The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 17 – 24, 2018)

On April 20, 2018, the fourth Friday of the "great return march," about 10,000 Palestinians demonstrated and rioted at five central locations along the Gaza Strip border. Palestinians in Judea and Samaria have avoided exceptional shows of solidarity with the Gaza Strip, even before special events.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 11 – 16, 2018, 2018)

Events of the third Friday of the "great return march" were less intense and there were fewer casualties than on the two previous Fridays. Judea and Samaria were relatively quiet. The commission for detainees and ex-detainees affairs held a press conference to launch Palestinian Prisoners' Day, 2018 (held every year on March 17). The Arab League held a summit meeting in Saudi Arabia. Mahmoud Abbas gave a speech in which he claimed that east Jerusalem "has been and will eternally remain the capital of the state of Palestine
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (March 28 – April 10, 2018)

On March 30, 2018, Gazans began the events of the "great return march." In Judea, Samaria and Jerusalem there were limited protests and riots despite Land Day and the "great return march." In popular terrorism as well there was no exceptional escalation caused by the events in the Gaza Strip
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Terror funding by the Palestinian Authority: Mahmoud Abbas recently approved the budget for 2018, about 7% of which is devoted to assisting prisoners, released terrorists, and families of shahids

In its 2018 budget, the PA allocated around NIS 1.28 billion (around USD 360 million), approximately 7% of the budget, to two institutions that assist terrorists imprisoned in Israel, released terrorists, and families of shahids.
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Mahmoud Abbas and senior Fatah figures held a reception for a Fatah terrorist operative released after serving 20 years in prison for killing an Israeli on Hagai Street in the Old City of Jerusalem

On March 14, 2018, a few days before the lethal stabbing attack carried out on Hagai Street in the Old City of Jerusalem (see Appendix), Mahmoud Abbas hosted a festive reception in his office in Ramallah for Rajaa'i Abd al-Karim Hadad. Hadad is a Fatah operative who served a twenty-year prison term in Israel for his participation in a shooting attack carried out on Hagai Street in 1997.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (March 21 – 27, 2018)

Palestinians in the Gaza Strip are carrying out intensive preparations for the "great return march." During preparations for the "great return march" Hamas has allowed a controlled increase in tension with Israel. On March 25-26, 2018 Hamas' military wing held a broad exercise in the Gaza Strip. In ITIC assessment, the exercise was held to send a message of deterrence to Israel, saying that Hamas was prepared for escalation that might occur during the "great return march."
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.