The global jihad is an overall term for international Islamic terrorist networks motivated by a common Salafist-jihadi ideology. It includes coalitions of terrorist organizations and independent terrorist networks with common ideological affiliations and operational ties. They are united in their aspiration to restore the glory of the dawn of Islam (the period of the prophet Muhammad and the first Caliphates) through jihad, a holy war directed against domestic and foreign enemies. Many Salafist-jihadi organizations and networks have arisen, the most prominent of which are ISIS, Al-Qaeda and the Al-Nusra Front.
ISIS has begun putting the aspiration into practice and has already declared the founding of a supranational Islamic Caliphate in the areas it controls in eastern Syria and western Iraq. The Caliphate is governed according to the sharia, Islamic religious law as it is interpreted by the Salafist-jihadist. ISIS is currently seeking to extend the Islamic Caliphate throughout Syria and Iraq. From there it intends to progress to including "Greater Syria" in the Caliphate, and after that other countries in the Middle East, and beyond. There are also several local jihad organizations in the Middle East, the most prominent of which is the Egyptian Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, which swore allegiance to ISIS and declared itself an Islamic State province.