The Palestinian Authority (PA)

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 8-14, 2017)

In response to threats issued by the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) to exact revenge for the blowing up of its tunnel and the death of operatives, General Yoav Mordechai, the Israeli Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT), warned that if the organization attacked Israel, Israel would react with might and determination. The PIJ said in an announcement that it had the right to respond to any act of "aggression" and called Israel's threats "a declaration of war." The transfer of authority in the Gaza Strip is proceeding according to the Fatah-Hamas reconciliation agreement.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (November 1-7, 2017)

This past week in Judea and Samaria rallies, marches and demonstrations were held to mark the centenary of the Balfour Declaration. The IDF announced it was holding the bodies of the five Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) operatives who had been trapped when the IDF blew up a terrorist tunnel.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 25 – 31, 2017)

This past week events focused on Israel's blowing up a Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) tunnel extending from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory. Blowing up the tunnel is a clear illustration of the key problem facing Mahmoud Abbas in implementing the internal Palestinian reconciliation. On November 2, 2017, the centenary of the Balfour Declaration will be celebrated.
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Hamas clarifies that it will not change its fundamental Positions

Hamas clarifies that it will not change its fundamental positions: it will not disarm, continue seek to eliminate Israel, adhere to terrorism ("resistance") and deepen its strategic relations with Iran.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 18 –24, 2017)

This past week was relatively quiet. A vehicular attack was apparently prevented in central of Israel and a stabbing attack was prevented at the Gush Etzion Junction. The Gaza Strip remained quiet. Implementing the Hamas-Fatah reconciliation continued, although senior Hamas figures asserted their refusal to discuss the future of the military-terrorist wing and its weapons. A Hamas delegation headed by Saleh al-'Arouri, deputy head of Hamas' political bureau, visited Iran.
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News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (October 3 – 17, 2017)

At the beginning of October there was a stabbing attack that killed an Israeli civilian from Elkana. This past week two rockets were fired. On October 12, 2017, a reconciliation agreement was signed by Fatah and Hamas with the stated goal of "ending the Palestinian division."
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The Palestinian Authority (PA)

The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls most of the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 by virtue of agreements signed as part of the Oslo process between Israel and the PLO. Formally, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007 when Hamas violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat’s death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.

The Palestinian Authority’s status under Yasser Arafat was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or Second Intifada, 2000 until 2005). Israel asserted that it failed to function since it did not fight against terrorism and even played an active role in organizing and funding terrorist attacks against Israelis. Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill.

After the end of the Second Intifada, Arafat’s death and his succession by Abu Mazen, Israel changed its policy towards the Palestinian Authority and the relations between them improved. Today, the Palestinian Authority controls area A in Judea and Samaria and enjoys partial cooperation with Israel, mainly in terms of security and administration. In the territories under its control, the Palestinian Authority operates through its security services, in coordination with Israel, to maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks. At the same time, the Palestinian Authority supports “popular resistance” (popular terrorism), providing political and even practical backing to acts of violence taking place as part of this kind of terrorism.

Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. On November 29, 2012, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 67/19 by a large majority. The resolution granted the Palestinian Authority a status of an observer state, which is not a full member.