The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

Operation Cast Lead Update No. 9

Issued on 07/01/2009 Type Article
On January 6 the ground operation in the Gaza Strip continued for the third day with increased friction between the IDF and terrorist operatives. On January 7 Israel instituted a three-hour lull in the fighting to operate a humanitarian corridor for deliveries to the Gaza Strip

Operation Cast Lead Update No. 8

Issued on 06/01/2009 Type Article
During the past 24 hours the ground operation continued, with increased friction between the IDF and Hamas operatives.

Hamas Exploitation of Civilians as Human Shields

Issued on 06/01/2009 Type Article
This study (completed during the first week of Operation Cast Lead) provides many examples of how Gazan civilians are used as human shields during terrorist attacks against Israel and combat against the IDF.

Operation Cast Lead Update No. 7

Issued on 05/01/2009 Type Article
IDF forces continue operating in various focal points in the Gaza Strip.

Operation Cast Lead Update No. 6

Issued on 04/01/2009 Type Article
On January 3, after eight days of air strikes, the ground phase of Operation Cast Lead began.

Operation Cast Lead – Update No. 5

Issued on 02/01/2009 Type Article
On December 31, the fifth day of Operation Cast Lead, the air force attacked more than 50 targets in the Gaza Strip.
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Information on The Israeli Palestinian Conflict
The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 with the signing of the Oslo Accords. Formally, according to the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control in June 2007 when Hamas' violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat's death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.
The Palestinian Authority's status was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or second intifada). Since it was unable and unwilling to prevent terrorist attacks from being carried out from its territory, Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill. Today the Palestinian Authority security forces maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks.
Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. Palestinian Authority chairman Mahmoud Abbas recently applied to the UN for membership. On September 23, 2011, he formally appealed to the secretary general of the UN to recognize the state of "Palestine."