The use of mosques for military purposes by Palestinian terrorist organizations: a historical perspective

Issued on 18/03/2009 Type Article
The following is an article submitted to the Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center by a researcher from Israel’s Bar-Ilan University, titled “Clinging to the Altar” (March 14, 2009). The article looks at military uses made by Palestinian terrorists of Temple Mount mosques throughout the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It was written by Dotan Goren, a PhD student at Bar-Ilan University’s Department of Geography and Environment.

On February 21 two rockets were fired into Israel from south Lebanon.

Issued on 22/02/2009 Type Article
One hit a house in a village in the western Galilee, causing slight injuries to three civilians. It was the fourth time rockets were fired from Lebanon since the end of the second Lebanon war. Hezbollah again denied involvement.

Rockets hit Western Galilee, initial report

Issued on 09/01/2009 Type Article
On the morning of January 8 (at approximately 07:45), 4 rockets were fired from the western sector of south Lebanon at the Western Galilee.

Exporting the Iranian revolution to Lebanon:

Issued on 01/12/2008 Type Article
Iran and Hezbollah operate an extensive network of cultural and religious institutions as well as publishing houses. This network is used to inculcate Lebanese society, primarily the Shi’ite community, with Iranian radical Islamic ideology.

The international struggle against Hezbollah’s television broadcasts:

Issued on 25/11/2008 Type Article
Germany’s Interior Ministry announced a ban on Hezbollah’s Al-Manar TV station, joining the US, France, Spain, and other countries where the station is banned. Al-Manar’s broadcasts are still distributed worldwide by the Arab and the Indonesian communications satellites.

Hezbollah once again disputes the legitimacy of the Israel-Lebanon international border by raising the issue of the so-called “seven villages”.

Issued on 12/11/2008 Type Article
It is aimed to create further justification for the existence of Hezbollah’s military force which defends Lebanon and for the continuation of its terrorist and guerrilla activities (“the resistance”).
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Information on Hezbollah
Hezbollah is a Shi'ite Muslim organization with a dual identity, being both a terrorist organization and a Lebanese political party. Hezbollah was founded by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards in 1982 to compete with Amal, an important Shi'ite Muslim militia active during the Lebanese civil war. When the IDF withdrew from Lebanon at the end of the First Lebanon War (1985), Hezbollah became the dominant organization in south Lebanon and later throughout the entire Shi'ite population in Lebanon. In 1992 Hezbollah entered Lebanese politics and its representatives were elected to the parliament.
Hezbollah is the main terrorist organization attacking Israel from over the Lebanese border and abroad. For the most part Hezbollah attacks northern Israeli cities with rockets. However, with direction and backing from Iranian Revolutionary Guards, Hezbollah also attacked Jewish and Israeli targets abroad, the most serious of which were the attack on the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires (March 17, 1992) and the attack on the Jewish Community Center, also in Buenos Aires (July 18, 1994). Hezbollah has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United States and the European Union.
After the IDF withdrew from south Lebanon in May 2000 Hezbollah took control of the entire region. With Iranian support it constructed a vast military infrastructure, including an extensive rocket system which threatens the Israeli home front. Before the Second Lebanon War (2006) Hezbollah carried out sporadic attacks along the border. Since June 2006 it has maintained a relatively low profile. Hezbollah continues to increase its influence as a political power in Lebanon and to reinforce its military might.