Egypt

Iron Swords Operation (Updated to 1 p.m., October 24, 2023)

The Israeli Air Force continued attacking Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) targets, with tank fire and artillery backup. During the past day about 400 air strikes were carried out. The Palestinian terrorist organizations continued firing rockets at Israel, but fewer than initially. IDF forces intercepted a UAV launched from the Gaza Strip; Hamas military-terrorist wing operatives claimed responsibility for launching it. So far, more than 1,400 civilian and soldier deaths have been reported; 220 civilian and soldier abductees are still being held by the terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip. On the evening of October 23, 2023, two elderly abductees were returned to Israel.According to reports, there is a difficult humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip. Aid convoys continue to enter the Gaza Strip through the Rafah Crossing. Hezbollah terrorist squads continue attacking.
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The Iron Swords War (Updated to 1 p.m., October 22, 2023)

Israeli Air Force airstrikes on terrorist targets in the Gaza Strip continued, destroying several terrorist facilities, mainly belonging to Hamas. Meanwhile, the Palestinian terrorist organizations continue firing rockets at Israel, although at a relatively low pace. So far, more than 7,500 rockets have been fired at Israel. Several hundred launches fell in the territory of the Gaza Strip. Two abductees, a mother and her daughter, American citizens, were returned to Israel after negotiations mediated by Qatar. Israel's calls for the residents of the northern Gaza Strip to evacuate to the south have been met with opposition from Hamas, especially the evacuation of hospitals and UNRWA shelters. On October 21, 2023, the Rafah Crossing was opened to allow twenty trucks of humanitarian aid to enter the Gaza Strip. Attacks continued on the Lebanese border. Hezbollah terrorist operatives fired anti-tank weapons and shot small arms at IDF posts and civilian towns and villages. Six Hezbollah terrorists were killed. IDF forces continued counterterrorism activities. In Jenin, for the first time since the second intifada, a plane was used to attack a mosque where there were terrorist operatives who were en route to carrying out a mass-casualty attack. One Border Police fighter was killed and several were wounded.
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The Iron Swords War (Updated to 1 p.m., October 18, 2023)

The IDF continued its activity in the Gaza Strip, mainly by conducting airstrikes on terrorist targets of Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad. Terrorist facilities were damaged and several senior Hamas terrorist operatives were killed, the most prominent of whom was Ayman Nofal. In the evening the Palestinian Authority reported a hospital in Gaza had been hit by an airstrike which killed several hundred people. The incident immediately provoked a wave of angry reactions and accusations against Israel. The IDF investigation revealed the incident was a failed Palestinian Islamic Jihad rocket launch and the damage was not as serious as represented by Hamas. American President Joe Biden emphasized that the attack had not been carried out by Israel. The Palestinian terrorist organizations continued firing rockets at Israel, including several barrages targeting the center of the country. So far 7,114 rockets have been fired at Israel. The IDF continued calling on the residents of the northern Gaza Strip and Gaza City to evacuate to the south. The humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip is worsening. Egypt and Jordan have expressed concern that Palestinian refugees will more from the Gaza Strip into their territory. Several anti-tank missiles and rockets were launched into Israeli territory from Lebanon; Senior government officials in Iran continue their preoccupation with the Palestinian issue, claiming it concerns the entire international community.
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The Iron Swords – The war in the south of Israel (Updated to 1 p.m., October 17, 2023)

The IDF continued its activity in the Gaza Strip, mainly by conducting airstrikes against terrorist targets of Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad. Several thousand terrorist targets have been attacked since the beginning of the war. Using precision-guided munitions, Israeli Navy ships attacked Hamas military-terrorist targets from the sea. Two barrages were fired at the Jerusalem area during the opening of the Knesset's winter session. About 6,930 rockets have been fired at Israel since the beginning of the war.So far, more than 1,400 civilian and soldier deaths have been reported, and 199 civilian and soldier abductees are currently held by Hamas in the Gaza Strip. Since the beginning of the war, The humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip is worsening. Tensions continued mounting in northern Israel. Iran has ramped up its threatening messages, apparently concerned that an Israeli ground attack could challenge Hamas' survival. Iran does not necessarily regard Hezbollah as its only option for an attack on Israel and might prefer other options, such as activating the pro-Iranian Shi'ite militias in Syria or Iraq.
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The Iron Swords – The war in the south of Israel (Updated to 1 p.m., October 15, 2023)

