The Peace Process

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict* (September 21 – 27, 2016)

Issued on 27/09/2016 Type Article
The wave of population terrorism that reemerged last week continues, although with waning intensity. Prominent this past week was a stabbing attack at the entrance to Kiryat Arba. Mahmoud Abbas gave a speech before the UN General Assembly in which he strongly attacked Israel.

About the Report of the Mideast Freedom Forum Study of Palestinian Authority Textbooks By Brigadier General (Ret.) Amos Gilboa *

Issued on 20/04/2016 Type Article
This report analyzes fifteen schoolbooks from the subjects of history and national education ranging from school Grades 1 to 9, including texts, charts, photographs, illustrations, and maps. It examines what is in the textbooks and what is not. The books were introduced into the Palestinian educational system between 2000 and 2005, and reprinted between 2011 and 2014. They were all still in use at the beginning of 2016 in Palestinian Authority (PA) and UNRWA schools in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip. All content was determined by the PA. The principles and guidelines of UNESCO's Education Strategy 2014-2021 were used as guiding criteria for the analysis.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 2 – 8, 2014)

Issued on 08/04/2014 Type Article
This past week one rocket hit was identified in Israeli territory. In addition, five mortar shells were fired into the western Negev. In response Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked a number of terrorist targets in the Gaza Strip. The crisis in the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations continues.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (February 12 – 18, 2014)

Issued on 18/02/2014 Type Article
This past week rocket fire from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory continued. In Judea and Samaria violent "popular resistance" attacks continued. On February 16, 2014, there was an explosion on a tourist bus a few dozen yards from the Taba terminal on the Egyptian side of the border.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (January 8 – 14, 2014)

Issued on 14/01/2014 Type Article
Two rocket hits were identified in the western Negev a short time after the funeral of former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. In addition, this past week three mortar shells were fired at an area near the security fence where IDF forces were operating. In response Israeli Air Force aircraft struck terrorist targets in the Gaza Strip.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (December 25 – 31, 2013)

Issued on 31/12/2013 Type Article
Terrorist attacks from the Gaza Strip continued this past week. Two rocket hits were identified in the region of Ashqelon. Twenty-six Palestinian terrorists were released from Israeli jails in the third phase (of four) to which Israel is committed. Of them, 18 were released to Judea and Samaria, three to the Gaza Strip and five to east Jerusalem.
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Information on The Peace Process
Both sides came to understand that the problems could not be solved with arms and that new channels had to be found, especially a peace process which would eventually lead to a political solution to the conflict.
Over the years the nature of the peace process underwent changes according to circumstances and the interests of the parties involved. When Israel and Egypt signed the Camp David Accords they forged the framework for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. Later there were the Oslo Accords. However, the peace process was accompanied by terrorist attacks carried out by its opponents, especially Hamas, which instigated a series of suicide bombing attacks during the first half of the 1990s and was the main force behind the Palestinian terrorist campaign known as the Al-Aqsa, or second intifada (2000-2005). Hamas was joined by Fatah and both participated in the mass-casualty suicide bomber terrorist campaign.
The transition to the peace process turned over a new leaf in the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The PLO and Israel recognized one another (although the PLO and the Palestinians refuse to recognize Israel as a Jewish state and the homeland of the Jewish People), Israel withdrew from many of the territories and transferred them to the Palestinian Authority, which used the peace process to found its control of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip (until Hamas' putsch in June 2007, when it forcibly took control of the Gaza Strip). In the final analysis the peace process is meant to lead to a final status agreement and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state coexisting with the State of Israel.
There are currently six issues at the core of the peace process: the borders, security, the Palestinian refugees, control of Jerusalem, dividing water resources and the Israeli settlements in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority is currently waging a political campaign against Israel (as opposed to the peace process) accompanied by what it refers to as "popular resistance."
Some of the Palestinians (represented by Hamas) still refuse to accept the existence of the State of Israel and reject any and all attempts to solve the conflict through the peace process. They call for the establishment of a Palestinian state on all the territory of the State of Israel, to be achieved by an armed campaign (jihad, usually called "resistance").