This past week two mortar shells were fired into Israeli territory, one landing near an IDF force. In response the Israeli Air Force attacked two rocket launchers hidden underground in the northern Gaza Strip. On November 13, 2013, an IDF soldier was stabbed to death on a bus in the northern Israeli city of Afula. Hamas held a military parade in Gaza City to mark the first anniversary of Operation Pillar of Defense, displaying a long-range Hamas-manufactured M75 rocket. In our assessment, the objective was to deter Israel from launching another operation.