The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

Operation Cast Lead – Update No. 1

Issued on 28/12/2008 Type Article
At 11:30 on December 27 Israeli Air Force planes struck a number of targets of Hamas and the other Palestinian terrorist organizations in an operation dubbed “Cast Lead.”

Escalation in the south: more than 60 rockets and mortar shells fired at the cities of Ashqelon, Netivot, Sderot and other population centers in the western Negev. Hamas claims responsibility for most of the attacks.

Issued on 25/12/2008 Type Article
On December 24, five days after the lull arrangement ended, the cities of Ashqelon, Netivot and Sderot, the towns and villages near the Gaza Strip, the crossings and IDF bases were subjected to a massive rocket and mortar shell attack. At least 60 rockets and mortar shells were fired, most of them by Hamas.

News of Terrorism and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict December 16-23, 2008

Issued on 23/12/2008 Type Article
The days after the terrorist organizations announced the end of the lull arrangement were marked by intensive rocket and mortar shell fire which targeted Sderot, Ashqelon and other villages in the western Negev.
A senior Hamas figure announced that in response to a request from Egypt, the organizations operating in the Gaza Strip had agreed to lay down their arms for 24 hours from the evening of December 21 to the evening of December 22 to enable supplies to be delivered to the Gaza Strip.


Intensive rocket fire attacks against western Negev population centers and the Ashqelon region after Hamas announces the end of the lull arrangement

Issued on 22/12/2008 Type Article
At 0600 hours on the morning of December 19 the lull arrangement ended, six months after it began, according to a unilateral announcement made by Hamas and the other Palestinian terrorist organizations. Israel’s position was that the lull was unlimited in time.

The Six Months of the Lull Arrangement

Issued on 19/12/2008 Type Article
On June 17, 2008, after several months of indirect contacts between Israel and Hamas through Egyptian mediators, Egypt and Hamas individually announced that a lull arrangement (tahadiya) had been reached between Israel and the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, and it would go into effect at 0600 hours on the morning of June 19.

Escalation in attacks from the Gaza Strip as Hamas announces the end of the lull arrangement

Issued on 18/12/2008 Type Article
On December 19, 2008, according to Hamas and the other Palestinian terrorist organizations, the lull arrangement will end (Israel’s position is that the lull is unlimited in time).
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Information on The Israeli Palestinian Conflict
The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 with the signing of the Oslo Accords. Formally, according to the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control in June 2007 when Hamas' violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat's death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.
The Palestinian Authority's status was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or second intifada). Since it was unable and unwilling to prevent terrorist attacks from being carried out from its territory, Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill. Today the Palestinian Authority security forces maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks.
Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. Palestinian Authority chairman Mahmoud Abbas recently applied to the UN for membership. On September 23, 2011, he formally appealed to the secretary general of the UN to recognize the state of "Palestine."