General Information

Palestinian terrorists from the Gaza Strip continue attempting to penetrate into Israeli territory. Such attempts are not part of official Hamas policy but are publicly praised and encouraged after the fact.

On August 17, 2019, IDF observation posts identified five suspects approaching the security fence in the northern Gaza Strip. At least one of them was armed. IDF forces were rushed to the site. An IDF tank and helicopter shot at the suspects before they could cross the security fence (IDF spokesman, August 17, 2019). The attempted penetration came two days after four rockets were launched at Israel in two separate incidents (August 16 and 17, 2019).
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Do the attempted penetrations of armed terrorists into Israel from the Gaza Strip reflect a change in Hamas policy?

Since the beginning of August 2019 armed terrorist operatives from the Gaza Strip have made three attempts to penetrate into Israeli territory (See Appendix). Attempts to penetrate into Israel are made almost every week, but in ITIC assessment the most recent were exceptional. First, because of their high frequency, and second, because all the terrorists were armed operatives who belonged (or still belong) to Hamas' military wing.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 7-13, 2019)

This past week events focused on the fatal stabling attack in Gush Etzion of Dvir Soreq, an IDF soldier and yeshiva student. In the Gaza Strip there were a number of attempts to penetrate into Israeli territory, two of them carried out by armed terrorists. Attempts by Palestinians, some of them armed, to penetrate into Israeli territory have recently become commonplace.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 31 – August 6, 2019)

On Friday, August 2, 2019, the return march in the Gaza Strip was held with about 6,000 participants (the average for the past weeks). Hamas security operatives were photographed removing young Palestinians from the region of the fence. On August 1, 2019, the day before the return march, a Palestinian crossed the security fence east of Khan Yunis. A committee met in the Palestinian Authority (PA) to implement Mahmoud Abbas's decision to stop acting in accordance with agreements signed with Israel.
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Using youngsters as a tool for violence near the security fence in the Gaza Strip

The return march in the Gaza Strip on July 26, 2019, was similar in most respects to the previous marches. About 4,500 Palestinians participated, gathering mainly at the five return camps. As usual, the march was accompanied by violent activities near the border fence carried out by several dozen Palestinians, most of them adolescents and children. The violent activities included throwing IEDs, hand grenades and Molotov cocktails at the IDF.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 24 – 30 , 2019)

On July 26, 2019, the return march was held in the Gaza Strip with about 4,500 participants (fewer than in recent weeks). The Israeli security forces exposed an Iranian network that recruited residents if Israel, Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip to Iranian intelligence. The destruction of houses in Wadi al-Hums, near Sur Baher, southeast Jerusalem, led to Mahmoud Abbas announcing that the Palestinian leadership would stop acting in accordance with cooperation agreements signed with Israel.
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General Information

For decades, the Palestinian terrorist organizations have waged a vicious war against the State of Israel, starting in the 1920s and 1930s, causing untold bloodshed. Their mass-casualty suicide bombing attacks claimed hundreds of victims. After the Six Day War, Palestinian terrorism accelerated and the number of terrorist attacks in Israel and abroad against Jewish and Israeli targets increased.

During the 1970s, planes were hijacked by terrorists from the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.  After the Black September events (the removal of terrorists from Jordan in 1970), most prominent were terrorist attacks abroad carried out by a terrorist group from the Fatah organization calling itself Black September. Those attacks culminated in 1972, when 11 Israeli sportsmen were murdered at the Munich Olympics. Trans-border terrorist attacks were also carried out (attacks from Jordan until 1970 and attacks from the Lebanese border in the 1970s), some of them targeting Israeli civilians. In the 1990s, suicide bombing attacks became the main form of struggle carried out by the Palestinians, first by the radical Islamic organizations, primarily Hamas, and later also by secular organizations such as Fatah. 


There was a significant increase in terrorist attacks during the Palestinian terrorist campaign of 2000-2005 (known as the Al-Aqsa or Second Intifada), during which a great many attacks were carried out, including many suicide bombing attacks which disrupted daily life in Israel and threatened its large cities. The second half of 2015 and early 2016 witnessed a wave of terror characterized by lone-wolf attacks, mainly stabbing, vehicular and shooting attacks.