A ceremony sponsored by Mahmoud Abbas was held to honor terrorists holding Israeli citizenship who were imprisoned for murdering an IDF soldier

On January 14, 2018, two events were held that clearly manifested the support the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Fatah give terrorists (from all the organizations) imprisoned in Israeli jails

The PLO’s Central Council and Mahmoud Abbas call for the continuation and strengthening of [so-called] “peaceful popular resistance” [i.e., popular terrorism]

The concluding statement of the PLO's Central Council of January 15, 2018, related to a variety of open issues between Israel and the Palestinians, among them a call for the continuation, strengthening and upgrading of the so-called "peaceful popular resistance" (Palestinian TV, January 15, 2018). At the opening ceremony on January 14, 2018, Mahmoud Abbas gave a speech in which he said the Palestinian people would continue the "peaceful popular resistance."

The shaheed culture and encouraging terrorism at an event held at Bir Zeit University on the anniversary of Fatah’s founding

On January 1, 2018, as part of the ceremonies held to mark the 53th anniversary of Fatah's founding, the Fatah student movement at Bir Zeit University organized an event. During the event students held a march, some of them wearing uniforms, some of them wearing shrouds and explosive belts representing suicide bombers.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 10 – 16, 2018)

This past week terrorist events focused on the murder of an Israeli civilian at the Havat Gilad Junction in Samaria. The IDF exposed another tunnel (the fourth in the past months), 1.5 kilometers long (about .93 miles). The PLO's Central Council decided to suspend recognition of Israel, cancel security coordination with it and void the economic agreement

The anniversary of Fatah’s founding was marked at universities and colleges in Judea and Samaria by glorifying shaheeds and encouraging terrorism

On January 1, 2018, was the 53rd anniversary of the founding of the Fatah movement The pictures below document the events held at Bir Zeit University, one of the most prominent institutions of higher learning in the Palestinian Authority

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 3 – 9, 2018)

This past week there was an increase in the trend towards fewer participants in demonstrations and riots in Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem. A rocket and several mortar shells were fired at Israel. Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked "a key terrorist facility" in the Gaza Strip. The Israel Security Agency revealed that an indictment was recently handed down for a Palestinian student from Hebron who was recruited by Iranian intelligence during a visit to a relative in South Africa.

The Wave of Lone Wolf Attacks in Israel (Oct. 2015 – Sep. 2016) and Palestinian Social Media

The “lone wolf” attacks were an expression of various social media influences on Palestinian politics and society that go beyond incitement. It should be emphasized, however, that those who regard social networks as a mere means of communication reflecting reality are also mistaken. As opposed to traditional means of communication, social media offers interaction and multilateral dialogue that enables mutual influence and cooperation at an unprecedented speed and scale without leadership or an organizational support structure. As a result, it has played a simultaneous role in the “lone wolf” attacks – on the one hand reflecting the reality on the ground, but also feeding and amplifying it. Social media offered alternative sources of legitimacy to the traditional sources of authority of the assailant, and has generated a contagious dynamic of attacks carried out without a guiding hand and characterized by expansion, decay, and conservation.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (September 19 – 26, 2017)

This past week there was a shooting attack near Har Adar, an Israeli community west of Jerusalem. The terrorist killed three Israelis and seriously wounded another. Mahmoud Abbas and the Palestinian Authority (PA) have not condemned the attack so far. A delegation of senior Hamas figures headed by Musa Abu Marzouq visited Moscow and met with Russian officials.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (July 26 – August 1, 2017)

After two weeks, the Temple Mount crisis came to an end. Before the afternoon prayers on July 27, 2017, a large number of flag-waving Palestinians broke into the Temple Mount compound and clashed with Israeli security forces. About 50 Palestinians were injured.

The Palestinian Authority

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.