The classic Christian anti-Semitism of Europe first struck roots in the Arab-Muslim world at the beginning of the 20th century. Initially it was a by-product of the Zionist-Arab conflict, and later, it grew, following the strengthening of radical Islam in the Arab-Muslim world. Anti-Semitism in the Arab-Muslim world is generally directed against Israel as a Jewish-Zionist country and against the Jews who support Israel, thus no clear distinction is made between criticism of Israel and anti-Jewish incitement.
Anti-Semitism in the Arab-Muslim world has increased with the anti-Semitic political interpretation of Qur'an verses and the Muslim oral tradition, used to delegitimize and demonize Zionism, the State of Israel and the Jewish People. It also legitimized terrorism against Israel and Jews.
Anti-Semitism in the Arab-Muslim world is led by the Iranian regime, which espouses strongly anti-Semitic policies combined with Holocaust denial. However, it is also a main theme for other Arab-Muslim regimes. Moreover, anti-Semitism, Holocaust denial and the use of images and terminology taken from the Nazis are deeply rooted in parts of the Arab-Muslim world , including high-ranking figures and administration institutions.