IDF forces continued to operate, primarily carrying out aerial attacks, against terrorist targets throughout the Gaza Strip. Several squads, including anti-tank squads, were captured on the border. A number of operatives of Hamas' military-terrorist wing were killed in the attacks, some of them released from Israeli jails in the Gilad Shalit exchange deal (2011). Rockets attacks continued, most of them targeting the Israeli villages near the Gaza Strip border and Ashkelon. A rocket was also fired at the Haifa area. Israel called on the residents of the northern Gaza Strip to evacuate their homes and move to the central and southern Gaza Strip. Hamas tried to prevent the evacuation. In northern Israel several anti-tank missile and rocket attacks were reported from Lebanon and Syria. One Israeli was killed and several were injured. The IDF returned fire. As of now, tensions remain high. In Judea and Samaria Israeli security forces continued counterterrorism activities. The ministry of health in Ramallah reported 55 Palestinian deaths and approximately 1,200 wounded since the beginning of the war. The Iranian foreign minister held a round of meetings in Syria, Lebanon and other Middle Eastern countries.
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The Iron Swords – The war in the south of Israel (Updated to 1 p.m., October 9, 2023)

Israeli security forces continued to carry out massive activity in the Gaza Strip on land, in the air and at sea; several hundred targets were attacked from the air. The forces continued searching for and clashing with terrorists who still remained in Israel. In the meantime, Gaza continued firing rockets at Israel's south and center. According to an initial report, in the afternoon several rockets were fired at the north of the country from Lebanese territory. The Israeli ministry of health reported there were 2,586 wounded in hospitals across the country. So far over 800 deaths have been reported. Approximately 150 abducted Israelis are being held captive in the Gaza Strip by Hamas and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ). Hamas and the PIJ continue to boast of their "achievements" and try to recruit the Palestinians in Judea and Samaria to join the war. In Judea and Samaria Palestinians attacked and clashed with Israeli security forces several times. Sixteen Palestinians have been killed since the beginning of the war. The Palestinian Authority (PA) is operating in the Arab and international arenas to calm the situation and to help the Gaza Strip.
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Egypt

Egypt (the Arab Republic of Egypt) is the most populous country in the Arab world, and the third most populous country in Africa. Egypt is located in the northeastern corner of Africa, on the Mediterranean coast in the north and on the Red Sea in the east. In the northeast, Egypt borders on Israel and the Gaza Strip, in the west, on Libya and in the south, on Sudan.

Relations between Israel and Egypt have undergone many upheavals over the years. These relations have gone from hostility and war through a peace treaty to the existence of full but chilly diplomatic relations. A dramatic development in the relations between the two countries occurred in November 1977 with the visit of then Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Israel and his speech in the Knesset, Israel’s parliament. Two years after the visit, the peace treaty was signed. As part of this treaty, Israel withdrew from all of Sinai and the Israeli settlements that had been built there.

At the end of President Mubarak’s term in office, Egyptian security control in Sinai weakened. Thousands of tunnels between Sinai and Gaza were used for smuggling ammunition, missiles and weapons. The terrorist organizations began an attempt to destabilize the region by firing rockets from Sinai into Israel and Jordan. However, as long as stability in Egypt was maintained, the situation in Sinai remained relatively under control. After the coup in Egypt and the overthrow of Mubarak, the terrorist organizations in Sinai took advantage of the opportunity to undermine the security situation in the region and established the Sinai Province of the Islamic State, which Egyptian security forces are trying to fight. At the same time, relations between Egypt and the Hamas movement deteriorated, because Egypt perceives Hamas as an arm of the Muslim Brotherhood and the Hamas regime in the Gaza Strip is perceived as a source of subversion and terrorism directed at Egypt.