The Peace Process

Marwan Barghouti: Partner for Peace Negotiations or Terrorist?*

Issued on 13/07/2017 Type Article
This study examines the milestones in the life of Marwan Barghouti in an effort to reveal and analyzethe profound changes that occurred over the years within Fatah and in his positions regarding Israel.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (June 7 – 13, 2017)

Issued on 13/06/2017 Type Article
This past week again, no significant terrorist attacks were carried out in Judea and Samaria or from the Gaza Strip. Riots and violent demonstrations continued at various locations along the Gaza-Israel border. The Palestinian Authority recently told Israel it was planning to cut 40% of the funds it gave Israel to pay for the electricity Israel supplies to the Gaza Strip. A Hamas spokesman responded to the proposed cut by calling Israel's decision "dangerous and potentially disastrous.

How UN Security Council Resolution 2334 Relates to Palestinian Terrorism

Issued on 29/12/2016 Type Article
On December 23, 2016, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 2334, with 14 countries voting in favor. The United States abstained allowing the resolution to pass. Resolution 2334 deals mostly with the Israeli settlements in Judea, Samaria and east Jerusalem, over which there is broad international consensus. The issue of terrorism is included in the resolution but its weight is slight (as opposed to extensive dealing with the settlements, which are represented as the main obstacle to peace).

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict* (September 21 – 27, 2016)

Issued on 27/09/2016 Type Article
The wave of population terrorism that reemerged last week continues, although with waning intensity. Prominent this past week was a stabbing attack at the entrance to Kiryat Arba. Mahmoud Abbas gave a speech before the UN General Assembly in which he strongly attacked Israel.

About the Report of the Mideast Freedom Forum Study of Palestinian Authority Textbooks By Brigadier General (Ret.) Amos Gilboa *

Issued on 20/04/2016 Type Article
This report analyzes fifteen schoolbooks from the subjects of history and national education ranging from school Grades 1 to 9, including texts, charts, photographs, illustrations, and maps. It examines what is in the textbooks and what is not. The books were introduced into the Palestinian educational system between 2000 and 2005, and reprinted between 2011 and 2014. They were all still in use at the beginning of 2016 in Palestinian Authority (PA) and UNRWA schools in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip. All content was determined by the PA. The principles and guidelines of UNESCO's Education Strategy 2014-2021 were used as guiding criteria for the analysis.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (April 2 – 8, 2014)

Issued on 08/04/2014 Type Article
This past week one rocket hit was identified in Israeli territory. In addition, five mortar shells were fired into the western Negev. In response Israeli Air Force aircraft attacked a number of terrorist targets in the Gaza Strip. The crisis in the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations continues.
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Information on The Peace Process
Both sides came to understand that the problems could not be solved with arms and that new channels had to be found, especially a peace process which would eventually lead to a political solution to the conflict.
Over the years the nature of the peace process underwent changes according to circumstances and the interests of the parties involved. When Israel and Egypt signed the Camp David Accords they forged the framework for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. Later there were the Oslo Accords. However, the peace process was accompanied by terrorist attacks carried out by its opponents, especially Hamas, which instigated a series of suicide bombing attacks during the first half of the 1990s and was the main force behind the Palestinian terrorist campaign known as the Al-Aqsa, or second intifada (2000-2005). Hamas was joined by Fatah and both participated in the mass-casualty suicide bomber terrorist campaign.
The transition to the peace process turned over a new leaf in the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The PLO and Israel recognized one another (although the PLO and the Palestinians refuse to recognize Israel as a Jewish state and the homeland of the Jewish People), Israel withdrew from many of the territories and transferred them to the Palestinian Authority, which used the peace process to found its control of Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip (until Hamas' putsch in June 2007, when it forcibly took control of the Gaza Strip). In the final analysis the peace process is meant to lead to a final status agreement and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state coexisting with the State of Israel.
There are currently six issues at the core of the peace process: the borders, security, the Palestinian refugees, control of Jerusalem, dividing water resources and the Israeli settlements in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority is currently waging a political campaign against Israel (as opposed to the peace process) accompanied by what it refers to as "popular resistance."
Some of the Palestinians (represented by Hamas) still refuse to accept the existence of the State of Israel and reject any and all attempts to solve the conflict through the peace process. They call for the establishment of a Palestinian state on all the territory of the State of Israel, to be achieved by an armed campaign (jihad, usually called "resistance").