Egypt

Spotlight on Global Jihad (July 5-11, 2018)

The Syrian army is recording achievements in the campaign for the takeover of southern Syria: These steps by the Syrian army were carried out as part of the Russian-mediated ceasefire agreement with the rebel organizations, which was achieved on July 6, 2018. The ceasefire agreement applies to the Daraa area and does not include the Syrian Golan Heights. The military and political moves currently taking place in southern Syria have long-term significance, because they reflect a process of shaping the nature of the borders of the Syrian state vis-à-vis Jordan and Israel
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (June 21-27, 2018)

The battle in southern Syria has begun: After a few weeks of preparation, the Syrian army launched an attack against the rebel organizations in southern Syria. The attack is concentrated on a rebel-controlled enclave northeast of Daraa, extending from the Syrian-Jordanian border to a distance of about 70 km northwards. The objective of the attack, in the ITIC’s assessment, is to divide the enclave by taking over the village of Basr al-Harir (located around 40 km from the Syrian-Jordanian border).
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (June 7-13, 2018)

This week, the Syrian army attacked an ISIS enclave some 68 km northeast of As-Suwayda. While pressure is being exerted on ISIS in southern and central Syria, in eastern Syria ISIS took the initiative and attacked the city of Albukamal in the Lower Euphrates Valley. ISIS continues its intensive terror and guerrilla activity in Afghanistan
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (May 16-23, 2018)

After approximately one month of fighting, the Syrian army completed its takeover of the ISIS enclave south of Damascus. As a result, the Syrian regime declared the Damascus area “a terror-free zone. While ISIS is suffering defeats in Syria, and its operatives in Iraq are under incessant pressure from the Iraqi security forces, ISIS’s provinces and its supporters throughout the world continue to carry out intensive terrorist activity. In light of the achievements of the Syrian army, and as part of the preparations for the day after, tension is rising between the main centers of power supporting the Syrian regime.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (April 26 – May 2, 2018)

This week, the Syrian army recorded achievements in its campaign to take over the southern suburbs of Damascus from ISIS. The Syrian army forces advanced inside the Yarmouk refugee camp and took control of most of the Al-Qadam neighborhood to its west. The operatives of the Headquarters for the Liberation of Al-Sham, a jihadi organization and one of ISIS’s rivals, began to leave the Yarmouk refugee camp for the Idlib region after reaching an evacuation agreement with the Syrian regime.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (April 18-25, 2018)

The main event of the week was the expansion of the Syrian regime’s control over the Damascus region. On April 19, 2018, the Syrian army and the forces supporting it launched a campaign to take over the southern neighborhoods of Damascus, which are under ISIS’s control. The main event in ISIS’s provinces abroad this week was a multi-casualty suicide bombing attack in Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan.
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Egypt

Egypt (the Arab Republic of Egypt) is the most populous country in the Arab world, and the third most populous country in Africa. Egypt is located in the northeastern corner of Africa, on the Mediterranean coast in the north and on the Red Sea in the east. In the northeast, Egypt borders on Israel and the Gaza Strip, in the west, on Libya and in the south, on Sudan.

Relations between Israel and Egypt have undergone many upheavals over the years. These relations have gone from hostility and war through a peace treaty to the existence of full but chilly diplomatic relations. A dramatic development in the relations between the two countries occurred in November 1977 with the visit of then Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Israel and his speech in the Knesset, Israel’s parliament. Two years after the visit, the peace treaty was signed. As part of this treaty, Israel withdrew from all of Sinai and the Israeli settlements that had been built there.

At the end of President Mubarak’s term in office, Egyptian security control in Sinai weakened. Thousands of tunnels between Sinai and Gaza were used for smuggling ammunition, missiles and weapons. The terrorist organizations began an attempt to destabilize the region by firing rockets from Sinai into Israel and Jordan. However, as long as stability in Egypt was maintained, the situation in Sinai remained relatively under control. After the coup in Egypt and the overthrow of Mubarak, the terrorist organizations in Sinai took advantage of the opportunity to undermine the security situation in the region and established the Sinai Province of the Islamic State, which Egyptian security forces are trying to fight. At the same time, relations between Egypt and the Hamas movement deteriorated, because Egypt perceives Hamas as an arm of the Muslim Brotherhood and the Hamas regime in the Gaza Strip is perceived as a source of subversion and terrorism directed at Egypt.