Egypt

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 22 – 28, 2018)

The "return marches" were held at the Israeli-Gaza Strip border this past Friday with a relatively small number of participants. The level and intensity of violence were relatively low. A Fatah delegation arrived in Cairo and held a short round of talks with the Egyptians. The talks again illustrated the negative role played by the Palestinian Authority (PA), which links the arrangement with Israel with the internal Palestinian reconciliation.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (Aug 15 – 21, 2018)

This past week talks were held in Cairo attended by Hamas, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) and several small terrorist organizations in order to reach an arrangement that would lead to the end of the hostilities in the Gaza Strip. While the arrangement is being discussed Hamas continues to implement its policy of controlled violence on the ground. The most prominent event in Judea and Samaria was a stabbing attack in the Old City of Jerusalem, carried out by an Israeli Arab from the central city of Umm al-Fahm.
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The Gaza Crisis: Contacts for an Arrangement (Updated to August 20, 2018)

After more than four and half months of riots at the Israeli-Gaza border, and after five rounds of escalation during which more than 600 rockets and mortar shells were fired into Israeli territory, intensive talks are currently being held in Cairo for an arrangement that will lead to an end to the hostilities. Participating in the talks are Hamas, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) and several small terrorist organizations. Conspicuous by its absence (so far) is the Fatah delegation, which refused to go to Egypt because of Mahmoud Abbas' strong objection to any arrangement not reached through the Palestinian Authority (PA).
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (August 8 – 14, 2018)

This past week events focused on the fifth round of escalation between Hamas and the IDF, during which Hamas and the other terrorist organizations in the Gaza Strip launched approximately 180 rocket and mortar shells. The fifth round of escalation and the "return march," which was held as usual on Friday, clearly illustrated Hamas' determination to continue its policy of controlled violence, implemented since March 30, 2018.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (July 26 – August 1, 2018)

On July 31, 2018, the Syrian army almost completed its takeover of the Yarmouk Basin from ISIS. At the same time, the Syrian Army completed its takeover of the area of Quneitra. Syrian soldiers entered the old city of Quneitra and raised the Syrian flag (a “victory picture”). In order to ease the pressure exerted on it in the Yarmouk Basin, ISIS carried out a combined attack against the Druze civilian population in the city of As-Suwayda and several villages in its vicinity.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 25-31, 2018)

This past week terrorist events focused on the stabbing attack in the community of Adam (near Ramallah). In the Gaza Strip snipers again shot at an IDF force, wounding an officer. The Friday July 27 "return march" was attended by about 7,000 Gazans. Attempts continued to reach an agreement to stabilize the ceasefire and prevent the situation from deteriorating, with Nikolay Mladenov, the UN envoy to the Middle East, and Egypt both holding rounds of talks with Hamas.
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Egypt

Egypt (the Arab Republic of Egypt) is the most populous country in the Arab world, and the third most populous country in Africa. Egypt is located in the northeastern corner of Africa, on the Mediterranean coast in the north and on the Red Sea in the east. In the northeast, Egypt borders on Israel and the Gaza Strip, in the west, on Libya and in the south, on Sudan.

Relations between Israel and Egypt have undergone many upheavals over the years. These relations have gone from hostility and war through a peace treaty to the existence of full but chilly diplomatic relations. A dramatic development in the relations between the two countries occurred in November 1977 with the visit of then Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Israel and his speech in the Knesset, Israel’s parliament. Two years after the visit, the peace treaty was signed. As part of this treaty, Israel withdrew from all of Sinai and the Israeli settlements that had been built there.

At the end of President Mubarak’s term in office, Egyptian security control in Sinai weakened. Thousands of tunnels between Sinai and Gaza were used for smuggling ammunition, missiles and weapons. The terrorist organizations began an attempt to destabilize the region by firing rockets from Sinai into Israel and Jordan. However, as long as stability in Egypt was maintained, the situation in Sinai remained relatively under control. After the coup in Egypt and the overthrow of Mubarak, the terrorist organizations in Sinai took advantage of the opportunity to undermine the security situation in the region and established the Sinai Province of the Islamic State, which Egyptian security forces are trying to fight. At the same time, relations between Egypt and the Hamas movement deteriorated, because Egypt perceives Hamas as an arm of the Muslim Brotherhood and the Hamas regime in the Gaza Strip is perceived as a source of subversion and terrorism directed at Egypt.