The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

News of the Israeli-Palestinian Confrontation June 24- July 1, 2008

Issued on 02/07/2008 Type Article
The lull arrangement (which went into effect on June 19) remains in force despite sporadic rocket and mortar shell fire from the Gaza Strip. Fatah and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for two of the attacks. This week a majority vote in the Israeli government authorized the prisoner exchange deal with Hezbollah, two years after the second Lebanon war.

Implementing the lull arrangement (Updated to June 29, 4 p.m.)

Issued on 29/06/2008 Type Article
Despite the lull arrangement, sporadic rocket and mortar shell fire has continued, carried out by rogue terrorist organizations using the excuse of Israeli violations. Most conspicuous among those networks are the Palestinian Islamic Jihad and groups within Fatah’s Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade in the Gaza Strip. The objective of the rocket and mortar shell fire is not only to protest so-called Israeli violations of the arrangement but to make Hamas aware of their reservations regarding the lull, especially the fact that it does not include Judea and Samaria. As in the past, internal Palestinian rivalries and power struggles make it difficult to fully implement the lull arrangement, even though Hamas has a vested interest in its implementation and the other terrorist organizations pay lip service to honoring it.

Implementing the lull arrangement (Updated to June 26, 4 p.m.)

Issued on 26/06/2008 Type Article
During the first week of the lull there was a significant decrease in the amount of rocket and mortar fire from the Gaza Strip targeting western Negev population centers, but the terrorist organizations abided by the arrangement only partially. The lull was violated several time. Notable was the barrage of three rockets fired at Sderot by the Palestinian Islamic Jihad in retaliation for the killing of one of its operatives in Nablus, despite the fact that Judea and Samaria are not included in the lull arrangement. In response, on June 25 Israel temporarily closed the crossings into the Gaza Strip, with the exception of the Erez crossing.

News of the Israeli-Palestinian Confrontation June 17-24, 2008

Issued on 25/06/2008 Type Article
On June 24 at 4 p.m. the Palestinian Islamic Jihad fired three rockets at Sderot, violating the agreement for a lull in the fighting. The event was the lull arrangement’s first test case, and illustrated the need for Hamas to enforce it on the other Palestinian terrorist organizations operating in the Gaza Strip. In Judea and Samaria, which are not included in the arrangement, terrorist attacks and Israeli security forces’ counterterrorist activities continue. Notable this week was the shooting attack northwest of Ramallah, in which three hikers were wounded.

Implementing the arrangement for a lull in the fighting (Updated to June 22, 4 p.m.)

Issued on 22/06/2008 Type Article
On June 19 at 6 a.m. the lull in the fighting in the Gaza Strip went into effect. During the first four days the terrorist organizations have not fired shots or launched rockets or mortar shells from the Gaza Strip into Israeli territory. The IDF also stopped its counterterrorist activities in the Strip and orders for opening fire were refreshed. On Sunday morning, June 22, a “red alert” was heard in Sderot but turned out to be a false alarm. On June 20 in Samaria, which is not included in the lull arrangement, two terrorist operatives opened fire from their vehicle at a number of Israelis on a hike along a trail near the settlement on Halamish (in southwest Samaria). Three Israelis were wounded, one of them critically.

The arrangement for a lull in the fighting (Updated to 6 p.m., June 18)

Issued on 18/06/2008 Type Article
On June 17, 2008, at the end of several months of contacts between Egypt and Israeli and Hamas representatives, Egypt and Hamas separately announced that a lull in the fighting (tahadiya) between Israel and the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip had been agreed on. According to the announcements, it was expected to go into effect on the morning of Thursday, June 19, at 06:00 Israeli time.
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Information on The Israeli Palestinian Conflict
The Palestinian Authority is a semi-autonomous entity which controls the Palestinian population in Judea and Samaria. The Palestinian Authority was established in 1994 with the signing of the Oslo Accords. Formally, according to the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority also controls the Gaza Strip, but in reality it lost control in June 2007 when Hamas' violently took control. Since Yasser Arafat's death, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) has headed the Palestinian Authority.
The Palestinian Authority's status was severely damaged by the Palestinian terrorist campaign (the Al-Aqsa, or second intifada). Since it was unable and unwilling to prevent terrorist attacks from being carried out from its territory, Israel ended cooperation with it and most Palestinian Authority activities came to a standstill. Today the Palestinian Authority security forces maintain internal order and prevent terrorist attacks.
Many countries around the world give the Palestinian Authority some sort of recognition as a political entity, although most of them do not recognize it as a sovereign state. Some of them formalized their diplomatic relations and promoted their representatives to the status of ambassadors. Palestinian Authority chairman Mahmoud Abbas recently applied to the UN for membership. On September 23, 2011, he formally appealed to the secretary general of the UN to recognize the state of "Palestine."