDF attacks, the Egyptian negotiator, Israel and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) declared a ceasefire, which went into effect on August 7, 2022, at 23:30. During the three days of the operation 1,100 rockets were launched at Israel. During the operation the IDF carried out 170 attacks on PIJ terrorist targets. Among the targets were senior Jerusalem Brigades commanders.
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Israeli-Palestinian Islamic Jihad escalation in the Gaza Strip: Operation Breaking Dawn

After a number of tense days in the Gaza Strip,. At 16:16 on Friday, August 5, 2022, the IDF killed Tayseer al-Jaabari, commander of the Jerusalem Brigades, the PIJ's military-terrorist wing in the northern Gaza Strip. A few hours after the targeted killing of al-Jaabari, the PIJ launched a massive barrage of rockets and mortar shells at Israel. Most of the attacks were directed at the Israeli cities and smaller communities on August 7, 2022, the morning of Tisha B'Avthe Jerusalem area as well.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 20-26, 2022)

This past week an Israeli civilian was wounded in a stabbing attack on a bus in Jerusalem. An IDF fighter was the target of an attempted stabbing attack at the Tapuah Junction in Samaria. A stabbing attack was prevented in the Old City of Jerusalem. The Gaza Strip remains relatively quiet. The Qatari Committee distributed funds for July 2022 to 100,000 needy Gazan families. Mahmoud Abbas returned from visiting Romania, France. On his way back, he met in Jordan with King Abdallah. There was a sharp rise in the number of active cases in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip; east Jerusalem remained stable.
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Most of the Palestinians killed in Judea and Samaria since January 1, 2022, who died during Israeli security force counterterrorism activities were terrorist operatives

In 2022 the Israeli security forces continued been carrying out intensive counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. According to ITIC records, Israeli counterterrorism activities and clashes with Palestinians, carried out from January 1, 2022, to July 14, 2022, led to the deaths of 49 Palestinians, a relatively high number compared to previous years. Of the 49 Palestinians killed, 33 (67%) belonged to one of the Palestinian terrorist organizations. Sixteen (33%) Palestinians who were killed had no organizational affiliation.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 13 – 19, 2022)

On July 15, 2022, shots were fired at an Israeli vehicle which entered Nablus without authorizationThe Israeli security forces continued their activities in Judea and Samaria to detain Palestinians suspected of terrorist activities and to confiscate illegal weapons.On July 16, 2022, four rockets and machine guns were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip. No casualties or damage were reported. In response Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked Hamas terrorist targets. During his visit to the Middle East, President Joe Biden met with Mahmoud Abbas in Bethlehem. According to Palestinian commentators, the visit was a disappointment, because with the exception of the declaration of financial aid, the visit did not touch on political matters.
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Spotlight on Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 6 – 12, 2022)

On July 5, 2022, shots were fired from a passing vehicle at an IDF force manning a roadblock at the entrance to Homesh, northwest of Nablus. The Israeli security forces continued their counterterrorism activities in Judea and Samaria. A Palestinian was killed in an activity near Jenin. The Palestinian Authority (PA) continued making preparations for Joe Biden's visit. Senior PA figures are pessimistic about the possibility of a positive outcome. The Palestinians were disappointed by the results of independent investigation sponsored by the United States into the death of al-Jazeera reporter Shireen Abu Akleh.
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Hamas

Hamas is a fundamentalist Sunni Muslim organization founded in the Gaza Strip in 1987 by members of the Muslim Brotherhood. It seeks to establish an Islamic state on the entire territory of the State of Israel and does not recognize Israel’s right to exist.


The Hamas leadership has two branches: the internal leadership, which includes the military wing and the de-facto Hamas administration in the Gaza Strip, responsible for the day-to-day activities of governing the Gaza Strip population, in addition to social, educational activity vis-à-vis the population of the Gaza Strip; and the external leadership, Hamas’s political bureau, located beyond the borders of the Gaza Strip and Judea and Samaria. The external leadership maintains relations with various countries and bodies, and deals mainly with raising money and finding other resources for Hamas in the Gaza Strip.


Hamas’s ideology seeks to establish an Islamic Palestinian state on the entire territory of Israel. The preferred way to achieve this goal is through armed struggle. Hamas has a military wing, the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, which carries out terrorist attacks against Israel, including rocket fire from the Gaza Strip and various kinds of other attacks (such as shooting, suicide bombings, abductions etc.) in the territories of Judea, Samaria and Israel.


Over the years, Hamas has challenged the PLO and the Palestinian Authority, causing conflicts between the sides, culminating in June 2007 with Hamas’s violent takeover of the Gaza Strip and the suppression of Fatah and the Palestinian Authority members. Ever since, the rift between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority has grown.

Hamas has been designated as a terrorist organization by several countries, including Israel, the United States, and the European Union.