General Information

Summary of Events on the Gaza Strip Border

The Friday "return march" of November 16, 2018, was held under the shadow of the ceasefire that ended the most recent round of escalation. The events were attended by senior figures from Hamas, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) and other organizations. Senior Hamas figures and the organizers of the "return marches" said they were committed to obeying the Egyptian demand to distance the marchers from the security fence and stop the incendiary kites and balloons.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 7 – November 13, 2018)

In the Gaza Strip the events of the Friday, November 9, 2018, "return march" passed without exceptional incident. On November 12, 2018, an unprecedented rocket attack was initiated from the Gaza Strip, targeting the western Negev, after an IDF special force operation failed. In ITIC assessment, the current rocket attack is not an isolated incident but rather part of the new policy carried out by Hamas since March 30, 2018 (the first "return march").
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Escalation in the Gaza Strip (The situation on the ground as of 12:00 noon, November 13)

During an IDF special forces operation in the southern Gaza Strip on November 11, 2018, an exchange of fire developed between the force and Hamas operatives. An IDF lieutenant colonel was killed and another officer was wounded. Seven terrorist operatives were killed, six of them from Hamas' military wing. Hamas' response came in two stages.
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Summary of Events Along the Gaza Strip Border

On Friday, November 9, 2018, another "return march" was held in the Gaza Strip along the border with Israel. About 10,000 Palestinians participated in the Friday march. There has been a decrease in the level of violence, apparently because this week as well Hamas kept demonstrators away from the security fence. Thus in the current situation, Israel enables fuel and money from Qatar to enter the Gaza Strip in return for a decrease in Hamas-sponsored violence, but not a complete cessation of violence. In ITIC assessment, as long as the "return marches" do not stop, there will be a fragile reduction in the violence from the Gaza Strip, occasionally accompanied by outbreaks of more serious violence.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 24 – October 29, 2018)

During the "return march" of November 2, 2018, there was a significant decrease in the level of violence. The weekly mini-flotilla and the riot near the northern Gaza Strip border were also held without exceptional violence. In Judea and Samaria two stabbing attacks were prevented. Nadav Agmon, head of the Israel Security Agency, gave the Israeli Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee a survey of the situation, saying that Hamas continually tries to carry out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria
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Summary of Events Along the Gaza Strip Border

Apparently for the first time since August 2018, significant progress was again made in contacts for an Egyptian-mediated arrangement. It also appears a minimalist arrangement was discussed, which will lead to a lessening of violence on the ground in return for opening the crossings and the entrance of humanitarian aid into the Gaza Strip (based on arrangements reached at the end of Operation Protective Edge).
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General Information

For decades, the Palestinian terrorist organizations have waged a vicious war against the State of Israel, starting in the 1920s and 1930s, causing untold bloodshed. Their mass-casualty suicide bombing attacks claimed hundreds of victims. After the Six Day War, Palestinian terrorism accelerated and the number of terrorist attacks in Israel and abroad against Jewish and Israeli targets increased.

During the 1970s, planes were hijacked by terrorists from the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.  After the Black September events (the removal of terrorists from Jordan in 1970), most prominent were terrorist attacks abroad carried out by a terrorist group from the Fatah organization calling itself Black September. Those attacks culminated in 1972, when 11 Israeli sportsmen were murdered at the Munich Olympics. Trans-border terrorist attacks were also carried out (attacks from Jordan until 1970 and attacks from the Lebanese border in the 1970s), some of them targeting Israeli civilians. In the 1990s, suicide bombing attacks became the main form of struggle carried out by the Palestinians, first by the radical Islamic organizations, primarily Hamas, and later also by secular organizations such as Fatah. 


There was a significant increase in terrorist attacks during the Palestinian terrorist campaign of 2000-2005 (known as the Al-Aqsa or Second Intifada), during which a great many attacks were carried out, including many suicide bombing attacks which disrupted daily life in Israel and threatened its large cities. The second half of 2015 and early 2016 witnessed a wave of terror characterized by lone-wolf attacks, mainly stabbing, vehicular and shooting attacks.