Lebanon

Spotlight on Global Jihad (March 26 – April 1, 2015)*

Issued on 01/04/2015 Type Article
An important event of the week was the conquest of the city of Idlib, in northwestern Syria. The conquest of the city of Idlib is a major blow to the Assad regime and an important achievement for the Al-Nusra Front, which led the campaign over the city. In the important city of Tikrit, the fighting is drawing to a close. This week, the US began to support the battle for Tikrit with airstrikes, after the Shiite militias evacuated the front.
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The Iranian terrorist threat

Issued on 15/03/2015 Type Article
The Iranian terrorist threat: the Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community for 2015 does not mention Iran and Hezbollah, which were previously presented as a major source of terrorism.
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Senior Hamas figures publicly call for the opening of new fronts in the next campaign against Israel, with an emphasis on carrying out attacks from Lebanese territory

Issued on 12/03/2015 Type Article
Senior Hamas officials recently emphasized the need to open new fronts against Israel in the next round of fighting, from all the Arab countries bordering on it, including from those that are far from its borders.
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The International Coalition Campaign against ISIS – Initial Analysis* (First Six Months)

Issued on 04/03/2015 Type Article
On September 10, 2014, American President Barack Obama announced the launching of a comprehensive campaign against ISIS aimed to "degrade and ultimately destroy" it. The campaign strategy had several aspects: intensive airstrikes in Syria and Iraq; strengthening local forces in Syria and Iraq (the Iraqi army, the Kurdish forces, the so-called moderate Syrian rebel organizations); damaging ISIS's sources of power (especially its financial resources); and improving the methods used by the United States and the international community to cope with the incidence of foreign fighters joining ISIS. All that was intended to weaken ISIS without significant American forces on the ground in Syria or Iraq.
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Spotlight on the Global Jihad (February 26 – March 4, 2015)

Issued on 04/03/2015 Type Article
In early March 2015, the Iraqi Army launched an offensive to recapture the important city of Tikrit. Battles are still raging. According to US Army sources, the attack on the city of Mosul, scheduled for the spring of 2015, has been postponed for several months. In the province of Al-Hasakah, northeastern Syria, Kurdish forces (YPG) attacked ISIS forces in the area of Qamishli.
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Spotlight on Global Jihad (January 29 – February 4, 2015)

Issued on 04/02/2015 Type Article
The main event of the week was a series of combined attacks against Egyptian targets in Al-Arish, Sheikh Zuweid and Rafah in northern Sinai. Around 30 soldiers and civilians were killed and a few dozen were wounded. The terrorist attacks were carried out by Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, the ISIS branch in the Sinai Peninsula.
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Information on Lebanon
Lebanon is a small country with a population of only about 4.1 million, gaining independence from France in 1943. Lebanon borders on Israel in the south and Syria in the east and north. Due to Lebanon's varied ethnic composition, its history is rife with schisms, conflicts and civil wars based on sectarian allegiances. Since its independence Lebanon has had a unique political system of ethnic distribution with a parliamentary democracy based on ethnic-sectarian-religious representation. The most important offices are divided among the various religious groups, in accordance with the national charter of 1943.
Lebanon's social complexity, the weakness of its central government and the social and economic gaps between the various ethnic groups led to the rise of many armed sectarian-political militias, some of which turned to terrorism. The most prominent Shi'ite terrorist organization in Lebanon is Hezbollah, which was founded in the summer of 1982 during the First Lebanon War. It is not only a terrorist organization which owes its allegiance to the Iranian regime, it has also been incorporated into the Lebanese political system.
Lebanon has traditionally served as an arena for foreign forces, both Middle Eastern and international. Today the intervention of Syria and Iran are most conspicuous; they provide Hezbollah in Lebanon with weapons, ammunition, financing and military training, and direct its activities. Since the Second Lebanon War (2006) the border between Israel and Lebanon has been relatively quiet, a situation exploited by Hezbollah to advance its military buildup in direct violation of UN Security Council resolutions.