Lebanon

The Muslim Brotherhood in the Arab World and Islamic Communities in Western Europe

Issued on 26/12/2011 Type Article
This study is updates and supplements the ITIC's June 2011 study of the Muslim Brotherhood.
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Annual Jerusalem Day events organized by Iran and its proxies around the world again stressed hatred for Israel and the United States and support for Hezbollah and Hamas.

Issued on 01/09/2011 Type Article
In the Arab and Western world, participation and media coverage were generally slight, contrary to Iranian expectations. In the West (especially Britain), the Iranians joined anti-Israeli organizations participating in the campaign to delegitimize Israel.
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Israel’s Unilateral Withdrawals from Lebanon and the Gaza Strip: A Comparative Overview

Issued on 21/06/2011 Type Article
In the last decade, Israel unilaterally withdrew from two areas: the security zone in southern Lebanon and the Gaza Strip. Israel had previously withdrawn unilaterally from occupied territories without political agreements, but these two withdrawals were more significant and traumatic, both socially and politically, than any prior withdrawal. The time that has passed since these unilateral withdrawals affords us some historical perspective and allows us to compare them in terms of their outcomes and the processes they generated, both positive and negative. This perspective allows us to study the larger picture and trace influences that in the heat of the dramatic events were difficult to discern and assess.
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The main theme of the various Nakba Day events was the Palestinian refugees' return to the 1948 territories and the destruction of the State of Israel.

Issued on 19/05/2011 Type Article
The main theme of the various Nakba Day events was the Palestinian refugees' return to the 1948 territories and the destruction of the State of Israel. Clinging to the refugees' return is central to Hamas' strategy, backed by Iran and Hezbollah and supported by Palestinians in the territories and abroad.
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The Abdullah Azzam Brigades, an organization affiliated with Al-Qaeda and the global jihad, is likely responsible for the terrorist attack on a Japanese oil tanker in the Strait of Hormuz.

Issued on 02/09/2010 Type Article
The organization, which began operating in 2009, has an active network in Lebanon which fired rockets on Israel.
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Information on Lebanon
Lebanon is a small country with a population of only about 4.1 million, gaining independence from France in 1943. Lebanon borders on Israel in the south and Syria in the east and north. Due to Lebanon's varied ethnic composition, its history is rife with schisms, conflicts and civil wars based on sectarian allegiances. Since its independence Lebanon has had a unique political system of ethnic distribution with a parliamentary democracy based on ethnic-sectarian-religious representation. The most important offices are divided among the various religious groups, in accordance with the national charter of 1943.
Lebanon's social complexity, the weakness of its central government and the social and economic gaps between the various ethnic groups led to the rise of many armed sectarian-political militias, some of which turned to terrorism. The most prominent Shi'ite terrorist organization in Lebanon is Hezbollah, which was founded in the summer of 1982 during the First Lebanon War. It is not only a terrorist organization which owes its allegiance to the Iranian regime, it has also been incorporated into the Lebanese political system.
Lebanon has traditionally served as an arena for foreign forces, both Middle Eastern and international. Today the intervention of Syria and Iran are most conspicuous; they provide Hezbollah in Lebanon with weapons, ammunition, financing and military training, and direct its activities. Since the Second Lebanon War (2006) the border between Israel and Lebanon has been relatively quiet, a situation exploited by Hezbollah to advance its military buildup in direct violation of UN Security Council resolutions.