The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 10 – 16, 2018)

This past week terrorist events focused on the murder of an Israeli civilian at the Havat Gilad Junction in Samaria. The IDF exposed another tunnel (the fourth in the past months), 1.5 kilometers long (about .93 miles). The PLO's Central Council decided to suspend recognition of Israel, cancel security coordination with it and void the economic agreement
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Educating for hatred and violence against Israel in a performance held in a kindergarten sponsored by the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ)

Even kindergarten children have been recruited for the protest campaign. The PIJ-affiliated al-Huda kindergarten in the Zeitun neighborhood of Gaza City presented a performance on December 19, 2017.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 20 –26, 2017)

This past week riots and demonstrations continued following Trump's declaration and the emergency vote held in the UN General Assembly. This past week rocket fire from the Gaza Strip stopped, while in Judea and Samaria there was an attempted stabbing attack. In the international arena, the Palestinians perceived the vote in the UN as a great achievement. They intend to continue intense political activity, including joining international organizations and an appeal to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague.
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Spotlight on Iran (December 10- December 24, 2017)

Against the backdrop of the defeat of the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq. Iranian officials continue to highlight Tehran’s success in utilizing the campaign,Meanwhile, there are increasing calls in Iran to exploit the country’s growing political and military clout to increase its economic influence in the region. In the Iraqi arena, Iran is working to thwart any effort to undermine the standing of the Shi’ite militias supported by it.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 13-19, 2017)

It is approximately two weeks since the Trump recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of the State of Israel, and demonstrations of rage continue in the Palestinian arena, although with less intensity than what some of the Palestinians hoped for. Demonstrations and protest meetings continue in the Arab and Muslim states, especially Jordan and Turkey (where last week a meeting of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation was held).
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Palestinian Responses to Donald Trump’s Declaration that the United States Recognizes Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel (updated December 10, 2017)

Trump's declaration of United States recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel led to calls from the leaders of the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Fatah for protest demonstrations.
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The Palestinian Islamic Jihad

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the second largest and most important terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. It was established in the Gaza Strip in the late 1970s by students studying in Egypt, members of the Muslim Brotherhood, and headed by Dr. Fathi Shqaqi, a physician from Rafah, and Sheikh Abd al-Aziz Awda, a preacher from the Jebaliya refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.

Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a radical fundamentalist Sunni Muslim ideology. It seeks the immediate “liberation” of Palestine through jihad (holy war) and the establishment of a Muslim Palestinian state. Fathi Shqaqi was eliminated in Malta in 1995, and was succeeded by Dr. Ramadan Shalah, who is also one of the organization’s founding members.

The Palestinian Islamic Jihad rejects any arrangement or agreement with Israel. According to its ideology, jihad is an obligation that should be implemented immediately rather than be postponed until after the establishment of an Islamic state. The Palestinian Islamic Jihad has a military arm, Quds Brigades, equipped with various weapons, which fires rockets from the Gaza Strip and instigates carrying out terrorist attacks in Judea and Samaria. During the Second Intifada, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad “specialized” in carrying out suicide bombing attacks in Israeli territory.

Of all Palestinian terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad is the closest to Iran and more than any other organization, it receives extensive support from Iran.

Like other terrorist organizations, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad has been designated as a terrorist organization by Israel and the United States.