Analysis of the Identities of Gazans Killed During the “Great Return March”

The Hamas-controlled ministry of health in the Gaza Strip reported that 40 Palestinians have been killed during the "great return march" events since March 30, 2018, when the rioting began along the Gaza Strip-Israel border (updated to April 25, 2018). The information provided by the Gaza ministry of health, which is used by the Israeli and international media, does not include a statistical distribution or distinguish between terrorist operatives (and those affiliated with them) and civilians.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 17 – 24, 2018)

On April 20, 2018, the fourth Friday of the "great return march," about 10,000 Palestinians demonstrated and rioted at five central locations along the Gaza Strip border. Palestinians in Judea and Samaria have avoided exceptional shows of solidarity with the Gaza Strip, even before special events.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 11 – 16, 2018, 2018)

Events of the third Friday of the "great return march" were less intense and there were fewer casualties than on the two previous Fridays. Judea and Samaria were relatively quiet. The commission for detainees and ex-detainees affairs held a press conference to launch Palestinian Prisoners' Day, 2018 (held every year on March 17). The Arab League held a summit meeting in Saudi Arabia. Mahmoud Abbas gave a speech in which he claimed that east Jerusalem "has been and will eternally remain the capital of the state of Palestine

Initial Analysis of the Identities of Gazans Killed During the “Great Return March” on March 30 and April 6, 2018

During and after the events of "great return march" that began on March 20, 2018, between 32 and 34 Palestinians were killed (as of April 11, 2018). Most of them have been identified as terrorist operatives affiliated with Hamas and the other terrorist organizations operating in the Gaza Strip.

The Fatah movement in Jenin rented a house for the family of Ahmed Nasr Jarar, one of the terrorists who carried out the shooting attack that killed Rabbi Raziel Shevah, to replace the house destroyed by the IDF

The Fatah movement in Jenin rented a house for the family of Ahmed Nasr Khaled Jarar, one of the terrorists who carried out the attack near Havat Gilad (Samaria) in which Rabbi Raziel Shevah was killed. The house was rented to temporarily replace the family's house destroyed by the Israeli security forces. Previously, senior Fatah and Palestinian Authority (PA) figures had visited the mourning tent erected by the family for another relative who had participated in the attack.

The “Great Return March” Events of April 13, 2018

Hamas and the organizers of the events will apparently make an effort to preserve the tension along the border at least until May 15, 2018 (Nakba Day). Friday, April 20, 2018, has been designated as "the Friday of the shaheeds and prisoners," a subject close to the hearts of many Palestinians. That may succeed in motivating more demonstrators to go to the border fence and may also motivate the residents of Judea and Samaria to hold their own events.

Events of the “Great Return March” along the Gaza Strip border

After two months of preparations, on March 30, 2018 (Land Day) events of the "Great Return March" began.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 19 – 26, 2017)

This past week there was a shooting attack near Har Adar, an Israeli community west of Jerusalem. The terrorist killed three Israelis and seriously wounded another. Mahmoud Abbas and the Palestinian Authority (PA) have not condemned the attack so far. A delegation of senior Hamas figures headed by Musa Abu Marzouq visited Moscow and met with Russian officials.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 26 – August 1, 2017)

After two weeks, the Temple Mount crisis came to an end. Before the afternoon prayers on July 27, 2017, a large number of flag-waving Palestinians broke into the Temple Mount compound and clashed with Israeli security forces. About 50 Palestinians were injured.

The Palestinian Authority

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.